2 October • yesterday
• prayers
• tomorrow
Memorial of the Guardian Angels

Guardian Angels

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The term guardian angels refers to the belief that each person has an angel who is available to shepherd their soul through life, and help bring them to God.

Belief in the reality of angels, their mission as messengers of God, and man's interaction with them, goes back to the earliest times. Cherubim kept Adam and Eve from slipping back into Eden; angels saved Lot and helped destroy the cities of the plains; in Exodous Moses follows an angel, and at one point an angel is appointed leader of Israel. Michael is mentioned at several points, Raphael figures large in the story of Tobit, and Gabriel delivered the Annunciation of the coming of Christ.

The concept of each soul having a personal guardian angel, is also an ancient one, and long accepted by the Church

See that you despise not one of these little ones [children]: for I say to you, that their angels in heaven always see the face of my Father who is in heaven. - Jesus, Matthew 18:10

How great the dignity of the soul, since each one has from his birth an angel commissioned to guard it. - Saint Jerome in his commentary on Matthew

Are they not all ministering spirits, sent to minister for them, who shall receive the inheritance of salvation? - Hebrews 1:14

The feast celebrating the angels who helped bring us to God began in many local calendars centuries ago, and was widely known by the 16th century. Pope Paul V placed a feast venerating the angels on the general calendar on 27 September 1608. Ferdinand of Austria requested that it be extended to all areas in the Holy Roman Empire. Initially placed after the feast of Michael the Archangel, it was seen as a kind of supplement to that date. Pope Clement X elevated the feast, celebrated 2 October, to an obligatory double for the whole Church. On 5 April 1883, Pope Leo XIII raised the feast to the rank of a double major.

Patronage

• Gary, Indiana, diocese of
• Spanish police officers

Video

YouTube PlayList

Readings

Since thou the power receivest my soul to guard, cease never to cover it with thy wings. - John the Monk

Angel of God, my Guardian dear, to whom His love commits me here, ever this day be at my side, to light and guard, to rule and guide. Amen. - traditional prayer to your angel guardian

According to the teaching of the Roman catechism, we must remember how admirable was the intention of divine Providence in entrusting to the angels the mission of watching over all mankind, and over individual human beings, lest they should fall victims to the grave dangers which they encounter. In this earthly life, when children have to make their way along a path beset with obstacles and snares, their fathers take care to call upon the help of those who can look after them and come to their aid in adversity. In the same way our Father in heaven has charged his angels to come to our assistance during our earthly journey which leads us to our blessed fatherland, so that, protected by the angels’ help and care, we may avoid the snares upon our path, subdue our passions and, under this angelic guidance, follow always the straight and sure road which leads to Paradise. Everyone of us is entrusted to the care of an angel. That is why we must have a lively and profound devotion to our own Guardian Angel, and why we should often and trustfully repeat the dear prayer we were taught in the days of our childhood. May we never fail in this devotion to the angels! During our earthly pilgrimage we may often run the risk of having to face the natural elements in turmoil, or the wrath of men who may seek to do us harm. But our Guardian Angel is always present. Let us never forget him and always remember to pray to him. - Pope Saint John XXIII

http://catholicsaints.info/guardian-angels/


Saint Leodegarius of Autun

Also known as

Leodegar, Leger

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Son of the nobles Bobilo and Saint Sigrada. Brother of Saint Gerinus. Raised in the court of King Clotaire II. Studied in Poitiers, France under the guidance of his uncle, the bishop of Poitiers. Deacon in Poitiers, working in diocesan administration. Priest. Monk at Maxentius Abbey in 650. Abbot in 651, a position he held for six years during which he placed the abbey under the Benedictine Rule. Advisor to Queen Saint Bathild, and tutor to her children, in 656. Reforming bishop of Autun in 663. Fought Manichaeism, reformed the secular clergy, enforced discipline in religious houses, adopted the Creed of Saint Athanasius, and stressed the administration of the sacraments, especially baptism.

His work, and his support of Childeric over Ebroin for the throne, incurred the anger of many powerful entrenched rulers and groups. Exiled to Luxeuil, France in 675, he returned to Autun at the request of Theodoric III after the death of Childeric. When the city was attacked, Leodegarius arranged a surrender to avoid the Autun?s destruction. He fell into the hands of Ebroin, was blinded, his lips cut off, and his tongue pulled out. Some time later this same Ebroin accused him of instigating the murder of Childeric, had him imprisoned for two years at Fecamp monastery in Normandy, regularly tortured, crippled, and finally executed.

Born

c.616

Died

• murdered in 678 in the woods near Sarcing, Somme, France
• relics translated to the abbey of Saint Maxentius in 782
• relics later translated to Rennes, and then to Ebreuil, which was renamed Saint-Leger
• relics later translated to the cathedral of Autun and to Soissons, France

Representation

• man having his eyes bored out with a gimlet
• bishop holding a gimlet
• bishop holding a hook with two prongs

Patronage

• blind people; against blindness, eye problems or sore eyes
• millers
• 5 cities

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-leodegarius/


Blessed Bartolomé Blanco Márquez

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Young layman in the diocese of Córdoba, Spain. His mother died with the boy was three, his father when Bartolome was 12. Raised by his uncles and local Salesian brothers, he was recognized in his youth as a natural leader. Member of Catholic Action. Catechist. Member of the Salesian Cooperators. Social worker, noted for his mastery of Church teachings on social doctrine. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

25 November 1914 in Pozoblanco, Córdoba, Spain

Died

shot on 2 October 1936 in Jaén, Spain

Beatified

28 October 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-bartolome-blanco-marquez/


Blessed Georges-Edme René

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Son of a lawyer. Priest in the archdiocese of Sens, France. Canon of Vezelay, France. Imprisoned on a ship in the harbor of Rochefort, France and left to die during the anti–Catholic persecutions of the French Revolution for refusing to take the oath of loyalty to the government instead of the Church. One of the Martyrs of the Hulks of Rochefort.

Born

16 November 1748 in Saint-Pierre-de-Vézelay, Yonne, France

Died

5pm on 2 October 1794 aboard the prison ship Washington, in Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, France of tuberculosis

Beatified

1 October 1995 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-georges-edme-rene/


Blessed Jan Beyzym

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Son of a Polish freedom fighter. Jesuit priest. Teacher at Jesuit boarding schools in Tarnopol and Chyrów. In 1898 he became a missionary to lepers near Tananariwa, Madagascar. In 1902 he began construction of a leper hospital at Marana, Madagascar; he never gave up, but it took nine years to finish.

Born

15 May 1850 in Beyzymy Wielkie, Poland (now in Ukraine)

Died

• 2 October 1912 in Marana, Fianarantsoa, Madagascar of natural causes
• relics entombed at the Jesuit basilica in Krakow, Poland in 1993

Beatified

18 August 2002 by Pope John Paul II at Krakow, Poland

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-jan-beyzym/


Saint Émilie de Villeneuve

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Born to the French nobility. Nun. Founder of the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of Castres who work for the education of poor girls and children, tend the sick, and serve as missionaries.

Born

9 March 1811 in Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, France

Died

2 October 1859 in Castres, Tarn, France of natural causes

Canonized

17 May 2015 by Pope Francis

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-emilie-de-villeneuve/


Saint Modesto of Sardinia

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Deacon. Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Born

Sardinia, Italy

Died

• c.304 in Sardinia, Italy
• relics moved to Benevento, Italy
• relics moved to the basilica of Montevergine, Italy at some point, and re-discovered on 27 July 1480

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-modesto-of-sardinia/


Saint Beregisus

Also known as

Beregiso

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Priest. Confessor for Pepin of Heristal. Pepin helped him found the monastery of Saint-Hubert in the Ardennes. May have served as its abbot.

Died

some time after 725

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-beregisus/


Saint Gerinus

Also known as

Garino, Garinus, Guarinus, Wannus, Warinus, Warren, Werinus

Profile

Son of Saint Sigrada; brother of Saint Leodegarius. Persecuted by Ebroin, mayor of the French palace who was at war with Saint Leodegarius. Martyr by Ebroin.

Died

stoned to death in 676 near Arras, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-gerinus/


Saint Theophilus of Bulgaria

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Benedictine monk in Asia Minor. Spoke out against the iconoclasts for which he was beaten, imprisoned, and exiled by Emperor Leo the Isaurian.

Born

in Bulgaria

Died

c.750 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-theophilus-of-bulgaria/


Saint Ursicinus II

Also known as

Ursicino di Coira

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Benedictine monk. Abbot of Disentis, Switzerland. Reluctant bishop of Chur, Switzerland in 754. In 758 he resigned to spend the rest of his days as a prayerful hermit.

Died

760 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ursicinus-ii/


Saint Eleutherius of Nicomedia

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Soldier. Martyred with a number of unnamed companions in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Died

martyred c.303 at Nicomedia

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eleutherius-of-nicomedia/


Saint Cyril of Antioch

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Martyred in one of the early persecutions, date unknown.

Died

in Antioch, Syria

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-cyril-of-antioch-2-october/


Saint Secundarius

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Martyred in one of the early persecutions, date unknown.

Died

martyred in Antioch, Syria

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-secundarius/


Saint Leudomer

Also known as

Lomer

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Bishop of Chartres, France.

Died

c.585 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-leudomer/


Saint Primus of Antioch

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Martyred in one of the early persecutions, date unknown.

Died

Antioch, Syria

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-primus/


Martyrs of Nagasaki

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A husband, wife and two sons, who were all martyred together in the persecutions in Japan. They were

Blessed Andreas Yakichi
Blessed Franciscus Yakichi
Blessed Lucia Yakichi
Blessed Ludovicus Yakichi

Born

1619 in Nagasaki, Japan

Died

beheaded on 2 October 1622 in Nagasaki, Japan

Beatified

7 May 1867 by Pope Pius IX


Martyred in the Spanish Civil War

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Blessed Elías Carbonell Molla
Blessed Enrique Sáiz-Aparicio
Blesssed Felipe González de Heredia Barahona
Blessed Francisco Carceller Galindo
Blessed Isidoro Bover Oliver
Blessed Juan Carbonell Molla
Blessed Juan Iñiguez de Ciriano Abechuco
Blessed Manuel Borrajo Míguez
Blessed María Francisca Ricart Olmos
Blessed Mateu Garrolera Masferrer
Blessed Pedro Artolozaga Mellique
Blessed Pedro Salcedo Puchades


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Antonio Chevrier
• Bonaventura Relli of Palazzolo
• Constantine Mkheidze
• David Mkheidze
• Edmund Maclot
• Serenus of Metz


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