|Optional Memorial of Saint Marie Guyart of the Incarnation; Optional Memorial of Pope Saint Pius V|
• Marie Guyard
• Marie Guyart of the Incarnation
• Marie Guyart
• Marie de l'Incarnation
• Marie of the Ursulines
• Mother of New France
• Theresa of the New World
Daughter of a baker, she was raised in a family of craftsmen and tradesmen, and was related on her mother's side to the noble Barbon de la Bourdaisière family. A pious and sometimes mystical child, she would memorize and recite homilies, and early wanted to become a nun. Against her wishes, she entered an arranged marriage with Claude Martin, a silk manufacturer, at age seventeen, and was soon the mother of one son. Widowed after two years of marriage, she moved back with her family, and refused to discuss re-marriage. Worked as an embroiderer.
On 25 March 1620 she experienced a vision in which she was shown all her faults and human frailties, then was immersed in Christ's blood. This event changed her completely, and her desire to be involved in religious life translated to prayer, liturgical devotion, and charity.
Finally leaving her father's house, Marie worked as a bookkeeper in her brother-in-law's shipping company. Having a gift for administration, Marie was soon the company manager. However, the drive to the religious life never ended, and in January 1631 she asked her sister to care for her son Claude, and then joined the Ursulines at Tours, France on 25 January 1631. Claude gathered a group of his friends, all 12 or 13 years old, and tried to storm the convent to "free" his mother, but they were unable to gain entry. This incident has been often cited by her detractors as indicative of a serious flaw in Marie, and even she did not wholly understand why she did what she did. She later explained, however, that she was following God's will, and Claude apparently came to understand it - he became a Benedictine priest in 1641, the assistant to his Order's superior general, and his mother's biographer.
Marie took her final vows in 1633 as Marie de l'Incarnation. Assistant mistress of novices for the Order in Tours. Doctrinal instructor. After a few years of this work, Marie received another vision that would change her life. This time it was a huge country of mountains and forests, and the message that it was Canada, and that she must go there to build a house for Christ. She worked for years to collect the money and support for her mission, and in 3 April 1639 she sailed from Dieppe with Marie-Madeleine de la Peltrie, one of her primary supporters.
She landed in New France on 4 July 1639, and arrived in the future Québec, Canada on 1 August 1639. She was the first superior of the Ursulines in Canada. Worked as a missionary to the Natives and other residents in the area. Studied the local languages with the Jesuits who were already in the area; she became so proficient that she later wrote Algonquin, Iroquois, Montagnais, and Ouendat dictionaries, and a catechism in Iroquois.
She laid the first stone of the convent in 1641, and took it over in 1642. It formed the base for her work, and when it burned on 29 December 1650, she supervised its reconstruction, finishing construction on 29 May 1651. Ever strong-willed, she opposed bishop Blessed Francis de Montmorency Laval's attempt to control the Quebec Ursulines. A prolific correspondent, over 12,000 of her letters have survived.
28 October 1599 at Tours, France
30 April 1672 of hepatitis in Quebec, Canada
3 April 2014 by Pope Francis (equipollent canonization)
When the soul has reached this state, it makes very little difference whether it is buried in business worries or enjoys restful solitude. It is all the same for the soul, for everything that touches it, everything that surrounds it, everything that strikes its senses does not prevent its enjoyment of love's presence. - Blessed Marie
• Giuseppe Benedetto Cottolengo
• Italian Vincent de Paul
• Workman of Divine Providence
Born to a middle class family. Studied at the seminary in Turin, Italy. Ordained in 1811. Parish priest in Bra and Corneliano d'Alba. Doctor of Divinity. Joined the Order of the Corpus Christi in Turin. Canon of the Church of the Trinity in Turin.
For several years, Joseph treated his priesthood more as a career than a vocation. Then one night he was called to the bed of a poor, sick woman in labour. The woman badly needed medical help, but had been turned away everywhere for lack of money. Joseph stayed with her throughout the travail, and was there to hear her confession, give her absolution, Communion, and last rites. He baptized her newborn daughter, and then watched as both of them died in bed. The trauma of the evening changed his mind about his vocation.
In 1827 he opened a small shelter for the area sick and homeless, renting a room, filling it with beds, and seeking male and female volunteers. The place expanded, and he received help from the Brothers of Saint Vincent and the Vincentian Sisters. During a cholera outbreak in 1831, the local police closed the hospice, fearing it was a source of the illness.
In 1832, Giuseppe transferred his operation to the Valdocco area of Turin, Italy, and called the shelter the Little House of Divine Providence (Piccola Casa). The Casa began receiving support, and grew, adding asylums, orphanages, hospitals, schools, workshops, chapels, alms-house, and programs to help the poor, sick, and needy of all types. This small village of the poor depended almost entirely on alms, Joseph kept no records, and turned down offers of state assistance; never once did they do without. Joseph directed the operation until a few days before his death, and the Casa continues to today, serving 8,000 or more each day. He founded fourteen communities to serve the residents, including the Daughters of Compassion, Daughters of the Good Shepherd, Hermits of the Holy Rosary, and Priests of the Holy Trinity.
3 May 1786 at Bra, Cuneo, Piedmont region, Italy
• 30 April 1842 of typhus at Chieri, Turin, Italy
• buried in the Mary altar in the main chapel in Valdocco, Italy
19 March 1934 by Pope Pius XI
When I am in Heaven, where everything is possible, I will cling to the mantle of the Mother of God and I will not turn my eyes from you. But do not forget what this poor old man has said to you. - Saint Joseph from his deathbed
• Antonio Ghisleri
• Giovanni Michele Ghisleri
• Michael Ghisleri
• Michele Ghislieri
1 May (Rome, Italy)
Born to impoverished Italian nobility, the son of Paolo Ghislieri and Domenica Augeria. Worked as a shepherd as a boy. Received an excellent training in piety and holiness, including a scholastic education from a Dominican friar; he joined the Order himself in 1518, taking the name Michele. Studied in Bologna, Italy. Ordained in 1528 in the diocese of Genoa, Italy. Teacher of philosophy and divinity in Genoa. Professor of theology in Pavia, Italy for sixteen years. Master of novices and prior of several Dominican houses, working for stricter adherence to the Order's Rule. Inquisitor in Como and Bergamo, Italy. Commissary general of the Roman Inquisition in 1551. On 4 September 1556 Michele was consecrated Bishop of Nepi e Sutri, Italy against his will. Inquisitor in Milan and Lombardy in 1556. Created cardinal on 15 March 1557. Grand inquisitor on 14 December 1558. Part of the conclave of 1559 that elected Pope Pius IV. Bishop of Mondovi, Italy on 17 March 1560. As bishop, Michael worked to lead his flock with words and examples, and served as a continual messenger encouraging personal piety and devotion to God. Chosen 225th pope in 1566.
Upon his ascension to the papacy, Pius V immediately faced the task of enacting the reforms of the Council of Trent. New seminaries were opened, a new breviary, new missal, and new catechism were published; foundations were established to spread the Faith and preserve the doctrine of the Church. Pius spent much time personally working with the needy. He built hospitals and used the papal treasury to care for the poor. Pius faced many difficulties in the public forum, both in the implementation of the Tridentine reforms and in interaction with other heads of state. At the time of his death he was working on a Christian European alliance to break the power of the Islamic states.
17 January 1504 at Bosco, diocese of Alessandria, Lombardy, Italy as Antonio Ghisleri
• elected 7 January 1566
• crowned 17 January 1566
• 1 May 1572 in Rome, Italy, apparently of a renal disorder caused by kidney stones
• buried in the chapel of San Andrea, Saint Peter's basilica, Vatican City
22 May 1712 by Pope Clement XI
Bosco Marengo, Italy
• Benedetto da Urbino
• Benito of Urbino
• Marco Passionei
The 7th of eleven children born to Domenico Passionei and Maddalena Cibo, members of the Italian nobility; Marco was orphaned as a boy, and suffered from frail health all his life. He studied philosophy and law at the University of Perugia and the University of Padua, graduating in Padua in 1582 with degrees in civil and canon law. He served as a clerk to Cardinal Giovanni Girolamo Albani in Rome, Italy. As a young man, Marco felt a call to religious life, but his family strongly opposed it, and his poor health caused him to be rejected by several houses. When he was 24 years old he succeeded in joining the Franciscan Capuchin friars at the convent of Santa Caterina on 1 May 1584, making his profession in 1585. Ordained a priest in 1590, he took the name Benedict of Urbino. Beginning in 1600, Father Benedict worked with Saint Lawrence of Brindisi in Austria and Bohemia, helping the poor, and trying to bring Hussites and Lutherans back to the Church. Though his health sometimes sidelined him, he continued this work for years, living an ascetic life of penance.
13 September 1560 in Urbino, Duchy of Urbino, Papal States (part of modern Italy) as Marco Passionei
30 April 1625 in Fossombrone, Pesaro-Urbino, Italy of complications following surgery
10 February 1867 by Pope Pius IX
• Earconvaldo, Erkenwald, Erkenwold, Erkonwald
• The Light of London
14 November translation of his relics
May have been related to royalty. Benedictine monk. Founded Chertsey Abbey in Surrey, England, and served as its first abbot. Founded a convent at Barking, Essex, England; his sister, Saint Ethelburga of Barking, served as its abbess. Appointed bishop of the East Saxons by Saint Theodore of Canterbury in 675; his see was in London. Suffered from severe gout, but continually travelled through his diocese. His shrine was a pilgrimage site in the Middle Ages, and the sick were miraculously cured by touching the chair he used for travel.
in 7th century East Anglia, England
• c.686 in London, England
• interred in Saint Paul's Cathedral, London
• re-interred in the crypt following the fire of 1087
• relics translated to a new shrine on 14 November 1148
• relics translated to a new shrine on 1 February 1326
• bishop in a small chariot, which he used for travelling his diocese
• with Saint Ethelburga of Barking
• Gualfardus of Verona
• Wolfhard of...
27 October (translation of relics)
Layman artison, trader and saddler at Verona, Italy. His reputation for sanctity spread, and the people of Verona saw him as a saint in their midst. He retired to become a Camoldolese Benedictine monk at San Salvatore priory near Verona.
1070 at Augsburg, Germany
• 30 April 1127 at San Salvatore priory, Verona, Italy of natural causes
• relics enshrined in the church of the monastery of San Fermo Maggiore, Verona
• relics transferred to the church of Saint Sebastian in Augsburg, Germany on 27 October 1602
• harness makers
• hermit near a river
• man lying in a stone coffin
Adjoutr, Ajutre, Ayutre
Lord of Vernon-sur-Seine. Norman knight in the First Crusade in 1095 during which he was captured by Muslims who tried to force him to abandon his faith. He escaped, apparently swimming to freedom, returned to France, and became a Benedictine monk at Tiron, France. Hermit in his later years.
Normandy (part of modern France)
30 April 1131 at Tiron, France
• against drowning
• drowning victims
• Vernon, France
• Crusader hermit with a chain nearby
• Crusader hermit with a bird nearby
• man throwing part of his chains over a precipice
Studied at the Shkodrë Pontifical Seminary, and in Innsbruck, Austria. Ordained in Primiz, Austria on 3 August 1919 as a priest of the archdiocese of Shkodrë-Pult, Albania. Imprisoned in 1947 during the Communist government’s anti–Christian persecutions, he survived months of torture. Martyr.
21 January 1891 in Shiroka, Shkodrë, Albania
tortured to death on 30 April 1948 in Shkodrë, Albania
• 5 November 2016 by Pope Francis
• beatification celebrated at the Square of the Cathedral of Shën Shtjefnit, Shkodër, Albania, presided by Cardinal Angelo Amato
• 22 November as one of the Martyrs of England, Scotland, and Wales
• 29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai
Studied in Lithuania, at the English College at Douai, France, and the College of Saint Alban, Valladolid, Spain. Priest. Returned to England to minister to covert Catholics, mainly in Northumberland. Arrested while celebrating Mass, and condemned to death for the crime of priesthood. Martyr.
c.1569 in Ketton, Durham, England
hanged, drawn, and quartered on 30 April 1618 at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England
22 November 1987 by Pope John Paul II
• Hildegard of Swabia
• Hildegard of Kempten
Daughter of the Duke of Swabia, Germany. Married Emperor Charlemagne in 771. Empress. Mother of nine during her twelve years of married life. Friend and supporter of many monks and nuns including Saint Lioba of Bischofsheim. Founded Kempten abbey.
c.754 in Swabia (modern Germany)
• 783 at Thionville, France of natural causes
• relics at Kempten Abbey
• Giuseppe Tuân
• Joseph Tuân
Dominican priest. Arrested and executed in the persecutions of Emperor Tu-Duc, charged with spying when caught bringing communion to his sick mother. Martyr.
c.1821 in Tran Xá, Hung Yên, Vietnam
30 April 1861 in Hung Yên, Vietnam
19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II
Benedictine monk at Savigny, Normandy, France. He was believed to have leprosy, and so he was assigned to care for some brother monks who were dying of the disease. Later he was found not to have the condition, and was allowed to return to the general population of his house, but had already developed a ministry for caring for the sick. Priest. Mystic, given to ecstacies.
near Rennes, France
1173 of natural causes
Born wealthy. Joined the Benedictine Italian Cruciferi. Built an abbey and hospital on his family estate near Assisi, Italy, and served as its abbot the rest of his life.
• c.1265 of natural causes
• buried at his abbey church in Spello, Italy
• relics re-enshrined in 1625
• relics re-enshrined in 1778
• Quirinus of Neuss
• at the cemetery of Praetextatus on the Via Appia outside Rome, Italy
• relics transferred to a Benedictine convent at Neuss, Germany in 1050 by Pope Leo IX
26 October (discovery of relics)
First bishop of Forli, Italy. Worked to convert pagans and suppress Arianism, which led to him being depicted in art as killing a dragon. Attended the Council of Rimini in 359.
c.406 of natural causes
Priest. Friend and assistant to Saint Gaudentius of Novara. Martyred with a group of children he was instructing in Christianity.
west of Novara, Italy; possibly Spain or France
Missionary to Gaul (modern France), consecrated and sent by Pope Saint Clement I. There he worked with Saint Denis of Paris. Hermit. First Bishop of Saintes, France. Martyr.
skull crushed c.250
Friend of Saint Laviero. Deacon and courageous preacher in a time of persecution. Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.
3rd century Acerenza or Ripacandida, Italy
303 in Grumentum (modern Grumento Nova, Italy)
• Acerenza, Italy
• Ripacandida, Italy
Priest. Bishop of Domhnach-Mor, Ireland, a diocese that no longer exists. Emigrated to Belgium, he helped found Waulsort Abbey, and became a monk there. Abbot in 962, establishing it as a Benedictine house.
982 of natural causes
Monk. Murdered by Saracens for publicly proclaiming his faith. Martyr.
martyred in 855 in Córdoba, Spain
A group of 70 Mercedarian friars, led by Blessed Luigi Puell, who were martyred by Huguenots for trying to bring people back to the Catholic Church.
1567 in Montpellier, France
Layman. Murdered by Saracens for publicly proclaiming his faith. Martyr.
855 in Córdoba, Spain
Worked with missionaries to Germany. Bishop of Werden, Westphalia (in modern Germany).
6 March as one of the Bishops of Maastricht
Bishop of Maastricht (in modern Netherlands) from 487 to 489.
30 April 489
Ordained in Córdoba, Spain. Murdered by Saracens for publicly proclaiming his faith. Martyr.
martyred in 855 in Córdoba, Spain
Consecrated virgin martyred in the persecutions of Decius.
Late-4th-century bishop of Euraea in modern Albania. Reported to have killed a dragon by spitting in its mouth; this may be some sort of metaphor for defeating the devil by standing up for his faith.
Priest martyred with about 30 of his parishioners whose names have not come down to us.
Seventh century bishop of Viviers, Neustria (in modern France). Founded the first hospital in the city, and freed slaves.
Monk at Beaulieu, Limousin, Limoges. Martyr.
murdered by his nephew at Aynac-en-Quercy, France
Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.
stoned to death at Aphrodisias, Caria (near modern Geyre, Turkey)
Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.
stoned to death at Aphrodisias, Caria (near modern Geyre, Turkey)
Lay man merchant Christian in Ephesus. Beaten, racked and martyred in the persecutions of Decius.
stoned to death in 250
Brother of Saint Deiniol. Bishop of Bangor, Wales. Known for his ascetic life, there are several churches dedicated to him.
Bishop of Naples, Italy from 508 to 536. Fierce opponent of Arianism.
• Francis Dickenson
• Luith of Druim-Dairbhreach
• Matilda of Scotland
• Maximus of Rome
• Miles Gerard
• Onenn of Brittany
• Pauline von Mallinckrodt
• Peter the Deacon
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