• Caroline Gerhardinger
• Maria Teresa Gerhardinger
• Maria Theresia of Jesus
• Theresa of Jesus Gerhardinger
Born to a working class family. Educated by the Augustinian canonesses until 1809 when religious orders were closed by decree of the Bavarian government in Germany. Caroline decided to start a new religious order devoted to God and Christian education. In 1828 the Vatican got concessions from the Bavarian government, and many religious communities re-opened. Caroline and other sisters moved into a refurbished convent, and started the order that was to become the School Sisters of Notre Dame. Caroline took the name Theresa in religious life but was soon called Theresa of Jesus because of her devotion to the True Presence of Christ in the Blessed Sacrament. The sister's Rule and Constitutions were approved by the Vatican on 23 January 1854 and the Order began to quickly spread. Teresa spent the rest of her life devoted to the work.
20 June 1797 at Stadtamhof, Bavaria, Germany as Caroline Gerhardinger
9 May 1879 in München, Bavaria, Germany of natural causes
17 November 1985 by Pope John Paul II
medals and pendants
• prisoner 10444 (Auschwitz)
• prisoner 25581 (Dachau)
Older brother of Blessed Kazimierz Grelewski. Studied at the Progimnazjum in Sandomierz and Lubartów in Poland. Ordained in October 1921 as a priest in the archdiocese of Radom, Poland. Graduated with a doctorate in canon law in Strasbourg, France in 1924. General secretary of the Christian Workers Union in Radom in 1925. Writer, journalist, and translated works from French and German to Polish. Founded the magazine Catholic Truth in 1930. Worked with the people of Catholic Action and the Association of Polish Intelligence. Helped organize the first diocesan Eucharistic Congress in Radom in 1933. Prefect of a boy‘s elementary school from 1928 through 1931; prefect of the Jan Kochanowski state boy‘s grammar school from 1932 until the outbreak of World War II in 1939. During the Nazi occupation of Poland, he covertly continued teaching religion. Arrested with his brother on 24 January 1941 as part of the Nazi persecutions, he was deported, imprisoned and tortured in the concentration camps of Auschwitz and then Dachau. Martyr.
3 July 1899 in Dwikozy, Swietokrzyskie, Poland
starved to death on 9 May 1941 in the camp hospital of Dachau, Oberbayern, Germany
13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II
• Pachomius the Elder
• Pachomius the Great
• Pachome, Pakhomius
Soldier in the imperial Roman army. Convert in 313. He left the army in 314 and became a spiritual student of Saint Palaemon. Lived as a hermit from 316. During a retreat into the deep desert, he received a vision telling him to build a monastery on the spot and leave the life of a hermit for that of a monk in community. He did in 320, and devised a Rule that let fellow hermits ease from solitary to communal living; legend says that the Rule was dictated to him by an angel. Abbot. His first house expanded to eleven monasteries and convents with over 7,000 monks and nuns in religous life by the time of Pachomius's death. Spiritual teacher of Saint Abraham the Poor and Saint Theodore of Tabennísi. Considered the founder of Christian cenobitic (communal) monasticism, whose rule for monks is the earliest extant.
c.290 at Upper Thebaid, Egypt
• c.346 of natural causes
• buried in an unknown location by Saint Theodore of Tabennísi
• Apostle of Switzerland
• Beatus of Beatenberg
• Beatus of Thun
Convert, baptized in England by Saint Barnabas the Apostle. Priest, ordained in Rome, Italy by Saint Peter the Apostle. Missionary to Switzerland. Lived in a cave above the Lake of Thun, which tradition says is where he fought a dragon (often used as a metaphor for chasing the devil out of a region by bringing in Christianty); it became known as Mount Beatenburg in his honor, and became a place of pilgrimage in later years. Confessor of the faith.
c.112 on Mount Beatenburg, Lake of Thun, Switzerland of natural causes
• old man in a cave, usually reading
• monk fighting or chasing a dragon
• monk with a book and a weapon
Benedictine lay brother at the Saint Gregory Monastery in Douai, France in 1660. Sent to London, England in 1665 to serve as steward to the Benedictines in the queen's royal chapel. He came to know Queen Catherine of Braganza and King Charles II, and in 1675 when the all other Benedictines were exiled from England, Thomas was allowed to stay. Falsely accused in 1678 of being part of the Titus Oates Plot to murder the king, he was found guilty and executed. Martyr.
c.1621 in Westmorland, England
• hanged, drawn and quartered On 9 May 1679 in Tyburn, London, England
• some relics persevered at Downside Abbey
15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI
• Benincasa of Montepulciano
• Benincosa of...
• John Benincasa
• Giovanni Benincasa
Joined the Servites as a teenager. At age 25 he became a prayerful hermit in a cell on Monte Amiata near Siena, Italy. Around age 50 he was ordered by the Servites to move to their community at Monticchiello, Italy where he lived his final months.
1375 at Montepulciano, Siena, Italy
9 May 1426 at Monticchiello, Italy of natural causes
23 December 1829 by Pope Pius VIII (cultus confirmation)
• Gregorius IV
• Gregorio Ostiense
• Gregorio di Ostia
• Gregorio de la Berrueza
Benedictine monk. Priest. Abbot of the monastery of Saints Cosma e Damiano ad Micam auream, Rome, Italy. Chosen Cardinal–Bishop of Ostia, Italy and Vatican librarian c.1034 by Pope Benedict IX. Papal legate to the kingdoms of Spanish Navarre and Old Castile. Reported miracle worker, especially concerned with saving crops from pests, he is venerated throughout Navarre and Rioja.
9 May 1048 at Logroño, Spain of natural causes
protection of crops
Eighth century BC Old Testament prophet. Killed at the order of King Manasses of Juda.
• sawn in two
• buried under an oak tree
• elderly man holding a scroll that reads "Ecce Virgo Concipiet"
• old man being sawn in two
• robed figure holding a saw
medals and pendants
• Giuseppe Dô Quang Hiên
• Joseph Hiên
• José Dô Quang Hiên
Dominican priest. Martyred in the persecutions of Emperor Thieu Tri.
c.1769 in Quân Anh Ha, Nam Ðinh, Vietnam
beheaded on 9 May 1840 at Nam Ðinh, Vietnam
19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II
• Banban Sapiens
• Mabran Barbarus
• Mauranum cognomento Barbanum
• Banbanum, Banbanus, Banbhanus, Banuanus, Barbanum, Mauran, Methbrain, Methbruin, Nia Brain, Niabrain, Nie Brain, Niethbrain, Seannan
5th century priest who worked with Saint Patrick who installed him as pastor of the Domnach Mór church at Magh Slécht, Templeport, County Cavan, Ireland.
Hermit in the mountains near Scheggia, Italy. Spiritual student of Blessed Ludolph. Benedictine monk–hermit at the monastery of Fontavellana.
Gubbio, Umbria, Italy
9 May 1040 of natural causes
17 March 1756 by Pope Benedict XIV (cultus confirmed)
Bishop of Cervia, Italy. Martyr.
c.501 on the Flaminian Way at Cagli, Italy
Son of King Sawyl Penuchel. Sixth-century bishop of Kill-da-Les (Kill-na-Sanctan) in Ireland.
Bishop of Scara West Gothland, Sweden for 38 years.
6 February 1317 of natural causes
Beatus of Vendome
Third-century cave-living hermit and missionary in the area of Laon, France.
Bishop of Châlon-sur-Saône, France consecrated by Saint Patiens of Lyons.
c.475 of natural causes
Monk. Spiritual student of Saint Gennadius. Abbot of San Pedro de Montes Abbey in Spain.
No information has survived.
Llanover, Gwent, Wales
First century Roman mentioned in Saint Paul's Epistle to the Romans. Bishop of Philippi. Martyr.
Bishop of Vienne, France.
310 Christians murdered together for their faith in Persia. No details about them have survived.
20 Mercedarian friars who were murdered by Huguenot heretics for refusing to denounce their faith.
16th century at the Santa Maria convent at Riscala, France
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