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Optional Memorial of Saint Peter Canisius, Priest and Doctor of the Church

Saint Peter Canisius

Also known as

• Hammer of Protestantism
• Peter Kanis
• Peter Kannees
• Peter Kanys
• Petrus Canisius
• Petrus Kanis
• Second Apostle of Germany

Profile

Son of Jacob Canisius, a wealthy burgomeister, and AEgidia van Houweningen, who died shortly after Peter's birth. Educated in Cologne, Germany, studying art, civil law and theology. He was an excellent student, and received a master's degree by age 19; his closest friends at university were monks and clerics. Joined in the Jesuits on 8 May 1543 after attending a retreat conducted by Blessed Peter Faber. Taught at the University of Cologne, and helped found the first Jesuit house in the city. Ordained in 1546. Theologian of Cardinal Otto Truchsess von Waldburg, Bishop of Augsburg in 1547. He travelled and worked with Saint Ignatius of Loyola who was his spiritual director in Rome, Italy. Taught rhetoric in Messina, Sicily in 1548, preaching in Italian and Latin. Doctor of theology in 1549. Began teaching theology and preaching at Ingolstadt, Germany in 1549. Rector of the university in 1550. Began teaching theology, preaching in the Cathedral of Saint Stephen in Vienna, Austria in 1552; the royal court confessor, he continued to worked in hospitals and prisons, and during Lent in 1553 he travelled to preach in abandoned parishes in Lower Austria. During Mass one day he received a vision of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and ever after offered his work to the Sacred Heart. He led the Counter-Reformation in Germany, Austria, Bohemia, and Switzerland, and his work led to the return of Catholicism to Germany. His catechism went through 200 editions during his life, and was translated into 12 languages; in some places catechisms were referred to as Canisi. Attended the Diet of Augsburg in 1555. Founded Jesuit colleges in Ingolstadt, Prague, Dillingen, and Fribourg. Jesuit provincial superior. Attended the Diet of Ratisbon in 1556 and 1557. Everywhere he worked he became a noted preacher, and often worked with children, teaching them and hearing their confessions. Represented Pope Paul IV at the imperial Diet of Pieternow. Addressed the Council of Trent on the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist. Recommended Saint Stanislaus Kostka for reception as a Jesuit. Court preacher to Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria. While in Fribourg, Switzerland, he received a message from the city's patron saint, Nicholas of Myra, that he should stop travelling; Canisius spent the rest of his life there. He taught, preached, edited books, and worked to support the Catholic press and printers in many cities; his advice was sought by Saint Francis de Sales, and by his friend Saint Charles Borromeo. Proclaimed a Doctor of the Church in 1925 by Pope Pius XI.

Born

8 May 1521 at Niemguen, Netherlands

Died

• 21 December 1597 at Fribourg, Switzerland of natural causes
• interred before the high altar of the Church of Saint Nicholas in Fribourg
• relics translated to the Church of Saint Michael at the Jesuit College in Fribourg in 1625

Beatified

20 November 1864 by Pope Pius IX at Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy

Canonized

21 May 1925 by Pope Pius XI

Patronage

• Catholic press
• Germany
• writers of catechisms

Representation

• with his catechism and other books
• teaching a group of children<

Storefront

medals and pendants

Readings

If you have too much to do, with God's help you will find time to do it all. - Saint Peter Canisius

Before he set out for Germany, Saint Peter Canisius received the apostolic blessing, and underwent a profound spiritual experience. He describes it: "It was as if you opened to me the heart in your most sacred body. I seemed to see it directly before my eyes. You told me to drink from this fountain, inviting me, that is, to draw the waters of my salvation from your wellsprings, my Savior. I was most eager that streams of faith, hope, and love should flow into me from that source. I was thirsting for poverty, chastity, obedience. I asked to be made wholly clean by you, to be clothed by you, to be made resplendent by you. So, after daring to approach your most loving heart, and to plunge my thirst into it, I received a promise from you of a garment made of three parts: these were to cover my soul in its nakedness, and to belong especially to my religious profession. They were peace, love, and perseverance. Protected by this garment of salvation, I was confident that I would lack nothing but all would succeed and give you glory." - from the writings of Saint Peter Canisius

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-peter-canisius/


Blessed Anton Durcovici

Profile

His father died when Anton was small; he, his mother and his brother moved to Iasi, Romania in 1895. He studied in Iasi and Bucarest in Romania, and in Rome, Italy earning multiple degrees including two doctorates. Priest in the diocese of Bucarest, Romania, ordained on 24 September 1910. Taught at the Bucarest seminary. Parish administrator in Tulcea, Romania. Being an Austrian citizen, he was imprisoned in an internment camp during World War I when Romania joined the Allied forces; freed by order of King Ferdinand I. Rector of the Bucarest seminary from 1924 to 1948. Bishop of Iasi, Romania on 30 October 1947. In the post-World War II period, he became a vocal opponent of the Communists in Romania. Arrested on 26 June 1949, he was shipped from prison to prison, tortured, abused, starved, and left naked in the winter weather. Martyr.

Born

17 May 1888 in Bad Deutsch-Altenburg, Horn, Austria

Died

• 21 December 1951 in Sighetu Marmatiei, Maramures, Romania of abuse while in prison
• buried in an unmarked grave and most documentation of his imprisonment destroyed

Beatified

• 17 May 2014 by Pope Francis
• beatification celebrated at Emil Alexandrescu Stadium, Copou, Ia?i, Romania, presided by Cardinal Angelo Amato

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-anton-durcovici/


Saint Anastasius II of Antioch

Also known as

Anastasius II the Younger

Profile

Bishop of Antioch, Syria in 599. Fought simony in his diocese with the support of Pope Gregory the Great. Murdered by a mob during an uprising of Syrian Jews against Emperor Phocas who was trying to force conversions; because he died in anti-Church violence, he is considered a martyr.

Born

6th century

Died

609

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-anastasius-ii-of-antioch/


Blessed Daniel of the Annunciation

Also known as

Daniele dell'Annunziata

Profile

Mercedarian monk at the monastery of Santa Maria della Pace in Naples, Italy. Staunch defender of the freedom of the Church from state control, and of his Order, he was known for personal piety and strict adherence to his Order's rule and orthodox Christian doctrine.

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-daniel-of-the-annunciation/


Blessed Adrian of Dalmatia

Also known as

Hadrian

Profile

Thirteenth century Dominican missionary. Martyred by Muslims along with 27 companions whose names have not come down to us.

Died

in Dalmatia

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-adrian-of-dalmatia/


Saint Anrê Tran An Dung

Also known as

• Andrew Dung Lac
• Andrew Dung Lac An Tran
• Anreâ Duõng La?c

Additional Memorial

24 November as one of the Martyrs of Vietnam

Profile

Priest in the apostolic vicariate of West Tonkin. Worked in the missions with the priests of the Foreign Mission Society of Paris. Imprisoned and repeatedly tortured in the persecutions of Minh-Meng. Died with Saint Peter Thi. One of the Martyrs of Vietnam.

Born

c.1795 in Bac Ninh, Vietnam

Died

beheaded on 21 December 1839 in Ô Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam

Canonized

19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-anre-tran-an-dung/


Saint Baudacarius of Bobbio

Also known as

Baudacharius

Profile

Benedictine monk in Bobbio, Italy. In charge of the monastery's vineyard and 30 brothers assigned to help him. Legend says that once he ran nearly out of food to feed them, but prayed for help and was able to feed them all from a single cooked duck.

Died

• 650 of natural causes
• relics interred in the abbey of Saint Colombano, Emilia Romagna, Bobbio, Italy in 1483

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-baudacarius-of-bobbio/


Saint Beornwald of Bampton

Also known as

Berenwald, Byrnwald

Profile

Eighth century priest. Venerated at Bampton, England.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-beornwald-of-bampton/


Blessed Bezela of Göda

Profile

Mother of Saint Benno of Meissen.

Born

late 10th century Germany

Died

mid-11th century in Göda, Saxony, Germany of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-bezela-of-goda/


Saint Dioscorus

Profile

Companion of Saint Themistocles of Lycia. Martyred in the persecutions of Valerian.

Died

beheaded in 253

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-dioscorus/


Saint Festus of Tuscany

Profile

Martyr honoured in Tuscany, Italy.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-festus-of-tuscany/


Saint Glycerius of Nicomedia

Memorial

28 December as one of the 20,000 Martyrs of Nicomedia

Profile

Priest at Nicomedia, Asia Minor (in modern Turkey). Arrested and tortured in the persecutions of Diocletian; he was offered release if he would denounce his faith; he declined. Martyr.

Died

burned at the stake in 303 in Nicomedia, Bithynia (modern Izmit, Turkey)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-glycerius-of-nicomedia/


Saint James of Valencia

Profile

Joined the Mercedarians at age 27 at El Puig, Spain. Noted for a austere personal life and ministry to the poor. Sent to Algiers to ransom some prisoners, he decided to preach Christianity in a synagogue. Martyr.

Born

Valencia, Spain

Died

stoned to death in 1362 in Algiers

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-james-of-valencia/


Saint John of Tuscany

Profile

Martyred with Saint Festus. Honoured in Tuscany, Italy.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-john-of-tuscany/


Saint John Vincent

Profile

Benedictine monk at Saint Michael of Chiusa where he built a church. Hermit on Monte Caprario. Bishop.

Born

at Ravenna, Italy

Died

1012 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-john-vincent/


Saint Phêrô Truong Van Thi

Also known as

• Peter Thi
• Peter Thi Van Truong Pham
• Pietro Truong Van Thi

Additional Memorial

• 24 November as one of the Martyrs of Vietnam

Profile

Priest in the apostolic vicariate of West Tonkin. He worked in the missions with the priests of the Foreign Mission Society of Paris. Imprisoned and repeatedly tortured in the persecutions of Minh-Meng. Died with Saint Andrew Dung Lac. Martyr.

Born

c.1763 in Ke So, Hanoi, Vietnam

Died

beheaded on 21 December 1839 in Ô Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam

Canonized

19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-phero-truong-van-thi/


Saint Severinus of Trier

Profile

Bishop of Trier in modern Germany.

Died

c.300

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-severinus-of-trier/


Blessed Sibrand of Marigård

Also known as

Sibrandus, Siebrandus

Profile

Premonstratensian monk. Canon of the Mariengaarde monastery in Friesland (in modern Netherlands). Abbot of the house in 1230. Known for his scholarship and personal piety, he established comprehensive education for his brothers and required the study of the Church fathers.

Born

late 12th century Netherlands

Died

21 December 1238 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-sibrand-of-marigard/


Saint Themistocles of Lycia

Profile

Shepherd at Myra, Lycia. Martyred because he would not tell the authorities where Saint Dioscorus was hiding during the persecution of Valerian.

Died

beheaded in 253

Representation

shepherd with iron caltrops nearby

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-themistocles-of-lycia/


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Domenico Spadafora of Randazzo
• Peter Friedhof
• Peter of Moscow


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