|Optional Memorial of Saint Hedwig, Religious; Optional Memorial of Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque, Virgin|
Margarita, Margherita, Marguerite
Healed from a crippling disorder by a vision of the Blessed Virgin, which prompted her to give her life to God. After receiving a vision of Christ fresh from the Scourging, she was moved to join the Order of the Visitation at Paray-le-Monial in 1671.
Received a revelation from Our Lord in 1675, which included 12 promises to her and to those who practiced a true to devotion to His Sacred Heart, whose crown of thorns represent his sacrifices. The devotion encountered violent opposition, especially in Jansenist areas, but has become widespread and popular.
22 July 1647 at L'Hautecourt, Burgundy, France
• 17 October 1690 of natural causes
• body incorrupt
18 September 1864 by Pope Blessed Pius IX
13 May 1920 by Pope Benedict XV
• against polio
• against the death of parents
• devotees of the Sacred Heart
• polio patients
• woman wearing the habit of the Order of the Visitation and holding a flaming heart
• woman wearing the habit of the Order of the Visitation and kneeling before Jesus who exposes His heart to her
medals and pendants
What a weakness it is to love Jesus Christ only when He Caresses us, and to be cold immediately once He afflicts us. This is not true love. Thouse who love thus, love themselves too much to love God with all their heart. - Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque
The Twelve Promises of Jesus to Saint Margaret Mary for those devoted to His Sacred Heart
Look at this Heart which has loved men so much, and yet men do not want to love Me in return. Through you My divine Heart wishes to spread its love everywhere on earth." - from Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque's vision of Jesus
The sacred heart of Christ is an inexhaustible fountain and its sole desire is to pour itself out into the hearts of the humble so as to free them and prepare them to lead lives according to his good pleasure. From this divine heart three streams flow endlessly. The first is the stream of mercy for sinners; it pours into their hearts sentiments of contrition and repentance. The second is the stream of charity which helps all in need and especially aids those seeking perfection in order to find the means of surmounting their difficulties. From the third stream flow love and light for the benefit of his friends who have attained perfection; these he wishes to unit to himself so that they may share his knowledge and commandments and, in their individual ways, devote themselves wholly to advancing his glory. This divine heart is an abyss filled with all blessings, and into the poor should submerge all their needs. It is an abyss of joy in which all of us can immerse our sorrows. It is an abyss of lowliness to counteract our foolishness, an abyss of mercy for the wretched, an abyss of love to meet our every need. Are you making no progress in prayer? The you need only offer God the prayers which the Savior has poured out for us in the sacrament of the altar. Offer God his fervent love in reparation for your sluggishness. In the course of every activity pray as follows: "My God, I do this or I endure that in the heart of your Son and according to his holy counsels. I offer it to you in reparation for anything blameworthy or imperfect in my actions." Continue to do this in every circumstance of life. But above all preserve peace of heart. This is more valuable than any treasure. In order to preserve it there is nothing more useful than renouncing your own will and substituting for it the will of the divine heart. In this way his will can carry out for us whatever contributes to his glory, and we will be happy to be his subjects and to trust entirely in him. - from a letter by Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque
• Mary Margaret Dufrost de Lajemmarais d'Youville
• Marie-Marguérite d'Youville
• Marie-Marguérite Dufrost de Lajemmerais
Eldest of six children born to Christophe Dufrost de Lajemmerais, who died in her youth, and Renee de Varennes; niece of Laverendrye, who 'discovered' the Rocky Mountains. Her father died when Marguerite was seven. Educated for two years by the Ursulines in Quebec, she returned home at age 13 to help her mother raise her younger siblings, and to teach them what she'd learned. Her mother re-married, her step-father an Irish physician who was considered an outsider by their friends; the family fell out of favour in their own town, and moved to Montreal. There on 12 August 1722 at age 21, Marguerite married François de Youville, and the couple lived with his mother. François proved to be a negligent, adulterous bootlegger. Marguerite was mother of six children, four of whom died in infancy; both surviving sons became priests. Widowed in 1730 at age 28; François left her nothing but debt.
Marguerite opened a small store to support herself and her children, and spent much of her profits helping those even poorer than herself. With the help of Father Louis Normant du Faradon and three like-minded women, she founded the Sisters of Charity of the General Hospital of Montreal (Grey Nuns) on 31 December 1737; the congregation received diocesan approval in 1755. She and her sisters took over operation of the failing and decrepit General Hospital in Montreal on 7 October 1747; Marguerite lived in the hospital the rest of her life, served as its director, and through the work of the sisters it became a success and beacon to outcasts. The hospital was nearly closed several times due to financial problems and armed conflict between the English and French for the region; Mother Marguerite and her sisters made clothes which were sold to traders in order to raise money, and her care for sick English soldiers caused them to avoid damage to the building. Today the sisters work throughout Canada, the United States, Africa, and South America.
15 October 1701 at Varennes, Quebec, Canada
23 December 1771 in the General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada of natural causes
9 December 1990 by Pope John Paul II
• against the death of children
• difficult marriages
• in-law problems
• loss of parents
• people ridiculed for their piety
• victims of adultery
• victims of unfaithfulness
• Hedwig of Silesia
• Hedwig von Andechs
• Jadwiga Slaska
• Hedvigis, Hedwiges, Avoice
Daughter of Berthold IV, Duke of Merania. Aunt of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary. Married Prince Henry I the Bearded of Silesia and Poland in 1186 at age 12. Mother of seven, including Saint Gertrude of Trebnitz. Cared for the sick both personally and by founding hospitals. Widow. Upon her husband's death, she gave away her fortune and entered the monastery at Trebnitz where her daughter was abbess.
1174 in Castle Andechs, Bavaria (part of modern Germany)
• 15 October 1243 at at Trzebnica, Silesia (part of modern Poland)
• relics preserved at Adechs Abbey
26 March 1267 by Pope Clement IV
• against jealousy
• death of children
• difficult marriages
• diocese of Görlitz, Germany
• Andechs Abbey, Bavaria, Germany
• 6 cities
Hedwig knew that those living stones that were to be placed in the buildings of the heavenly Jerusalem had to be smoothed out by buffetings and pressures in this world, and that many tribulations would be needed before she could cross over into her heavenly homeland. Because of such great daily fasts and abstinences she grew so thin that many wondered how such a feeble and delicate woman could endure these torments. The more attentively she kept watch, the more she grew in the strength of the spirit and in grace, and the more the fire of devotion and divine love blazed within her. Just as her devotion made her always seek after God, so her generous piety turned her toward her neighbor, and she bountifully bestowed alms on the needy. She gave aid to colleges and to religious persons dwelling within or outside monasteries, to widows and orphans, to the weak and the feeble, to lepers and those bound in chains or imprisoned, to travelers and needy women nursing infants. She allowed no one who came to her for help to go away uncomforted. And because this servant of God never neglected the practice of all good works, God also conferred on her such grace that when she lacked human means to do good, and her own powers failed, through divine favor of the sufferings of Christ she had the power to relieve the bodily and spiritual troubles of all who sought her help. - from a biography of Saint Hedwig
Son of a tailor who died when the boy was 12, leaving the family in poverty. Gerard tried to join the Capuchins, but his health prevented it He was accepted as a Redemptorist lay brother serving his congregation as sacristan, gardener, porter, infirmarian, and tailor. Miracle worker.
When falsely accused by a pregnant woman of being the father of her child, he retreated to silence; she later recanted and cleared him, and thus began his association as patron of all aspects of pregnancy. Reputed to bilocate and read consciences. His last will consisted of the following small note on the door of his cell: "Here the will of God is done, as God wills, and as long as God wills."
23 April 1725 at Muro, Italy
16 October 1755 at Caposele, Italy of tuberculosis
29 January 1893 by Pope Leo XIII
11 December 1904 by Pope Saint Pius X
• expectant mothers
• falsely accused people
• good confessions
• lay brothers
• pregnant women
• pro-life movement
• unborn children
• Basilicata, Italy
• Muro, Italy
medals, pendants, holy cards, statues
The Most Blessed Sacrament is Christ made visible. The poor sick person is Christ again made visible. - Saint Gerard Majella
I see in my neighbor the Person of Jesus Christ. - Saint Gerard Majella
Consider the shortness of time, the length of eternity and reflect how everything here below comes to an end and passes by. Of what use is it to lean upon that which cannot give support? - Saint Gerard Majella
Who except God can give you peace? Has the world ever been able to satisfy the heart? - Saint Gerard Majella
Callo, Chelleh, Gaaech, Gallen, Gallo, Gallonus, Gallunus, Gallus, Gilianus
Younger brother of Saint Deicola. Studied at Bangor Abbey under Saint Comgall of Bangor and Saint Columba. Bible scholar. Priest. One of the twelve who accompanied Saint Columbanus to France and helped found Luxeuil Abbey. He followed Columbanus into exile in 610 and then to Austrasia, where he preached with little success around Lake Zurich, and near Bregenz.
Illness forced Gall to leave Columbanus's party in 612, though some say the leader suspected Gall of malingering, and imposed a penance on him, which Gall faithfully observed, of not celebrating Mass during Columba's life. When he recovered, Gall lived as a hermit on the Steinach River, attracting disciples. Saint Gall Monastery occupied this site, becoming a center of literature, the arts, and music, though legend to the contrary, Saint Gall did not found it. Worked there with Saint Magnus of Füssen. Legend also says that one night during this period Gall ordered a bear to bring fire wood for his group of hermits - and it did.
Exorcist. Twice refused bishoprics offered by King Sigebert, whose betrothed he had freed of demons which fled from her in the form of blackbirds. Reportedly was the offered the abbacy of Luxeuil on the death of Saint Eustace but declined, and remained a hermit.
c.630 at Bregenz, Switzerland
• birds, geese, poultry
• abbot blessing a bear, which brings him a log of wood
• carrying a loaf and a pilgrim's staff
• holding a hermit's tau staff with a nearby bear with a log
Son of a military officer. His family exepected a military life for Bertrand, but he was drawn to religion, joined the canons of Toulouse, and became an archdeacon. Bishop of Comminges, France c.1075, a position he served for nearly 50 years; this area is part of the modern diocese of Toulouse. Reformed the clergy, enforced their discipline, and placed the cathedral canons under Augustinian Rule. Worked in the Synod of Poitiers in 1100; this synod excommunicated King Philip I, and were stoned by the public for their trouble. Helped preside at the consecration of the cemetery of Saint Mary at Auch during which some embittered monks from Saint Orens tried to burn down the church.
Once during a sermon at Val d'Azun, Bertrand was particularly forceful in taking the faithful to task for their sins. A near riot broke out, which Bertrand calmed before serious problems occurred. To make up for the disturbance, the local leaders agreed to provide free butter to Comminges every year during the week after Pentecost, a custom that continued until stopped by the French Revolution nearly 700 years later.
11th century France
1123 of natural causes
1309 by Pope Alexander III
12 June as one of the 108 Martyrs of World War II
Second of eight children of Robert and Michalina Jankowski. Joined the Pallottines in 1929, making his final vows on 5 August 1931. Ordained on 2 August 1936 in the archdiocese of Gniezno, Poland. Particularly involved in ministry to children and young people, working as a chaplain and catechist in schools in the area of Oltarzew, Poland. Seminary treasurer and director of novices on 31 March 1941. Had a devotion to Saint Teresa of Avila who inspired his interior spiritual life. Tortured and martyred in the Nazi persecutions.
17 November 1910 in Czyczkowy, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Poland
beaten to death by a guard on 16 October 1941 in the prison camp at Oswiecim (Auschwitz), Malopolskie, occupied Poland
13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II in Warsaw, Poland
• Oltarzew, Poland
• Ozarów Mazowiecki, Poland
• Good Shepherd of the Dalits
Priest in the eparchy of Palai, India, ordained on 17 December 1921. Worked the the "untouchable" caste in India, bringing them to the faith, and giving them some basic education to improve their lot in this world.
1 April 1891 in Ramapuram, Kerala, India
16 October 1973 in Ramapuram, Kerala, India of natural causes
• 30 April 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI
• recognition celebrated at Ramapuram, Palai, India
12 June as one of the 108 Polish Martyrs of World War II
Franciscan Capuchin friar. Priest. Friend of Blessed Fidelis Chojnacki. Martyred in the Nazi persecutions of World War II.
30 July 1875 at Debrzyno, Pomorskie, Poland
16 October 1941 at the Auschwitz concentration camp in occupied Poland
13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II at Warsaw, Poland
Momelin, Mommolenus, Mommolinus, Mummolin
Monk at Luxeuil Abbey in France. Abbot at the monastery at Saint Omer. Abbot of Sithin. Friend of Saint Bertin the Great. Bishop of Noyon-Tournai, Belgium.
at Constance, Scotland
c.686 of natural causes
Eloff, Elophe, Éliphe
Martyred in the persecutions of Julian the Apostate.
• beheaded in 362 in Toul, France
• relics translated to Cologne, Germany in the 10th century
Bishop of Cahors, France during a turbulent period; he was forced to flee his diocese several times to escape enemies. He retired from his see to live as a hermit near Bourges, France. In his old age he made a pilgimage to Rome, Italy.
c.752 at Saint-Ambroise-sur-Arnon, Berry, France
Baldric, Baudry, Balderik, Balderich, Beaufroi
Born a prince, the son of King Sigebert I of Austrasia, an area in the east of modern France; brother of Saint Bova, and uncle of Saint Doda of Rheims. Founded the monastery of Montfaucon in Switzerland and a convent for his sister in Rheims, France.
c.640 of natural causes
Lul, Lullon, Lullus
Related to Saint Boniface. Monk at Malmesbury Abbey in England. Missionary to Germany with Boniface. Bishop. After the death of Boniface, Lull took charge of the missionary work. Founded several monasteries in the region.
Dominican priest. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.
4 December 1877 in San Miguel de Dueñas, León, Spain
16 October 1936 in Madrid, Spain
28 October 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI
Cistercian monk at Fossanuova Abbey. Abbot of Fossanuova. Abbot of Clairvaux in 1170.
at Lombardy, Italy
killed by an unruly brother monk in 1177 at Igny Abbey, Arcis-le-Ponsart, Marne, France
Dulcet, Dulcidio, Doucis
Bishop of Agen, France. Fought the Arian heresy, brought to his diocese by invading Vandals and Visigoths. Miracle worker.
c.450 in Agen, Aquitaine (in modern France)
• Florentinus of Treve
Fourth-century bishop of Trier, Germany.
Salvan, Sauvan, Silvain, Souvain, Sylvanus
Deacon martyred by Vandals.
c.264 in Agedunum, Gaul (modern Ahun, France)
deacon in a dalmatic holding a book and palm
• Amandus of Haute-Vienne
• Amand, Amatius, Amantius
Hermit at the conflux of the Glanne and Vienne Rivers, diocese of Limoges, France.
5th century of natural causes
Balduin, Balduinus, Baudoin, Baudouin, Boudewijn
Son of Saint Sadalberga and Saint Blandinus of Laon. Brother of Saint Anstrude of Laon. Archdeacon of Laon in the time of Dagobert I, King of France. Martyred by Ebroin.
Albinus, Conogon, Gwen
Bishop of Quimper, France.
Monk on Noirmoutier-en-l'Île, France. Hermit on Mont Scobrit near the Loire River.
Born to the Frankish nobility. Bishop of Angers, France, chosen by popular acclaim due to his personal piety.
Enslaved by Arian Vandals in Mauretania in North Africa. Martyred in the persecutions of Genseric.
dragged to death by horses in 458
Enslaved by Arian Vandals in Mauretania in North Africa. Martyred in the persecutions of Genseric.
dragged to death by horses in 458
Nun. Martyred at age 15 in the persecutions of Julian the Apostate. Then village of Saint Boulogne in Maine, France is named for her.
Niece of Saint Wulmar. Seventh-century nun. Abbess of Wierre-aux-Bois Abbey in France which Wulmar built for her.
Fifth-century hermit at Commodoliacus (modern Saint-Junien, France). Known as a miracle worker.
A group of 220 Christians martyrs about whom we know nothing but that they died for their faith.
A group of 365 Christians who were martyred together in the persecutions of the Vandal king Genseric. The only details that have survived are the names of two of the martyrs - Nereus and Saturninus.
450 in North Africa
• Purity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
• Fortunatus of Casei
• Petra de San José
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