|Solemnity of the Epiphany of the Lord; Optional Memorial of Saint André Bessette, Religious (United States)|
• 6 January or
• Sunday between 1 to 6 January
Greek: epi, upon; phaino, show
Feast commemorating the manifestation of the glory of Christ to the Gentiles in the person of the Magi, as well as His Baptism and first miracle at Cana. Originating in the Eastern Church in the 3rd century, it soon spread to the West, where it is now commemorated especially for the apparition to the Magi. In England and many European countries it is popularly known as Twelfth Night (after Christmas) and is the occasion for the revival of numerous quaint customs. The feast is a holy day of obligation in England, Scotland, and Ireland. The office of the day is one of special beauty.
• three wise men, magi or kings (traditions vary)
• star of bethlehem (plant)
• Carlo of Sezze
• Giancarlo Marchioni
• John Charles Marchioni
• Karl av Sezze
• Karl von Sezze
Born to a poor but pious rural family, he worked as a shepherd as a child. His family encouraged his vocation to the priesthood, but Charles was a terrible student, barely able to read or write, and had no hope of success in seminary. Franciscan lay brother at age 22 at Naziano, Italy. Poor health prevented his going on foreign missions, and he served in assorted menial positions, such as cook, porter, and gardener at friaries near Rome, Italy.
Once a friary superior ordered Charles, as porter, to give food only to traveling friars. When Charles strictly adhered to the rule, alms to the friary decreased. He convinced the superior the two things were related, and Charles was allowed to be more opened handed to travellers; alms to the friars increased.
He worked among plague victims in 1656. Charles wrote several mystical works, and at the direction of his confessor, his autobiography, The Grandeurs of the Mercies of God. He had a strong devotion to the Eucharist and the Passion. The simple lay brother was sought out for spiritual advice, and the dying Pope Clement IX called Charles to his bedside for a blessing.
Stigmatist, with a visibly open wound in his side; said to have been opened by a piercing ray of light that came from an elevated host during Mass at the Church of Saint Joseph a Capo le Case. The area of the wound was marked with a cross after his death.
19 October 1613 at Sezze, Roman Campagna, Italy as John Charles Marchioni
• 6 January 1670 at San Francesco a Ripa, Rome, Italy of natural causes
• entombed at the Church of Saint Francis in Rome
12 April 1959 by Pope John XXIII
• Birth of Holy Mary's Novena
• Christmas Novena
• Holy Settenario
• Invalid Path of the Soul
• Jesus Christ's Talk About Life
• The Grandeurs of the Mercies of God
• The Three Ways
God does not command us to live in hair shirts and chains, or to chastise our flesh with scourges, but to love Him above all things and our neighbor as ourselves. - Saint Charles of Sezze
The autobiography of Charles stands as a very strong refutation of the opinion, quite common among religious people, that saints are born saints, that they are privileged right from their first appearance on this earth. This is not so. Saints become saints in the usual way, due to the generous fidelity of their correspondence to divine grace. They had to fight just as we do, and more so, against their passions, the world and the devil. - Father Serverino Gori
• Apostle of the Rosary
• Rita Lópes de Almeida
Daughter of Manuel Lopes and Josefa de Jesus Almeida. Hers was a pious family, reading and praying the rosary together every evening. She grew up in a time when Portugese Freemasons, with government support, were in open conflict with the Church. Churches and property were seized, religious houses closed, clergy attacked, and religious orders forbidden to accept new members. Rita felt a call to religious life and missionary work, but the suppression of the Church limited her chances; she was able to spend some time with some Benedictine Sisters at Viseu City, who taught her a lot about their way of life. Instead of travelling to the foreign missions, she began travelling from parish to parish, praying, teaching the rosary, and encouraging ordinary people to make the Church a key part of their life. Many returned to the faith and supported her, several young men proposed to her (which she rejected), and many other people opposed her, some threatening to kill her. She developed a great devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and a great desire to save souls.
At age 29 she entered the only religious institute still functioning in Portugal, the Sisters of Charity at Oporto, but did not find it fulfilling, and left. She felt a call to care for single mothers and their children, and with the help of a wealthy noble family in her home town, she obtained a house to start the work. On 24 September 1880 she founded the Sisters of Jesus, Mary and Joseph to help with this ministry. She started a school for poor children in her parish and soon opened several more across the country, staffed by the Sisters. Local authorities, hostile to Church, opposed the schools, and in some cases demanded that they close. In 1910 rebels drove out the monarchy, established a republic, and began a concerted persecution of the Church. All Church property was confiscated, all foreign religious houses left the country, and parochial schools were closed. Rita, some of her sisters, and some of the children in their care disguised themselves as gypsies, and moved back with her parents for safety. Her old home became her new base of operations; she gathered her scattered sisters, and taught local children in the house. In a move that kept the Sisters going, nearly all of them went to Brazil to teach the poor and spread the faith. Rita's health was too poor for her to travel, but she had finally become involved in missionary work, and died with the knowledge that her sisters were doing good.
5 March 1848 at Casalmedinho, Ribafeita, diocese of Viseu, Portugal
6 January 1913 in Casalmedinho, Ribafeita, diocese of Viseu, Portugal of natural causes
• 28 May 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI
• recognition celebrated at Viseu, Portugal
Alfred, Alfredo, Andreas, Frère André
Son of a woodcutter, and eighth of twelve children. His father died in a work-related accident, his mother of tuberculosis, and he was adopted at age twelve by a farmer uncle who insisted he work for his keep. Over the years Andre worked as a farmhand, shoemaker, baker, blacksmith, and factory worker. At 25 he applied to join the Congregation of the Holy Cross; Andre was initially refused due to poor health, but he gained the backing of Bishop Bourget, and was accepted.
Doorkeeper at Notre Dame College, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Sacristan, laundry worker and messenger. He spent much of each night in prayer, and on his window sill, facing Mount Royal, was a small statue of Saint Joseph, to whom Andre was especially devoted. "Some day,” Andre believed, "Saint Joseph will be honored on Mount Royal.”
Andre had a special ministry to the sick. He would rub the sick person with oil from a lamp in the college chapel, and many were healed. Word of his power spread, and when an epidemic broke out at a nearby college, Andre volunteered to help; no one died. The trickle of sick people to his door became a flood. His superiors were uneasy; diocesan authorities were suspicious; doctors called him a quack. "I do not cure,” he always said; "Saint Joseph cures.” By his death, he was receiving 80,000 letters each year from the sick who sought his prayers and healing.
For many years the Holy Cross authorities had tried to buy land on Mount Royal. Brother Andre and others climbed the steep hill and planted medals of Saint Joseph on it, and soon after, the owners yielded, which incident helped the current devotion to Saint Joseph by those looking to buy or sell a home. Andre collected money to build a small chapel and received visitors there, listening to their problems, praying, rubbing them with Saint Joseph's oil, and curing many. The chapel is still in use.
9 August 1845 near Montreal, Quebec, Canada as Alfred Bessette
• 6 January 1937 of 'gastric catarrh' in the infirmary of Our Lady of Hope convent, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
• more than a million people paid their respects at his funeral
• his tombstone reads: Pauper, servis a humilis (a poor and humble servant)
• 17 October 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI
medals and pendants
23 July (translation of relics)
The Three Magi who brought gifts to the Infant Jesus.
• against epilepsy
• against thunder
• playing card manufacturers
• travelling merchants
• Cologne, Germany
• kings bearing gifts
• kings on camels
• three crowns
When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of King Herod, behold, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, "Where is the newborn king of the Jews? We saw his star at its rising and have come to do him homage.” When King Herod heard this, he was greatly troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. Assembling all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. They said to him, "In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it has been written through the prophet: 'And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; since from you shall come a ruler, who is to shepherd my people Israel.'” Then Herod called the magi secretly and ascertained from them the time of the star's appearance. He sent them to Bethlehem and said, "Go and search diligently for the child. When you have found him, bring me word, that I too may go and do him homage.” After their audience with the king they set out. And behold, the star that they had seen at its rising preceded them, until it came and stopped over the place where the child was. They were overjoyed at seeing the star, and on entering the house they saw the child with Mary his mother. They prostrated themselves and did him homage. Then they opened their treasures and offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. And having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed for their country by another way. - Matthew 2:1-12
• Rafaela Maria del Sagrado Corazon
• Raphaela of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
• Rafaela Maria Porras y Ayllon
• Raphaela Maria Porras
• Raphaela Mary of the Sacred Heart
• María of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Daughter of the mayor of Pedro Abad, Spain. Her father died when Raphaela was four years old. She and her sister Dolores (Pilar) joined the Sisters of Marie Reparatrice in Cordova, Spain in 1873. When Bishop Ceferino Gonzalez asked the community to leave his diocese, Raphaela and 15 novices stayed to form a new community. When they were ready to take their vows in 1877, Bishop Gonzalez presented them with a new rule; instead of taking vows, they left Cordova for Madrid, Spain. Raphaela and Dolores finally made their vows in 1877, forming the basis for the Handmaids of the Sacred Heart, a congregation devoted to teaching children and helping at retreats. The congregation received papal approval in 1877. Raphaela served as the congregation's mother general, and the sisters soon had houses throughout Spain, and began to spread abroad. Mother Raphaela resigned in 1893, spending her remaining 32 years in quiet prayer at her congregation's house in Rome, Italy.
1 March 1850 at Pedro Abad, Cordoba, Spain
6 January 1925 at Rome, Italy of natural causes
23 January 1977 by Pope Paul VI
8 January (Discalced Carmelites)
Carmelite at age 21. Noted preacher and homilist. Order's procurator-general to the papal court at Avignon, France in 1345; while there, he entered the papal diplomatic service. Papal legate to Genoa, Milan, and Venice in Italy. Bishop of Patti, Italy and Lipari, Italy in 1354. Bishop of Coron in 1359. Papal representative to the Eastern Churches, working for peace, unity, and healing of the Great Schism. Papal legate to the East in 1359. Archbishop of Candia, Crete in 1363. Latin Patriarch of Constantinople in 1364. Preached Crusade against the Turks throughout Serbia, Hungary, and Constantinople, and travelled with the armies. Enjoyed a reputation among both Catholic and Orthodox spheres as an apostle of Church unity.
c.1305 in southern Perigord, France
1366 at Famagorta, Cyprus from wounds received in a military action in Alexandria, Egypt in 1365
• 1608 by Pope Paul V (cultus confirmed)
• 1628 by Pope Urban VIII (cultus confirmed)
Son of Peter de Ribera, a devout Christian who was also the Duke of Alcala, Spain, and viceroy of Naples, Italy. Educated at the University of Salamanca. Ordained in 1557. Professor of theology at the University of Salamanca. Highly regarded by Pope Pius V and King Philip II of Spain. Reluctant bishop of Badajoz, Spain on 27 May 1562. Reluctant archbishop of Valencia, Spain on 3 December 1568, serving for over 40 years. Ordered the deportation of all Moors from his see in 1609. Made viceroy of Valencia by King Philip III. Founded the College of Corpus Christi at Valencia. Friend of Saint Nicholas Factor, and his testimony was used in Nicholas' beatification investigation.
20 March 1532 at Seville, Spain
6 January 1611 at the College of Corpus Christi, Valencia, Spain following a long illness
12 June 1960 by Pope John XXIII
• Andrea Corsini
• Andres Corsino
• Apostle of Florence
9 January (Discalced Carmelites)
Following a wild and misspent youth, Andrew became a Carmelite at Florence, Italy in 1318. Studied at Paris and Avignon, France. Prior. Provincial of Tuscany, Italy in 1348. Bishop of Fiesole, Italy on 13 October 1349. Had the gifts of prophecy and miracles. Noted peacemaker between quarreling Italian houses.
1302 at Florence, Italy
• 6 January 1374 at Fiesole, Italy
• relics in the church of Sainta Maria del Carmine in Florence, Italy
29 April 1629 by Pope Urban VIII
• against civil disorder or riot
holding a cross, with a wolf and lamb at his feet, and floating above a battlefield on a cloud or a white palfrey
• Macarius of the Scots Monastery
• Macarius of Würzburg
Benedictine monk. Prior of the Scots Monastery Saint Jacob in Regensburg, Germany c.1138. First abbot of the Scots Monastery Saint Jakob in Würzburg, Germany, c.1139, and helped found a hospital there to serve pilgrims. Known for his good works, his simple ascetic life, and as a miracle worker.
11th century Ireland
• 1153 at Würzburg, Germany of natural causes
• tomb re-discovered in 1614
• relics re-interred at the altar of the monastery church in 1615
• the monastery was secularized in 1803, and in 1823 his relics were enshrined in the Lady Chapel at the market square of Würzburg
• chapel destroyed in 1945 during World War II
1734 by Pope Clement XII
• Gertrude of the East
• Gertrude van der Oosten
• Geertruida, Geertruyt
Born to a poor family, and when she was old enough Gertrude began to work as a servant to a rich family in Delft, Netherlands. She was engaged, but was jilted by her betrothed. Joined the Beguine convent at Delft. Received the stigmata and the gift of prophesy. The surname van Oosten is thought to have been a nickname given her due to her frequent repitition of the hymn Het daghet in den Oosten (The Day Breaks in the East).
c.1310 in Voorburch, Netherlands
• 6 January 1358 in Delft, Netherlands of natural causes
• buried in the church of Saint Hippolytus in Delft
• beguine with arms outstretched, eyes directed to heaven
• beguine with the wounds of stigmata in her hands and feet
• beguine with an angel
• Guarinus of Molesmes
• Guarinus of Sitten
• Guarin, Guerin, Warin, Warinus
30 August (diocese of Sion, Switzerland; Trappists; Cistercians)
Cistercian Benedictine monk at Molesmes. Spiritual student of Saint Robert of Molesme. Abbot at Aulps near Geneva, Switzerland. Bishop of Sion in the Valais region of Switzerland.
1065 at Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine (in modern France)
• late August 1150 of natural causes
• relics enshrined in the church of Plan-d'Avant in Saint-Jean-d'Aulps, Switzerland in 1886
• against plague
• Macra of Aisne
• Macra of Fere-en-Tardenois
• Macra of Fismes
• Macra of France
• Macre of...
• 2 January (Rheims, France)
• 11 June (translation of relics)
Lived in private vows of chastity and charity in Rheims, France. Tortured, mutilated and executed for her faith during the persecutions of governor Rictiovarius. Martyr.
• 287 outside Fismes, Champagne, France
• re-interred at the church of Saint Martin, Fismes
• relics later enshrined the church of Saint Macra in Fere-en-Tardenois, France
• palm of martyrdom
• pair of pincers
• shears with which her breasts were cut off
Consecrated to God as a small child at the abbey of Hirschau, Germany. Educated by and professed as a Benedictine monk at the abbey. Abbot in Lorsch, Germany in 1110. Fearing his appointment had been bought, he resigned and returned to Hirschau. First prior of Prüfening Abbey near Regensburg, Germany in 1114; he became its abbot in 1117. Killed by a lay-brother of the community for what the killer saw as excessive strictness. Mistakenly described on some lists as a martyr.
11th century Germany
in 1121 at Prüfening Abbey, Germany by being hit with a piece of timber
30 December at Saint Augustine's, Canterbury, England
Benedictine monk at Saint Andrew's monastery in Rome, Italy. Chosen by Pope Gregory the Great to work with Saint Augustine of Canterbury and others as missionaries to England in 596. First abbot of the monastery of Saint Peter and Paul at Canterbury, England in 602. Died en route to Rome to report on the success of the mission.
• drowned c.607 at Ambleteu, near Boulogne, France
• legend says that the locals buried him in unhallowed ground, but later re-interred the body when lights hovered over the grave each night
1915 Pope Benedict XV (cultus confirmed)
7 July (translation of relics)
Born to the nobility, received a good education, and was very fluent in Greek. Ordained in 540. Bishop of Nantes, France for 33 years; he was married at the time he was chosen, and his wife became a nun. Attended the synods in Paris, France in 557 and 573, and in Tours, France in 567. Peacemaker between warring leaders in his region.
c.515 in the Aquitaine region of modern France
6 January 584 of natural causes
• against famine
• against plague
Educated at the cathedral school at Auxerre, France. Priest. Chaplain and counselor to the court of king Raoul and queen Emma. Archdeacon of Auxerre. Bishop of Auxerre from 933 to 961. Waged an on-going fight with the nobility who tried to confiscate church goods. Built and restored church structures in his diocese, promoted devotion to the saints from the region, wrote hymns. He was a shepherd who tried to lead and help his people instead of commanding them as was often the case of the time.
10th century near Sens, France
6 January 961 in Auxerre, France of natural causes
• Luc Bartholomew
• Luc of Cuissy
Born to the French nobility; related to Blessed Irmengard. Priest. Dean of Laon, France. Around 1115, Luc retired from worldly things to live as a hermit at Cuissy-et-Geny, France. His reputation of holiness and wisdom attracted would-be students, Count Guntarius founded a monastery there them all. In 1122 the house became part of the Premonstratensians; in 1124 the community officially became an abbey, and Luc served as its first abbot.
late-11th century Roucy, France
12th century of natural causes
• Frederick of Arras
• Frederic Provost of St-Vaast d'Arras
Son of Matilda and Count Geoffrey le Barbu of Verdun, France. In 997 he gave his wealth to the bishop of Verdun and made a pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. When he returned he became a Benedictine monk at Saint Vanne abbey. Friend of Blessed Richard of Saint Vanne. Prior of the monastery of Saint Vedast, Arras, France.
10th century France
6 January 1020 of natural causes
• 8 January (Greek Menaea)
• 13 January (per Rabanus Maurus)
• 21 June (Menology of Canisius)
• 5 July (Greek calendar)
Married chastely to Saint Julian. The two converted their home into a hospital which could house up to 1,000; Basilissa cared for sick indigent women in one wing, Julian cared for the men in another.
of natural causes
• 8 January (Greek Menaea)
• 13 January (per Rabanus Maurus)
• 21 June (Menology of Canisius)
• 5 July (Greek calendar)
Married chastely to Saint Basillisa. The two converted their home into a hospital which could house up to 1,000; Basilissa cared for sick indigent women in one wing, Julian cared for the men in another.
of natural causes
• Diman the Black
• Dima, Dimas, Dimaus, Dubh
Monk. Spiritual student of Saint Columba. Sixth century Apostolic Delegate to Ireland. Abbot at Connor, Ireland. Bishop of Connor. One of the bishops who received a letter from the Roman Church in 640 about the controversy over Easter dating, and the Pelagian heresy.
6 January 658 of natural causes
Hermit the Armonica area of Brittany in modern France. Evangelist in Wales. Legend says that he spent his early life as a friend of King Arthur.
in Brittany, France
hermit riding a stag
Landeyrn, Brittany, France
Nilammone, Nilamon, Nillammon
Hermit. His reputation caused him to be chosen bishop of Geris, Egypt; he was so reluctant to accept that he barricaded his door with stones. When the authorities and people insisted, he began to pray to be relieved to the burden, and died while in prayer.
c.404 in Geris, Egypt
Bedan, Bedran, Paezron, Pedran, Pedraon, Peran, Peron, Petron, Petronus, Pezran
Missionary, working in the 4th and 5th century with Saint Germanus of Auxerre in the Champagne region of France. Monk at Landévennec, France.
First century bishop of Philadelphia in Asia minor.
Demetrius receives a good report from all, even from the truth itself. We give our testimonial as well, and you know our testimony is true. " 3rd John 1:12
Soldier. Knight. Mercedarian. Captured by Muslim invaders, he was imprisoned, tortured, and executed for his faith. First Mercedarian martyr.
beheaded on 6 January 1235 in Granada, Spain
Scarthin, Schottin, Scothin
Left his homeland to become a spiritual student of Saint David of Wales. Hermit on Mount Mairge in Ireland. Founded a boy's school in Kilkenny, Ireland.
c.550 on Mount Maige, Queens County, Ireland of natural causes
Wife of Duke Berthold of Bavaria. Widowed c.947. Benedictine nun. Founded the convent of Bergen, near Neuburg, Germany, on the Danube c.976. Noted for her skill in the hand crafts.
c.986 of natural causes
Martyred at age 26.
• stabbed through the heart with a spear in Cagliari, Sicily, Italy
• relics re-discovered in 1614 in the church of San Saturninus in Cagliari
1615 by Pope Paul V (cultus confirmation)
Benedictine nun and then abbess of the Abbey of Traunkirchen, Germany (in modern Austria).
c.1050 of natural causes
Hermitess at Saint Mary's chapel, Huysburg, Halberstadt, Germany c.1070. When the double monastery of Quedlinburg was founded there in 1080, Pia entered as a nun and then became its abbess.
Pilgrim companion of Saint Cadfan. Founded Aberdaron abbey, Gwynedd, Wales.
Hermit at Bangor, Wales. Spiritual student of Abbot Dunawd. Titular patron of churches in Wales and Brittany.
6th century of natural causes
Brother of Saint Samson of York. Spiritual student of Saint Illtyd. Founded a church in Anglesey, Wales.
6th century of natural causes
Unknown number of Christian men and women who were martyred in the persecutions of Septimus Severus.
burned to death c.210
A group of Christians martyred together for their faith. The only surviving details are the names of eight of them - Anastasius VIII, Florianus, Florus, Jucundus, Peter, Ratites, Tatia and Tilis.
4th century at Syrmium, Pannonia (modern Sremska Mitrovica, Vojvodina, Serbia)
• Martyrs of Ukraine - 25 beati
• Seven Holy Deacons
• Twelve Apostles of Ireland
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