• Filippo Rinaldi
• Philippi Rinaldi
Philip met Don Bosco at age 5, and apparently instinctively understood the importance of the future saint. Though he felt a call to a religious vocation, Philip was torn, and was seriously considering marriage when he decided to become a disciple of Don Bosco at age 22. The Christian Brothers immediately saw something in him, and made him an assistant novice master even before he took his vows as a Salesian on 13 August 1880. Though he had no intention to become a priest, his superiors, who saw his potential better than he did, ordered him to study and take the tests, and he was ordained on 23 December 1882.
In addition to his work as novice master, Philip was placed in charge of the "late" vocations, those like himself who came to the Order as adults. Director of the Salesian community of Sarriá, Spain in 1889; he opened several new houses, and brought in many new vocations. Salesian provincial director in Spain from 1892 to 1901. Began publication of Lecturas Catolicas in 1895. Helped the Daughters of Mary, Help of Christians expand in Spain.
Vicar-General of the Salesians on 1 April 1901. Founded centres to minister to the daily and spiritual needs of young women. Helped found the World Federations of Past-Pupils, and assisted the Salesian Sisters. Organized the Salesian International Congress of 1911. With Zelatrici di Maria Ausiliatrice he helped found the group that would evolve into the Volunteers of Don Bosco.
Rector Major of the Salesians on 24 May 1922, the third successor to Don Bosco, and the last one to have been personally trained by him. From that position he worked to bring Doc Bosco's vision to the 20th century, and the 20th century to the vision, doing all he could to spread Salesian spirituality and trust in God. He sent many young Salesians to learn foreign languages and customs so they would become more effective missionaries, and he asked Pope Pius XI to grant the "indulgence for sanctified work". He travelled extensively, preaching, encouraging vocations and the spiritual life of the laity. During his tenure the number of Salesians went from 6,000 to 10,000, there were 250 new houses and centres opened, and his teacher Don Bosco was recognized as a saint.
28 May 1856 at Lu, Monferrato, Piedmont, Italy
• 5 December 1931 of natural causes in Turin, Italy
• buried in the cemetery in Turin
• following the miraculous healing of Sister Mary Carla, he was re-interred in the Basilica of Mary Our Help, Turin
• 29 April 1990 by Pope John Paul II
• his beatification miracle involved the healing and regeneration of the jaw of Sister Mary Carla who was shot in the face on 20 April 1945 in northen Italy in the waning days of World War II
What must you do to have life? Before all else, the first thing you have to do is pray for courage every day to carry the cross the Lord has assigned you. Then let each of you do your own work really well, the work proper to your state, as God wants it, and according to your condition, which means according to the spirit of the Lord and of Don Bosco. - Blessed Philip Rinaldi
All that is lacking to Father Rinaldi is Don Bosco's voice: he has everything else. - Father Francesia
• Sabbas the Sanctified
• Sabbas the Great
• Sabas, Sava
Spiritual student of Saint Euthymius the Great at age 20. Anchorite from age 30, living in a cave, devoting himself to prayer and manual labor. He wove ten willow baskets each day. On Saturday he would take them to the local monastery, led by Saint Euthymius, and trade them for a week's food, and a week's worth of willow wands for more baskets. Took over leadership of the monks upon the death of Saint Euthymius. Co-superior with Saint Theodosius over 1,000 monks and hermits in the region.
Sabbas was a simple man with little education, but with a firm belief in the spiritual benefits of simple living. The combination of his lack of education and his severe austerities caused some of his charges to rebel. Sabbas tired of the squabbling, and he missed his time in prayer, so he fled to TransJordania. There he found a cave inhabited by a lion; the lion moved on, finding a new home, and giving the cave to the holy man. A distorted version of this tale reached the rebellious monks; they seized on it, reported to the patriarch that Sabbas had been killed by a lion, and requested a new leader be appointed. As this message was being formally presented to the patriarch, Sabbas walked into the room. This led to a confrontation during which the complaints of the monks were aired. However, the patriach took Sabbas's side, and the two restored order and discipline to the lives of the anchorites.
Sabbas led a peaceful uprising of 10,000 monks who demanded the end of the persecutions of Palestinian bishops of Anastatius I.
At age 90, Sabbas travelled to Constantinople where he successfully pled for clemency from Justinian for Samarians who were in revolt.
439 at Motalala, Cappadocia
• 532 of natural causes
• relics enshrined in Venice, Italy
• man holding the rule of his monastery in his hand
• man seated at the edge of a cliff
• man praying in a cave with a lion nearby
• Niels Steensen
• Nicolaus Steno
• Father of Geology
Anatomist and priest. Among his anatomical achievements was the discovery of the excretory duct of the parotid glands and the circulation of the blood in the body. When the Danes finally called for him to return, he had become a Catholic in Florence, Italy, and as such could not return. In Italy he made many geological discoveries and was the first to explain petrifactions in the earth. Ordained in 1675, he was made vicar Apostolic for the northern missions and titular bishop of Titiopolis. He was in a constant personal struggle to have this faith and his scientific discoveries exist and work together.
11 January 1638 in Rundetarn, Copenhagen, Denmark
5 December 1686 in Schwerin, Germany
23 October 1988 by Pope John Paul II
Nicetus, Nizier, Niketius
Born to a Gallo-Roman family, he was a religious youth. Monk at Limoges. Abbot. Knew and was highly thought of by King Theodoric I. Bishop of Trier, Gaul (part of modern Germany) in 532. A reformer and revitalizer, Nicetius rebuilt the cathedral and worked to bring back love of the faith in an area that was indifferently Christian. He travelled his diocese, preaching daily and speaking out against low morals of both commoners and aristocracy. Excommunicated King Clotaire I for the king's immorality; Clotaire exiled him. Attended the synods of Clermont in 535 and 549, Orleans in 549, Toul in 550, and Paris in 555. Reformed the clergy in his see, restoring discipline and stamping out clerical vice. Fought heresy, especially Monophysitism.
latter 5th century at Auvergne, France
• c.566 of natural causes
• buried in the church of Saint Maximin at Trier, Germany
• Christina of Markgate
• Christina Theodora
• Kristina of Markyate
Born to the Anglo-Saxon nobility, the daughter of Autti, a rich and influential guild merchant. At age 15 she visited Saint Albans Abbey where she made a private vow of celibacy. Her parents opposed her vow, and arranged a marriage for her with a man named Berktred. Christina took her case to Bishop Robert Bloet who initially sided with her, but who was later bribed into changing his ruling.
Christina was betrothed and married against her will, spending the first years of married life as a prisoner, refusing to consummate the union. With the help of a hermit named Eadwin, she escaped, and fled to Flamstead where she lived for two years with an anchoress named Alfwen. She moved to a hermitage at Markyate, Hertfordshire, England in 1118, becoming the spiritual student of the hermit Blessed Roger of Albans.
In 1122, Burktred obtained an annulment from Thurstan, Archbishop of York, England. This and the death of bishop Bloet in 1123 allowed Christina to return to Markyate where she lived the rest of her life.
Her reputation for holiness soon attracted others, and her house became a priory of nuns. She was offered the position of abbess in York, Fontevrault, and Marcigny, but stayed at Markyate.
A skillful needle worker, Christina embroidered mitres and sandals for the English Pope Adrian IV, a former student of Saint Albans. While noted as stable and balanced, she was given to ecstacies and visions.
c.1097 at Huntingdon, England
c.1160 at Markyate, Hertfordshire, England of natural causes
Born to the Breton nobility. Well educated. Priest. Left his country to become a travelling evangelist. Settled to live as a hermit on the Isle of Ramsey near southern Wales, living with a pious layman named on Honorius; he moved in on the condition that all the women of the household were sent away.
He visited Saint David of Wales, who was so impressed with the man's holiness that he gave him hermitages on the mainland and a nearby island. Justinian is listed on very ancient Welsh calendars of saints and martyrs, and the church at Llanstinan is dedicated to him.
Some wonderful stories have become attached to the holy hermit.
• Once some sailors landed at the island hermitage. They said that Saint David was very ill, and that they had been sent to bring Justinian to the mainland. En route, Justinian discerned that the sailors were actually devils in disguise. The saint recited Psalm 79; the devils changed to blackbirds and flew, leaving the boat to sail itself safely to shore where Justinian found David in excellent health.
• Justinian died when he advised his servants that they should apply themselves to their jobs. Goaded by devils, the three of them became enraged, assaulted Justinian, and beheaded him. At the place where the body fell, a spring of healing water emerged from the ground. The killers were struck with leprosy, and lived out their days in the caves and rocks near the hermitage. Justinian had already specified a location for his burial; a church was built over the tomb, and became known as a scene of miracles. Saint David later moved the body to his own church.
6th century Brittany (part of modern France)
• murdered by servants
• venerated as a martyr due to the demonic nature of his killers (see profile above) and the assumption that their motive was Justinian's faith
Apre, Aprus, Avre, Epvre, Evre
First priest in 7th century LaTerrasse, diocese of Grenoble, France. After years of bickering among his parishioners and slander from every corner, he retired to live as a hermit at LaChambre, diocese of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, France. Built a cell for private prayers, and a nursing home to care for the poor. Spiritual director of a man later known as Aprunculus (little wild boar). The town of Saint-Avre, France grew up around the cloister.
Carmelite priest at Mantua, Italy for 35 years. Spiritual director and rector of the Confraternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, for which he composed a rule and statutes. Spiritual teacher of Blessed John Baptist Spagnuolo. Noted preacher and healer with a strong devotion to the Eucharist.
at Mantua, Italy
1495 of natual causes
1909 by Pope Saint Pius X (cultus confirmed)
Born a wealthy Roman citizen, she was a married lay woman, and mother of several children. Arrested for her Christianity during the persecutions of Diocletian. Tried, abused, humilitated and threatened in Thebeste (Thebessa) by Roman proconsul Anulinus, she gave a spirited defense of the faith. When she finished, she was sentenced to die. Marytr. Saint Augustine of Hippo routinely brought up Crispina in his homilies on martyrs.
3rd century at Thagara (Tagora; Thacora), Numidia, North Africa (modern Tunisia)
beheaded in 304 at Thebeste, Numidia, North Africa (modern Tunisia)
Gérald de Moissac
Born to the French nobility. Benedictine monk at Moissac, France. Taught grammer and music. Worked with the archbishop in Toledo, Spain, and served as cathedral choir director. Reforming bishop of Braga, Portugal in 1100. Stopped ecclesiastical investiture by laymen in his diocese.
at Cahors, Gascony (in modern France)
5 December 1109 at Bornos, Portugal of natural causes
• 25 October as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
• 29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai
Grew up in Ireland. Educated at Much Woolton, in Rheims, France, and at the English College, Rome, Italy at age 20. Ordained in 1598. Returned to England as a home missioner in 1602. Arrested in 1608 and 1612 for the crime of being a priest. The effectiveness of his debating skills against the anti-Catholic powers of the time led to his being one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.
c.1577 at Allerton, Lancashire, England
hanged, drawn, and quartered on 5 December 1612 at Tyburn, London, England
25 October 1970 by Pope Paul VI
During an early persecution of Christians, Anastasius publicly proclaimed his faith. Martyr.
Benedictine nun. Abbess of Oehren (Herren; Horreum) Abbey, Trier, Germany.
Basso of Lucera
First bishop of Lucera, Italy; tradition says that he was consecrated by Saint Peter the Apostle. Martyred in the persecutions of Trajan.
• Easter Monday (translation of relics)
• 1 July (discovery of relics)
First bishop of Nice, France. Burned, beaten, tortured, and executed in the persecutions of Emperor Decius. Martyr.
• nailed by two large metal brads to a board c.250
• relics moved to Cupra Marittima, Italy in the 6th century
• relics moved to the church of San Basso, Marano, Italy in 904
• relics moved to the church of the Assumption in 1876
• Cupra Marittima, Italy
• diocese of Nice, France
Chieftain in Brecknock (in modern Wales) and Hereford (in modern England). Abdicated and retired to a monastery under the leadership of Saint Illtyd.
6th century of natural causes
Born while her parents were on pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. Nun in a nearby convent that had been built by her father.
near the Sea of Galilee
relics taken to Genoa, Italy in 1109 by Crusaders returning from the Holy Lands
relics enshrined in Salerno, Italy
Raised a pagan. Adult convert to Christianity. Preached in Gaul and northern Italy. Bishop of Pavia, Italy for the last year of his life. Martyred in the persecutions of Maximian Herculeus.
at Monza, Lombardy, Italy
Sixth century bishop of Verdun, France.
Benedictine monk at Ebriciacum (in modern France). Founder and abbot of the abbey of Livray, France. Bishop of Bayeux, France.
• c.690 of natural causes
• buried in the church of Saint Exuperius
• against dysentery
• against headaches
One of twelve Africans martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.
302 at Thagura, Numidia, North Africa
Born to the Italian nobility. Benedictine monk at Cuxa in the Catalonian Pyranees of Spain. Friend and fellow monk with Saint Peter Urseolo. In later life he retired to live as a hermit near Monte Cassino Abbey in Italy.
1025 at Monte Cassino, Italy of natural causes
12 June as one of the 108 Martyrs of World War II
Priest at Saint Wojciech parish, Poznan, Poland. Arrested in the Nazi anti-Catholic sweeps of 1939 and sent to the Catholic clergy section of the Dachau concentration camp. There he continued his ministry by caring for other prisoners and suffering his own privations in quiet dignity. Martyr.
28 October 1877 in Sieraków, Wielkopolskie, Poland
5 December 1942 in Dachau, Oberbayern, Germany from disease and general abuse
13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II
• Pelinus of Brindisi
Priest. Bishop of Brindisi, Italy. During the persecutions of Julian the Apostate, Pelinus prayed in front of a temple to the pagan god Mars; it collapsed. Martyr.
beaten to death by pagan priests in 361 in Confinium, Italy
668 by Bishop Ciprio of Brindisi
A group of twelve African Christians who were martyred together in the persecutions of Diocletian. The only details about them that have survived are five of their names - Crispin, Felix, Gratus, Juliua and Potamia.
302 in Thagura, Numidia
Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:
• Blessed Joaquín Jovaní Marín
• Blessed Vicente Jovaní Ávila
• Martinian of Pecco
CatholicSaints.Info Portable Edition