|Optional Memorial of Saint Bruno, Priest; Optional Memorial of Blessed Marie-Rose Durocher, Virgin|
Educated in Paris and Rheims, France. Ordained c.1055. Taught theology; one of his students later became Pope Blessed Urban II. Presided over the cathedral school at Rheims from 1057 to 1075. Criticized the worldliness he saw in his fellow clergy. He opposed Manasses, Archbishop of Rheims, because of his laxity and mismanagement. Chancellor of the archdiocese of Rheims. Following a vision he received of a secluded hermitage where he could spend his life becoming closer to God, he retired to a mountain near Chartreuse in Dauphiny in 1084 and with the help of Saint Hugh of Grenoble, he founded what became the first house of the Carthusian Order; he and his brothers supported themselves as manuscript copyists. Assistant to Pope Urban II in 1090, and supported his efforts at reform. Retiring from public life, he and his companions built a hermitage at Torre, where, 1095, the monastery of Saint Stephen was built. Bruno combined in the religious life the eremetical and the cenobitic; his learning is apparent from his scriptural commentaries.
1030 at Cologne, Germany
• 1101 at Torre, Calabria, Italy of natural causes
• buried in the church of Saint Stephen at Torre
• possessed people
• chalice with the Sacred Host
• cross in hand
• crucifix with leaves and flowers
• death's head
• globe under his feet
• man holding a book and being illuminated by a ray of light
• star on his breast
Rejoice, my dearest brothers, because you are blessed and because of the bountiful hand of God's grace upon you. Rejoice, because you have escaped the various dangers and shipwrecks of the stormy world. Rejoice because you have reached the quiet and safe anchorage of a secret harbor. Many wish to come into this port, and many make great efforts to do so, yet do not achieve it. Indeed many, after reaching it, have been thrust out, since it was not granted them from above. By your work you show what you love and what you know. When you observe true obedience with prudence and enthusiasm, it is clear that you wisely pick the most delightful and nourishing fruit of divine Scripture.
- from a letter by Saint Bruno to the Carthusians
Tenth of eleven children. Drawn to the religious life, but turned away due to frail health. She became housekeeper to her brother Theophile, a priest at Beloeil. Because newly independent Canada still had a bit of the wild about it, its bishop (the whole country was a single diocese) had trouble getting European religious to emigrate, so he founded new communities. Eulalie helped found the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary who serve as teachers, taking the name Marie Rose.
6 October 1811 at Saint Antoine-sur-Richelieu, Quebec, Canada as Eulalie Durocher
6 October 1849 at Longueiul, Quebec, Canada of natural causes
23 May 1982 by Pope John Paul II
• against bodily ills
• against loss of parents
• against sickness
• sick people
Do not imitate those persons who, after having spent a few months as a postulant or novice in a community, dress differently, even ludicrously. You are returning to the secular state. My advice is, follow the styles of the day, but from afar, as it were. - Blessed Marie-Rose Durocher, giving advice to a novice leaving the religious life
Anna Maria Gallo
Saint John Joseph of the Cross and Saint Francis de Geronimo both predicted Mary France's sanctity even before she was born. Daughter of Francesco Gallo, a greedy and angry man, and Barbara Basinsin, a pious and patient woman who put up with her husband's abuse of herself, and his ill-treatment of Mary Frances, who was often worked nearly to death. The girl made her first Communion at age 7, and went to Mass nearly every day of her life there after. When she was 16, her father tried to force her into marriage with a rich young man; she refused, and became a Franciscan tertiary on 8 September 1731. Stigmatist whose outward signs disappeared when she prayed. Suffered assorted bodily ills and severe penances given by her family, her sisters, even her confessors. She eventually became known as a counsellor to priests, sisters, and pious laymen. She spent her last 38 years as a recluse in the home of Father Giovanni Pessiri.
25 March 1715 at Naples, Italy
• 6 October 1791 at Naples, Italy of natural causes
• buried in the church of the Alcantarines, Saint Lucia del Monte, Naples, Italy near the tomb of Saint John Joseph of the Cross
29 June 1867 by Pope Blessed Pius IX
Son of Pablo and Maria Julià. Like his older brother before him, Plàcid joined the Marist Brothers of the Schools as a teenager at San Andrea Palo de Mar in Barcelona, Spain, taking the name Brother Bernat and making his vows on 8 September 1905. Taught at schools in Barcelona, Valencia and Igualada; in all schools he was known for his zeal, personal piety, and ministry to the poor, which he tried to make a larger part of his work. Spiritual director at several Marist houses. Organized an oratory for children, served as catechst, and founded a chapter of Catholic Action. As his work with children increased, he began First Commuion classes, and worked with boys to encourage vocations to the priesthood and religious life. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.
18 February 1889 in Camallera, Girona, Spain
6 October 1934 in Barruelo, Palencia, Spain
28 October 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI
• Adalbero of Würzburg
• Adalberone di Lambach
Son of Count Arnold II of Lambach, Austria and Countess Reginlint. Studied in the cathedral school at Würzburg, Germany, and in Paris, France. Member of the court of King Henry III. Helped found the Benedictine abbey of Lambach c.1040. Bishop of Würzburg, Germany in 1045. Worked for reform of the clergy and religious orders in his diocese, and helped broker the Peace of Speyer in 1075. Driven from his see in 1085 for supporting Pope Saint Gregory VII against Emperor Henry IV in the investiture controversy. Unable to govern his bishopric while in exile, he retired to the life of a monk at Lambach.
c.1010 in Lambach an der Traun, Austria
• 6 October 1090 at the abbey at Lambach, Austria of natural causes
• buried in the abbey church
1883 by Pope Leo XIII (cultus confirmed)
holding a church
Ivi, Iwigius, Ywi, Ywy
Monk in Lindisfarne, England. Deacon. Spiritual student of Saint Cuthbert at Lindisfarne. Following the Irish ideal of an "exile for Christ", he took ship without bothering to ask its destination, planning to evangelize where it landed. It turned out to be Brittany, where he lived as a hermit and followed a ministry of miraculous healing.
About 250 years later a group of Breton monks carrying the relics of Ivi arrived at Wilton abbey in southwest England. When they were ready to leave they found they could not move the relics; they had found a home at the abbey altar, and the monks were forced to leave them behind.
7th century Northumbria, England
• 6 October, c.704, exact year unknown, of natural causes
• relics at Wilton Abbey
Artaldus, Artaud, Arthaud, Arthold, Artholdus, Artoldo
Served briefly in the court of Amadeus III of Savoy. In 1120 he joined the Carthusians at the Charterhouse of Portes, France. Priest. He and six brother Carthusians were sent to found the house in Valromey, Switzerland. Founded the monastery of Arvières, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, in 1132. Bishop of Belley, France where he served for more than 70 years. At age 103 he retired to spend his last two years as a prayerful monk at Arvières.
c.1101 in Sothonod castle, Ain, France
6 October 1206 at Arvières monastery of natural causes
1834 by Pope Gregory XVI (cultus confirmation)
Fides, Foi, Foy
Reported to have been an exquisitely beautiful woman, utterly indifferent to the world who had dedicated herself to God. Arrested for her faith and tried by Dacian, procurator at Agen, France in the persecutions of Diocletian. Martyred with Saint Alberta. When some of the spectators expressed sympathy for the girl, Dacian had them beheaded.
at Agen, Aquitaine, (modern France)
• cooked on a brazier, then beheaded
• relics translated to a church in Agen in the 5th century
• relics moved to the abbey of Conques in Rouergue in 886
• relics moved to a new church there in 1050
• part of the relics moved to the monastery of Cucufat, Catalonia, Spain in 1365
Making the sign of the cross on different parts of her body, [Faith] uttered this prayer, "Lord Jesus, who art always ready to assist your servants, fortify me at this hour, and enable me to answer in a manner worthy of you."
The tyrant [Dacian], assuming an air of mildness, asked her, "What is your name?"
She answered, "My name is Faith, and I endeavor to support in reality what that flame signifies."
Dacian - "What is your religion?"
FAITH - "I have from my infancy served Christ, and to him I have consecrated my whole soul."
Dacian - "Come, child, have some regard for your youth and beauty; renounce the religion you profess, and sacrifice to Diana, who is a divinity of your own sex, and who will bestow on you the most precious gifts."
FAITH - "The divinities of the Gentiles are devils: how then can you advise me to sacrifice to them?"
Dacian, in a rage, said: "What! do you presume to call our gods devils! you must resolve instantly to offer sacrifice, or expire under torments."
The saint, calling to mind the courage of the martyrs and the glorious crown promised to those who persevere to the end, far from being terrified at the menaces of the tyrant, feels herself inflamed with a new desire to die for her Lord; "No," cried she, "I not only am prepared to suffer every torment for Christ, but I burn with impatience to die for him."
Dacian, more enraged than ever, ordered a brazen bed to be produced, and the saint to be bound on it with iron chains.
A treat fire was kindled under it, the heat of which was rendered still more intolerable by the addition of oil, and other inflammable matter.
The spectators, struck with pity and horror, exclaimed: "How can the tyrant thus torment an innocent young virgin only for worshipping God!"
Hereupon Dacian apprehended numbers of them, and as these refused to sacrifice, they were beheaded with Saint Faith.
• Brother of the Will of God
• Isidore de Loor
• Isidoor de Loor
• Isidoor of Saint Joseph
• Isidoro De Loor di San Giuseppe
Oldest of three children born to a pious farm family, and loved working the fields. Passionist lay brother, entering the congregation in 1906, and making his vows on 13 September 1908, taking the name Isidore of Saint Joseph. Known for an intense prayer life, and for his personal simplicity and charity. Lost his right eye to cancer in 1911, and suffered through cancer during his few remaining years.
18 April 1881 at Vrasene, diocese of Gent-Gand, Flanders, Belgium
6 October 1916 of cancer and pleurisy at Kortrijk, West Flanders, Belgium
30 September 1984 by Pope John Paul II
11 October (in Agen, France since 1727)
Sister of Saint Faith. Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.
• beheaded c.303 in Agen, France
• relics re-discovered in a tomb in Venerque, diocese of Toulouse, France in 1884
Nun in Boves, Italy. Abbess of a large convent in Rouen, France.
Bishop of the Mercians. Monk at Iona, Scotland. Spent his final years in Ireland.
7th century in Ireland
Born a Princess, the daughter of King Ratchis of the Lombards. Nun at the convent of Santa Maria della Caccia in Pavia, Italy.
c.800 of natural causes
burned at the stake in the 4th century in Greece
• Francis Trung
• Phanxicô Tran Van Trung
24 November as one of the Martyrs of Vietnam
Convert. Layman. Soldier in the Vietnamese army, holding the rank of corporal. Arrested for his faith and ordered to renounce Christianity; he refused. One of the Martyrs of Vietnam.
c.1825 at Phan-xa, Vietnam
beheaded on 6 October 1858 at An-hoa, Vietnam
2 May 1909 by Pope Saint Pius X
19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II
Priest in the Archdiocese of Sens, France. Imprisoned on a ship in the harbor of Rochefort, France and left to die during the anti–Catholic persecutions of the French Revolution. One of the Martyrs of the Hulks of Rochefort.
12 February 1753 in Brienon-l'Archevêque, Yonne, France
6 October 1794 aboard the prison ship Washington, in Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, France
1 October 1995 by Pope John Paul II
Introduced the monastic life to the island for Crete.
Brother Eufrosí Maria
Member of the Carmelites of the Ancient Observance. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.
28 December 1913 in Ulldecona, Tarragona, Spain
6 October 1936 in Barcelona, Spain
28 October 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI
Mercedarian friar. Ransomed Christians who were enslaved by Muslims.
1448 at the convent of Santa Colomba in Queralt, Catalonia, Spain of natural causes
Bishop of Orderzo, Treviso, Italy. Transferred his see to Heraclea (modern Citta Nuova) in 638 due to Lombard invasion.
at Venice, Italy
c.660 of natural causes
Hermit. Monk at Gueret, France. Abbot at Gueret. During the Saracen invasion of the area, the monks of his house evacuated - except for Pardulf; he stayed behind to pray for the preservation of the monastery; it was saved from attack.
c.658 in Sardent, France
• his arm was enshrined at the church of Sardent, France
• the arm and reliquary now at the Museum of Fine Art at Guére, France
Hermit. Early bishop of Sorrento, Italy. His hermitage became the first cathedral of Sorrento.
Bishop of Auxerre, France.
Sagara, Sagaris, Sagaro
Legend says that he was a spiritual student of Saint Paul the Apostle, but the dates are wrong for that. Bishop of Laodicea, Phrygia (in modern Turkey). Martyred in the persecutions of Marcus Aurelius.
A group of martyrs who were either killed in Capua, Italy, or that's where their relics were first enshrined. We now know nothing but their names - Aemilius, Castus, Marcellus and Saturninus.
Fifty-two Japanese lay people, some single, some married, some parents, some children, who were martyred together during one of the government sponsored persecutions of Christians.
• Blessed Agatha of Kyoto • Blessed Anna Kajiya • Blessed Antonius Domi • Blessed Benedictus of Kyoto • Blessed Catharina Hashimoto • Blessed Cosmas of Kyoto • Blessed Didacus Tsuzu • Blessed Emmanuel Kosaburo • Blessed Franciscus Hashimoto • Blessed Franciscus of Kyoto • Blessed Franciscus Shizaburo • Blessed Gabriel of Kyoto • Blessed Hieronimus Soroku • Blessed Ioachim Ogawa • Blessed Ioannes Hashimoto Tahyoe • Blessed Ioannes Kyusaku • Blessed Ioannes Sakurai • Blessed Leo Kyusuke • Blessed Linus Rihyoe • Blessed Lucia of Kyoto • Blessed Lucia Soroku • Blessed Lucia Toemon • Blessed Ludovica Hashimoto • Blessed Ludovicus Matagoro • Blessed Magdalena Kyusaku • Blessed Magdalena of Kyoto • Blessed Mancius Kyujiro • Blessed Maria Chujo • Blessed Maria Koshima Shinshiro • Blessed Maria of Kyoto • Blessed Maria of Kyoto • Blessed Maria of Kyoto • Blessed Maria of Kyoto • Blessed Martha Kyusuke • Blessed Martha of Kyoto • Blessed Martha of Kyoto • Blessed Mencia of Kyoto • Blessed Monica of Kyoto • Blessed Monica of Kyoto • Blessed Monica of Kyoto • Blessed Petrus Hashimoto • Blessed Regina Kyusaku • Blessed Rufina of Kyoto • Blessed Sixtus of Kyoto • Blessed Thecla Hashimoto • Blessed Thomas Hashimoto • Blessed Thomas Ikegami • Blessed Thomas Kajiya Yoemon • Blessed Thomas Kian • Blessed Thomas Koshima Shinshiro • Blessed Thomas Toemon • Blessed Ursula Sakurai •
6 October 1619 in Kyoto (Miyako), Japan
24 November 2008 by Pope Benedict XVI
Commemorates the large number of martyrs who died in Trier, Germany in the persecutions of Diocletian.
287 in Trier, Germany
• Alessandro da Ceva
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