17 October • yesterday
• prayers
• tomorrow
Memorial of Saint Ignatius of Antioch, Bishop and Martyr

Saint Ignatius of Antioch

Also known as

God-Bearer, Theophoros

Profile

Convert from paganism to Christianity. Succeeded Saint Peter the Apostle as bishop of Antioch, Syria. Served during persecution of Domitian. During the persecution of Trajan, he was ordered taken to Rome to be killed by wild animals. On the way, a journey which took months, he wrote a series of encouraging letters to the churches under his care. First writer to use the term the Catholic Church. Martyr. Apostolic Father. His name occurs in the "Nobis quoque peccatoribus" in the Canon of the Mass. Legend says he was the infant that Jesus took into his arms in Mark 9.

Born

c.50 in Syria

Died

• thrown to wild animals c.107 at Rome, Italy
• relics at Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome

Patronage

• against throat diseases
• Church in eastern Mediterranean
• Church in North Africa

Representation

• bishop surrounded by lions
• chains
• lions

Storefront

books

Video

YouTube PlayList

Readings

I am writing to all the churches to let it be known that I will gladly die for God if only you do not stand in my way. I plead with you: show me no untimely kindness. Let me be food for the wild beasts, for they are my way to God. I am God's wheat and bread. Pray to Christ for me that the animals will be the means of making me a sacrificial victim for God. No earthly pleasures, no kingdoms of this world can benefit me in any way. I prefer death in Christ Jesus to power over the farthest limits of the earth. He who died in place of us is the one object of my quest. He who rose for our sakes is my one desire. The prince of this world is determined to lay hold of me and to undermine my will which is intent on God. Let none of you here help him; instead show yourselves on my side, which is also God's side. Believe instead what I am now writing to you. For though I am alive as I write to you, still my real desire is to die. My love of this life has been crucified, and there is no yearning in my for any earthly thing. Rather within me is the living water which says deep inside me: "Come to the Father." I no longer take pleasure in perishable food or in the delights of this world I want only God's bread, which is the flesh of Jesus Christ, formed from the seed of David, and for drink I crave his blood, which is love that cannot perish. Pray for me that I may obtain my desire. I have not written to you as a mere man would, but as one who knows the mind of God.

Ask for me this only in your prayers, that strength may be given me of the Lord that I may not be called but proved to be a Christian. Then shall I be seen to be faithful when the world no longer sees me. For nothing that appeareth is eternal. For the things which are perceived are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal. I write to the Churches and charge you all that willingly I die for Christ, if you prevent me not. I ask of you that your love for me be not untimely; allow me to be devoured of wild beasts, through whom I may attain unto God. I am the grain of God ground between the teeth of wild beasts, that I may be found to be the pure bread of Christ. Then indeed shall I be the true disciple of Christ when the world shall no longer behold my body. Beseech Christ on my behalf that through these means I may be found a perfect sacrifice. Not as Peter and Paul do I command you. They were apostles, I am the least of them; they were free, but I am a slave even unto this day, but, if you wish, I shall be the freedman of Jesus Christ, and in Him I shall rise again and be free. Amen. - from a letter to the Romans from Saint Ignatius of Antioch

Follow your bishop, every one of you, as obediently as Jesus Christ followed the Father. Obey your clergy too as you would the apostles; give your deacons the same reverence that you would to a command of God. Make sure that no step affecting the Church is ever taken by anyone without the bishop's sanction. The sole Eucharist you should consider valid is one that is celebrated by the bishop himself, or by some person authorized by him. Where the bishop is to be seen, there let all his people be; just as, wherever Jesus Christ is present, there is the catholic Church. - Saint Ignatius of Antioch

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ignatius-of-antioch/


Saint John the Short

Also known as

• John Colobus
• John Kolobos
• John the Little
• John the Dwarf
• Yoannis Pi Kolobos

Profile

Born to a poor but pious family. From age 18, he lived in an underground cave he dug in the desert of Skete. Spiritual student of Saint Poemen and Saint Ammoes. Noted for being short of stature, short of temper, and conceited by nature; he did not grow in height, but as his faith increased, so did his gentleness and humility. In later life he was known for absent-mindedness, his thoughts being on the spiritual life. As a test of his new humble obedience, his director ordered him to water a walking staff stuck in the sand; John did so. It later blossomed, and John referred to it as the "tree of obedience". To escape Berber invaders around 395, he fled Skete and lived for years as a hermit on Mount Queolzum, near the current city of Suez. Spiritual teacher of Saint Arsenius.

Born

c.339 at Basta, Egypt

Died

• at Mount Qolzum of natural causes
• when John died, his servant, who had been in a nearby village, had a vision of John being carried to heaven by a group of angels and saints
• body moved to the desert of Skete in 515

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-john-the-short/


Saint Serafino of Montegranaro

Also known as

• Serafino of Ascoli Piceno
• Serafinus, Seraphim, Seraphin

Profile

Born to a poor, pious farming family. An uneducated shepherd in his youth, he spent his time in the fields in prayer. Orphaned, he was abused by his big brother. He entered the Capuchin friar at age 16, receiving the name Seraphin. Noted for his simple, obedient, ascetic life, and his charity to the poor. He had a special devotion to the Blessed Eucharist and to Our Lady. Had the gifts of reading hearts, of miracles, and of prophecy. His counsel was sought by both Church and secular authorities.

Born

at Montegranaro, Italy

Died

• 12 October 1604 at Ascoli Piceno, Italy of natural causes
• entombed in the Capuchin friary at Ascoli Piceno

Canonized

16 July 1767 by Pope Clement XIII

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-serafino-of-montegranaro/


Saint François-Isidore Gagelin

Also known as

• Francis Isidore Gagelin
• Frans Isidor Gagelin

Additional Memorial

24 November as one of the Martyrs of Vietnam

Profile

Studied at the Grand Seminary at Besancon, France. Member of the Paris Foreign Mission Society in 1817. Missionary to Vietnam in 1822. Priest. When the government began a crackdown on Christians, Francis turned himself over to the authorities of Bongson, and worked with other prisoners in the short time he had left. Martyr.

Born

10 May 1799 in Montperreux, Doubs, France

Died

• strangled to death on 17 October 1833 in Bãi Dâu, Saigon, Vietnam
• buried in Phukam, Vietnam
• relics later transferred to the seminary in Paris, France

Canonized

19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-francois-isidore-gagelin/


Blessed Contardo Ferrini

Profile

Lifelong layman in the archdiocese of Milan, Italy. Graduated fro the University of Padua in 1880. Noted civil and canon lawyer. Taught at several universities. Dean of the law faculty in Modena. Secular Franciscan tertiary. Member of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul charity group. Friend of Pope Pius XI.

Born

4 April 1859 at Milan, Italy

Died

• 17 October 1902 at Suna, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Italy of a heart lesion
• buried in Suna
• re-interred in the chapel of the Catholic University in Milan, Italy after his beatification

Beatified

13 April 1947 by Pope Pius XII

Patronage

colleges, schools, universities

Video

YouTube PlayList

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-contardo-ferrini/


Blessed Társila Córdoba Belda de Girona

Profile

Lifelong lay woman in the archdiocese of Valencia, Spain. Married to Girona Lozano in 1884; mother of three; all of them preceded her in death. Widowed in 1922, she devoted herself to the Church and her faith. Had a great devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary, was active in parish life, a member of Catholic Action, and had a ministry to the poor. Imprisoned on 10 October in the Spanish Civil War, she spent her final week ministering to fellow prisoners. Martyr.

Born

8 May 1861 in Sollana, Valencia, Spain

Died

shot at dawn on 17 October 1936 against the wall of the cemetery in Algemesí, Valencia, Spain

Beatified

11 March 2001 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-tarsila-cordoba-belda-de-girona/


Blessed Balthassar of Chiavari

Also known as

Baldassare Ravaschieri

Profile

Born to the Italian nobility. Franciscan Friar Minor (Observant). Doctor of theology. Priest. Guardian of Chiavari, Genoa, Italy. Preacher with Blessed Bernardine of Feltre. Gout forced him to retire from travelling, and he lived in a cell in the convent of Biansco, Italy, celebrating Mass and hearing Confessions.

Born

1420 in Chiavari, Genoa, Italy

Died

• 17 October 1492 in Binasco, Milan, Italy of natural causes
• buried in a marble tomb

Beatified

8 January 1930 by Pope Pius XI (cultus confirmed)

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-balthassar-of-chiavari/


Saint Catervus

Also known as

• Catervo
• Flavius Julius Catervus

Profile

Born to the imperial Roman nobility. Roman prefect. Married layman with a son named Bassus. Brought Christianity to the city of Tolentino, Italy. Martyred for doing so.

Died

• martyred in the 4th century in Tolentino, Italy
• relics in the Cathedral of San Catervo, Tolentino, which appears to have been built over his original sarcophagus
• sarcophagus opened in 1455 and his head transferred to a reliquary for veneration

Patronage

• diocese of Macerata-Tolentino-Recanati-Cingoli-Treia, Italy
• Tolentino, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-catervus/


Saint Richard Gwyn

Also known as

Richard White

Additional Memorial

25 October as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales

Profile

Cambridge educated. Teacher. Renounced Protestantism, and converted. Imprisoned and martyred for his profession of faith. While in jail, he wrote religious poetry in Welsh. Martyr.

Born

c.1537 at Llanidloes, Powys, Wales

Died

17 October 1584 at Wrexham, Clwyd, Wales

Canonized

25 October 1970 by Pope Paul VI

Patronage

• large families
• parents of large families
• torture victims

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-richard-gwyn/


Saint Anstrudis of Laon

Also known as

Anstrude, Austru, Austrude

Profile

Daughter of Saint Blandinus of Laon and Saint Sadalberga; sister of Saint Baldwin. When Sadalberga withdrew from the world to become abbess at Saint John the Baptist convent at Laon, France, Anstrudis went with her as a nun. On the death of her mother, Anstrudis reluctantly became abbess of the convent. Noted for her care for her sisters, her all night vigils, and her self-imposed austerities. Ebroin, mayor of the palace, viciously persecuted the Church of the day, and had her brother killed. He threatened Anstudis, but her simple faith won him over.

Died

688 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-anstrudis-of-laon/


Saint Florentius of Orange

Also known as

Fiorenzo, Florence, Florencio

Profile

Bishop of Orange, France. Known for his scholarship, his personal piety, and his non-stop fight against the heresies of the day. Part of the Council of Epaone in 517. Part of the Council of Arles in 527. Pilgrim to Rome, Italy.

Born

Tours, France

Died

c.526 in Orange, Provence, Gaul (in modern France)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-florentius-of-orange/


Blessed Battista de Bonafede

Profile

Mercedarian friar at the Sant'Anne convent in Palermo, Sicily. Imprisoned and tortured in Africa by Muslims for preaching Christianity. Eventually ransomed by brother Mercedarians, and retired to the Sant'Anne convent.

Died

Sant'Anne convent in Palermo, Sicily of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-battista-de-bonafede/


Saint Rudolph of Gubbio

Also known as

Rodolph

Profile

In 1054 he gave his castle at Campo Regio to Saint Peter Damian, and became a Benedictine monk at Fonte Avellana under Saint Peter. Bishop of Gubbio, Italy in 1061. Described as a "miracle of unselfishness", noted for his charity.

Died

c.1066 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-rudolph-of-gubbio/


Blessed Jacques Burin

Additional Memorial

21 January as one of the Blessed Martyrs of Laval

Profile

Priest in the diocese of Le Mans, France. Martyred in the French Revolution.

Born

6 January 1756 in Champfleur, Sarthe, France

Died

17 October 1794 in Laval, Mayenne, France

Beatified

19 June 1955 by Pope Pius XII at Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-jacques-burin/


Blessed Gilbert the Theologian

Also known as

• Gilbert of Citeaux
• Gilbert of Ourscamp
• Gilbert the Great

Profile

Benedictine Cistercian monk at Ourscamp Abbey in the diocese of Noyon, France. Abbot at Ourscamp in 1147. Abbot at Citeaux in 1163.

Born

in England

Died

1167 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-gilbert-the-theologian/


Saint Nothelm of Canterbury

Also known as

Nothhelm

Profile

Friend of Saint Bede and Saint Boniface. Priest in London, England. Archbishop of Canterbury, England in 734. His research into the history of Kent, England was used by Bede in his histories.

Died

739 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-nothelm-of-canterbury/


Saint Rufus of Rome

Profile

Brought to Rome with Saint Ignatius of Antioch and Saint Zosimus during the persecutions of Trajan. Marytr.

Born

Philippi, Greek

Died

mangled by wild animals c.107 in the arena of Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-rufus-of-rome-17-october/


Saint Zosimus of Rome

Profile

Brought to Rome, Italy with Saint Ignatius of Antioch and Saint Rufus during the persecutions of Trajan. Marytred with Saint Rufus.

Born

Greek

Died

mangled by wild animals c.107 in the arena of Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-zosimus-of-rome/


Saint Louthiern

Also known as

Ludowanus, Ludgvan, Ludewan, Ludgran, Luchtighem, Louthiem, Louthern

Profile

No information has survived.

Born

Ireland

Died

6th century

Patronage

Ludgran, Cornwall, England

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-louthiern/


Saint Solina of Chartres

Also known as

Solina of Gascony

Profile

Fled to Chartres, France to avoid marriage to a pagan. Martyr.

Born

Gascony, France

Died

beheaded c.290 in Chartres, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-solina-of-chartres/


Saint Heron of Antioch

Also known as

Herodion

Profile

Spiritual student of Saint Ignatius of Antioch. Bishop of Antioch for 20 years. Martyr.

Died

c.136

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-heron-of-antioch/


Saint Berarius I of Le Mans

Profile

Bishop of Le Mans, France. Translated the relics of Saint Scholastica from Monte Cassino to Le Mans.

Died

c.680

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-berarius-i-of-le-mans/


Saint Ethelbert of Eastry

Also known as

Aethelbert

Profile

Great-grandson of Saint Ethelbert of Kent. Martyr.

Died

640 at Eastry, England

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ethelbert-of-eastry/


Saint Mamelta of Persia

Profile

Pagan priest in Bethfarme, Persia. Convert to Christianity. Martyr.

Died

stoned and then drowned in a lake in Persia c.344

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-mamelta-of-persia/


Saint Ethelred of Eastry

Also known as

Aethelred

Profile

Great-grandson of Saint Ethelbert of Kent. Martyr.

Died

640 at Eastry, England

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ethelred-of-eastry/


Saint Colman of Kilroot

Profile

Monk. Disciple of Saint Ailbe of Emly. Abbot. Bishop of Kilroot, Ireland.

Born

6th century Irish

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-colman-of-kilroot/


Martyrs of Nicomedia

Profile

A group of Christians martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian. The only details about them that have survived are their names - Alexander, Marianus and Victor.

Died

303 in Nicomedia (in modern Turkey)

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-nicomedia-17-october/


Martyrs of Valenciennes

Profile

A group of Ursuline nuns martyred in the persecutions of the French Revolution.

Hyacinthe-Augustine-Gabrielle Bourla
Jeanne-Reine Prin
Louise-Joseph Vanot
Marie-Geneviève-Joseph Ducrez
Marie-Madeleine-Joseph Déjardins

Died

guillotined on 17 October 1794 at Valenciennes, Nord, France

Beatified

13 June 1920 by Pope Benedict XV

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-valenciennes-17-october/


Martyrs of Volitani

Also known as

Martyrs of Bolitani

Profile

A group of martyrs who were praised by Saint Augustine of Hippo.

Died

Volitani, proconsular Africa (in modern Tunisia)

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-volitani/


Martyred in the Spanish Civil War

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Blessed Fidel Fuidio Rodriguez
Blessed Perfecto Carrascosa Santos


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Dominic Navarro
• Juan de Zamora
• Peter Casini


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