Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti
Son of Gerolamo Ferretti and Caterina Solazzi, local nobles, the family's ninth child. Frail, intelligent and pious boy who suffered from epilepsy when young. Educated at the Piarist College, Volterra, Italy from 1802 to 1809. Studied in Rome from 1809 to 1810 due to political disturbances in the city. He returned in 1814 and asked for admission to the Papal Noble Guard, but was turned down due to his epilepsy. Studied theology at the Roman Seminary from 1814 to 1818, during which his epilepsy disappeared. Ordained on 10 April 1819 in Rome. Spiritual director of the orphan asylum of Tata Giovanni, Rome. Auditor of the apostolic delegation to Chile from 1823 to 1825. Canon of San Maria in Via Lata, Rome. Director of San Michele hospital in Rome. Chosen archbishop of Spoleto, Italy on 21 May 1827. Named assistant at the Pontifical Throne on 1 June 1827. Archbishop of Imola, Italy on 17 December 1832. Created cardinal on 23 December 1839 by Pope Gregory XVI. Chosen 255th pope in the conclave of 1846.
Last pope to hold temporal power, that is, to rule a secular state. His election raised the hopes of patriotic and liberal circles of Catholics. One of his first acts was an amnesty for all political prisoners. Defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary on 8 December 1854. Celebrated the First Vatican Council from 1869 to 1870, which was interrupted by the Franco-Prussian War. This council defined the dogma of papal infallibility. He supported several reforms in the Papal States, which included central Italy, and several outlying areas, such as Assisi, but lost the territory due to the unification of the Kingdom of Italy in 1870 and 1871. Created 123 cardinals. Gained a reputation for being a patriotic, and reforming Pope, and only Saint Peter the Apostle served longer.
Pius IX's cause for beatification was one of the longest and most difficult in Church history. Begun under Pius X on 11 February 1907, re-launched by Benedict XV without much success, later by Pius XI, and then by Pius XII on 7 December 1954. The decree on the heroic exercise of theological and cardinal virtues was finally promulgated by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints on 6 July 1985, allowing his proclamation as Venerable. Among Pius IX's most outstanding virtues were his unconditional love for the Church, his charity, and his high regard for the priesthood and for missionaries. The miracle attributed to him, verified by the Medical Commission on 15 January 1986, and proclaimed definitive in December 1999, was the inexplicable cure of a French nun.
13 May 1792 in Senigallia, Italy as Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti
• elected on 16 June 1846
• installed on 21 June 1846
• 7 February 1878 in Vatican City of natural causes
• buried in the basilica of San Lorenzo fuori le mura, Rome, Italy
3 September 2000 by Pope John Paul II at Saint Peter's Square, Rome, Italy
• Amantissimi Redemptoris - On Priests and the Care of Souls, by Pope Pius IX, 3 May 1858
• Apostolicae Nostrae Caritatis - Urging Prayers For Peace, by Pope Pius IX, 1 August 1854
• Beneficia Dei - On The Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of His Pontificate, by Pope Pius IX, 4 June 1871
• Cum Nuper - On Care for Clerics, by Pope Pius IX, 20 January 1858
• Cum Sancta Mater Ecclesia - Pleading for Public Prayer, by Pope Pius IX, 27 April 1859
• Etsi Multa - On the Church in Italy, Germany, and Switzerland, by Pope Pius IX, 21 November 1873
• Exultavit Cor Nostrum - On the Effects of the Jubilee, by Pope Pius IX, 21 November 1851
• Graves ac Diuturnae - On the Church in Switzerland, by Pope Pius IX, 23 March 1875
• Gravibus Ecclesiae - Proclaiming a Jubilee for 1875, by Pope Pius IX, 24 December 1874
• Incredibili - On Persecution in New Granada, by Pope Pius IX, 17 September 1863
• Ineffabilis Deus - The Immaculate Conception, by Pope Pius IX, 8 December 1854
• Levate - On the Afflictions of the Church, by Pope Pius IX, 21 October 1867
• Maximae Quidem - On the Church in Bavaria, by Pope Pius IX, 18 August 1864
• Meridionali Americae - On the Seminary for Native Clergy, by Pope Pius IX, 30 September 1865
• Neminem Vestrum - On The Persecution Of Armenians, by Pope Pius IX, 2 February 1854
• Nemo Certe Ignorat - On Discipline for Clergy, by Pope Pius IX, 25 March 1852
• Nostis et Nobiscum - On The Church In The Pontifical States, by Pope Pius IX, 8 December 1849
• Nullis Certe Verbis - On the Need for Civil Sovereignty, by Pope Pius IX, 19 January 1860
• Omnem Sollicitudinem - On The Greek-Ruthenian Rite, Pope Pius IX, 13 May 1874
• Optime Noscitis - On Episcopal Meetings, by Pope Pius IX, 5 November 1855
• Optime Noscitis - On The Proposed Catholic University Of Ireland, by Pope Pius IX, 20 March 1854
• Praedecessores Nostros - On Aid for Ireland, by Pope Pius IX, 25 March 1847
• Quae in Patriarchatu - On the Church in Chaldae, by Pope Pius IX, 16 November 1872
• Quanta Cura - Condemning Current Errors, by Pope Pius IX, 8 December 1864
• Quanto Conficiamur Moerore - On Promotion of False Doctrines, by Pope Pius IX, 10 August 1863
• Quartus Supra - On the Church in Armenia, by Pope Pius IX, 6 January 1873
• Qui Nuper - On Pontifical States, by Pope Pius IX, 18 June 1859
• Qui Pluribus - On Faith And Religion, by Pope Pius IX, 9 November 1846
• Quod Nunquam - On the Church in Prussia, by Pope Pius IX, 5 February 1875
• Respicientes - Protesting the Taking of the Pontifical States, by Pope Pius IX, 1 November 1870
• Saepe Venerabiles Fratres - On Thanksgiving For Twenty-Five Years Of Pontificate, by Pope Pius IX, 5 August 1871
• Singulari Quidem - On the Church in Austria, by Pope Pius IX, 17 March 1856
• Syllabus of Errors, by Pope Blessed Pius IX, 8 December 1864
• Ubi Nos - On Pontifical States, by Pope Pius IX, 15 May 1871
• Ubi Primum - On Discipline for Religious, by Pope Pius IX, 17 June 1847
• Ubi Primum - On The Immaculate Conception, by Pope Pius IX, 2 February 1849
• Vix Dum a Nobis - On the Church in Austria, by Pope Pius IX, 7 March 1874
Jeanne Marie Rendu
Eldest of four daughters in a middle class mountain family. When she was three years old, the French Revolution broke out. Priests loyal to Rome were expelled, killed, or chased into hiding. Jeanne's family hid those who stayed to minister to French Catholics, claiming that they were hired farm hands; the girl made her First Communion in her basement at a Mass celebrated by one of these covert priests. Her father died on 12 May 1796 when Jean Marie was nine years old, and her baby sister a few months later. She was educated for two years at an Ursuline boarding school in Gex, France.
As a young girl, Jean Marie began working with the Daughters of Charity at the local hospital. On 25 May 1802, at age 16, she entered the congregation at the motherhouse of the Daughters of Charity in Paris, France, taking the name Rosalie. The intensity of her new devotional life harmed her health, and she was transferred to the house in the Mouffetard District, one of the poorest in 19th century Paris; she worked in the slum for 54 years. She worked with the sick and poor, taught catechism, and taught girls to read. Superior of her community in 1815. She started a free clinic, pharmacy, school, orphanage, child-care center, youth club for young workers, and a home for the elderly poor. Awarded the Cross of the Legion of Honour by Napoleon III in 1852 for her charitable work; she wanted to refuse, as she sought no personal honour, but was ordered by her superiors to accept it. Blind during the last two years of her life.
9 September 1786 at Confort, Gex, France as Jeanne Marie Rendu
7 February 1856 at Paris, France of natural causes
9 November 2003 by Pope John Paul II
Never have I prayed so well as in the streets. - Blessed Rosalie, talking about her work with the poor
In an era troubled by social conflicts, Rosalie Rendu joyfully became a servant to the poorest, restoring dignity to each one by means of material help, education and the teaching of the Christian mystery, inducing Frédéric Ozanam to place himself at the service of the poor. Her charity was inventive. Where did she draw the strength to carry out so many things? From her intense prayer life and the continuous praying of the Rosary, which she never abandoned. Her secret was simple: to see the face of Christ in every man and woman, as a true daughter of Saint Vincent de Paul and like another Sister of her epoch, Saint Catherine Labouré. Let us give thanks for the witness of charity that the Vincentian family gives unceasingly to the world! - Pope John Paul II at the beatification of Blessed Rosalie
• Theodore the General
• Theodore Tyro
• Theodore the Recruit
• Theodore Tiro
• Theodor Tiro of Euchaïta
• Theodore of Amasea
• Theodore Teron
• Theodorus of Heraclea
• 16 February as Theodore Tyro
• 17 February on the Orthodox Calendar
• 27 July on Korcula, Greece
• 9 November as Theodor Tiro of Euchaïta
Roman general (stratelates) and covert Christian during a time of persecution. Exposed as a Christian, a military tribunal decided he was a good soldier who had made a mistake, told him to reconsider, and set him free; he promptly burned down a pagan temple. Arrested again, he was ordered to apostatize, then tortured by having his flesh torn off; he responded by reciting the Psalms. Martyr.
Saint Theodore Tyro is almost certainly the same person as Theodore Statelates. The Tyro story describes the soldier as a recruit, the feast day is 9 November, and the region is slightly different, but the story is the same.
martyred 319 at Heraclea, Thrace
• Brindisi, Italy
• recovery of lost articles
• crown of thorns
• martyr's wreath
medals and pendants
• Luke of Aegina
• Luke of Mount Joannitsa
• Luke of the Soterion
• Luke the Thaumaturgus
• Luke the Wonder-Worker
Third of seven children born to Stephen and Euphrosyne, small land-owning farmers; the family was forced to flee to Thessaly ahead of Saracen raids on their home island. In his youth Luke worked the fields and tended sheep to help support his family, but when his father died, the young man followed a call to religious life, gave away all his property to the poor (which put him in conflict with his relatives) and left home to pursue his calling. Settling as a monk in the area of modern Hungary and Bulgaria, he was mistaken for a runaway slave and imprisoned for a while. Eventually released, he found that his family refused to have anything else to do with him. He briefly joined a monastery in Athens, Greece, but the superior there received a dream in which Luke’s mother was calling for help, so he sent the young man home. His mother finally accepted Luke’s call to religious life, and he became a hermit on Mount Joannitsa near Corinth, Greece. He healed so many people by prayer that his hermitage became know as the Soterion (the place of healing; place of safety), and Luke as as Thaumaturgus (Wonder worker).
c.920 on Aegina, Greece
• c.950 near Corinth, Greece of natural causes
• upon his death, his hermitage was turned into a chapel
holding his hermitage
Sixth of seven children of Anthony and Frances, née Skorupska; baptized in the parish church in Lubowidzu, Poland, and educated at home by her mother who died when the girl as 12. Pressured by her father to get married, at age 17 she left home with desire to devote herself to God. Worked as a seamstress for five years in Mlawa, Poland. Spiritual student of Blessed Honorat Kozminski. Joined the Servants of Jesus in 1885; she worked as a tailor and served as superior to the local Servants. Assigned by the Servants to run a shelter for young women in Kraków, Poland. Co-founder, with Saint Joseph Sebastian Pelczar, of the Sister Servants of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus on 15 April 1894; she took the name Klara. Mother Klara served as the Servants' first superior-general, opened 30 houses, sent the Servants to work with the sick, girls and young women, built shelters and and schools, and set an example of humble, devoted life for all the Servants.
18 July 1863 in Cieszki, Lubowidz, Zuromin, Poland
7 February 1916 in Kraków, Poland
• 27 September 2015 by Pope Francis
• the beatification recognition Mass was celebrated at the John Paul II Sanctuary in Kraków, Poland celebrated by Cardinal Angelo Amato
All for the Heart of Jesus! - Sister Klara's life motto
• Aegidius Mary of Saint Joseph Pontillo
• Egidio Maria de Saint Giuseppe
• Francis Pontillo
• Saint of the Little Way
Born to a pious family and raised in a small village. Rope maker by trade. Drawn to a religious life, he applied to the Discalced Friars Minor of Saint Peter of Alcantara at Naples, Italy in 1754 at age 25. He wished to become a priest, but lacked the education, and was received as a lay brother.
Porter and gate-keeper at his monastery's seminary, a position that put him in constant contact with those in need. He had a special ministry to the sick, and worked with lepers, travelling outside the city to help those who had become shunned and isolated. Even in life he was considered by locals as a saint and patron of the sick and outcast. Legend says that when he was charged with distributing food and alms to the poor, Saint Joseph would intervene to insure he never ran out.
16 November 1729 at Taranto, Apulia, Italy as Francis Pontillo
• 7 February 1812 at Naples, Italy of natural causes while at prayer
• huge crowds turned out for his funeral
2 June 1996 by Pope John Paul II
• Anselmo Polanco Fontecha
• Anselmo Polanco y Fontecha
Son of a farmer. Joined the Augustinian Order at Valladolid, Spain in 1896 at age 15. Studied at the monastery of Santa Maria of La Vid. Ordained in 1904. Taught theology in seminary. Prior in 1922. Provincial councilor of his Order in the Philippines, responsible for missionary efforts. Provincial-superior of his Order in 1932. Travelled to China, Colombia, Peru and the United States. Bishop of Teruel and Apostolic Administrator of Albarracin in 1935. Known for the depth of his prayer life. When the Republican Army overran Teruel in 1938, Bishop Polanco stayed with his flock, and refused to cooperate with anything he saw as being against Church interests. Imprisoned for thirteen months. Used as human shield by soldiers. Martyred in the persecutions of the Spanish Civil War.
16 April 1881 at Buenavista de Valdavia, Palencia, Spain
• shot on 7 February 1939 at "Can Tretze" of Pont de Molins, Gerona, Spain
• interred in the cathedral in Teruel, Spain
1 October 1995 by Pope John Paul II
Born to a poor but devout family. Priest in the diocese of Teruel, Spain. Professor and spiritual director at the diocesan seminary, and later served as rector. When the Republican Army overran Teruel in 1938, Father Felipe stayed with his people, kept faith with his bishop, and refused to cooperate with anything he saw as being against Church interests. Imprisoned for thirteen months. Used as human shield by soldiers. Martyred in the persecutions of the Spanish Civil War.
14 September 1878 in Teruel, Spain
• shot on 7 February 1939 at "Can Tretze" of Pont de Molins, Gerona, Spain
• interred in the cathedral in Teruel, Spain
1 October 1995 by Pope John Paul II
• Marie de la Providence
• Mary of Providence
Friend of Saint John Vianney. Felt a call to acts of charity made on behalf of souls in purgatory. Founded the Auxiliatrices des Ames du Purgatoire (Society of Helpers of the Holy Souls) in Paris, France on 19 January 1856. The Society continues its missionary work today in 22 countries.
25 March 1825 at Lille, France
7 February 1871 at Paris, France of cancer
26 May 1957 by Pope Pius XII in Rome, Italy
people rejected by religious orders
If one of our friends was imprisoned in a house of fire, how we should rush to her help. Then think how we should try to deliver the souls in Purgatory. - Blessed Eugenie Smet
29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai
A draper's assistant and a physically small man. Both parents had been arrested for clinging to their faith during a time when Catholicism was outlawed in England. Thomas aspired to the priesthood, and planned to go to Douai, France to study. Condemned to the Tower of London for his faith, he was tortured to obtain the location where he had attended Mass; while in prison, he ministered to other prisoners. Thomas stated that he considered Queen Elizabeth to be excommunicated from the Church, and that he denied her supremacy over the Church; this caused his conviction for treason. Martyr.
1551 at London, England
hanged, drawn, and quartered on 7 February 1578 at Tyburn, London, England
29 December 1886 by Pope Leo XIII (cultus confirmation)
• Laurence Majoranus
• Laurence of Siponto
• Lorenzo of Siponto
• Patron of Foreigners
Related to Emperor Zeno of Byzantium. Bishop of Siponto, Italy in 492, consecrated by Pope Gelasius I. Received a series of visions of the Archangel Michael following Michael's appearance on Mount Gargano.
• 7 February 545
• relics interred in Manfredonia, Italy
• most relics destroyed by invading Turks in 1620
• remaining relics preserved in the Cathedral of San Lorenzo Maiorano in Manfredonia
• Manfredonia, Italy
• Manfredonia-Vieste-San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy, archdiocese of
Born to the the wealthy nobility and a law student in Bologna, Italy, he gave up the worldly life in 1222 to be a spiritual student of Saint Francis of Assisi, and one of the first Franciscan friars. Priest. Close friend and advisor to Saint Francis, and was present at Saint Francis‘ deathbed. Minister Provincial of the Franciscans in the Marches of Ancona, Italy, he was known for pushing a joyful adherence to the Franciscan Rule. Enthusiastic and tireless speaker, preacher and evangelist. He spent his later years in Muccia, Italy, living near the hermitage of Saint James the Apostle.
7 February 1236 in Mucia, Piceno, Italy of natural causes
14 December 1838 by Pope Gregory XVI (cultus confirmation)
A pious child, Anna ran away from home at age seven to become a missionary. Married. Widowed at age 39, she devoted herself to ministering to the poor and women prisoners. Founded the Institute of the Good Shepherd of Parma a lay group to help women who had fallen on hard times. Founded the Servants of the Immaculata, a religious congregation with the same design.
19 June 1805 in Fivizzano, Massa, Italy
7 February 1893 in Parma, Italy of natural causes
• 3 October 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI
• recognition celebrated at the cathedral of Parma, Italy
12 June as one of the 108 Martyrs of World War II
Professed priest in the Congregation of Saint Michael the Archangel, taking the name Adalbert. Arrested in 1941 in Cracow, Poland as part of the Nazi persecution of the Church. Martyr.
20 April 1903 at Dabrowice, Lódzkie, Poland as Wojciech Nierychlewski
9 February 1942 at the Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi-occupied Poland
13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II in Warsaw, Poland
Saxon king, possibly of Wessex in modern England. Married, and the father of Saint Willibald, Saint Winebald, and Saint Walburga. At least two disparate biographies exist for him, neither of them very creditable. Died suddenly during a pilgrimage to Rome, Italy.
• 722 at Lucca, Italy of natural causes
• buried in the church of San Frediano in Lucca
• miracles reported at his tomb
• some relics translated to Eichstätt, Germany
pilgrim in an ermine-lined cloak (wears a crown, or it sits on a book nearby) with a bishop and an abbot, his sons, nearby
Apostle of the Saracens
Hermit in the area between Syria and Egypt. Evangelized the nomadic tribes in the Syro-Arabian desert. Mavia, their queen, agreed to this on the provision that Moses be named their bishop. Moses agreed, but a controversy ensued when he refused to deal with the archbishop of Alexandria, Egypt; the archbishop had jurisdiction over the area, but was supported Arianism, which made him a heretic to Moses. Later consecrated by an orthodox bishop, Moses spent the rest of his life teaching and preaching to the nomads. Negotiated a lasting peace between the nomads and the Roman empire.
3rd century Arabia
c.372 of natural causes
Co-adjutor Jesuit lay brother. Preached against Protestantism at Aubenas in the Cevennes, and publicly argued theology with Calvinists. A band of Huguenot raiders dragged him and James Sales before a self-appointed court which publicly argued theology with them, lost the arguments in the minds of many of the onlookers, and then condemned them to prison and death. Martyr.
stabbed to death on 6 February 1593
6 June 1926 Pope Pius XI
• Francesco Maria Lantrua
• Giovanni da Triora
• Jean de Triora
• Johannes Lantaru Triora
• John of Triora
• John Lantrua of Triora
28 September as one of the Martyrs of China
Joined the Franciscan Friars Minor at age 17. PriestMissionary to China from 1799 through his death. Martyr.
15 March 1760 at Triora, Imperia, Italy
strangled to death on 7 February 1816 at Ch'angsha Fu, Hunan, China
1 October 2000 by Pope John Paul II
Greek Catholic. Doctor of philosophy. Ordained on 30 October 1927. Priest for Ukrainian Catholics at Berlin, Germany. Apostolic Visitor to Germany. Arrested for his faith in June 1945, and exiled to Siberia. Martyr.
18 November 1890 at Horodok, Lviv District, Ukraine
7 February 1957 at Anharck, Krasnoyarskiy kray, Russia
27 June 2001 by Pope John Paul II at Ukraine
One a group of siblings who evangelized sixth century Rheims, France. The names of the others are given as Helan, Germanus, Saint Gibrian, Petran, Franca, Promptia, and Possenna. Swineherd at Rheims. Ordained by Saint Remigius, who helped in their work. Curate of Mareuil-sur-Marne. His cultus has been continuous in the Rheims area for over 1,000 years.
550 of natural causes
Avenay, Champagne, France
Jesuit. Preached against Protestantism in the Cevennes region of France. A band of Huguenot raiders dragged him and William Saultemouche before a self-appointed court; the "judges" argued theology with the two, and then condemned them to death. Martyr.
shot on 6 February 1593
6 June 1926 by Pope Pius XI
• Juliana of Florence
• Juliana of Etruria
Pious, married laywoman. Her husand, with her blessing, left her to become a priest. She raised four children alone, and then devoted herself to the Church and service to the poor. Widow. Saint Ambrose of Milan wrote glowingly of her.
c.360 at Bologna, Italy
435 of natural causes
Antonio de Stronconio
Franciscan lay brother from the age of 12. Fought the Fraticelli heresy.
1461 of natural causes
28 June 1687 by Pope Innocent XI (cultus confirmed)
Bishop of Nola, Italy. Worked with Saint Felix of Nola, and with him was saved by the work of a spider. Worked against the persecutions of Decius, and to save his tormented parishioners. The effort wore him out and sent him to an early grave.
c.250 of natural causes
• with grapes growing on brambles
• ordaining Saint Felix of Nola
Born to the Italian nobility. Friend and court favourite of Roman Emperor Diocletian who repeatedly honoured and rewarded him until he learned that Adaucus was a Christian. He then had Adaucus and a number of fellow Christians executed. Martyr.
burned to death in 303 in Phrygia
Fourth-century bishop of Lampsacus in the Hellespont region of modern Turkey. Known for his preaching, evangelizing and his great example of Christian life that led many to the faith.
Fled Armenia to north-east France in order to escape the persecutions of Diocletian. There he became an evangelist in the area of Flanders, Belgium, then bishop, and then martyr.
• in Flanders, Belgium
• relics enshrined in Bruges, Beglium
Originally from the East, he travelled to Merida, Spain with a group of merchants, settled there, trained with the bishop of the city, and then succeeded him.
c.570 of natural causes
Sixth-century hermit in France.
in Péronne, France
Bishop of Lobbes, Belgium in 737.
Amm, Augurius, Augustus, Aule, Ouil
Bishop of Cahors, France.
• Our Lady of Avesnières
• Our Lady of the Waters
• Mercedarian Martyrs of Africa
• Bernardine of Colpetrazzo
• Nivardo of Clairvaux
• Ronan of Kilmaronen
• Vedasto of Vercelli
• William of Morgex
• William Zucchi
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