|Memorial of Saint Gregory the Great, pope and doctor|
• Gregory I
• Gregory Dialogos
• Gregory the Dialogist
• Father of the Fathers
Son of Gordianus, a Roman regionarius, and Saint Silvia of Rome. Nephew of Saint Emiliana and Saint Tarsilla. Great-grandson of Pope Saint Felix III. Educated by the finest teachers in Rome, Italy. Prefect of Rome for a year, then he sold his possessions, turned his home into a Benedictine monastery, and used his money to build six monasteries in Sicily and one in Rome. Benedictine monk. Upon seeing English children being sold in the Roman Forum, he became a missionary to England.
Elected 64th Pope by unanimous acclamation on 3 September 590, the first monk to be chosen. Sent Saint Augustine of Canterbury and a company of monks to evangelize England, and other missionaries to France, Spain, and Africa. Collected the melodies and plain chant so associated with him that they are now known as Gregorian Chants. One of the four great Doctors of the Latin Church. Wrote seminal works on the Mass and Divine Office, several of them dictated to his secretary, Saint Peter the Deacon.
c.540 at Rome, Italy
3 September 590
12 March 604 at Rome, Italy of natural causes
• against gout
• against plague
• choir boys
• educators, teachers
• stone masons, stonecutters
• students, school children
• popes, the papacy
• West Indies
• Legazpi, Philippines, diocese of
• Order of Knights of Saint Gregory
• Kercem, Malta
• Montone, Italy
• San Gregorio nelle Alpi, Italy
• pope working on sheet music
• pope writing
The proof of love is in the works. Where love exists, it works great things. But when it ceases to act, it ceases to exist. - Saint Gregory the Great
If we knew at what time we were to depart from this world, we would be able to select a season for pleasure and another for repentance. But God, who has promised pardon to every repentant sinner, has not promised us tomorrow. Therefore we must always dread the final day, which we can never foresee. This very day is a day of truce, a day for conversion. And yet we refuse to cry over the evil we have done! Not only do we not weep for the sins we have committed, we even add to them.... If we are, in fact, now occupied in good deeds, we should not attribute the strength with which we are doing them to ourselves. We must not count on ourselves, because even if we know what kind of person we are today, we do not know what we will be tomorrow. Nobody must rejoice in the security of their own good deeds. As long as we are still experiencing the uncertainties of this life, we do not know what end may follow....we must not trust in our own virtues. - Saint Gregory the Great, from Be Friends of God
• Vitalian of Caudium
• Vitalian of Montesarchio
• Vitaliano of...
Reluctant 7th century bishop of Caudium (in modern Montesarchio), Campania, Italy.
The earliest written record we have of his life is a 12th century manuscript found in the church library in Benevento, Italy; its authenticity is questionable, but its story of one of the pivotal moments of the life Vitalian became very popular -
When chosen bishop by the people of the region, which the custom in those days, he was roundly abused by his enemies, including priests who had wanted the seat. He was accused of preaching chastity without practicing it, and being involved in debauchery. Vitalian denounced their lies, then packed up and left the city, intending to go to Rome, Italy and present himself for audience with the pope. His enemies followed him, captured him, tied him in a leather bag, and threw him into the Garigliano River to drown. He floated to the coast of Ostia, Italy where he was rescued from the bag by some fishermen, and emerged unharmed. He stayed along the coast several months, during which there was famine, drought and plague back in the city that had betrayed and abused him. Their misery ended only when Vitalian returned to them; his entry to the city caused the first rain in months. Known as a miracle worker during the time he remained there.
Later in life he retired to live as a hermit at Milarum near Caserta, Italy, and then to Montevergine where he is reputed to have built a chapel and oratory dedicated the Blessed Virgin Mary.
• 699 in Montevergine, Avellino, Italy of natural causes
• buried at the chapel he had built
• the place of his burial became over-grown and lost for a few years until re-discovered by some shepherds when his remains exuded a beautiful perfume that drew them to the site
• by 716, he had been re-interred in Benevento, Italy by Bishop Giovianni V
• relics hidden from Saracen invaders in 914
• by an order of Pope Callistus II on 27 October 1121, relics transferred to Catanzaro, Italy in 1122 as part of the celebration of the establishment of the diocese of Catanzaro
• some old stories indicate that the relics were enshrined in Osimo, Italy for a time, but there are no records of the move, just stories that it happened, but it led to his association with Capua, Italy and the 16 July commemoration
• Pietro Ruffo, Count of Catanzaro, built a chapel beside the Catanzaro Cathedral in 1311 to enshrine Vilatian's relics
• in 1583, when the chapel had fallen into a state of ruin, Bishop Nicolò Orazio had the relics re-enshrined in a velvet lined cask under the altar in the church of Our Lady of Catanzaro
• pure water is reported to flow from the relics
• Catanzaro, Italy
• San Vitaliano, Italy
• Sparanise, Italy
• Marinus of San Marino
• Marinus the Dalmatian
• Marinus of Dalmatia
Stonemason who worked at Monte Titano in modern San Marino. Layman preacher who converted many, and ministered to Christians who had been sentenced to quarry work as punishment for their faith. Deacon, ordained by Saint Gaudentius of Rimini. Bishop of Rimini, Italy. Though he belonged to no order that required it, he was a confirmed, life-long bachelor. Falsely accused by an insane woman of Rimini of being her estranged husband, he fled to a cave on Monte Titano, and lived there as a hermit. The small country of San Marino is named for him.
5th century Albe, Dalmatia
• of natural causes
• relics in the Basilica of Saint Marinus
• falsely accused people
• San Marino
• bearded layman with a stone mason's hammer
• bearded man with two oxen near him
• deacon to Saint Gaudentius of Rimini
• deacon to Saint Leo the Great
• young deacon with a hammer
Remacle, Remaculus, Rimagilus
Born to the nobility, Remaclus grew up in and around the royal court of Aquitaine (in modern France. Studied under Saint Sulpicius of Bourges. Benedictine monk in 625. Priest. First abbot at Solignac Abbey near Limoges, France, appointed by Saint Eligius. Abbot of the monastery at Cugnon, duchy of Luxembourg. Advisor to King Sigebert II of Austrasia. Convinced the king to found the double abbey of Stavelot, Belgium, and Malmedy, Ardennes, France, in 648; Remaclus served as its first abbot. Missionary bishop of Maastricht, Netherlands from 652 to 663, a diocese frequently out of touch with the Church and known to murder its bishops. He worked to spread monasticism in the region. Friend and co-worker with Saint Hadelin. Spiritual teacher of Saint Trond, Saint Babolen, Saint Theodard of Maastricht, and Saint Lambert of Maestricht. In his later years retired to the abbey at Stavelot to spend his final days as a prayerful monk.
early 7th century Aquitaine, France
c.663 at Stavelot Abbey, Belgium of natural causes
with a wolf nearby
• Mansu, Mansueto, Mansuy
• Apostle of Lorraine
First bishop of Toul, France, c.338 serving until his death. He was so successful in spreading the faith in the region that he became known as the Apostle of Lorraine.
• c.350 in Toul, Gaul (in modern France)
• interred at the church of San Pedro in Toul
• Saint Martin of Tours is known to have made a trip to the grave
• relics translated in 971 by Saint Gerard of Toul
• relics distributed to several churches to save them from destruction during the French Revolution
bishop with a boy holding a ball; the boy is the son of the local governor who died while playing, and whom Saint Mansuetus raised from the dead
Aengus McNisse, Angus MacNisse, Macanisius of Kells, Macnisius, Mac Nissi, MacNissi, Macnishius, Oengus Mac Nisse
Baptized as an infant by Saint Patrick. Spiritual student of Saint Olean. Pilgrim to Rome and the Holy Lands. Priest. Consecrated as abbot-bishop of Kells in Ireland by Saint Patrick. Friend of Saint Colmon of Dromore. Probable founder of the Kells monastery, which became the diocese of Connor, Ireland. Among other miracles attributed to him, he is reported to have changed the course of a river for the convenience of his monks, and to have rescued a child who about to be executed for his father's crime by having the boy picked up by the wind and carried to him.
514 of natural causes
diocese of Connor, Ireland
• Birgitta Morello
• Brigida Morello
• Brigida Morello Zancano
Sixth of eleven children born to a deeply religious family. Married to Matthew Zancano of Cremona, Italy on 14 October 1633. Widowed on 11 November 1637. Spiritual student of the Jesuits in Piacenza, Italy. Foundress of the Institute of the Ursuline Sisters of Mary Immaculate.
17 June 1610 in San Michele di Pagana di Rapallo, Genoa, Italy as Brigada Morello
3 September 1679 in Piacenza, Italy of natural causes
15 March 1998 by Pope John Paul II at Rome, Italy
Christian matron, and likely a widow. Deaconess at Cenchrese, Greece. Delivered Saint Paul the Apostle‘s Epistle to the church in Rome, Italy, and is praised by him in it. Saint John Chrysostom wrote a sermon singing her praises.
I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is [also] a minister of the church at Cenchreae, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the holy ones, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a benefactor to many and to me as well. – Romans 16:1-2, NAB
Aigulf, Ayou, Ayoul
Benedictine monk at Fleury, France at age 20. Sent to Monte Cassino Abbey to obtain relics of Saint Benedict of Nursia. Abbot of the Abbey of Lérins c.670, instituting the Benedictine Rule there. Kidnapped and murdered with four of his brother monks by a group of men who objected to the growing influence of the Christian monks.
c.630 in Blois, France
martyred in 676 on a small island near Corsica, France
One of the first disciples in Italy of Saint Dominic de Guzman. First Dominican prior in Brescia, Italy, and of Bologna, Italy. Bishop of Brescia in 1228. Due to civil unrest, he resigned the bishopric in 1242 and retired to the Vallumbrosans of San Sepolcro d'Astino, Italy.
1244 at San Sepolcro d'Astino, Italy of natural causes
1866 by Pope Blessed Pius IX (cultus confirmed)
• Reol of Rheims
• Rieul of Rheims
Benedictine monk at Rebais, France. Spiritual student of Saint Philibert. Archbishop of Rheims, France. Founded Orbais abbey in 680.
698 of natural causes
• bishop telling the frogs to keep silence while he preaches
• bishop with a fountain springing from his tears
• bishop holding a staff and following his own funeral procession
Haeresvid, Haereswith, Hereswithe, Hereswyde
Princess from Northumbria (in modern England), the daughter of Hereric and Breguswith. Sister of Saint Hilda of Whitby. Married to Aethelhere, King of East Anglia. Mother of Alfwold and of Aldwulf who became king of East Anglia. Widow. When her children were grown, she became a nun at Chelles, France.
at Northumbria, England
c.690 of natural causes
Brother of Saint Opportune. 15th bishop of Séez, France. Noted for his support of the poor and disabled. Murdered while returning from a pilgrimage.
murdered in 765 on the road to Almenêches, France
Martyred at age 9 in the persecutions of Diocletian.
c.303 in Nicomedia, Bithynia, Asia Minor (in modern Turkey)
Born to the 7th century English nobility. Brother of Saint Gerald. Worked with Saint Colman of Lindisfarne, and travelled with him to Iona, Scotland. With his brothers, he later settled to live as a monk at Tecksaxon ("The House of the Saxons") near Tuam, Ireland.
Deacon. Martyred in the persecutions of Emperor Licinius along with 40 young women whom he brought to Christianity.
313 at Heraclea, Thrace (part of modern Macedonia) by having a red-hot helmet placed on his head
Brother of Blessed Otto of Heidelberg. Benedictine monk at Niederaltaich, Bavaria in 1320, living in a hermit's cell in the monastery.
Bishop of Milan, Italy.
568 of natural causes
Priest at Casale, Piedmont, Italy.
in Benevento, Italy
6th century of natural causes
Benedictine monk at Fleury, France. Martyr.
676 on a small island near Corsica, France
Sandalus, Sandolus, Sandulf
Martyred by Moors.
martyred c.855 in Cordoba, Spain
Bishop of Sens, France.
c.455 of natural causes
Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.
burned to death, date unknown
Bishop of Como, Italy in the mid-7th century.
Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.
burned to death, date unknown
Four young women, variously sisters and cousins, who were born to the nobility, the daughters of the pagans Valentinianus of Aquileia and Valentius of Aquileia. Each woman converted and made private vows, dedicating themselves to God. They were arrested, tortured and martyred by order of Valentius for becoming a Christian. We know little else but their names – Dorothy, Erasma, Euphemia and Thecla.
• beheaded in the 1st century in Aquileia, Italy
• body thrown into a nearby river
A group of priests and clerics, native and foreign, murdered together in the anti-Christian persecutions in Japan.
• Anthony Ishida
• Bartolomé Gutiérrez Rodríguez
• Francisco Terrero de Ortega Pérez
• Gabriel Tarazona Rodríguez
• Jerome of the Cross de Torres
• Vicente Simões de Carvalho
scalded in boiling water and then burned alive on 3 September 1632 in Nishizaka, Nagasaki, Japan
7 May 1867 by Pope Pius IX
A group of Christian lay people martyred together in the persecutions in Korea.
• Agnes Kim Hyo-Ch'u
• Barbara Kwon Hui
• Barbara Yi Chong-hui
• Ioannes Pak Hu-jae
• Maria Pak K'Un-agi
• Maria Yi Yon-hui
beheaded on 3 September 1839 at the Small West Gate, Seoul, South Korea
6 May 1984 by Pope John Paul II
• Martyrs of Paris
• Martyrs of Carmes
A group of 191 martyrs who died in the French Revolution. They were imprisoned in the Abbey of St-Germain-des-Prés, Hôtel des Carmes in the rue de Rennes, Prison de la Force, and Seminaire de Saint-Firmin in Paris, France by the Legislative Assembly for refusing to take the oath to support the civil constitution of the clergy. This act placed priests under the control of the state, and had been condemned by the Vatican. They include
• Ambroise-Augustin Chevreux • Andé Angar • André Grasset de Saint-Sauveur • André-Abel Alricy • Anne-Alexandre-Charles-Marie Lanfant • Antoine-Charles-Octavien du Bouzet • Antoine-Mathieu-Augustin Nogier • Apollinaris of Posat • Armand de Foucauld de Pontbriand • Armand-Anne-Auguste-Antonin-Sicaire Chapt de Rastignac • August-Dénis Nezel • Bernard-François de Cucsac • Bertrand-Antoine de Caupenne • Charles Carnus • Charles-François le Gué • Charles-Jéremie Bérauld du Pérou • Charles-Louis Hurtrel • Charles-Regis-Mathieu de la Calmette de Valfons • Charles-Victor Véret • Claude Bochot • Claude Cayx-Dumas • Claude Chaudet • Claude Colin • Claude Fontaine • Claude Ponse • Claude Rousseau • Claude-Antoine-Raoul Laporte • Claude-François Gagnières des Granges • Claude-Louis Marmotant de Savigny • Claude-Silvain-Raphaël Mayneaud de Bizefranc • Daniel-Louis André Des Pommerayes • Denis-Claude Duval • Éloy Herque du Roule • Étienne-François-Dieudonné de Ravinel • Étienne-Michel Gillet • Eustache Félix • François Balmain • François Dardan • François Dumasrambaud de Calandelle • François Lefranc • François Varheilhe-Duteil • François-César Londiveau • François-Hyacinthe lé Livec de Trésurin • François-Joseph de la Rochefoucald-Maumont • François-Joseph Monnier • François-Joseph Pey • François-Louis Hébert • François-Louis Méallet de Fargues • François-Urbain Salins de Niart • Gabriel Desprez de Roche • Gaspard-Claude Maignien • Georges Girault • Georges-Jérôme Giroust • Gilbert-Jean Fautrel • Gilles-Louis-Symphorien Lanchon • Guillaume-Antoine Delfaut • Henri-August Luzeau de la Mulonnière • Henri-Hippolyte Ermès • Henri-Jean Milet • Jacques de la Lande • Jacques Dufour • Jacques Friteyre-Durvé • Jacques-Alexandre Menuret • Jacques-Augustin Robert de Lézardières • Jacques-étienne-Philippe Hourrier • Jacques-François de Lubersac • Jacques-Gabriel Galais • Jacques-Jean Lemeunier • Jacques-Joseph Le jardinier desLandes • Jacques-Jules Bonnaud • Jacques-Léonor Rabé • Jacques-Louis Schmid • Jean Charton de Millou • Jean Goizet • Jean Lacan • Jean Lemaître • Jean-André Capeau • Jean-Antoine Guilleminet • Jean-Antoine Savine • Jean-Antoine Seconds • Jean-Antoine-Barnabé Séguin • Jean-Antoine-Hyacinthe Boucharenc de Chaumeils • Jean-Antoine-Joseph de Villette • Jean-Baptiste Bottex • Jean-Baptiste Jannin • Jean-Baptiste Nativelle • Jean-Baptiste-Claude Aubert • Jean-Baptiste-Marie Tessier • Jean-Baptiste-Michel Pontus • Jean-Charles Caron • Jean-Charles Legrand • Jean-Charles-Marie Bernard du Cornillet • Jean-François Bonnel de Pradal • Jean-François Bousquet • Jean-François Burté • Jean-François-Marie Benoît-Vourlat • Jean-Henri Gruyer • Jean-Henri-Louis-Michel Samson • Jean-Joseph de Lavèze-Bellay • Jean-Joseph Rateau • Jean-Louis Guyard de Saint-Clair • Jean-Marie du Lau d'Alleman • Jean-Michel Philippot • Jean-Philippe Marchand • Jean-Pierre Bangue • Jean-Pierre Duval • Jean-Pierre Le Laisant • Jean-Pierre Simon • Jean-Robert Quéneau • Jean-Thomas Leroy • Joseph Bécavin • Joseph Falcoz • Joseph-Louis Oviefre • Joseph-Marie Gros • Joseph-Thomas Pazery de Thorame • Jules-Honoré-Cyprien Pazery de Thorame • Julien le Laisant • Julien Poulain Delaunay • Julien-François Hédouin • Laurent • Louis Barreau de La Touche • Louis le Danois • Louis Longuet • Louis Mauduit • Louis-Alexis-Mathias Boubert • Louis-Benjamin Hurtrel • Louis-François Rigot • Louis-François-André Barret • Louis-Jean-Mathieu Lanier • Louis-Joseph François • Louis-Laurent Gaultier • Louis-Remi Benoist • Louis-Remi-Nicolas Benoist • Loup Thomas-Bonnotte • Marc-Louis Royer • Marie-François Mouffle • Martin-François-Alexis Loublier • Mathurin-Nicolas de la Ville Crohain le Bous de Villeneuve • Mathurin-Victoir Deruelle • Michel Leber • Michel-André-Sylvestre Binard • Michel-François de la Gardette • Nicolas Bize • Nicolas Clairet • Nicolas Colin • Nicolas Gaudreau • Nicolas-Claude Roussel • Nicolas-Marie Verron • Olivier Lefebvre • Philibert Fougères • Pierre Bonzé • Pierre Brisquet • Pierre Brisse • Pierre Gauguin • Pierre Landry • Pierre Ploquin • Pierre Saint-James • Pierre-Claude Pottier • Pierre-Florent Leclercq • Pierre-François Hénocq • Pierre-François Pazery de Thorames • Pierre-Jacques de Turmenyes • Pierre-Jacques-Marie Vitalis • Pierre-Jean Garrigues • Pierre-Louis de la Rochefoucauld-Bayers • Pierre-Louis Gervais • Pierre-Louis Joret • Pierre-Louis-Joseph Verrier • Pierre-Michel Guérin • Pierre-Michel Guérin du Rocher • Pierre-Nicolas Psalmon • Pierre-Paul Balzac • Pierre-Robert Regnet • René Nativelle • René-Joseph Urvoy • René-Julien Massey • René-Marie Andrieux • René-Nicolas Poret • Robert le Bis • Robert-François Guérin du Rocher • Saintin Huré • Sébastien Desbrielles • Solomon Leclerq • Thomas-Jean Montsaint • Thomas-Nicolas Dubray • Thomas-René Dubuisson • Urbain Lefebvre • Vincent Abraham • Vincent-Joseph le Rousseau de Rosencoat • Yves-André Guillon de Keranrun • Yves-Jean-Pierre Rey de Kervisic •
massacred by a mob on 2 September and 3 September 1792
17 October 1926 by Pope Pius XI
Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:
• Blessed Andrea Calle González
• Blessed Concepción Pérez Giral
• Blessed Dolores Úrsula Caro Martín
• Blessed Joaquim Balcells Bosch
• Blessed Pius Salvans Corominas
• Alberto Besozzi
• Commendatore di Cordova
• Vitaliano di Capua
CatholicSaints.Info Portable Edition