24 November • yesterday
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Memorial of Saint Andrew Dung-Lac, Priest, and Companions, Martyrs

Martyrs of Vietnam

Also known as

• Martyrs of Tonkin
• Martyrs of Annam
• Martyrs of IndoChina

Profile

Between the arrival of the first Portuguese missionary in 1533, through the Dominicans and then the Jesuit missions of the 17th century, the politically inspired persecutions of the 19th century, and the Communist-led terrors of the twentieth, there have been many thousands of Catholics and other Christians murdered for their faith in Vietnam. Some were priests, some nuns or brothers, some lay people; some were foreign missionaries, but most were native Vietnamese killed by their own government and countrymen.

Record keeping being what it was, and because the government did not care to keep track of the people it murdered, we have no information on the vast bulk of the victims. In 1988, Pope John Paul II recognized over a hundred of them, including some whose Causes we do have, and in commemoration of those we do not. They are collectively known as the Martyrs of Vietnam (or Tonkin or Annam or the other older names of that country).

They include -

• Blessed Andrew the Catechist • Saint Agnes De • Saint Anrê Tran An Dung • Saint Anrê Tran Van Trông • Saint Anrê Tuong • Saint Antôn Nguyen Ðích • Saint Antôn Nguyen Huu Quynh • Saint Augustine Moi Van Nguyen • Saint Augustine Schoffler • Saint Augustinô Nguyen Van Moi • Saint Augustinô Phan Viet Huy • Saint Bênadô Võ Van Duê • Saint Clemente Ignacio Delgado Cebrián • Saint Daminh Ninh • Saint Domingo Henares de Zafra Cubero • Saint Dominic Uy Van Bui • Saint Ðaminh Bùi Van Úy • Saint Ðaminh Ðinh Ðat • Saint Ðaminh Huyen • Saint Ðaminh Mau • Saint Ðaminh Nguyen • Saint Ðaminh Nguyen Ðuc Mao • Saint Ðaminh Nguyen Van Hanh • Saint Ðaminh Nguyen Van Xuyên • Saint Ðaminh Pham Trong Kham • Saint Ðaminh Toai • Saint Ðaminh Trach Ðoài • Saint Ðaminh Tuoc • Saint Emanuele Lê Van Phung • Saint Emmanuel Nguyen Van Trieu • Saint Etienne-Théodore Cuenot • Saint Francesc Gil de Federich de Sans • Saint Francis Trung Von Tran • Saint Francis Xavier Can Nguyen • Saint François Jaccard • Saint François-Isidore Gagelin • Saint Giacôbê Ðo Mai Nam • Saint Gioan Ðat • Saint Gioan Ðoàn Trinh Hoan • Saint Giuse Ðang Van Viên • Saint Giuse Hoàng Luong Canh • Saint Giuse Nguyen Duy Khang • Saint Giuse Nguyen Ðình Nghi • Saint Giuse Nguyen Ðình Uyen • Saint Giuse Pham Trong Ta • Saint Jacinto Castañeda Puchasóns • Saint Jean-Charles Cornay • Saint Jean-Théophane Vénard • Saint John Baptist Con • Saint John-Louis Bonnard • Saint José Fernández de Ventosa • Saint José María Díaz Sanjurjo • Saint José Melchór García-Sampedro Suárez • Saint Joseph Marchand • Saint Luca Pham Trong Thìn • Saint Martinô Ta Ðuc Thinh • Saint Martinô Tho • Saint Mateo Alonso de Leciñana • Saint Matthêô Nguyen Van Ðac Phuong • Saint Micae Nguyen Huy My • Saint Nicolas Bùi Ðuc The • Saint Nicolas Bùi Ðuc The • Saint Pere Josep Almató Ribera Auras • Saint Phanxicô Ðo Van Chieu • Saint Phanxicô Xaviê Can • Saint Phanxicô Xaviê Hà Trong Mau • Saint Phaolô Hanh • Saint Phaolô Lê Bao Tinh • Saint Phaolô Nguyen Ngân • Saint Phaolô Nguyen Van My • Saint Phaolô Vu Van Duong • Saint Phêrô Dung • Saint Phêrô Ða • Saint Pherô Ðoàn Van Vân • Saint Phêrô Khan • Saint Phêrô Lê Tùy • Saint Phêrô Nguyen Bá Tuan • Saint Phêrô Nguyen Khac Tu • Saint Phêrô Nguyen Van Luu • Saint Phêrô Nguyen Van Tu • Saint Phêrô Thuan • Saint Phêrô Truong Van Ðuong • Saint Phêrô Truong Van Thi • Saint Phêrô Võ Ðang Khoa • Saint Phêrô Võ Ðang Khoa • Saint Phêrô Vu Van Truat • Saint Pierre Rose Ursule Dumoulin Borie • Saint Pierre-François Néron • Saint Stêphanô Nguyen Van Vinh • Saint Tôma Ðinh Viet Du • Saint Tôma Nguyen Van Ðe • Saint Tôma Toán • Saint Tôma Tran Van Thien • Saint Valentin Faustino Berri Ochoa • Saint Vihn Son Ðo Yen • Saint Vincent Liêm • Saint Vinh Son Nguyen The Ðiem • Saint Vinh Son Tuong • Saint Vinh-Son Duong •

Died

martyred in various ways and in various locations in Vietnam

Canonized

19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II

Video

YouTube PlayList

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-vietnam/


Saint Albert of Louvain

Also known as

• Albert of Leuven
• Albert of Liege
• Alberto di Lovanio
• Albrecht of...

Additional Memorial

27 November (Belgium)

Profile

Son of Duke Godfrey III of Brabant. Made a canon of Liege, Belgium at age 12, a political appointment for guaranteed income rather than a religious vocation. He gave up the position at age 21 to become a knight under Count Baldwin V of Hainault, a bitter enemy of his native Brabant. He talked of going on Crusade, but never did, and eventually realized that religious life was calling him. He became a canon of Liege again, this time as a true vocation.

Archdeacon and provost of Brabant. Bishop of Liege in 1191. Albert of Rethel, cousin of Count Baldwin and uncle of the Empress Constance, wife of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI, had sought the episcopacy. He appealed to the emperor for help; Henry removed Albert from the position and made a third candidate, Lothaire, who was the provost of Bonn, Germany, the new bishop of Liege. Albert then appealed to the Vatican, both for himself and to help clearly establish the Pope's supremacy in the matter. Celestine III declared Albert's election valid, and returned him to Liege. Lothair refused to surrender the see; Henry backed him, and forced the priests in the diocese to submit to Lothair.

Bruno, archbishop of Cologne, Germany was supposed to ordain Albert, but refused, fearing the emperor. William, archbishop of Rheims, France, ordained Albert as priest, and then as bishop. In an attempt to end the matter in the emperor's favour, a group of Henry's knights ambushed and murdered Albert on the road outside Rheims. The plan backfired, however, as Lothair was excommunicated and exiled, and Henry was forced to submit to Rome and do penance; lay investiture (civil control over ordinations) took another serious blow.

Born

c.1166 in Brabant (in modern Belgium)

Died

• stabbed on 21 November 1192 on the road outside Rheims, France
• buried in Rheims
• relics transferred to a Carmelite convent in Brussels, Belgium in 1612
• some relics re-located to the cathedral in Liege, Belgium in 1822

Canonized

1621 by Pope Paul V

Representation

• bishop with three swords
• bishop with a knife or sword in his hand
• bishop stabbed with a sword or knife
• bishop with the coat of arms of Brabant

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-albert-of-louvain/


Blessed Maria Anna Sala

Profile

Daughter of Giovanni and Giovannina Sala; fifth of eight children in a pious family. Educated in the convent school by the Sisters of Saint Marcellina in Vimercate, Italy. She wanted to join the Sisters, but her family needed her help, and Maria returned home. In 1848, her family obligations fulfilled, she returned to the Sisters, and made her profession on 13 September 1852. Over the next four decades she taught at the Marcellina schools in Cernusco, Chambery, Genoa, and Milan. Diagnosed with throat cancer in 1883, she kept the matter to herself and continued to work for another eight years. Throughout the beatification investigation and recognition everyone involved stressed Maria's quiet dignity and her unwavering devotion to Christ no matter how severe her pain or trying her circumstances.

Born

21 April 1829 at Brivio, Italy

Died

• 24 November 1891 at Milan, Italy of throat cancer
• remains found to be incorrupt when her Cause was introduced in 1920

Beatified

26 October 1980 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-maria-anna-sala/


Saint Chrysogonus

Also known as

Crisogono, Grisogono

Additional Memorial

16 April (Greek calendar)

Profile

Priest. Functionary of the vicarius Urbis. Christian teacher of Saint Anastasia of Sirmium, the daughter of the Roman noble Praetextatus. Thrown into prison during the persecution of Diocletian, he comforted Anastasia by his letters. Martyred under Diocletian.

Died

• beheaded on 23 November 304 at Aquileia, Italy
• his corpse was thrown into the sea, washed ashore, and was buried by the aged priest, Zoilus, at Venice, Italy
• his head is in the Church of Saint Chrysogonus, Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-chrysogonus/


Saint Colman of Cloyne

Also known as

• Colman MacLenini
• Colman Mac Lenine
• Colman MacLenine

Profile

Son of Lenin. Poet. Royal bard, poet, musician, court historian, and genealogist at Cashel, Ireland. Adult convert at age fifty, being baptized by Saint Brendan the Navigator; he had become involved with Brendan and Christianity while helping recover the stolen shrine of Saint Ailbhe from a lake. Priest. Evangelist in Limerick and Cork. Teacher of Saint Columba. Bishop of Cloyne, county Cork, Ireland.

Born

530 in Munster, Ireland

Died

c.600 of natural causes

Canonized

1903 (cultus confirmed)

Patronage

diocese of Cloyne, Ireland

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-colman-of-cloyne/


Saint Eanfleda of Whitby

Also known as

Eanflaed

Profile

Princess, the daughter of King Saint Edwin of Northumbria and Saint Ethelburga of Kent. Cousin of Saint Hilda of Whitby. Baptized by Saint Paulinus of York. Great supporter and patron of Saint Wilfrid fo York. Married to King Oswy of Northumbria, and mother of Saint Elfleda. Widowed. Benedictine nun at Whitby, which was then under the leadership of her daughter Elfleda.

Born

7th century Northumbria, England

Died

c.700 in Whitby, England of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eanfleda-of-whitby/


Saint Flora of Cordoba

Profile

Born to Muslim parents. She and her mother converted to Christianity - Flora was raised Christian, her brother Muslim. She was often abused at home for her faith. She took a private vow of chastity, and ministered to Christian prisoners. When her parents announced an arranged marriage to an Islamic man, Flora and her Christian friend Mary ran away, briefly hiding with the home of Flora's sister. The sister, however, feared being accused of harboring Christians, and threw the two out. Her brother publicly betrayed her to the Islamic authorities. She was imprisoned and scourged, escaped, was recaptured, and martyred as part of the persecutions of Abderrahman II.

Born

Cordoba, Spain

Died

tortured and beheaded by Moors in 851 or 856 (sources vary on the year) in Cordoba, Spain

Patronage

• abandoned people
• betrayal victims
• converts
• martyrs
• single laywomen

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-flora-of-cordoba/


Saint Mary of Cordoba

Also known as

Maria

Profile

Friend of Saint Flora, and ran away with her, briefly hiding in the home of Flora's sister. The sister, however, feared being accused of harboring Christians, and threw the two out. Betrayed to the Islamic authorities by Flora's brother, she was imprisoned and scourged for her faith, escaped, was recaptured, and executed. Martyr.

Died

tortured and beheaded by Moors in 851 or 856 (sources vary on the year)

Patronage

martyrs

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-mary-of-cordoba/


Saint Kenan of Damleag

Also known as

Cianan, Kay, Kea, Quay

Profile

Descended from the royalty of Munster. In his youth, Kenan was one of fifty hostages given to King Leogair by the Irish princes as a guarantee of peace. Freed by the intercession of bishop Kiaran. Spiritual student of Saint Martin of Tours in France. Knew Saint Patrick who admired him and his writing skills. Bishop of Duleek, Ireland. First in Ireland to build his cathedral in stone; it was built on the site of a pagan altar he destroyed when he converted the people.

Born

Irish

Died

24 November 489 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-kenan-of-damleag/


Saint Pierre Rose Ursule Dumoulin Borie

Also known as

• Peter Dumoulin
• Peter Dumoulin-Borie

Profile

Studied at the seminary of the Paris Foreign Missions Society, beginning in 1829. Ordained in 1832. Missionary to Tonkin (modern Vietnam). Arrested for his faith in 1836. During his two years in prison, where he was regularly beaten and tortured, he was appointed titular bishop and vicar apostolic of western Tonkin.

Born

20 February 1808 in Beynat, Corrèze, diocese of Tulle, France

Died

• beheaded on 24 November 1838 at Ðong Hoi, Quang Bình, Vietnam
• relics transferred to Paris, France in 1843

Canonized

19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-pierre-rose-ursule-dumoulin-borie/


Saint Portianus of Miranda

Also known as

Porciano, Pourçain

Profile

Slave. He ran from his masters, and sought refuge in Miaranda monastery, Auvergne, France. He became a monk there, and later abbot. At one point he demanded that the Merovingian king, Thierry of Austrasia, release his Auvergnate prisoners; Portianus was so influential, the king agreed.

Died

533 of natural causes

Representation

• monk breaking a cup from which a snake escapes - the snake represents poison, and sometimes leads to Portianus' confusion with Saint Benedict
• monk surrounded by prisoners
• monk speaking to a king

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-portianus-of-miranda/


Saint Romanus of Le Mans

Also known as

• Romanus of Blaye
• Romanus of Bordeaux
• Romanus of the Garonne
• Romanus of Tours

Profile

Summoned across the Alps to LeMans by his uncle, Saint Julian, missionary bishop of the area, who ordained him. Missionary to the area around the river Gironde. Noted for being backward, shy, introverted, and a lousy preacher, he still made converts one after another, healing, exorcising demons, and quietly bringing the Gospel to the pagans. Worked especially with the sailors of the area.

When Julian died, Romanus returned to LeMans to mourn and to care for his uncle's tomb. Other people were buried nearby in order to be near a saint, and a group of monks dedicated to caring for the graves, and who called themselves the Grave-Diggers grew up around the churchyard. Romanus joined them, and spent the rest of his days caring for the tombs, bringing the faithful to their final resting place, and bringing the comfort of the faith to the mourners.

Born

Rome, Italy

Died

• November 385 of natural causes at Blaye, France
• interred next to Saint Julian of Le Mans

Patronage

against shipwreck

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-romanus-of-le-mans/


Saint Alexander of Corinth

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Julian the Apostate.

Died

martyred in 361 in Corinth, Greece

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-alexander-of-corinth/


Blessed Balsamus of Cava

Also known as

• Belsamus of Cava
• Balsam of...

Profile

Benedictine monk. Abbot of Cava, Italy from 1208 to 1232.

Died

24 November 1232 at Cava, Italy of natural causes

Beatified

16 May 1928 by Pope Pius XI (cultus confirmed)

Readings

[He was] the gem of the priesthood and the crown of prelates. - John of Capua

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-balsamus-of-cava/


Saint Bieuzy of Brittany

Also known as

Beuzi, Beuzit, Bieuzi, Bihi, Bihui, Bihuy, Bihy, Bilhwi, Bili, Bilicus, Bizuy, Budoc

Profile

Spiritual student of Saint Gildas the Wise. Followed Gildas in his work in Brittany (part of modern France). Monk. Known for his gift healing men and animals. Murdered by a nobleman refusing the man's summons to heal some rabid dogs; Bieuzy stayed at the monastery for religious services. Martyr.

Born

6th century in Anglo-Saxon Britain

Died

• stabbed in the head with a sword in the 7th century
• a healing spring of water appeared on the place he died in Pluvigner, France; it's supposed to extremely effective against toothache, rabies, headaches and dog bites
• relics enshrined in the church in Pluvigner

Patronage

• against madness
• against rabies

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bieuzy-of-brittany/


Blessed Conrad of Frisach

Also known as

Konrad

Profile

Doctor at the university of Bologna, Italy. Dominican, received into the Order by Saint Dominic himself. Missionary to Germany. Died while singing the Psalm, Cantate Domino canticum novum (Sing a new song unto the Lord).

Died

1239 in Magdeburg, Germany of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-conrad-of-frisach/


Saint Crescentian of Rome

Also known as

Crescentianus

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Maxentius.

Died

• tortured to death on the rack in 309 at Rome, Italy
• relics re-enshrined in the 9th century

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-crescentian-of-rome/


Saint Felicissimus of Perugia

Profile

Martyred under Diocletian.

Died

c.303 in Perugia, Italy

Representation

elegantly dressed young man with a book and a palm of martyrdom

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-felicissimus-of-perugia/


Saint Firmina of Amelia

Also known as

Fermina

Profile

Maiden martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Born

Roman citizen

Died

tortured to death c.303 at Amelia, Umbria, Italy

Patronage

• Amelia, Italy
• Civitavecchia, Italy
• Terni-Narni-Amelia, Italy, diocese of

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-firmina-of-amelia/


Saint Hitto of Saint-Gall

Also known as

Hatto, Hildo

Profile

Born to the Swabian nobility in the 10th century; brother of Saint Wiborada of Gall. Priest. Provost of Saint Magnus church. Monk at Saint-Gall, Switzerland.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-hitto-of-saint-gall/


Saint Leopardinus of Vivaris

Profile

Seventh century monk and abbot of the monastery of Saint Symphorian in Vivaris, province of Berry, France.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-leopardinus-of-vivaris/


Saint Marinus of Maurienne

Profile

Benedictine monk at Maurienne in Savoy (part of modern France). Hermit near Chandor Abbey. Martyred by Saracens.

Born

Italy

Died

731 at Chandor Abbey

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-marinus-of-maurienne/


Saint Phêrô Võ Ðang Khoa

Also known as

• Peter Choa
• Peter Khoa

Profile

Priest. Worked with bishop Saint Peter Dumoulin. Martyr.

Born

c.1790 in Thuan Nghia, Nghe An, Vietnam

Died

strangled to death on 24 November 1838 in Ðong Hoi, Quang Bính, Vietnam

Canonized

19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-phero-vo-dang-khoa/


Saint Protasius of Milan

Profile

Bishop of Milan, Italy from 331 to 352. Supported Saint Athanasius of Alexandria against the Arians. Attended the synod of Sardica in 343, and used it as a platform against Arianism.

Died

• 352 in Milan, Italy of natural causes
• interred in Milan
• tomb reported to be the site of miraculous cures, including that of a blind child, a miracle witnessed by Saint Augustine of Hippo

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-protasius-of-milan/


Saint Vinh Son Nguyen The Ðiem

Also known as

Vincent Diem

Profile

Priest in the apostolic vicariate of West Tonkin. Worked with bishop Saint Peter Dumoulin. One of the Martyrs of Vietnam.

Born

c.1761 in An Dó, Quang Tri, Vietnam

Died

martyred on 24 November 1838 in Ðong Hoi, Quang Bình, Vietnam

Canonized

19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-vinh-son-nguyen-the-diem/


Martyred in the Spanish Civil War

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Blessed Antonia Gosens Sáez De Ibarra
Blessed Cándida Cayuso González
Blessed Clara Ezcurra Urrutia
Blessed Concepción Rodríguez Fernández
Blessed Daría Campillo Paniagua
Blessed Erundina Colino Vega
Blessed Feliciana de Uribe Orbe
Blessed Félix Alonso Muñiz
Blessed Francisco Borrás Román
Blessed Justa Maiza Goicoechea
Blessed María Concepción Odriozola Zabalía
Blessed María Consuelo Cuñado González
Blessed Niceta Plaja Xifra
Blessed Paula Isla Alonso


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