1 October • yesterday
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Memorial of Saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus, Virgin and Doctor of the Church


Saint Thérèse of Lisieux

Also known as

• Francoise-Marie Therese Martin
• Teresa of the Infant Jesus
• the Little Flower of Jesus
• the Little Flower
• Thérèse of the Child Jesus

Profile

Born to a pious middle-class French family of tradesmen; daughter of Blessed Louis Martin and Blessed Marie-Azelie Guérin Martin, and all four of her sisters became nuns. Her mother died when Francoise-Marie was only four, and the family moved to Lisieux, Normandy, France to be closer to family. Cured from an illness at age eight when a statue of the Blessed Virgin smiled at her. Educated by the Benedictine nuns of Notre-Dame-du-Pre. Confirmed there at age eleven. Just before her 14th birthday she received a vision of the Child Jesus; she immediately understood the great sacrifice that had been made for her, and developed an unshakeable faith. Tried to join the Carmelites, but was turned down due to her age. Pilgrim to Rome, Italy at for the Jubilee of Pope Leo XIII whom she met and who knew of her desire to become a nun. Joined the Carmelites at Lisieux on 9 April 1888 at age 15, taking her final vow on 8 September 1890 at age 17. Known by all for her complete devotion to spiritual development and to the austerities of the Carmelite rule. Due to health problems resulting from her ongoing fight with tuberculosis, her superiors ordered her not to fast. Novice mistress at age 20. At age 22 she was ordered by her prioress to begin writing her memories and ideas, which material would turn into the book History of a Soul. Therese defined her path to God and holiness as The Little Way, which consisted of child-like love and trust in God. She had an on-going correspondence with Carmelite missionaries in China, often stating how much she wanted to come work with them. Many miracles attributed to her. Declared a Doctor of the Church in 1997 by Pope John Paul II.

Born

2 January 1873 at Alcon, Normandy, France as Francoise-Marie Therese Martin

Died

7pm Thursday 30 September 1897 at Lisieux, France of tuberculosis

Canonized

17 May 1925 by Pope Pius XI

Patronage

• African missions
• sick people; against bodily ills, illness or sickness
• AIDS patients
• air crews or pilots; aviators
• Australia
• black missions
• florists and flower growers
• foreign missions (proclaimed on 14 December 1927 by Pope Pius XI)
• loss of parents
• missionaries
• parish missions
• restoration of religious freedom in Russia
• tuberculosis
• World Youth Day 2013
• France (1944 by Pope Pius XII)
• Russia
• Anchorage, Alaska, archdiocese of
• Cheyenne, Wyoming, diocese of
• Churchill - Baie d'Hudson, Manitoba, diocese of
• Fairbanks, Alaska, diocese of
• Fresno, California, diocese of
• Hamilton, Bermuda, diocese of
• Juneau, Alaska, diocese of
• Kisumu, Kenya, diocese of
• Corner Brook and Labrador, Newfoundland, diocese of
• Pueblo, Colorado, diocese of
• Witbank, South Africa, diocese of
• Apostleship of Prayer

Representation

• roses
• Discalced Carmelite nun holding a bunch of roses
• nun with roses at her feet
• roses encircling a crucifix

Storefront

books, medals, statues, rosaries

Video

YouTube PlayList
The Story of a Soul (audio book)

Readings

For me, prayer is a surge of the heart; it is a simple look turned toward heaven, it is a cry of recognition and of love, embracing both trial and joy. - Saint Therese of Lisieux

What beauty? I don't see my beauty at all; I see only the graces I've received from God. You always misunderstand me; you don't know, then, that I'm only a little seedling, a little almond. - Saint Therese of Lisieux

You know well enough that Our Lord does not look so much at the greatness of our actions, nor even at their difficulty, but at the love with which we do them. - Saint Therese of Lisieux

Oh! no, you will see, it will be like a shower of roses. After my death, you will go to the mail box, and you will find many consolations. - Saint Therese on 9 June 1897 after Sister Marie of the Sacred Heart told her we would be very sorry after she died

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-therese-of-lisieux/


Blessed Luigi Maria Monti

Also known as

Aloisius, Aloysius

Profile

Eighth of eleven children. His father died when Luigi was twelve years old. To support the family he made wooden craft items. After hours he gathered other devout craftsmen and farmers at his shop to form the prayer group The Company of the Sacred Heart of Jesus; the locals called them The Company of Friars. The group expanded their ministry to work with the poor and sick, and in 1846 Luigi took private vows of chastity and obedience, dedicating his life to God.

However, Luigi lived in a time of political paranoia. He and the other members of his Company were charged with meeting to conspire against the Austrian forces occupying his village. In 1851 the they were jailed in Milan for ten weeks, finally released when it became obvious they were a religious, not political group.

Joined the Sons of Mary Immaculate, spending six years as a novice. Studied nursing. Worked with the sick in the cholera epidemic in Brescia, Italy in 1855. With the help of Father Luigi Dossi, he founded The Congregation of the Sons of the Immaculate Conception, dedicated to care for the sick. Initially worked with the Capuchin Fathers, who were forming a similar group. Certified as a phlebotomist by the La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy. In 1877, with the help of Pope Blessed Pius IX, Luigi finally founded his Congregation; he worked as its leader the rest of his life. The Sons willingly walked into the worst of epidemics, working in places that others were scared to go, giving their own beds to the sick. Luigi founded small communities throughout the region where men served in hospitals and as travelling nurses to the scattered, impoverished farmers. In 1882 they expanded their mission and founded orphanages with attached schools.

Though a layman all his life, Luigi was known as "Father" by the members of the Congregation and those he helped. He died at the age of 75, nearly blind, completely worn out, and working for the Congregation to the end.

Born

24 July 1825 at Bovisio Masciago, diocese of Milian, Italy

Died

1 October 1900 in Saronno, Varese, Italy of natural causes

Beatified

• 9 November 2003 by Pope John Paul II
• his beatification miracle involved the healing of Giovanni Luigi Iecle, a farmer from Bosa, Sardegna in 1961

Readings

I would spend hours before Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament, but they were all hours without a drop of heavenly dew; my heart remained arid, cold, and unmoved. I was on the verge of abandoning everything, when, alone in my room, I heard a clear and distinct inner voice saying to me:

"Luigi, go to the choir in church and present your tribulations once again to the Blessed Sacrament."

I heeded this inspiration and hastened to follow it. I knelt down and after a short time - what wonder! I saw two personages in human form. I recognized them. It was Jesus with His Most Holy Mother, who approached me and in a loud voice said to me:

"Luigi, much indeed will you still have to suffer; other varied and greater battles will you face. Be strong; you will emerge victorious from everything; never lacking to you will be our powerful help. Continue the way you began."

Thus did they speak and then disappeared. - Blessed Luigi, describing his vision

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-luigi-maria-monti/


Saint John Kukuzelis

Profile

His father died while John was a child. Recognized as a bright student, he was enrolled in the imperial court school in Constantinople. Principal court chanter. Exposed to a dissolute courtly life, he had no interest in it. The emperor arranged a marriage for him to a wealthy family, but young John felt a call to religious life, and became a monk at Grand Laura abbey, Mount Athos. Shepherd for the abbey.

Emperor John Comnenus either missed one of his favourites, or was angry that the boy had left without permission; either way, he sent agents to search for John, but no one connected the ragged monastic shepherd with the court singer. John sang hymns in the mountains; legend says that his sheep and goats stopped grazing to listen. A mountain hermit heard the singing, and advised the abbot that the shepherd and the boy the emperor sought might be one and the same. Questioned by the abbot, John admitted his identity, and begged to stay. The abbot let him return to the flocks, then went to the emperor himself and begged for the boy. When the emperor learned of John's new vocation, he released him from court service, and asked that the shepherd pray for the empire.

John soon moved six days a week into a small cell, leaving only to chant in Sunday services. One Sunday, after singing, he received a vision of the Virgin Mary who asked him to never stop chanting, and placed a gold coin in his hand as proof of her visit; the coin still exists, and is part of an icon at the Laura of Saint Athanaius. John devoted himself exclusively to prayer and singing. His health suffered until another visitation from Our Lady healed him.

Born

12th century at Dyrrachium, Macedonia

Died

• 12th century at Grand Laura abbey, Mount Athos of natural causes
• accurately predicted the date of his death

Name Meaning

• God is gracious; gift of God (John)
• beans and greens ( = Kukuzelis; nickname he earned as a schoolboy due to his difficulty with saying certain words in Greek at the imperial school)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-john-kukuzelis/


Saint Bavo of Ghent

Also known as

• Allowin
• Bavon of Ghent

Profile

Belgian nobleman who spent a wild youth, noted for selfishness; known to have sold his servants as slaves to local noble houses. Married. Widower. Converted after hearing a sermon by Saint Amand of Maastricht. Built an abbey on his estate, called Saint Peter's in his day and Saint Bavo's today. He turned it over to Saint Amand, and became a monk in the house. He finally gave his estate to the house, his belongings to the poor, and lived as a recluse in a hollow tree and later a cell in the forest near the abbey.

Born

589 at Brabant, Liege, Belgium as Allowin

Died

654 at Saint Bavo's abbey of natural causes

Patronage

• Ghent, Belgium
• Haarlem, Netherlands, city of
• Haalem-Amsterdam, Netherlands, diocese of
• Netherlands

Representation

• duke hunting with a falcon or hawk on his wrist
• prince giving alms in front of his palace
• hermit near hollow tree
• hermit with staff and a glove (which is probably related to falconry)
• man near a wagon
• man standing near a huge stone
• man with a purse or giving alms
• man with an angel holding a palm above him
• man with sword and scepter
• old king in armor near a book, broken tree trunk, ship, and Saint Bavo's monastery

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bavo-of-ghent/


Saint Nicetius of Trier

Also known as

Nicetus, Nizier, Niketius

Profile

Born to a Gallo-Roman family, he was a religious youth. Monk at Limoges. Abbot. Knew and was highly thought of by King Theodoric I. Bishop of Trier, Gaul (part of modern Germany) in 532. A reformer and revitalizer, Nicetius rebuilt the cathedral and worked to bring back love of the faith in an area that was indifferently Christian. He travelled his diocese, preaching daily and speaking out against low morals of both commoners and aristocracy. Excommunicated King Clotaire I for the king's immorality; Clotaire exiled him. Attended the synods of Clermont in 535 and 549, Orleans in 549, Toul in 550, and Paris in 555. Reformed the clergy in his see, restoring discipline and stamping out clerical vice. Fought heresy, especially Monophysitism.

Born

latter 5th century at Auvergne, France

Died

• c.566 of natural causes
• buried in the church of Saint Maximin at Trier, Germany

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-nicetius-of-trier/


Blessed Edward James

Also known as

• Gerald Edwards
• Gerard Edwards
• Edward Campion

Additional Memorial

• 29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai
• 1 December as one of the Martyrs of Oxford University

Profile

Raised Protestant. Educated at Saint John's College, Oxford, but was not awarded a degree because he would not acknowledge the queen as the head of Christianity in England. Converted to Catholicism. Seminarian at Rheims and Rome, Italy. Ordained in 1583, he returned to England in 1585 to minister to covert Catholics. Imprisoned four and a half years with Blessed Ralph Crockett in Marshalsea prison in London. Executed for the crime of being a priest.

Born

at Breaston, Derbyshire, England

Died

hanged, drawn, and quartered on 1 October 1588 at Chichester, West Sussex, England

Beatified

15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-edward-james/


Blessed Florencia Caerols Martínez

Also known as

Fiorenza, Florence

Profile

Lay women in the archdiocese of Valencia, Spain. Textile worker. President of the Union of Spanish Catholic Women in Valencia, a member of Catholic Action and the Daughters of Mary. Franciscan tertiary. Had a devotion to Saint Therese of Lisieux, and worked to spread devotion to her. Catechist. Known for her strong prayer life. Imprisoned and martyred in the Spanish Civil War for the crime of being a loyal Catholic.

Born

• 20 February 1890 in Caudete, Albacete, Spain
• baptized the same day

Died

shot on 2 October 1936 in Rotglá i Corbera, Játiva, Valencia, Spain

Beatified

11 March 2001 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-florencia-caerols-martinez/


Blessed Ralph Crockett

Also known as

Rodolfo

Additional Memorial

29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai

Profile

Educated at Christ College, University of Cambridge and at Glouscester Hall at the University of Oxford in England. Taught at Tibnam in Norfolk, England, and then at Littlehampton in Sussex, England. Studied at the seminary at Rheims, France. Ordained in 1585. Returning to England, he was arrested on board ship at Littlehampton on 19 April 1586 and sent to Marshalsea prison in London. Condemned on 30 September 1588 for the crime of being a priest in England. Martyr.

Born

Barton-on-the-Hill, Cheshire, England

Died

hanged on 1 October 1588 in Chichester, West Sussex, England

Beatified

15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-ralph-crockett/


Saint Romanos the Melodist

Also known as

• Glykophonos, Melodhos, Melodist
• Psaitis Dhikeosinis
• Righteous Chanter
• Sweet Singer

Profile

Convert to Orthodox Christianity from Judaism. Deacon, serving at the Church of the Resurection in Beirut, Lebanon, and at Constantinople. Wrote hundreds of hymns in simple language, appealing to the hearts of the faithful. Of the thousand or so that he wrote, only 60 to 80 survive - but they are still sung today.

Born

c.490 in Syria

Died

c.556 of natural causes

Works

Kontakion of the Nativity of Christ

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-romanos-the-melodist/


Blessed Álvaro Sanjuán Canet

Profile

Member of the Salesians of Don Bosco. Studied at the seminary of Campello, Alicante, Spain, and then in Turin, Italy. Ordained in 1934. When the Spanish Civil War broke out, Father Álvaro fled to Cocentaina, Spain and went into hiding with his parents, but was found, briefly imprisoned and then executed. Martyr.

Born

26 April 1908 in Alcocer de Planes, Alicante, Spain

Died

during the night of 1 to 2 October 1936 in on the side of the road outside Villena, Alicante, Spain

Beatified

11 March 2001 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-alvaro-sanjuan-canet/


Blessed John Robinson

Additional Memorial

29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai

Profile

Married layman. Father of Francis who became a priest. Widower. Studied for the priesthood at Rheims, France, and was in his 50's when ordained in 1585. Returned to England to serve his old neighbours. Arrested in Lowestoft, imprisoned in London for two years, and martyred for the crime of priesthood.

Born

c.1530 at Ferrensby, West Riding, Yorkshire, England

Died

hanged, drawn and quartered on 1 October 1588 at Ipswich, Suffolk, England

Beatified

15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-john-robinson/


Blessed Antoni Rewera

Profile

Priest in the diocese of Sandomierz, Poland. Taught theology at the Sandomierz seminary. Founded the Daughters of the Seraphic Saint Francis. Arrested by the Gestapo and deported to the Dachau concentration camp as part of the Nazi persecutions of Catholics. One of the 108 Polish Martyrs of World War II.

Born

6 January 1868 in Samborzec, Poland

Died

tortured to death on 1 October 1942 at the Dachau concentration camp, Bavaria, Germany

Beatified

13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II at Warsaw, Poland

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-antoni-rewera/


Saint Piaton of Tournai

Also known as

Piat, Piato, Piatone

Profile

Priest, ordained by Saint Dionysius the Areopagite. Early evangelist to the areas of Tournai, Belgium and Chartres in Gaul (modern France). Martyred in the persecutions of Emperor Maximian Herculeus.

Born

at Benevento, Italy

Died

• skull split by a soldier c.286 at Tournai, Belgium
• body discovered in the 7th century by Saint Eligius, who made a reliquary for them
• interred at Chartres, France
• miracles reported at his tomb

Patronage

Tournai, Belgium

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-piaton/


Blessed Juan de Palafox Mendoza

Profile

Ordained in 1629. Bishop of Tlaxcala, México on 3 October 1639. Bishop of Osma, Spain on 24 November 1653.

Born

24 June 1600 in Fitero, Navarra, Spain

Died

1 October 1659 in Osma, Soria, Spain of natural causes

Beatified

• 5 June 2011 by Pope Benedict XVI
• recognition celebrated at the Cathedral of La Asunción, El Burgo de Osma, Spain by Cardinal Angelo Amato

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-juan-de-palafox-mendoza/


Blessed Robert Wilcox

Additional Memorial

29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai

Profile

Studied for the priesthood in Rheims, France. Ordained in 1585. He returned to England in 1586 to work with covert Catholics in Kent during a period of persecutions. Martyr.

Born

1558 Chester, Cheshire, England

Died

hanged, drawn and quartered 1 October 1588 in Canterbury, Kent, England

Beatified

15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-robert-wilcox/


Blessed Robert Widmerpool

Additional Memorial

1 December as one of the Martyrs of Oxford University

Profile

Studied in Oxford, England. Tutor to the sons of the Earl of Northumberland. Arrested for aiding a Catholic priest. Martyr.

Born

Widmerpool, Nottinghamshire, England

Died

hanged, drawn and quartered 1 October 1588 in Canterbury, Kent, England

Beatified

15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-robert-widmerpool/


Blessed Gaspar Fisogiro

Also known as

• Gaspar Ueda Hikojiro
• Caspar Fisogiro

Additional Memorial

10 September (one of the 205 Martyrs of Japan)

Profile

Layman in the archdiocese of Nagasaki, Japan who sheltered Dominican missionaries. Member of the Confraternity of the Rosary. Marytr.

Born

Japan

Died

1 October 1617 at Nagasaki, Japan

Beatified

7 May 1867 by Pope Blessed Pius IX

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-gaspar-fisogiro/


Blessed Andrew Sushinda

Also known as

• Andreas Yoshida
• Andrew Gioscinda

Additional Memorial

10 September (one of the 205 Martyrs of Japan)

Profile

Layman in the archdiocese of Nagasaki, Japan who sheltered Dominican missionaries. Member of the Confraternity of the Rosary. Marytr.

Born

Japanese

Died

1 October 1617 at Nagasaki, Japan

Beatified

7 May 1867 by Pope Blessed Pius IX

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-andrew-sushinda/


Blessed Cecilia Eusepi

Profile

Lay woman in the diocese of Nepi-Sutri, Italy. Member of the Third Order of the Servants of Mary. Kept a diary of her life and relationship with Jesus.

Born

17 February 1910 in Monte Romano, Viterbo, Italy

Died

1 October 1928 in Nepi, Viterbo, Italy of tuberculosis

Beatified

17 June 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-cecilia-eusepi/


Saint Wasnulf

Also known as

Vasnulfo, Wasnan, Wasnulfo

Profile

Seventh-century priest and noted preachers. Missionary to the Hainault region (along the border of modern Belgium and France) at the invitation of Count Vincent of Hainault. Miracle worker.

Born

Scotland

Died

• c.651 in Condé-sur-l'Escaut in Hainaut, Austrasian (in modern France)
• buried in Condé-sur-l'Escaut

Patronage

Condé-sur-l'Escaut, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-wasnulf/


Blessed Christopher Buxton

Additional Memorial

29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai

Profile

Priest. Martyr.

Born

Tideswell, Derbyshire, England

Died

hanged, drawn and quartered 1 October 1588 in Canterbury, Kent, England

Beatified

15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-christopher-buxton/


Blessed Diego Botello and Blessed Ferdinando di Salcedo

Profile

Franciscan friars and missionaries in the Caribbean. Martyred with a companion whose name has not come down to us.

Died

• shot with arrows in 1516 on the modern Haitian side of the island of Hispaniola
• bodies eaten by the killers; head and clothing displayed as trophies



Blessed Dominic of Villanova

Profile

Mercedarian friar at the convent of Santa Maria di Montflorite in Aragon, Spain. Commander of his house. Priest.

Died

buried at the convent of Santa Maria di Montflorite in Aragon, Spain

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-dominic-of-villanova/


Saint Verissimus of Lisbon

Profile

Martyred with his sisters Saint Julia of Lisbon and Saint Maxima of Lisbon in the persecution of Diocletian.

Died

c.304

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-verissimus-of-lisbon/


Saint Aizan of Abyssinia

Also known as

• Aizan of Ethiopia
• Abreha of...

Profile

Brother of Saint Sazan; friend of Saint Athanasius of Alexandria. Chieftain in Abyssinia (modern Ethiopia). Worked to spread Christianity in Africa.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-aizan-of-abyssinia/


Saint Sazan of Abyssinia

Profile

Brother of Saint Aizan; friend of Saint Athanasius of Alexandria. Chieftain in Abyssinia (modern Ethiopia). Worked to spread Christianity in Africa.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-sazan-of-abyssinia/


Saint Maxima of Lisbon

Profile

Martyred with her sister Saint Julia of Lisbon and brother Saint Verissimus of Lisbon in the persecution of Diocletian.

Died

c.304

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-maxima-of-lisbon/


Saint Julia of Lisbon

Profile

Martyred with her brother Saint Verissimus of Lisbon and sister Saint Maxima of Lisbon in the persecution of Diocletian.

Died

c.304

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-julia-of-lisbon/


Saint Aretas

Also known as

Arethas

Profile

Martyred with 504 other Christians whose names have not come down to us.

Died

Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-aretas/


Saint Fidharleus

Profile

Restored the monastery of Rathlin Ireland, Ireland after one of the many Viking raids.

Died

762

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-fidharleus/


Saint Albaud of Toul

Also known as

Aladius of Toul

Profile

Bishop of Toul, France.

Died

c.520

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-albaud-of-toul/


Saint Crescens of Tomi

Profile

Martyr.

Died

martyred at Tomi (modern Constanta, Romania)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-crescens-1-october/


Saint Evagrius

Profile

Martyr.

Died

Tomi (modern Constanta, Romania)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-evagrius/


Saint Priscus

Profile

Martyr.

Died

Tomi (modern Constanta, Romania)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-priscus/


Martyred in the Spanish Civil War

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Blessed Carmelo Juan Pérez Rodríguez
Blessed Higinio Mata Díez
Blessed Juan Mata Díez


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Holy Protection of the Mother of God


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