31 January • yesterday
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Memorial of Saint John Bosco

Saint John Bosco

Also known as

• Don Bosco
• Giovanni Bosco
• Giovanni Melchior Bosco
• John Melchoir Bosco

Profile

Son of Venerable Margaret Bosco. John's father died when the boy was two years old; and as soon as he was old enough to do odd jobs, John did so to helps support his family. Bosco would go to circuses, fairs and carnivals, practice the tricks that he saw magicians perform, and then put on one-boy shows. After his performance, while he still had an audience of boys, he would repeat the homily he had heard earlier that day in church.

He worked as a tailor, baker, shoemaker, and carpenter while attending college and seminary. Ordained in 1841. A teacher, he worked constantly with young people, finding places where they could meet, play and pray, teaching catechism to orphans and apprentices. Chaplain in a hospice for girls. Wrote short treatises aimed at explaining the faith to children, and then taught children how to print them. Friend of Saint Joseph Cafasso, whose biography he wrote, and confessor to Blessed Joseph Allamano. Founded the Salesians of Don Bosco (SDB) in 1859, priests who work with and educate boys, under the protection of Our Lady, Help of Chistians, and Saint Francis de Sales. Founded the Daughters of Mary, Help of Christians in 1872, and Union of Cooperator Salesians in 1875.

Born

16 August 1815 at Becchi, Castelnuovo d'Asti, Piedmont, Italy as Giovanni Melchior Bosco

Died

31 January 1888 at Turin, Italy of natural causes

Canonized

1 April 1934 by Pope Pius XI

Patronage

• apprentices
• boys
• editors
• Mexican young people
• laborers
• schoolchildren
• students
• young people

Storefront

books, medals and pendants

Video

YouTube PlayList

Readings

Fly from bad companions as from the bite of a poisonous snake. If you keep good companions, I can assure you that you will one day rejoice with the blessed in Heaven; whereas if you keep with those who are bad, you will become bad yourself, and you will be in danger of losing your soul. - Saint John Bosco

Enjoy yourself as much as you like - if only you keep from sin. - Saint John Bosco

Do you want our Lord to give you many graces? Visit him often. Do you want him to give you few graces? Visit him seldom. Visits to the Blessed Sacrament are powerful and indispensable means of overcoming the attacks of the devil. Make frequent visits to Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament and the devil will be powerless against you. - Saint John Bosco

My sons, in my long experience very often I had to be convinced of this great truth. It is easier to become angry than to restrain oneself, and to threaten a boy than to persuade him. Yes, indeed, it is more fitting to be persistent in punishing our own impatience and pride than to correct the boys. We must be firm but kind, and be patient with them. See that no one finds you motivated by impetuosity or willfulness. It is difficult to keep calm when administering punishment, but this must be done if we are to keep ourselves from showing off our authority or spilling out our anger. Let us regard those boys over whom we have some authority as our own sons. Let us place ourselves in their service. Let us be ashamed to assume an attitude of superiority. Let us not rule over them except for the purpose of serving them better. This was the method that Jesus used with the apostles. He put up with their ignorance and roughness and even their infidelity. He treated sinners with a kindness and affection that caused some to be shocked, others to be scandalized and still others to hope for God's mercy. And so he bade us to be gentle and humble of heart. - from a letter by Saint John Bosco

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-john-bosco/


Saint Aedan of Ferns

Also known as

• Aeddan Foeddog
• Mo-Aedh-og (= my dear Aedh)
• Aedh-og, Aidan, Aidus, Edan, Hugh, Maedoc, Maidoc, Maodhóg, Moedhog, Mogue

Profile

Son of Eithne and Sedna, chief of Connaught. A widespread reputation for sanctity brought him potential disciples in his youth; he fled to Kilmuine, Wales to escape them. He became one of Saint David's most faithful disciples. He returned to Ireland in 580 with a band of disciples, including Saint Caillan and settled at Brentrocht, Leinster. Founded 30 churches and several monasteries in that district, the best known being Ferns in Wexford, built on land given him by Brandubh, King of Leinster. First bishop of Ferns c.598; the episcopal seat of Ferns is now at Enniscorthy, where there is a beautiful cathedral dedicated to Aedan. Miracle worker. Late in life he retired to live as a prayerful monk.

Born

c.550 at Inisbrefny, Templeport, County Cavan, Ireland

Died

31 January 632 at Ferns, Ireland of natural causes

Patronage

• Ferns, Ireland, diocese of
• Wexford, Ireland

Storefront

medals and pendants

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-aedan-of-ferns/


Saint Cyrus the Physician

Also known as

• Cyrus of Alexandria
• Cyrus of Canopus
• Abba Cyrus
• Abbacyrus
• Abukir
• Cher the Physician
• Father Cyrus

Additional Memorial

28 June (translation of relics)

Profile

Physician in Alexandria, Egypt. His ministry to the sick, and the Christian example he set, brought many others to the faith. He, Saint John, Saint Athanasia, and her three daughters were tortured and martyred for their faith. Their story was told by Saint Sophronius and others.

Died

• beheaded in Canope, Egypt
• buried outside Canope
• relics taken to the Basilica of Saint Mark in Alexandria, Egypt by Saint Cyril of Alexandria and enshrined as part of his campaign against the cult of Isis in that region
• relics translated to Manutha, Egypt
• relics translated to Saint Appassara church in Rome, Italy

Patronage

Portici, Italy

Represenation

• man with a small cross in his hand
• man with a box of oils or herbs (common for physicians at the time)
• man driving away or holding off a wild boar

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-cyrus-the-physician/


Saint Francesco Saverio Maria Bianchi

Also known as

• Apostle of Naples
• Francis Xavier Bianchi

Profile

Studied in Naples, Italy. Joined the Barnabite at age 14 over the objections of his family. Ordained in 1767. Served as the president of two colleges. Noted for his endless ministry to the poor and neglected, his work to prevent girls from turning to prostitution, for his personal austerities, his gift of prophecy, and as a miracle worker. Reported to have stopped the flow of lava from Mount Vesuvius in 1805. His health destroyed by overwork, late in life he lost the use of his legs, but continued to work with those whom he felt were worse off than himself. When the Barnabites were expelled from Naples, his health was so poor that he had to be left behind, and he died separated from his brothers.

Born

2 December 1743 in Arpino, Frosinone, Italy

Died

31 January 1815 in Naples, Italy of natural causes

Canonized

21 October 1951 by Pope Pius XII

Readings

When you hear that I cannot celebrate Mass any more, count me as dead. - Saint Francis Xavier Bianchi

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-francesco-saverio-maria-bianchi/


Blessed Maria Cristina di Savoia

Also known as

Maria Cristina of Savoy

Profile

Born a princess, the youngest daughter of King Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este; grand-daughter of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este. Married to Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies on 21 November 1832; it was not a happy marriage as she was very shy and uncomfortable at the royal court, and Ferdinand had no patience for it. Queen of the Two Sicilies. Mother of Francesco d'Assisi Maria Leopoldo who grew up to be the last king of the Two Sicilies.

Born

14 November 1812 in Cagliari, Italy as Maria Cristina Carlotta Giuseppina Gaetana Elisa

Died

31 January 1836 in Naples, Italy of complications from childbirth

Beatified

• 25 January 2014 by Pope Francis
• recognition celebrated at the Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples, Italy, presided by Cardinal Angelo Amato

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-maria-cristina-di-savoia/


Saint Geminian of Modena

Also known as

Geminiano, Geminianus, Gimignano

Profile

Deacon and later bishop of Modena, Italy. Sheltered Saint Athanasius of Alexandria and Saint John Chrystostom in their exiles. Opposed Jovinianism and other heresies. The people of Modena believe his intercession saved them from the invading Huns.

Died

• 348 of natural causes
• buried in the Cathedral of Modena, Italy

Patronage

• Modena, Italy
• Pontremoli, Italy
• Sacrofano, Italy
• San Gimignano, Italy

Representation

• bishop holding a mirror in which the Virgin Mary is reflected
• bishop holding the town of San Gimignano
• man calming a storm at sea
• man exorcising the emperor's daughter

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-geminian-of-modena/


Saint Marcella

Profile

Wealthy married imperial Roman noble woman. Widowed young after only seven months of marriage. Declined a wedding proposal from the consul Cerealis. Organized a group of religious women at her mansion on the Aventine Hill, one of which was Saint Lea of Rome. They were under the spiritual direction of Saint Jerome, though she was never afraid to stand against him in arguments. Marcella spent most of her time reading, praying, and visiting the shrines of martyrs. Captured by the Goths who looted Rome, Italy in 410, she was tortured to give up her treasure, but was released when they realized she had given away everything to the poor. She died soon after from the affects of the abuse.

Born

325 at Rome, Italy

Died

August 410 at Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-marcella/


Saint Julius of Novara

Also known as

• Julius of Orta
• Giulio

Profile

Priest. Missionary to northern Italy. Sent by Emperor Theodosius I to destroy pagan altars and woods, and convert pagan temples into Christian churches. Received financial and spiritual support from Saint Audentius of Milan.

Died

• c.390 of natural causes
• relics in the basilica of San Giulio on Isola San Giulio, Italy

Patronage

Orta San Giulio, Italy

Representation

old priest holding a staff and sailing on his cloak to Isola Giulio over Lake Maggiore, which is full of serpents, symbolic of him riding over pagan demons to bring Christianity to the area

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-julius-of-novara/


Blessed Louise degli Albertoni

Also known as

• Louisa Albertoni
• Ludovica Albertoni Cetera

Profile

Born to a wealthy and prominent family. Married to James de Citara. Mother of three. Widowed in 1506. Franciscan tertiary. She spent her fortune and ruined her health in caring for the poor. Given to religious ecstasies, she was known as a miracle worker, and had the gift of levitation.

Born

1474 in Rome, Italy

Died

31 January 1533 in Rome, Italy of natural causes

Beatified

28 January 1671 by Pope Clement X (cultus confirmed)

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-louise-degli-albertoni/


Saint Aiden

Also known as

Aedan, Aedh, Aidan, Edan, Maedoc, Modoc, Moedoc, Mogue

Profile

Known for his piety even as a small child. Studied scripture at the monastery of Saint David in Wales. Reported to have saved the house on several occasions by miraculously turning back Saxon invasions He returned to Ireland in 580 and built a monastery at Ferns, Wexford. Bishop. Miracle worker. Once saved a hunted stag by making it invisible to the hounds chasing it.

Born

• c.550 in Connaught, Ireland
• miraculous portents were reported at his birth

Died

626 of natural causes

Representation

with a stag

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-aiden/


Saint Ulphia of Amiens

Also known as

Olfe, Ulpha, Ulphe, Wulfe, Wulfia

Profile

Hermitess near Amiens, France. Spiritual student of Saint Domitius at Saint Acheul abbey. Her reputation for holiness attracted students who built hermitage nearby. Ulphia organized them into a community, then resumed her solitary life.

Died

• c.750 of natural causes
• a convent was later built on the site of her tomb

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ulphia-of-amiens/


Saint John the Physician

Profile

Arab physician. Friend of Saint Cyrus the Physician. May have been a monk, and certainly lived a lot like one. Tortured and martyred with Cyrus, Saint Athanasia and her three daughters during the persecutions of Diocletian.

Born

Syria

Died

• beheaded in 312 in Alexandria, Egypt
• relics moved to Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-john-the-physician/


Blessed Luigi Talamoni

Profile

Priest in the archdiocese of Milan, Italy. Founder of the Suore Misericordine di San Gerardo (Congregation of the Merciful Sisters of Saint Gerard).

Born

3 October 1848 at Monza, Milan, Italy

Died

31 January 1926 in Milan, Italy of natural causes

Beatified

21 March 2004 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-luigi-talamoni/


Saint Abraham of Abela

Also known as

• Abraham of Arbela
• Abraham the Persian
• Abraham Persianus
• Abrahán, Abraamios, Abraämius, Abramius

Profile

Bishop of Abela, Assyria (in modern Iraq). Martyred in the persecutions of King Sapor II of Persia for refusing to worship the sun.

Died

beheaded c.345 at Telman, Persia

Representation

bishop with a sword

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-abraham-of-abela/


Saint Waldo of Evreux

Also known as

Gaud, Gaudo, Valdo, Waldus

Profile

Seventh century bishop of Evreux, France. In late life he retired to live as a hermit.

Died

• Coutances, Neustria (in modern France) of natural causes
• relics re-discovered in 1311 in a sarcophagus in Saint-Pair-sur-Mer, diocese of Coutances, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-waldo-of-evreux/


Saint Metranus of Alexandria

Also known as

Metras, Metrano

Profile

Tortured and murdered in the persecutions of Decius for refusing to sacrifice to idols. Saint Dionysius of Alexandria wrote about his martyrdom.

Died

stoned to death c.250 outside the city walls of Alexandria, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-metranus-of-alexandria/


Blessed Adamnan of Coldingham

Profile

Pilgrim. Monk at the monastery of Coldingham, Scotland under the direction of Saint Ebba. Known for the austerity of his life. Had the gift of prophecy.

Born

Ireland

Died

c.680 of natural causes

Beatified

1898 by Pope Leo XIII

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-adamnan-of-coldingham/


Saint Eusebius of Saint Gall

Profile

Monk of Saint Gall Abbey in Switzerland. Hermit on Mount Saint Victor in the Vorarlberg region of modern Austria. Killed while preaching against godlessness. Martyr.

Born

Ireland

Died

hit with a scythe in 884

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eusebius-of-saint-gall/


Saint Athanasius of Modon

Profile

When the Saracens invaded Sicily, Athanasius was forced to flee to Greece. Basilian monk. Bishop of Modon (modern Methoni).

Born

in Catania, Sicily

Died

c.885 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-athanasius-of-modon/


Saint Nicetas of Novgorod

Profile

Monk at the Monastery of the Caves. Hermit. Tormented by demons in his solitude, he returned to the monastery. Bishop of Novgorod in 1095. Known as a miracle worker.

Born

in Kiev, Ukraine

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-nicetas-of-novgorod/


Saint Madoes

Also known as

Madianus

Profile

Though there are guesses and legends associated with this name, nothing is known about him except that he appears on ancient calendars, and he is honoured in the Carse of Gowrie, Scotland.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-madoes/


Saint Theodotia of Canope

Also known as

Theodota

Profile

Daughter of Saint Athanasia of Canope. Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Died

c.303 outside Canope, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-theodotia-of-canope/


Saint Wilgils

Also known as

Wilgis, Hilgis

Profile

Father of Saint Willibrord of Echternach. Retired to live as a hermit on the banks of the River Humber in northeast England.

Born

Northumbria, England

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-wilgils/


Blessed John Angelus

Profile

Benedictine monk at Pomposa, diocese of Ferrara, Italy. Spiritual student of Saint Guy of Pomposa.

Born

in Venice, Italy

Died

c.1050 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-john-angelus/


Saint Bobinus of Troyes

Profile

Benedictine monk at Moulier-la-Celle. Bishop of Troyes, France in 760.

Born

in Aquitaine, France

Died

c.766 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bobinus-of-troyes/


Saint Martin Manuel

Profile

Priest in Siure, Portugal. Captured by Saracens. Martyr.

Born

in Auranca, Portugal

Died

1156 in prison in Cordoba, Spain of ill-treatment

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-martin-manuel/


Saint Tysul

Profile

Son of Corun; cousin of Saint David of Wales. Founded a church in Llandysul, Wales; the church and it's ancient altar survive today.

Born

462

Died

544 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-tysul/


Saint Saturninus of Alexandria

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Decius.

Died

c.250 in Alexandria, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-saturninus-of-alexandria-31-january/


Saint Theoctista of Canope

Profile

Daughter of Saint Athanasia of Canope. Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Died

c.303 outside Canope, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-theoctista-of-canope/


Saint Athanasia of Canope

Profile

Married Christian lay woman and mother. Tortured and martyred with her three daughters.

Died

beheaded in Canope, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-athanasia-of-canope/


Saint Victor of Alexandria

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Decius.

Died

c.250 in Alexandria, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-victor-of-alexandria-31-january/


Saint Eudoxia of Canope

Profile

Daughter of Saint Athanasia of Canope. Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Died

c.303 outside Canope, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eudoxia-of-canope/


Saint Tryphaena of Cyzicus

Profile

Martyr.

Died

tortured, then gored to death by a bull at Cyzicus (in modern Turkey)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-tryphaena-of-cyzicus/


Saint Zoticus of Alexandria

Profile

Martyr.

Died

martyred in Alexandria, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-zoticus-of-alexandria/


Saint Cyriacus of Alexandria

Profile

Martyr.

Died

Alexandria, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-cyriacus-of-alexandria/


Saint Tarskius of Alexandria

Profile

Martyr.

Died

Alexandria, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-tarskius-of-alexandria/


Saint Thrysus

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Decius.

Died

c.250 in Alexandria, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-thrysus/


Martyrs of Corinth

Profile

A group of Christians tortured and martyred together in Corinth, Greece in the persecutions of Decius. We know nothing about them except some names - Anectus, Claudius, Codratus, Crescens, Cyprian, Diodorus, Dionysius, Nicephorus, Papias, Paul, Serapion, Theodora, Victor and Victorinus.

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-corinth-31-january/


Martyrs of Korea

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions in Korea. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Saint Agatha Kwon Chin-i
Saint Agatha Yi Kyong-I
Saint Augustinus Park Chong-Won
Saint Magdalena Son So-Byok
Saint Maria Yi In-Dok
Saint Petrus Hong Pyong-Ju


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Candelarija of Saint Joseph


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