|Optional Memorial of Saint Denis, Bishop, and Companions, Martyrs; Optional Memorial of Saint John Leonardi, Priest|
Educated at Ealing and Trinity College, Oxford. Chosen a fellow of Oriel College. Ordained an Anglican priest in 1824. Curate of Saint Clement's, Oxford for two years. As he continued his studies he began to be influenced by Catholic writers. Vicar of Saint Mary's in 1828. Resigned his position in 1832. Helped found and guide the Tractarian Movement beginning in 1833. His writings grew more and more in sympathy with Catholicism, and he was forced to resign his position at Saint Mary's. He claimed that his philosophy was a via media (middle way) between Catholicism and Luthero-Calvinism, but he came to see that this idea was just a repetition of old heresies. In 1841 he lived in seclusion with friends at Littlemore, reading, studying, and praying. In 1845 he joined the Catholic Church.
Ordained in Rome, Italy in 1846. Joined the Oratorians. Returned to England in 1847 where he lived in Maryvale, Cheadle, Saint Ann's, Birminghan, and finally Edgbaston where he lived the bulk of his remaining 40 years. Founded the London Oratory. Influential writer on matters of theology, philosophy, and apologetics bringing hundreds into the Church; noted poet. Made an honorary fellow of Trinity College in 1878. Created cardinal in 1879 by Pope Leo XIII.
21 February 1801 at London, England
11 August 1890 at Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands, England of natural causes
• Sunday 19 September 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI
• recognition celebrated at an outdoor Mass in Coventry, Diocese of Birmingham, England
medals and pendants
I have a place in God's counsels, in God's world, which no one else has;
whether I be rich or poor, despised or esteemed by man,
God knows me and calls me by my name.
God has created me to do Him some definite service;
He has committed some work to me which He has not committed to another.
I have my mission-I never may know it in this life, but I shall be told it in the next.
Somehow I am necessary for His purposes,
as necessary in my place as an Archangel in his
-if, indeed, I fail, He can raise another, as He could make the stones children of Abraham. Yet I have a part in this great work;
I am a link in a chain, a bond of connexion between persons.
He has not created me for naught.
I shall do good, I shall do His work;
I shall be an angel of peace,
a preacher of truth in my own place, while not intending it,
if I do but keep His commandments and serve Him in my calling.
Therefore I will trust Him.
Whatever, wherever I am, I can never be thrown away.
If I am in sickness, my sickness may serve Him;
in perplexity, my perplexity may serve Him;
if I am in sorrow, my sorrow may serve Him.
My sickness, or perplexity, or sorrow may be necessary causes of some great end,
which is quite beyond us.
He does nothing in vain; He may prolong my life, He may shorten it;
He knows what He is about.
He may take away my friends,
He may throw me among strangers,
He may make me feel desolate,
make my spirits sink, hide the future from me
- still He knows what He is about.
- Blessed John Henry Newman
Mother of one son, John, who became bishop of Antioch. Widow. Formed a group of local Christian women into an informal community. When Julian the Apostate came through the area in 362, he stopped to hear the community singing Psalms during their prayers. He took part of their translation to be a direct insult to him, and had Publia smacked around by his men. He planned to have the entire community executed for the perceived slight, but was killed in battle with Persia soon after, leaving Publia and her sisters to live and worship in peace.
4th century in Antioch, Syria
4th century in Antioch, Syria of natural causes
I will now include in my history the noble story of a right excellent woman, for even women, armed with divine zeal, despised the mad fury of Julian. In those days there was a woman named Publia, of high reputation, and illustrious for deeds of virtue. For a short time she wore the yoke of marriage, and had offered its most goodly fruit to God, for from this fair soil sprang John, who for a long time was chief presbyter at Antioch, and was often elected to the apostolic see, but from time to time declined the dignity. She maintained a company of virgins vowed to virginity for life, and spent her time in praising God who had made and saved her. One day the emperor was passing by, and as they esteemed the Destroyer an object of contempt and derision, they struck up all the louder music, chiefly chanting those psalms which mock the helplessness of idols, and saying in the words of David "The idols of the nations are of silver and gold, the work of men's hands," and after describing their insensibility, they added "like them be they that make them and all those that trust in them." Julian heard them, and was very angry, and told them to hold their peace while he was passing by. She did not however pay the least attention to his orders, but put still greater energy into their chaunt, and when the emperor passed by again told them to strike up "Let God arise and let his enemies be scattered." On this Julian in wrath ordered the choir mistress to be brought before him; and, though he saw that respect was due to her old age, he neither compassionated her gray hairs, nor respected her high character, but told some of his escort to box both her ears, and by their violence to make her cheeks red. She however took the outrage for honour, and returned home, where, as was her wont, she kept up her attack upon him with her spiritual songs, just as the composer and teacher of the song laid the wicked spirit that vexed Saul. - from the Ecclesiastical History of Theodoretus
• Denis of France
• Dennis, Denys, Dionysius
Missionary to Paris, France. First Bishop of Paris. His success roused the ire of local pagans, and he was imprisoned by Roman governor. Martyred in the persecutions of Valerius with Saint Rusticus and Saint Eleutherius. Legends have grown up around his torture and death, including one that has his body carrying his severed head some distance from his execution site. Saint Genevieve built a basilica over his grave. His feast was added to the Roman Calendar in 1568 by Pope Saint Pius V, though it had been celebrated since 800. One of the Fourteen Holy Helpers.
• beheaded c.258 at Montmarte (= mount of martyrs)
• his corpse was thrown in the River Seine, but recovered and buried later that night by his converts
• relics at the monastery of Saint Denis
• against frenzy
• against headaches
• against hydrophobia or rabies
• against strife
• Paris, France
• possessed people
• beheaded bishop carrying his severed head - the head sometimes wears its mitre, and there is often a vine growing over his neck
medals and pendants
• Giovanni Leonardi
• Jean Leonardi
Worked as a pharmacist's apprentice while studying for the priesthood. After ordination on 22 December 1572, he worked with prisoners and the sick. His example attracted some young laymen to assist him, most of whom became priests themselves. This group formed Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca, a congregation of diocesan priests which, for reasons having to do with the politics of the Reformation and an unfounded accusation that John wanted to form the group for his own personal aggrandizement, provoked great opposition. The Clerks were confirmed on 13 October 1595 by Pope Clement VIII, but John was exiled from Lucca for most of the rest of his life. John was assisted in his exile by Saint Philip Neri, who gave him his quarters - and his pet cat!
In 1579 he formed the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, and published a compendium of Christian doctrine that remained in use until the 19th century. He died from a disease caught while tending plague victims. By the deliberate policy of the founder, the Clerks have never had more than 15 churches, and today form only a very small congregation. The arms of the order are azure, Our Lady Assumed into Heaven; and its badge and seal the monogram of the Mother of God in Greek characters.
1541 at Diecimo, Lucca, Italy
• 8 October 1609 at Rome, Italy of natural causes
• buried in Santa Maria in Portico
17 April 1938 by Pope Pius XI
• Apostle of South America
• Lewis Bertrand
• Luis Beltran
Relative of Saint Vincent Ferrer. Deeply religious from childhood, Louis joined the Dominicans in 1544 at age 18. Ordained in 1547 at age 21. Noted preacher. Master of novices for 30 years. Worked with plague victims in 1557. Friend of Saint Teresa of Avila, and helped her reform her order. Missionary to Central and South America, and to the Caribbean; Louis expected to be martyred. He survived a poisoning attacks by local shamans, and reported to have converted 15,000. Prophet, miracle worker, and may have had the gift of tongues. After seven years of work, Louis returned to Spain to report on the bad actions of Spaniards in the region; he was re-assigned to preaching and training novices in Valencia.
1 January 1526 at Valencia, Spain
9 October 1581 of natural causes at Valencia, Spain
12 April 1671 by Pope Clement X
• Caribbean vicariates
• Dominican novices
• chalice surmounted by a serpent
• extinguishing a fire
• holding a chalice occupied by a serpent (represents the attempts to poison him)
• holding a cross
Late 6th-century layman hermit who assisted Church authorities, including Saint Florido and Saint Amanzio, re-bulid Città di Castello, Italy and revitalize the faith there following the Greek-Gothic war. Following the death of Saint Amanzio, Donnino retired to spend the rest of his days as a hermit near Rubbiano. He later moved to a hermitage in modern Villa San Donino to be closer to Città di Castello.
• 9 October 610 at the Villa San Donino hermitage near Città di Castello, Umbria, Italy of natural causes
• relics enshrined in a church at Villa San Donino
• relics given canonical recognition in 1543
• relics given canonical recognition in 1791
• relics given canonical recognition in 1869
• against epilepsy
• against rabid dog attacks
with a small dog
Old Testament patriarch. Married to Sarah. Founder of the Hebrew nation. Father of all believers in the true God. At God's command he moved from his native Chaldea to Canaan. Nomadic shepherd. Reported to have lived to age 175.
at Ur, Chaldea as Abram
c.1700 BC of natural causes
• bearded old man offering food to three angels
• bearded old man holding a blanket containing small people representing the souls of all believers saved since his first reaction to God
Soldier. Personal attendant to Roman emperor Maximian Herculeus in Milan, Italy. Convert. When the anti-Christian persecutions began, Domninus fled, was captured, and immediately executed. Martyr.
• beheaded on 9 October 299 on the Via Claudia at Borgo San Donnino near Parma, Italy
• relics enshrined in a silver urn under the altar of the cathedral of the diocese of Fidenza, Italy
• Castelfranco Emilia, Italy
• Credera Rubbiano, Italy
• Dernice, Italy
• Fidenza, Italy, city of
• Fidenza, Italy, diocese of
• Montecchio Emilia, Italy
Cousin of Saint Stephen of Hungary. After a worldly youth, he was brought to the faith by Saint Godehard of Hildesheim. Benedictine monk at Niederaltaich, Bavaria, Germany. Falling back on his old ways, he actually campaigned to be abbot of Gollingen, and won the position; he was a complete failure in the position. Learning from the experience, he resigned the position and lived his last 28 years as a hermit in the mountains of Sumava, modern Czech Republic.
1045 of natural causes
Benedictine monk in the abbey of Monte Cassino, Italy. Abbot of Monte Cassino in 828. Noted for his generosity and almsgiving. Imprisoned by the Prince of Benevento, Italy, who tried to extort money from him but killed him in the process. Martyr.
martyred 9 October 834 in Benevento, Italy of starvation and general abuse
Andronicus of Egypt
Ninth-century layman in Antioch, Syria. Married to Saint Athanasia of Antioch. Silversmith and possibly a banker. Father of two. On the death of their children, Andronicus and Athanasia agreed to live separately as hermits in upper Egypt. Made multiple pilgrimages to Jerusalem.
• silver workers
• Apostle of Hainault
• Ghislain, Gislain, Gisleno, Gisileno, Guislain
Frankish hermit. Lived in a forest in Hainault, Belgium. His reputation for holiness attracted many disciples for whom he built and governed an abbey, now known as Saint-Ghislain, near Mons, Belgium. Spiritual teacher of Saint Waltrude, Saint Lambert, and Saint Valerius.
Bernard of Montsalvy
Augustinian monk as a young man. Spiritual student of Blessed Gausberto of Montsalvy. Monk at Montsalvy abbey. Chosen abbot in 1079, he served for over 30 years.
1040 in Rodez, France
• 1110 of natural causes
• buried at Montsalvy abbey, Clermont-Ferrand, France
• re-interred in a chapel of the abbey church in 1258
Ninth-century lay woman in Antioch, Syria. Married to Saint Andronicus of Antioch. Mother of two. On the death of their children, Andronicus and Athanasia agreed to live separately as hermits in upper Egypt. Made multiple pilgrimages to Jerusalem.
Priest and deacon who were tortured and martyred with Saint Denis.
beheaded c.258 at Montmarte (= mount of martyrs)
Patriarch of Alexandria, Egypt in 188; he served for 43 years. Supported the catechetical school of Alexandria, appointing Origen as director of the school in 203; he later exiled Origen for being ordained without permission.
231 of natural causes
• Apostle of the Lavedan
• Savin of the Lavedan
Educated in Poitiers, France. Benedictine monk at Liguge. Evangelist to the Lavedan in Pyrenees in France. Hermit.
Monk at Cluny Abbey, France. Spiritual student of Saint Odilo of Cluny. First abbot of the Benedictine abbey at Tyniec, Poland. First archbishop of Cracow, Poland, ordained in 1046.
15 May 1059 of natural causes
Confessor of the faith, abused by Arian heretics for remaining loyal to orthodox Christianity.
373 in Alexander, Egypt of natural causes
Studied in Paris, France. Taught theology in Douai, France. Benedictine monk at Anchin Abbey in 1113. Abbot at Anchin c.1130.
at Douai, France
1165 of natural causes
Benedictine monk at Monte Cassino Abbey. Archbishop of Salerno, Italy. Assisted Pope Saint Gregory VII on his death-bed.
Monk at Sanpaterniano de Fano, Narni, Umbria, Italy. Claimed by both the Basilians and Benedictines.
San Gemini, Italy
Spiritual student of Saint Gislenus in Belgium and France.
Spiritual student of Saint Gislenus in Belgium and France.
Three Christians martyred together in Laodicea, but no other information about them has survived but their names - Didymus, Diodorus and Diomedes.
Martyrs of Turon
A group of Brothers of the Christian Schools and a Passionist priest martyred in the persecutions during the Spanish Civil War. They are -
• Aniceto Adolfo
• Augusto Andrés
• Benito de Jesús
• Benjamín Julián
• Cirilo Bertrán
• Inocencio de la Immaculada
• Julián Alfredo
• Marciano José
• Victoriano Pío
martyred on 9 October 1934 in Turón, Spain
21 November 1999 by Pope John Paul II
• Monks of Lecceto
• Emmanuela Teresa of Bavaria
• Hector Antonius Valdivielso Sáez
• Oda of Parey
• Robert of Mariënweerd
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