28 September • yesterday
• prayers
• tomorrow
Optional Memorial of Saint Wenceslaus, Martyr; Optional Memorial of Saint Lawrence Ruiz and Companions, Martyrs

It belongs to the devil and his followers to be sad; we, on the contrary, ought always to rejoice in the Lord. - Saint Francis of Assisi


Let us not, for the hope of obtaining some pleasure, satisfaction, or advantage, expose ourselves to the danger of withdraw ing our minds from God; but I beg you, brethren, by holy charity, which is the spirit of God Himself, to reject as far as possible the cares, preoccupations, and turmoil of the world, and serve, love, and honour God in purity of heart and mind; this is what He demands before all else. - Saint Francis of Assisi


Saint Wenceslaus of Bohemia

Also known as

Vaceslav, Vaclav, Wenzel, Wenceslas, Václav

Profile

Son of Vratislav I, Duke of Bohemia, whose family had been converted by Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius, and Drahomira, daughter of a pagan chief; she was baptized on her wedding day, but who apparently never seriously took to the faith. Grandson and student of Saint Ludmilla. Duke of Bohemia, ascending to power when his father was killed during a pagan backlash against Christianity, which he fought against with prayer and patience. Murdered by his brother Boleslaus at the door of a church; killed for political reasons, but normally listed as a martyr since the politics arose from his faith. Miracles reported at his tomb. Subject of the Christmas carol Good King Wenceslas. His memorial is also Statehood Day in the Czech Republic.

Born

907 at Prague, Bohemia (in Czech Republic)

Died

28 September 929 at Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav, Bohemia (in Czech Republic)

Patronage

• brewers
• Bohemia
• Czech Republic
• Czechoslovakia
• Moravia
• Prague, Czech Republic, archdiocese of
• Prague, Czech Republic, city of

Representation

• banner
• crown
• eagle
• staff

Storefront

medals and pendants

Video

YouTube PlayList

Readings

At the death of Vratislaus, the people of Bohemia made his son Wencelsaus their king. He was by God's grace a man of utmost faith. He was charitable to the poor, and he would clothe the naked, feed the hungry, and offer hospitality to travelers according to the summons of the Gospel. He would not allow widows to be treated unjustly; he loved all his people, both rich and poor; he also provided for the servants of God, and he adorned many churches. The men of Bohemia, however, became arrogant and prevailed upon Boleslaus, his younger brother. They told him, "Your brother Wenceslaus is conspiring with his mother and his men to kill you." On the feasts of the dedication of the churches in various cities, Wenceslaus was in the habit of paying them a visit. One Sunday he entered the city of Boleslaus, on the feast of Saints Cosmas and Damian, and after hearing Mass, he planned to return to Prague. But Boleslaus, with his wicked plan in mind, detained him with the words, "Why are you leaving brother?" The next morning when they rang the bell for matins, Wencelaus, on hearing the sound, said, "Praise to you, Lord; you have allowed me to live to this morning." And so he rose and went to matins. Immediately Boleslaus followed him to the church door. Wenceslaus looked back at him and said, "Brother, you were a good subject to me yesterday." But the devil had already blocked the ears of Boleslaus, and perverted his heart. Drawing his sword, Boleslaus replied, "And now I intend to be a better one!" With these words, he struck his brother's head with his sword. But Wenceslaus turned and said, "Brother, what are you trying to do?" And with that he seized Boleslaus and threw him to the ground. But one of Boleslaus' counselors ran up and stabbed Wenceslaus in the hand. With his hand wounded, he let go of his brother and took refuge in the church. But two evil men struck him down at the church door; and then another rushed up and ran him through with a sword. Thereupon, Wenceslaus died with the words, "Into your hands, O Lord, I commend my spirit." - from an old Slavic legend about Saint Wenceslaus

Good King Wenceslaus

Good King Wenceslas looked out, on the Feast of Stephen,
When the snow lay round about, deep and crisp and even;
Brightly shone the moon that night, tho' the frost was cruel,
When a poor man came in sight, gath'ring winter fuel.

"Hither, page, and stand by me, if thou know'st it, telling,
Yonder peasant, who is he? Where and what his dwelling?"
"Sire, he lives a good league hence, underneath the mountain;
Right against the forest fence, by Saint Agnes' fountain."

"Bring me flesh, and bring me wine, bring me pine logs hither:
Thou and I will see him dine, when we bear them thither."
Page and monarch, forth they went, forth they went together;
Through the rude wind's wild lament and the bitter weather.

"Sire, the night is darker now, and the wind blow stronger;
Fails my heart, I know not how; I can go no longer."
"Mark my footsteps, my good page. Tread thou in them boldly
Thou shalt find the winter's rage freeze thy blood less coldly."

In his master's steps he trod, where the snow lay dinted;
Heat was in the very sod which the saint had printed.
Therefore, Christian men, be sure, wealth or rank possessing,
Ye who now will bless the poor, shall yourselves find blessing.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-wenceslaus-of-bohemia/


Saint Lorenzo Ruiz of Manila

Also known as

Laurence, Lawrence

Profile

Born to a Chinese father and Filipino mother, both Christians, Lorenzo learned Chinese and Tagalog at home, Spanish from the Dominicans whom he served as altar boy and sacristan. Professional calligrapher and document transcriptionist. Member of the Confraternity of the Holy Rosary. Married layman, and the father of two sons and a daughter.

For unclear reasons, Lorenzo was accused of murder. He sought asylum on board ship with three Dominican priests, Saint Antonio Gonzalez, Saint Guillermo Courtet, and Saint Miguel de Aozaraza, a Japanese priest, Saint Vicente Shiwozuka de la Cruz, and a layman named Saint Lazaro of Kyoto, a leper. Only when they were at sea did he learn that they were going to Japan during a time of intense Christian persecution.

Lorenzo could have gone to Formosa (modern Taiwan), but feared the Spaniards there would hang him, and so stayed with the missionaries as they landed at Okinawa. The group was soon exposed as Christian, arrested, and taken to Nagasaki, Japan. They were tortured in several ways for days. Lawrence and the Japanese priest broke at one point, and were ready to renounce their faith in exchange for release, but after heir moment of crisis, they reclaimed their faith and defied their tormentors. First canonized Filipino martyr.

Born

c.1600 at Binondo, Manila, Philippines

Died

• 29-30 September 1637 at Nagasaki, Japan by being crushed over a period of three days while hanging upside down
• body burned, ashes thrown into the Pacific Ocean

Canonized

• 18 October 1987 by Pope John Paul II
• the canonization miracle involved the healing Cecily Alegriae Policarpio from cerebral paralysis

Storefront

medals, pendants, statues

Video

YouTube PlayList

Readings

Governor: "If we grant you life, will you renounce your faith?"
Lawrence: "That I will never do, because I am a Christian, and I shall die for God, and for him I will give many thousands of lives if I had them. And so, do with me as you please."

God our loving Father, we praise you! We thank you for crowning our Filipino brother, Lorenzo Ruiz with martyrdom. Through his intercession, enable us by your Holy Spirit of Love, to live and die for you and your beloved people, hoping that we may be transformed day by day into the likeness of your Son, Jesus. United with him around the table of his Eucharistic Sacrifice, inspire us to surrender ourselves to be taken by you, Father, to be blessed, broken, and shared with and for others in love and unity, so that our beloved country may attain that peace we long for. We ask this in the name of Jesus Christ our Lord in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God for ever and ever. Amen.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-lorenzo-ruiz-of-manila/


Saint Lioba of Bischofsheim

Also known as

• Lioba of Wimborne
• Leoben, Liobgytha, Liobgetha, Truthgeba

Profile

Born to the Wessex nobility to parents who had long prayed for a child. Relative of Saint Boniface with whom she corresponded for several years. Educated at the convent of Minster-in-Thanet and in Wimborne in Dorset, England. Nun at Wimborne at a time when Saint Tetta of Wimborne served as abbess.

In 748 Lioba led a group of 30 nuns, one of whom was Saint Agatha of Wimborne to Germany to help the missionary work of Saint Boniface and found convents. They based their work at Bischofsheim in Würzburg, Franconia, followed the Benedictine Rule, and Lioba served as abbess. Noted for her intelligence, her endless optimism and positive attitude for the work, and her constant study of the scriptures. Her work and the houses she founded were instrumental in the conversion of Germany to Christianity.

Lioba retired from her position in 776 only to start another house Schornsheim, Mainz. Visited the court of Charlemagne in Aachen, Germany and became a close friend of Empress Hildegard. The Benedictines of Saint Lioba are based in Frederiksberg, Denmark.

Born

c.710 in Wessex, England as Truthgeba (= God's gift)

Died

• 28 September 782 in Schornsheim, Germany of natural causes
• buried next to Saint Boniface in Fulda, Germany
• relics moved in 819
• relics moved in 839
• relics later moved to Saint Peter Berg Abbey in Fulda, Germany

Representation

Benedictine abbess with a book (indicative of her scriptural knowledge), a clock, and lightning (which she once miraculously turned aside)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-lioba-of-bischofsheim/


Saint Jan of Dukla

Profile

Hermit. Friar Minor Conventual in 1440. Priest. Preacher in Ukraine, Moldavia and Belarus. Often a local superior, and once led the Franciscan custody headquartered in Lvív, Ukraine. In 1463 he joined part of the Observant Franciscans, who observed their Rule very strictly. Helped repel a Tartar attack on Lvív in 1474. John's life was characterized by poverty, obedience, asceticism, and devotion to Our Lady. Sought to reconcile schismatics to the Church. Blind at age 70, he continued his ministry as preacher and confessor.

Born

1414 at Dukla, Podkarpackie, Poland

Died

29 September 1484 in Lviv, L'vivs'ka oblast', Ukraine of natural causes

Beatified

• 23 January 1733 by Pope Clement XII (cultus confirmation)
• 2 July 1994 by Pope John Paul II (decree of heroic virtues)

Canonized

10 June 1997 at Krosno, Poland by Pope John Paul II before approximately one million pilgrims

Patronage

• Lithuania
• Poland

Readings

Jesus Christ was his only master. Imitating without reserve the example of his Master and Lord, he desired above all else to serve. In this consists the Gospel of wisdom, love and peace. He gave expression to this Gospel in the whole of his life. - Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-jan-of-dukla/


Blessed Bernardine of Feltre

Also known as

• Bernardino of Feltre
• Martin Tomitani

Profile

Born to the nobility, the eldest of nine children, he grew up with a speech impediment. After hearing Saint James of the Marches preach at Padua, Italy during Lent in 1456, he felt a call to the religious life. Joined the Order of Friars Minor in May 1456. Teacher. Studied at Mantua, Italy. Ordained in 1463. His speech impediment miraculously cured, and he became a travelling preacher throughout Italy, noted for his fiery sermons against usury. He organized more than thirty monti di pietá throughout Italy to give people an alternative to high-interest lenders.

Born

1439 at Feltre, Italy as Martin Tomitani

Died

28 September 1494 of natural causes

Beatified

• 13 April 1654 by Pope Innocent X (cultus confirmed)
• 1728 by Pope Benedict XIII (beatified)

Patronage

• bankers
• pawnbrokers

Representation

• green hill of three mounds, with a cross on each
• man holding monte di pietà, that is, a little green hill composed of three mounds and on the top either a cross or a standard with the inscription: Curam illius habe

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-bernardine-of-feltre/


Saint Conval of Strathclyde

Also known as

• Conval the Confessor
• Conwall...

Profile

Son of an Irish prince. Spiritual student of Saint Kentigern. Archdeacon and priest. One day as he stood on the edge of the Irish sea he asked for God's guidance for his life. The stone on which he was standing broke loose and carried him to Inchinnan where a chapel stands to commemorate it. Evangelized throughout East Renfrewshire, Scotland where there still exist "Conval wells" in Barrhead and Thornliebank.

Born

Irish

Died

c.630 in Scotland of natural causes

Patronage

East Renfrewshire, Scotland

Readings

Taking to heart Christ's holy command, thou didst preach His Gospel to the nation of the Picts, O Father Conwall, setting us a laudable example. Pray that we may be granted strength also to witness for Christ until our last breath, that having lived only for Him, we may be made worthy to enter His Kingdom. - Orthodox Christian dismissal hymn on the feast of Saint Conwall

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-conval-of-strathclyde/


Blessed Thiemo of Salzburg

Also known as

Dietmar, Theodinarus, Theodmarus, Thimo

Profile

Born to the Bavarian nobility. Benedictine monk at Niederaltaich Abbey. Renowned painter, engraver, sculptor, and artist in metal. Abbot of Saint Peter's Abbey in Salzburg, Austria in 1077. Archbishop of Salzburg in 1090. Attended the Council of Piacenza in 1095 which took place during a period of turmoil over lay investiture and the appointment of illegitimate bishops. Imprisoned in 1097 and exiled for loyalty to Pope Gregory VII. Crusader in 1101. Captured at Ascalon. Tortured and martyred in Corozain for refusing to convert to Islam.

Born

c.1040 in Bavaria, Germany

Died

1102 at Corozain, Palestine

Patronage

• engravers
• sculptors

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-thiemo-of-salzburg/


Saint Chariton of Palestine

Also known as

Chariton the Confessor

Profile

Hermit in the Kidron Valley near Jericho. His reputation for holiness atrracted so many would-be spiritual students that he retreated to the desert of Jericho. Founded the Souka abbey at wadi Chareitun near Bethlehem, Palestine, and served as its first abbot; he founded several houses in the desert of Judea. Known for spending his days in manual labour and prayer, fasting till after sunset, and even then eating little and plainly.

Born

Iconium, Lycaonia, Asia Minor

Died

c.350 of natural causes at an advanced age

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-chariton-of-palestine/


Saint Eustochium

Profile

Daughter of Saint Paula of Rome and Roman senator Toxotius. Sister of Saint Blaesilla. Spiritual student of Saint Jerome in 382. Made a personal vow of perpetual virginity. Spoke Latin and Greek, and could read Hebrew. Travelled with Paula and Jerome to the Holy Land where she helped with the Vulgate Bible translation, working as Jerome's housekeeper, reading and writing for him when his eyesight began to fail. When Paula died in 404, Eustochium took over the spiritual direction of three women's communities formerly guided by her mother.

Born

c.369 at Rome, Italy

Died

c.419 at Bethlehem of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eustochium/


Saint Salonius of Geneva

Also known as

Salonio

Profile

Son of Galla, who became a nun late in life, and of Saint Eucherius of Lyon; brother of Saint Veranus of Vence. Educated at LĂ©rins Abbey where he became a monk. Bishop of Geneva, Switzerland in 439. Attended the Council of Orange in 441. Attended the Councils of Vaison in 442 and in 451. Supported the work of Pope Saint Leo the Great. Wrote Bible commentaries on the books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes, and was so well known in theological and intellectual circles that other works of the time were dedicated to him.

Born

c.400

Died

mid-5th century in Geneva, Switzerland of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-salonius-of-geneva/


Saint Annemond of Lyons

Also known as

Annemund, Anemundo, Annemundus, Chamond, Delphinus, Ennemond

Profile

Born to the nobility, the son of Sigon, a prefect in Lyons, France; his brother was Count Dalfin of Lyons. Annemond grew up in the court of King Dagobert I, and councilor to King Clovis II. Friend of Saint Wilfrid of York. Archbishop of Lyons, France. Murdered by Ebroin in the turmoil following the death of Clovis. Saint-Chamond, Loire, France is named in his honour.

Died

• 657 in Châlon-sur-Saône, France
• relics enshrined by Saint Wilfrid of York

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-annemond-of-lyons/


Saint Alodius of Auxerre

Profile

Bishop of Auxerre, France, probably consecrated in August 452, and then serving for 30 years.

Died

• 28 September 482 in Auxerre, France of natural causes
• re-interred in the crypt of the church in Auxerre in 865
• the relics were re-surveyed and recorded in 1636
• the relics were re-surveyed and recorded in 1857

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-alodius-of-auxerre/


Saint Zama of Bologna

Profile

First known bishop of Bologna, Italy, consecrated by Pope Saint Dionysius, c.260.

Died

• c.268 of natural causes
• relics translated from the Church of the Crucifix in Saint Stephen to the cathedral of Saint Peter in Bologna, Italy c.1500
• buried next to Saint Faustinianus

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-zama-of-bologna/


Saint Exuperius of Toulouse

Also known as

Essuperio, Exsuperius, Soupire

Profile

Bishop of Toulouse, France. Known for his charity, including aid to the poor in Egypt and Palestine. Saint Jerome thought highly of him, and dedicated one of his Bible commentaries to him.

Died

411

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-exuperius-of-toulouse/


Saint Tetta of Wimborne

Profile

Abbess of Wimborne Abbey during a period when it had over 500 sisters including Saint Lioba of Bischofsheim, Saint Thecla of Kitzingen and Saint Agatha of Wimborne. Sent a contingent of the nuns and gave other help to the missionary work of Saint Boniface in Germany.

Died

c.772

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-tetta-of-wimborne/


Saint Faustus of Riez

Profile

Monk at Lérins Abbey. Abbot there in 433. Bishop of Riez, France in 459. Fought Arianism and Pelagianism in his diocese.

Born

c.408 in Brittany, France

Died

c.490

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-faustus-of-riez/


Blessed Christian Franco

Profile

Joined the Augustinians in 1362. Monk at the Carbonara convent in Naples, Italy in 1421. Augustinian superior general.

Born

Villafranca Piemonte, Italy

Died

1432 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-christian-franco/


Blessed Aaron of Auxerre

Profile

Ninth-century bishop of Auxerre, France.

Died

• c.807 in Auxerre, France of natural causes
• relics enshrined in the church of Saint-Germain in Auxerre

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-aaron-of-auxerre/


Saint Willigod of Moyenmoutier

Profile

Monk in the monastery in Moyenmoutier, France. Helped found the monastery in the area of Romont in modern Switzerland.

Died

c.690

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-willigod-of-moyenmoutier/


Saint Martin of Moyenmoutier

Profile

Monk in the monastery in Moyenmoutier, France. Helped found the monastery in the area of Romont in modern Switzerland.

Died

c.690

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-martin-of-moyenmoutier/


Saint Machan

Profile

Educated in Ireland where he became a monk. Missionary to pagans in Scotland. Bishop, ordained in Rome, Italy.

Born

Scottish

Patronage

Aberdeen, Scotland

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-machan/


Saint Privatus of Rome

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Alexander Severus.

Died

scourged to death in 223 in Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-privatus-of-rome/


Saint Solomon of Genoa

Also known as

Salomon, Salonius

Profile

First bishop of Genoa, Italy.

Died

c.269

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-solomon-of-genoa/


Saint Paternus of Auch

Profile

Second-century bishop of Auch, France.

Born

Bilbao, Spain

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-paternus-of-auch/


Saint Bardomianus

Profile

One of a group of 28 Christians martyred in the early days of the Church in Asia Minor.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bardomianus/


Saint Laurence of North Africa

Profile

One of a group of 22 martyrs.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-laurence-of-north-africa/


Saint Martial of North Africa

Profile

One of a group of 22 martyrs.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-martial-of-north-africa/


Saint Eucarpus

Profile

One of a group of 28 Christians martyred in the early days of the Church in Asia Minor.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eucarpus/


Saint Stacteus

Profile

Martyr.

Died

Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-stacteus/


Augustinian Martyrs of Japan

Profile

The first Augustinian missionaries arrived in Japan in 1602 and met with immediate success; many were brought to the faith; many of them became Augustinians; and many of them were martyred in the periodic persecutions of Christians. This memorial commemorates all of them, whether they have a sanctioned Cause for Canonization or not. They include

Blessed Bartolomé Gutiérrez Rodríguez
Blessed Ferdinand Ayala
Blessed Francisco Terrero de Ortega Pérez
Blessed Ioannes Mukuno Chozaburo
Blessed Laurentius Kaida Hachizo
Blessed Mancius Yukimoto Ichizaemon
Blessed Martín Lumbreras Peralta
Blessed Melchor Sánchez Pérez
Blessed Michaël Ichinose Sukezaemon
Blessed Pedro de Zúñiga
Blessed Petrus Sawaguchi Kuhyoe
Blessed Thomas Jihyoe of Saint Augustine
Blessed Thomas Terai Kahyoe
Blessed Vicente Simões de Carvalho
Saint Magdalena of Nagasaki

http://catholicsaints.info/augustinian-martyrs-of-japan/


Martyrs of Antioch

Profile

A group of 30 soldiers and 7 civilians who were murdered together for their faith. The names that have come down to us are - Alexander, Alphinus, Heliodorus, Mark, Neon, Nicon and Zosumus.

Died

c.303 at Antioch, Pisidia (in modern Turkey)

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-antioch-28-september/


Martyrs of China

About

A common memorial for the hundreds of the faithful, lay and clergy, who have died for their faith in the last couple of centuries in China.

Canonized

1 October 2000 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-china/


Martyred in the Spanish Civil War

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Blessed Francesc Xavier Ponsa Casallach
Blessed Josep Casas Juliá
Blessed Josep Casas Ros
Blessed Josep Tarrats Comaposada
Blessed María Fenollosa Alcaina
Blessed Santiago Mestre Iborra


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Antonio of Almansa
• Francesco (Piani) da Caldarola
• Simon of Rojas
• Valentino Rovira


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