• Aurelius Augustinus
• Doctor of Grace
28 August (feast)
Son of a pagan father who converted on his death bed, and of Saint Monica, a devout Christian. Raised a Christian, he lost his faith in youth and led a wild life. Lived with a Carthaginian woman from the age of 15 through 30. Fathered a son whom he named Adeotadus, which means the gift of God. Taught rhetoric at Carthage and Milan, Italy. After investigating and experimenting with several philosophies, he became a Manichaean for several years; it taught of a great struggle between good and evil, and featured a lax moral code. A summation of his thinking at the time comes from his Confessions: "God, give me chastity and continence - but not just now."
Augustine finally broke with the Manichaeans and was converted by the prayers of his mother and the help of Saint Ambrose of Milan, who baptized him. On the death of his mother he returned to Africa, sold his property, gave the proceeds to the poor, and founded a monastery. Monk. Priest. Preacher. Bishop of Hippo in 396. Founded religious communities. Fought Manichaeism, Donatism, Pelagianism and other heresies. Oversaw his church and his see during the fall of the Roman Empire to the Vandals. Doctor of the Church. His later thinking can also be summed up in a line from his writings: Our hearts were made for You, O Lord, and they are restless until they rest in you.
13 November 354 at Tagaste, Numidia, North Africa (Souk-Ahras, Algeria) as Aurelius Augustinus
28 August 430 at Hippo, North Africa
• against sore eyes
• against vermin
• 7 dioceses
• 7 cities
• flaming heart, an allusion to a passage in his Confessions
Conquer yourself and the world lies at your feet. - Saint Augustine
God has no need of your money, but the poor have. You give it to the poor, and God receives it. - Saint Augustine
The honors of this world, what are they but puff, and emptiness and peril of falling? - Saint Augustine
Daily advance, then, in this love, both by praying and by well doing, that through the help of Him who enjoined it on you, and whose gift it is, it may be nourished and increased, until, being perfected, it render you perfect. - Saint Augustine
What do you possess if you possess not God? - Saint Augustine
Unhappy is the soul enslaved by the love of anything that is mortal. - Saint Augustine
The love of worldly possessions is a sort of bird line, which entangles the soul, and prevents it flying to God. - Saint Augustine
This very moment I may, if I desire, become the friend of God. - Saint Augustine
God bestows more consideration on the purity of the intention with which our actions are performed than on the actions themselves. - Saint Augustine
I will suggest a means whereby you can praise God all day long, if you wish. Whatever you do, do it well, and you have praised God. - Saint Augustine
This is the business of our life. By labor and prayer to advance in the grace of God, till we come to that height of perfection in which, with clean hearts, we may behold God. - Saint Augustine
God in his omnipotence could not give more, in His wisdom He knew not how to give more, in His riches He had not more to give, than the Eucharist. - Saint Augustine
God does not command impossibilities, but by commanding admonishes you do what you can and to pray for what you cannot, and aids you that you may be able. - Saint Augustine
Our life and our death are with our neighbor. - Saint Augustine
Daughter of Giovanni Battista and Magherita Lanzani. Her mother died when Caterina was seven, and her father abandoned the girl and her younger sister Giuditta. They were accepted and grew up at the orphanage of the Conventino of Bergamo. There she developed a strong faith, a big sister's sense of responsibility, and a devotion to Our Lady and Saint Jerome Emiliani.
The sisters left the orphanage in 1823 to live with their cousins Giovanni and Antonio Cittadini, both parish priests at Calolzio, Italy. Caterina became a teacher at a girl's public school in Somasca in 1824. The sisters felt a call to the religious life; their spiritual director recommended that they should stay in Somasca, and become the basis of a new congregation.
In 1826 the sisters rented a house in Somasca, bought and furnished a building, and in October opened a boarding school for girls. Caterina taught religion, managed the school, and instituted the oratory style of education for her girls. Word of her success spread, attracting more students. The sisters established another "Cittadini" private school in 1832, and another in 1836.
Giuditta directed these new school until her sudden death in 1840. Caterini's cousin, Father Antonio Cittadini, died in 1841, followed quickly by her spiritual director from the orphanage. The rapid succession of tragedy ruined Caterina's health, and she fell gravely ill, but was cured through the intercession of Saint Jerome Emilani.
Caterina quit her public teaching position in 1845 to manage the schools, care for the orphans, and guide the three companions who help her. To help organize the work and lives of her companions, she wrote the beginnings of a new rule similar to that of religious orders. In 1850 she obtained permission to build a private oratory to keep the Blessed Sacrament at her boarding school. In 1851 she applied for approval of her new religious family.
In 1854 her bishop encouraged her work, and told her to write the rules of the new order; her first attempt, based on the Constitution of the Ursulines of Milano was rejected. A second attempt was accepted on 17 September 1854 under the title Orsoline Gerolimiane (Ursuline Sisters of Somasca). On 14 December 1857, six months after her death, the bishop of Bergamo gave his approval; the order achieved papal recognition on 8 July 1927. The order's mandate is to teach, and to care for the abandoned; today they work in Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, Brazil, Bolivia, India, and the Philippines.
28 September 1801 in Bergamo, Italy
5 May 1857 in Somasca, Bergamo, Italy of natural causes
29 April 2001 by Pope John Paul II at Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City
Left an orphan at a very tender age, she became an affectionate mother to orphans. She wanted her spiritual daughters to be 'mothers' in schools and in contacts with children. The secret was union with the Eucharist. ? Pope John Paul II
• Godehard the Bishop
• Godard, Gothard, Gottardo, Gotthard, Godehardus
2nd Sunday in May (Bene Vagienna, Italy)
Raised around Churchman, Godehard's father worked for the canons of Niederaltaich. Godehard joined the canons, and became their provost. Helped reintroduce the Benedictine Rule at Niederaltaich, which then sent abbots to Tegernsee, Hersfeld and Kremsmunster to revive the Benedictine Rule. Bishop of Hildesheim, Germany in 1022.
c.960 in Bavaria (in modern Germany)
• 4 May 1038 of natural causes
• relics translated in 1132
1131 by Pope Innocent II
• against birth pains
• against childhood sicknesses
• against danger at sea
• against dropsy
• against fever
• against gout
• against hailstorms
• travelling merchants
• Bene Vagienna, Italy
• diocese of Hildesheim, Germany
• holding a church
• Angelus of Sicily
• Angelo of...
Angelus' parents were 12th century Jewish converts. At age 18, Angelus and his twin brother joined a group of hermits who formed the first Carmelite house. He was sent to evangelize in Sicily, met with great success in converting some Sicilian Jews, and great hatred from others, especially around Palermo and Leocata. Murdered by thugs in the employ of Count Berengarius, a man whose incestuous relationship Angelus had denounced.
1145 at Jerusalem
• stabbed to death in 1220 at Licata, Sicily, Italy
• relics transferred in to the Carmelite church at Licata
• Carmelite with a knife in his head
• Carmelite with a sword in his breast, holding a book, palm, and three crowns
• Carmelite with an angel bringing him three crowns
• Carmelite with lilies and roses falling from his mouth
Born and raised a pagan; relative of Saint Honoratus of Arles. Highly placed civil authority. Honoratus invited Hilary to the recently completed abbey of Lerins, and brought him to the faith; Hilary was baptised at Lerins, and joined the community as a monk. When Honoratus became bishop of Arles (in modern France) Hilary served as his secretary. Bishop of Arles. Hilary was an exuberant bishop, working so hard to spread the faith that he caused problems with the people and the civil authorities, and twice had to be reproved by the Vatican - his zealousness was causing more trouble than converts. But though some questioned his methods, none questions his sanctity or his true belief.
c.400 at Lorraine, France
449 of natural causes
• Benventuto of Recanati
• Benevenutus, Benvenutus
13th-century Franciscan Conventual lay brother in Recanati, Italy. Worked at his monastery as a cook, and spent his free time in prayer. During prayer and Mass he would lapse into ecstacies and receive visions; during one vision he was allowed to hold the Infant Christ. Legend says that once when a trance lasted so long that he was late to his work in the kitchen, he found an angel there already cooking.
• 5 May 1269 in Recanati, Italy of natural causes
• interred at the church of San Franceso in Recanati
17 September 1796 by Pope Pius VI (cultus confirmation)
• Judith of Kulmsee
• Judith of Sangerhausen
• Judith of Thuringia
• Jutta, Giuditta
Born to the nobility. Lay woman. Married with children. Widowed when her husband died on a Crusade to the Holy Land. Judith then made financial provision for her children, sold off her property, and spent her remaining years as a hermitess in the territory of the Teutonic Knights, whose grand-master was a relative.
at Sangerhausen, Thuringia (in modern Germany)
12 May 1260 at Kulmsee, Prussia (in modern Germany) of natural causes
• Avertinus the Deacon
• Avertin, Avertino
Deacon who travelled into exile in France with Saint Thomas Becket. Participated in the synod of Tours, France in 1163. After the death of Saint Thomas, Avertinus dedicated himself to the service of the poor and strangers at Vinzai, Touraine, France, and spent his final years as a hermit.
• 1189 at Vençay, France of natural causes
• buried at the church in Vençay which became a site of miracles and pilgrimage
• Nunzio Sulperio
• Nunzio Sulprizio
Lifelong layman in the diocese of Pescara, Italy. Apprentice blacksmith. Suffered from poor health, and died young. A gentle, chaste, patient, and pious youth in a place and time when such a man was rare.
13 April 1817 at Pescosansonesco, Pescara, Abruzzi, Italy
5 May 1836 in Naples, Italy
1 December 1963 by Pope Paul VI at Rome, Italy
Brito, Britonius, Brittone
Bishop of Trier, Belgic Gaul (modern Germany) in 374, and a leader of the Church in Gaul. Attended the 382 synod of bishops called by Pope Saint Damasus I. Friend of co-worker with Saint Ambrose of Milan and Saint Martin of Tours. When a group of pagans sought sanctuary with the Church; Britto tried to convert them, failed, but still refused to surrender them since he believed that the State has no authority over Church affairs.
c.385 in Trier, Germany
• Boleslaw Frackowiak
• Gregory Frackowiak
• Gregorio Frackowiak
12 June as one of the 108 Martyrs of World War II
Friar in the Society of the Divine Word. Martyred by Nazis.
18 July 1911 in Lowecice, Wielkopolskie, Poland
guillotined on 5 May 1943 in Dresden, Saxony, Germany
13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II
Maurand, Mauront, Maurontus, Mauronto
Eldest son of Saint Adalbald of Ostrevant and Saint Rictrudis of Marchiennes; brother of Saint Clotsindis of Marchiennes, Saint Eusebia of Hamage, and Saint Adalsindis. Monk at Marchiennes, France. Founded a monastery at Breuil-sur-lys near Douai, France.
702 in Marchiennes, France of natural causes
For publicly declaring his Christianity, Maximus was branded on the foot, blinded in one eye, and sentenced to forced labour in the mines during the persecutions of Maximian Galerius. He was crippled, but survived and was released during the reign of Constantine. Bishop of Jerusalem.
c.350 in Jerusalem of natural causes
Priest in Edessa, Syria. When a Arian bishop was imposed on the area by Emperor Valens, Eulogius refused to renouce orthodox Christianity and was exiled to Thebaid, Egypt where he worked for the conversion of local pagans. When Valens died in 375 Eulogius returned to Edessa to serve as their bishop. Attended the Council of Constantinople in 381.
Bishop of Milan, Italy c.465 to c.470.
• relics enshrined in the church of Saint Symphorian in Milan, Italy by Saint Charles Borromeo
Priest. Fellow of King's Hall, Cambridge. Vicar of Isleworth, Middlesex, England. Martyred with Saint John Houghton and three others.
hanged on 4 May 1535 at Tyburn, London, England
29 December 1886 by Pope Leo XIII (cultus confirmation)
• Sacerdos of Calviac
• Sardot, Sadroc, Sardou, Serdon, Serdot, Sacerdote
Monk. Founded Calabre Abbey and served as its first abbot. Bishop of Limoges, France.
670 in Sarlat, Périgord, France
Twelfth century hermit in Calabria, Italy who divided his time between contemplation of God and good works for the poor. Founded a monastery in Africo, Reggio, Italy, and lived out his later years there.
Africo Nuovo, Italy
Missionary. Lector of the church at Auxerre, France. Worked with Saint Peregrinus of Auxerre. Martyr.
Martyred in the persecution of Diocletian
burned at the stake c.303 at Thessalonica
Bishop of Saguntum (now Murviedro), Spain.
c.560 of natural causes
Martyred in the persecution of Diocletian.
burned at the stake c.303 at Thessalonica
Martyred in the persecution of Diocletian.
burned at the stake c.303 at Thessalonica
Deacon in Alexandria, Egypt. Imprisoned for his faith, he eventually died of mistreatment. Martyr.
Etha of Crayke
Priest. Lived as a hermit in Crayke, Yorkshire, England.
Bishop of Vienne, France. Supported the expansion of monastic life in his diocese.
First Abbess of Saint-Pierre-aux-Nonnais Abbey in Metz, France.
in Rome, Italy
Bishop of Bologna, Italy for 20 years.
Lived in the 5th century.
Lanhydroc, Cornwall, England
Bishop of Vienne, France.
5th century Rome, Italy
• Our Lady of Adoration
• Our Lady of Europe
• Faelan Finn of Kilcolumb
• Irene of Lecce
• Lanno of Vasanello
• Lucio of Savoy
• Martino of Finojosa
• Prisca of San Sperate
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