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Optional Memorial of Saint Catherine of Alexandria, Virgin and Martyr

Saint Catherine of Alexandria

Also known as

Katherine, Ekaterina, Katharina, Katarina

Profile

Apocryphal. Born to the nobility. Learned in science and oratory. Converted to Christianity after receiving a vision. When she was 18 years old, during the persecution of Maximinus, she offered to debate the pagan philosophers. Many were converted by her arguments, and immediately martyred. Maximinus had her scourged and imprisoned. The empress and the leader of the army of Maximinus were amazed by the stories, went to see Catherine in prison. They converted and were martyred. Maximinus ordered her broken on the wheel, but she touched it and the wheel was destroyed. She was beheaded, and her body whisked away by angels.

Immensely popular during the Middle Ages, there were many chapels and churches devoted to her throughout western Europe, and she was reported as one of the divine advisors to Saint Joan of Arc. Her reputation for learning and wisdom led to her patronage of libaries, librarians, teachers, archivists, and anyone associated with wisdom or teaching. Her debating skill and persuasive language has led to her patronage of lawyers. And her torture on the wheel led to those who work with them asking for her intercession. One of the Fourteen Holy Helpers.

While there may well have been a noble, educated, virginal lady who swayed pagans with her rhetoric during the persecutions, the accretion of legend, romance and poetry has long since buried the real Catherine.

Died

beheaded c.305 in Alexandria, Egypt

Patronage

• apologists
• craftsmen who work with a wheel
• archivists
• attornies, barristers, lawyers, jurists
• dying people
• educators, teachers
• girls
• knife grinders, knife sharpeners
• librarians
• libraries
• maidens, unmarried girls and women
• mechanics
• millers
• nurses
• old maids
• philosophers
• potters
• preachers
• scholars
• schoolchildren, students
• scribes
• secretaries
• spinners
• stenographers
• tanners
• theologians
• turners
• University of Heidelberg
• University of Paris
• wheelwrights
• Dumaguete, Philippines, diocese of
• Saint Catharines, Ontario, diocese of
• 12 cities

Representation

• spiked wheel
• woman strapped to the spiked wheel on which she was martyred
• woman arguing with pagan philosophers

Storefront

art, medals, statues, holy cards

Video

YouTube PlayList

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-catherine-of-alexandria/


Blessed Elizabeth Achler

Also known as

• Elizabeth Acheer
• Elizabeth Achlin
• Elizabeth Bona von Reute
• Elizabeth den Gode
• Elizabeth of Reute
• Elizabeth the Good
• Elizabeth the Recluse
• Elizabeth von Reute
• Betha, Elisabeth, Elsbeth

Additional Memorial

9 December (Franciscans)

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Born poor, the daughter of John and Anne Achler. Franciscan tertiary at age 14, but found it hard to lead a religious life while living with her parents. At age 17 she joined four other tertiaries in a community in Reute, Germany; she lived there the rest of her life. For most of her life she was subject to ecstasies, and received visions of heaven, hell and purgatory. Stigmatist whose wounds hurt constantly, but which bled on Fridays and during Lent. Had the gift of inedia, eating nothing but the Eucharist for long periods.

Born

25 November 1386 at Waldsee, Wurttemberg, Swabia, Germany

Died

• 25 November 1420 at Reute, Germany of natural causes
• buried in the church at Reute

Beatified

19 July 1766 by Pope Clement XIII (cultus confirmed)

Patronage

Swabia, Germany

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-elizabeth-achler/


Blessed Maria Corsini Beltrame Quattrocchi

Profile

Daughter of Angiolo Corsini, a royal army captain of grenadiers, and Giulia Salvi. Due to her father's military postings, she lived in the Italian cities of Pistioa, Florence, Arrezo and Rome by the time Maria was nine. Initially enrolled in a Rome parochial school, her father transferred Maria to public school after one of the nuns bad-mouthed the king. She served as a volunteer Red Cross nurse during World War I. Catechist to women parishioners. Married to Blessed Luigi Beltrame Quattrocchi. Mother of four. During World War II, their home became a shelter for refugees. Professor, and writer on education. Member of Women's Catholic Action. Noted speaker to women's lay groups. Widow.

Born

24 June 1884 at Florence, Italy

Died

26 August 1965 in Serravalle, Arezzo, Italy of natural causes

Beatified

• 21 October 2001 by Pope John Paul II
• her beatification miracle involved the healing of a young man with a severe circulatory disorder; he is now a neuro-surgeon in Milan, Italy

Readings

[They] made their family an authentic domestic Church, open to life, prayer, witness of the Gospel, the social apostolate, solidarity with the poor, and friendship. - Cardinal José Saraiva Martins, prefect of the Congregation of the Causes of Saints

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-maria-corsini-beltrame-quattrocchi/


Saint Peter of Alexandria

Profile

Suffered in the persecution of Decius, but survived. Renowned for his knowledge of science and the Bible. Head of the catechetical school at Alexandria, Egypt. Bishop of Alexandria in 300. Opposed extreme Origenism. May have been the first to deal with the Arian heresy.

During the Diocletian persecution, Peter fled the area with many of his flock. Criticized by many for being lenient and forgiving to Christians who had renounced their faith during the persecutions. However, when a rogue bishop usurped Peter's position, the Meletian schism broke out in his clergy, and Peter had to return from hiding to deal with it. Peter excommunicated Meletius and convened a synod of bishops to condemn the schism. His writings were used in the Council of Ephesus and the Council of Chalcedon.

Bishop Peter was martyred with Father Dio, Father Ammonius, and Father Faustus, three of his priests, in the persecutions of Gaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus. As he was the last Christian martyred in Alexandria by civil authorities, the Coptic Church calls him "the seal and complement of the martyrs".

Born

at Alexandria, Egypt

Died

• martyred in 311 at Alexandria, Egypt
• initially buried in an Alexandria martyr's cemetery
• most relics later enshrined in a church at Grasse, France

Representation

• embracing his executioner
• with Christ appearing to him as a child in rags (from a scene in the Acts of the Martyrdom of Saint Peter)

Video

YouTube PlayList

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-peter-of-alexandria-25-november/


Saint Mercurius of Caesarea

Also known as

Mercury

Profile

Scythian Christian soldier who distinguished himself against the barbarian invaders of the Roman empire, and gained the notice of Decius. However, he refused to sacrifice to the pagan god Artemis, and so was tortured and executed. Some versions of his story include angelic visions and messages received in dreams, but his being a soldier and martyr is all we really know.

Died

• beheaded c.250 Caesarea, Cappadocia
• relics enshrined in several churches in southern Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-mercurius-of-caesarea/


Saint Moses of Rome

Profile

May have been of Jewish ancestry. Imperial Roman citizen. Priest. Noted preacher. Adamant opponent of the heresy of Novatianism. Correspondent with Saint Cyprian at the beginning of the persecutions of Decius. After the execution of Pope saint Fabian under Emperor Decius, he administered the Church with the help of the priests and bishops who were in Rome. Helped reconcile repentant apostates who were sick and about to die. Imprisoned for nearly a year for his faith. Martyr.

Born

Rome, Italy

Died

c.251 from terrible conditions in prison

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-moses-of-rome/


Blessed Adalbert of Caramaico

Profile

Benedictine monk at Casauria, Abruzzi, Italy. He retired to live as a hermit in the Caramaico mountain area near Chieti, Italy. There he attracted so many would-be spiritual students that he founded the Saint Nicholas monastery for them.

Died

c.1045 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-adalbert-of-caramaico/


Saint Alanus of Lavaur

Also known as

Alain, Ala

Profile

Seventh century founder and abbot of the monastery of Lavaur in Gascony (in modern France).

Died

• 7th century of natural causes
• relics preserved in the hospice of the house he founded

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-alanus-of-lavaur/


Saint Audentius of Milan

Also known as

Audenzio

Profile

Born to the imperial Roman nobility, and a sentator from Milan. When visited Saint Julius of Novara on the island of Orta he was so taken by Julius' obvious holiness that he gave him moral, spiritual and financial support in his evangelization work.

Died

• c.400 of natural causes
• buried on Isola San Giulio, Italy next to Saint Julius

Patronage

Pettenasco, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-audentius-of-milan/


Saint Bernold of Ottobeuren

Profile

Benedictine monk and priest of Ottobeuren in Bavaria, Germany. Known in his day as a "wonder worker".

Died

c.1050 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bernold-of-ottobeuren/


Blessed Conrad of Heisterbach

Also known as

Konrad

Profile

Soldier. Ministered to the margraves of Thuringia until he was about 50 years old. He then became a Cistercian monk at Heisterbach Abbey in western Germany.

Died

c.1200 at Heisterbach Abbey, Germany of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-conrad-of-heisterbach/


Blessed Ekbert of Muensterschwarzach

Also known as

Egbert, Eckbert, Ekkbert

Profile

Monk at Gorze. Abbot of Mönsterschwarzach, Bavaria, Germany.

Born

c.1010

Died

1075 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-ekbert-of-muensterschwarzach/


Saint Erasmus of Antioch

Also known as

Elme

Profile

Priest. Bishop in Syria. During a period of persecution of Christians, he fled to Mount Linanus and lived as a hermit for 17 years. Martyred in the persecutions of Licinius.

Born

Antioch, Syria

Died

Antioch, Syria

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-erasmus-of-antioch/


Blessed Garcia of Arlanza

Profile

Soldier. Monk. Abbot of Arlanza monastery, Burgos, Spain in 1039. Friend and counsellor of King Ferdinand I of Castile.

Born

at Quintanilla, Old Castile (in modern Spain)

Died

c.1073 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-garcia-of-arlanza/


Blessed Guido of Casauria

Profile

Benedictine monk at Farfa, Italy. Abbot of the monastery at Casauria, Abruzzi, Italy.

Died

c.1045 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-guido-of-casauria/


Saint Imina of Würzburg

Also known as

Imma, Immina

Profile

Daughter of Duke Hedan II of Thuringia. Donated Marienburg castle in Würzburg, Germany to Bishop Burkhard, and retired from public life to become a nun. Abbess at Karlburg, Franconia.

Born

c.700 at Würzburg, Germany

Died

752 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-imma-of-wurzburg/


Blessed Jacinto Serrano López

Profile

Dominican priest. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

30 July 1901 in Urrea de Gaén, Teruel, Spain

Died

25 November 1936 in Híjar, Teruel, Spain

Beatified

11 March 2001 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-jacinto-serrano-lopez/


Saint Jucunda of Reggio Aemilia

Profile

Spiritual student of Saint Prosper of Reggio. Nun.

Born

Reggio Aemilia, Italy

Died

466 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-jucunda-of-reggio-aemilia/


Blessed Santiago Meseguer Burillo

Profile

Dominican priest. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

1 May 1885 in Híjar, Teruel, Spain

Died

25 November 1936 in Híjar, Teruel, Spain

Beatified

11 March 2001 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-santiago-meseguer-burillo/


Martyrs of Africa

Profile

A group of 13 Christians murdered together for their faith in Africa, date unknown. The only details to have survived are their names - Claudian, Cyprian, Donatus, Felix, Januarius, Julian, Lucian, Marcian, Martialis, Peter, Quirianus, Victor and Vitalis.

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-africa-25-november/


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Beatrice d'Ornacieux
• Marculo of Numidia
• Maurino of Agen
• Niels Steensen
• Pietro Yi Ho-hyong


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