|Feast of Saint James the Greater, Apostle|
• Jacobus de Oudere
• Jacobus Major
• Jakobus der Ältere
• James Major
• James the Elder
• James the More
• James the son of Zebedee
• James, son of Zebedee
• Santiago de España
• Son of Thunder
• Iago, Santiago
• 30 December (translation of relics; Mozarabic rite)
• 3 January (translation of relics to the monastery of Saint Vaast)
• 30 April (Orthodox)
• 29 December (Armenian)
• 12 April (Coptic)
• 27 December (Syrian Orthodox)
Son of Zebedee and Salome, brother of Saint John the Apostle, and may have been Jesus' cousin. He is called "the Greater" simply because he became an Apostle before Saint James the Lesser. Apparent disciple of Saint John the Baptist. Fisherman. He left everything when Christ called him to be a fisher of men. Was present during most of the recorded miracles of Christ. Preached in Samaria, Judea, and Spain. First Apostle to be martyred.
The pilgrimage to his relics in Compostela became such a popular devotion that the symbols of pilgrims have become his emblems, and he became patron of pilgrims. His work in Spain, and the housing of his relics there, led to his patronage of the country and all things Spanish; for centuries, the Spanish army rode to battle with the cry "Santiago!" ("Saint James!")
Like all men of renown, many stories grew up around James. In one, he brought back to life a boy who had been unjustly hanged, and had been dead for five weeks. The boy's father was notified of the miracle while he sat at supper. The father pronounced the story nonsense, and said his son was no more alive than the roasted fowl on the table; the cooked bird promptly sat up, sprouted feathers, and flew away.
• stabbed with a sword by King Herod Agrippa I in 44 at Jerusalem
• legend says his body was taken by angels, and sailed in a rudderless, unattended boat to Spain where a massive rock closed around it
• relics at Compostela, Spain
• against arthritis or rheumatism
• apothecaries, druggists or pharmacists
• arthritis and rheumatism sufferers
• equestrians, horsemen, riders
• Spanish conquistadors
• archdiocese of Seattle, Washington
• diocese of Bangued, Philippines
• 20 cities
• pilgrim with wallet and staff
• pilgrim's hat
• pilgrim's staff
• cockle shell
• dark-bearded man holding a book
• dark-bearded man holding a sword
• dark-bearded man holding a scroll
• dark-bearded man with a floppy pilgrim's hat, long staff, water bottle, and scallop shell
• elderly, bearded man wearing a hat with a scallop shell
• long cape
• man mounted on horseback, trampling a Moor
• man holding the long staff of a pilgrim from which a wallet or gourd of water is suspended
• man with a thin beard, and the hair parted in the middle and flowing down on each side
• man with shells around him
• pilgrim of Compostella
• scallop shell
• scallop shell on his flapped hat
• scallop shell on his shoulder
medals and pendants
• Angel of the Poor (references to him as bishop)
• Angelo Nicola Lucci
The son of Francesco Lucci, a cobbler and coppersmith, and Angela Paolantonio, he was raised in a pious home, taught by Franciscans, and developed a devotion to Our Lady of the Rosary. Angelo joined the Franciscan Friars Minor Conventuals in his teens, making his solemn vows in 1698 and taking the name Brother Antonio. He studied rhetoric, logic and philosophy at the Franciscan houses in the Italian cities of Venafro, Alvito and Aversa, and then theology in Agnone and Fasani; Antonio said he was grateful for his studies as the discipline required for them helped him get a quick temper under control. Ordained a priest on 19 September 1705 in Assisi, Italy. Noted theologian, biblical scholar, teacher and preacher. Doctor of theology in 1709. Regent and professor at the Franciscan school in Ravello, Italy from 1709 to 1712. Regent and professor at the Franciscan San Lorenzo school in Naples, Italy from 1713 to 1718. Franciscan Provincial in 1718. Regent and professor at the College of Saint Bonaventure in Rome, Italy from 1719 to 1729. Writer on matters of theology, philosophy and history. At the request of Pope Benedict XIII, he became a theological consultant to the Holy Office, consultant to the Lateran synod, and wrote against Jansenism for Benedict XIII.
Chosen reluctant bishop of Bovino, Italy in December 1728; consecrated on 2 July 1729 in Saint Peter’s Basilica, he served his diocese the remaining 23 years of his life. Known for his charity to the poor (he gave away most of his personal income), and the creation of schools and catechism classes for the young and the poor, theological and training in public speakign for Mpriests, all of whom had been much neglected in a tiny diocese beset with political problems. He travelled through the diocese, re-equipped and repaired churches, enforced discipline on his clergy who had fallen into worldly ways, raised the standards and revilatized the liturgy and parish life throughout his see, and even visited hermits to ensure that their lives were in line with Church teachings. His reforms were opposed by local lords and princes who had fostered and who benefitted from the lax and worldly ways of the priests and people, who wanted to control appointments of clergy and offices, and who tried to treat Church property as their own. Bishop Antonio fought them at every step, always defending the poor and outcast, and the rights of the Church, and ignoring their demands for the appointment of friends and followers to positions that he filled with more qualified candidates. He restored the cathedral, which had fallen into disrepair, and supported a resumption of devotions. Somewhere along the way he managed to write Manual of Theology which was used as a standard textbook for many years, and in 1740 a book about the saints and beati from the first 200 years of the Franciscan Conventuals.
Saint Alphonsus de Liguori wrote about him, praising the work he had done, and declaring him a holy man. Saint Francesco Antonio Fasani testified at diocesan hearings about the holiness of Blessed Antonio. When Benedict XIII chose Brother Antonio as bishop of Bovino, he wrote “I have chosen as bishop of Bovino an eminent theologian and a great saint.”
2 August 1681 in Agnone, Isernia, kingdom of Sicily (in modern Italy) as Angelo Nicola Lucci
• 25 July 1752 in Bovino, Foggia, Italy of an extremely high fever
• buried in the cathedral of Bovino
18 June 1989 by Pope John Paul II
Christobal, Christoval, Cristobal, Kester, Kitt, Kitts, Offero
• 25 July (Roman calendar)
• 9 March (Greek calendar)
• 9 May (some Eastern calendars)
• 16 November (Cuba)
• 10 July (some areas of Spain)
Third century martyr in the persecutions of Decius. Little else is known for sure.
His fame derives from the pious legend of him being a "Christ-bearer" (= Christopher). He was a powerfully built man who wandered the world in search of novelty and adventure. He came upon a hermit who lived beside a dangerous stream and served others by guiding them to safe places to cross. He gave Offero instruction in the truth of God. Offero took the hermit's place, but instead of guiding travellers, he carried them safely across the stream.
One day he carried a small child across the stream; the child's weight nearly crushed him. When they arrived on the other side, the child revealed himself as Christ, and he was so heavy because he bore the weight of the world on himself. He then baptised Offero with water from the stream. Christopher's service at the stream led to his patronage of things related to travel and travellers, people who carry things, etc. One of the Fourteen Holy Helpers.
at Canaan as Offero
• against bad dreams
• epileptics; against epilepsy
• against floods
• against hailstorms
• against lightning
• against pestilence
• against storms
• against sudden death
• against toothache
• Air Forces
• automobile drivers, automobilists, motorists
• bus drivers
• cab drivers, taxi drivers, cabbie
• civil aeronautics
• fruit dealers
• holy death
• lorry drivers, truck drivers, truckers
• mariners, sailors, watermen
• market carriers
• mountain climbers
• relief from pestilence
• transportation workers
• travellers in the mountains
• Saint Christopher's Island
• Saint Kitts
• 13 cities
• man with Christ on his shoulders
medals and pendants
Born to the Roman nobility, the daughter of Antigonus, senator of Constantinople. Related to Roman Emperor Theodosius I who finished the conversion of Rome to a Christian state. Her father died soon after Euphrasia was born; she and her mother became wards of the emperor.
When Euphrasia was only five years old, the emperor arranged a marriage for her to the son of a senator. Two years later, she and her mother moved to their lands in Egypt. There, while still a child, Euphrasia entered a convent; her mother died soon after of natural causes, leaving the novice an orphan.
At age twelve Euphrasia was ordered by the emperor Aracdius, successor to Theodosius, to marry the senator's son as arranged. Euphrasia requested that she be relieved of the marriage arrangement, that the emperor sell off her family property, and that he use the money to feed the poor and buy the freedom of slaves. Arcadius agreed, and Euphyrasia spent her life in the Egyptian convent.
Noted for her prayer life, and constant self-imposed fasting; she would sometimes spend the day carrying heavy stones from one place to another to exhaust her body and keep her mind off temptations. She suffered through gossip and false allegations, much of it the result of being a foreigner in her house. She is held up as a model by Saint John Damascene.
420 of natural causes
young woman holding or carrying a stone
Cougat, Cucufat, Cucufate, Cucuphas, Cucuphat, Guinefort, Gulnefort, Qoqofas, Quiquefat, Quiquenfat
• 16 February (translation of relics to Léberan)
• 25 August (translation of relics to Saint-Denis)
Born to an illustrious family in north Africa. He fled to Spain to avoid the persecutions of Diocletian. Spiritual teacher of Saint Juliana of Mataro and Saint Semproniana of Mataro. Arrested for his faith in Barcelona, he was hauled before Governor Dacian and ordered to sacrifice to idols; when he refused, he was imprisoned, tortured and executed. Martyr. Prudentius mentions him in his Hymns.
• beheaded in 304 near Barcelona, Spain
• some relics enshrined in Paris, France
• some relics enshrined in the church of the monastery of Léberan, archdiocese of Strasbourg, France by Abbot Fulrad
• relics moved from the Léberan monastery to the Abbey of Saint-Denis in 835
• the monastery of Saint Cugat del Valles was later founded on the site of his martyrdom
Carmen of Jesus
Second of ten children born to José Sallés y Vall and Francisca Barangueras y de Planell who were pious people. By age 16 she was engaged in an arranged marriage, but convinced her family of a desire for religious life. She began her novitiate in the Adoration Sisters on 7 May 1869 in Barcelona, Spain; she began working with the poor and the outcast. Having shown skills as a teacher, on 8 May 1871 she joined the Dominicans of the Annunciation, a teaching order; she made her final vows in August 1872. Founded the Conceptionist Missionary Sisters of Education (Concepcionistas Misioneras de la Enseñanza) on 22 February 1892, and spent the rest of her life working for its work and expansion. They continue their good work today with over 500 sisters in 60+ houses.
9 April 1848 in Vic, Barcelona, Spain
25 July 1911 in Madrid, Spain of natural causes
21 October 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI
• Maria Teresa of the Child Jesus
• Maria Teresa Kowalska
12 June as one of the 108 Martyrs of World War II
Grew up in a family of socialists. Joined the Capuchin Poor Clare nuns at the convent of Przasnysz, Poland on 12 August 1923, taking the name Maria Teresa of the Child Jesus; she made her perpetual vows in 26 June 1928. Arrested by invading Germans with her sister nuns on 2 April 1941, and sent to a concentration camp in East Prussia. Martyred by Nazis in occupied Poland for refusing to renounce her faith.
1902 in Warsaw, Poland
the night of 25 July 1941 in the prison camp at Dzialdowo, Warminsko-Mazurskie, Poland
13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II
Friend of Saint Gregory of Nyssa and Gregory the Theologian. Married to the Prefect of Constantinople. Widowed after 20 months of marriage, she turned down further offers of marriage. Deaconess. Used her fortune to found a hospital and orphanage, and to support the women‘s religious congregation that worked in them, and with whom she lived. Spiritual student of Saint John Chrysostom; she supported him while he was in exile, and some of their correspondence has survived. Advisor to Nectriae, Patriarch of Constantinople.
408 at Nicomedia, Bithynia (in modern Turkey)
At age 13 young Pietro had a vision of the world in ruins which was rescued by a monk. He studied law in Perugia, Italy, but gave it up to join the Franciscans in 1467. Priest. Travelling preacher in the Marches region of Italy and on Crete where he served as commissioner in 1472. Worked with Saint James of the Marches. Friend of Blessed Camilla Battista. Preached Crusade against the Turks. Franciscan Provincial of the Marches on three occasions. Franciscan Provincial minister to the Vatican.
1435 in Mogliano, Macerata, Italy
during the night of 24 to 25 July 1490 near Fermo, Italy after a brief illness
10 August 1760 by Pope Clement XIII
Magnerich, Magnerico, Magnerik, Meinrich
Grew up in the Trier, Germany residence of bishop Nicetius. Ordained by Nicetius. Accompanied the bishop into exile when Nicetius was banished by King Clotaire I as revenge for the king being excommunicated. Magnericus returned to Trier the next year. Bishop of Trier in 566. Ordained Saint Gaugericus. Gave sanctuary to bishop Theodore of Marseilles when he was exiled by Guntramnus of Burgundy in 585; spoke to King Childebert II on behalf of the bishop. Had a great devotion to Saint Martin of Tours, and built several monasteries and churches dedicated to him. Friend of Saint Gregory of Tours.
25 July 596 of natural causes
Carmelite. Studied in Paris, France. Doctor of theology in 1438. Prior-general of his order from 1451 to 1471. Wrote a famous commentary on the Rule. Issued new Constitutions in 1462. Worked to return his order to its earliest observance, and to admit convents. Spiritual director of Blessed Frances d'Amboise.
c.1420 at Caen, Normandy, France
1471 at Angers, France of natural causes
1865 by Pope Pius IX (cultus confirmed)
17th century Premonstratensian friar. Canon of the Norbertine monastery in Hradisko, Olomouc, Moravia. Abbot of Hradisko of in 1671, a position in which he served his remaining eight years. A humble and pious man, he treated his Premonstratensian brothers more as sons, endlessly concerned for their well-being and spiritual growth.
• 1679 in Teplice (in the modern Czech Republic) of natural causes
• buried at the Premonstratensian convent in Doksany (in the modern Czech Republic)
• re-interred before the altar of Our Lady at the Holy Mountain pilgrimage center associated with his old monastery in Hradisko, Olomouc, Moravia in 1696
Priest in the diocese of Veracruz, Mexico. Known as an athletic, gentle and charitable man. Martyred in the persecutions of the Mexican Revolution as he was about to start a catechism class for children.
14 December 1908 in Naolinco, Veracruz, Mexico
shot 25 July 1931 in his parish church in Puerto de Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico
• 20 November 2005 by Pope Benedict XVI
• recognition celebrated by Cardinal José Saraiva Martins in a soccer stadium in Guadalajara, Mexico
Discalced Carmelite priest. Imprisoned on a ship in the harbor of Rochefort, France and left to die during the anti-Catholic persecutions of the French Revolution. One of the Martyrs of the Hulks of Rochefort.
11 June 1758 in Chartres, Eure-et-Loir, France
starved to death on 25 July 1794 aboard the prison ship Deux-Associés, in Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, France
1 October 1995 by Pope John Paul II
Dionisio of Saint Barnabas
Piarist priest. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.
11 October 1868 in Calamocha, Teruel, Spain
25 July 1936 in Monzón, Huesca, Spain
1 October 1995 by Popes John Paul II
Married layman in the archdiocese of Barcelona, Spain. Member of the Lay Dominicans. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.
7 February 1887 in Ayguafreda, Barcelona, Spain
25 July 1936 in Barcelona, Spain
28 October 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI
Mercedarian friar. Missionary in Chile, bringing many to Christianity and instilling a love of devotions. Founded the Mercedarian convent of Santa Maria in Valdivia, Chile. Contracted a fatal illness while working with plague victims.
plague in Chile
Eleventh century Benedictine monk in Spain. Abbot of the monastery of San Martin de Antealtares in Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
1086 of natural causes
A saint who left the world to live with the saints. – from the epitaph on his tomb
No information about him has survived.
• relics formerly enshrined in a chapel of the parish church Nantglyn, Wales, but they have disappeared
• turf around his chapel was cut and used as a cure for livestock diseases until at least 1699
Engaged to a courtier who was arrested on their wedding day, and later executed. She became a nun at Metz, France and later abbess.
c.608 of natural causes
Monk in Moorish-controlled Andalusia. Martyred in the persecutions of Abderrahman II.
• 851 in Cordoba, Spain
• buried in the choir of the church of Saint Zoilo in Cordoba
Martyred in the persecutions of Galerius. He spent his last minutes, standing at the executioner’s block, praying for his countrymen, his judges, his executioner, and the people who had come to see him die.
beheaded in 308 in Palestine
One of a group of soldiers martyred in the persecutions of Maximinius the Thracian.
235 at Furcona, Italy
Ebrulf, Evrou, Evroult
Hermit. Founded a monastery at Saint-Fuscien-aux-Bois.
One of a group of soldiers martyred in the persecutions of Maximinius the Thracian.
235 at Furcona, Italy
Convert, brought to the faith by Saint Patrick. Fifth-century abbot of Montgarth Abbey, Wexford, Ireland.
Sixth century priest and hermit.
Sixth century priest and hermit.
Three Christians martyred together in the pesecutions of emperor Maximilian and governor Firmilian - Paul, Tea and Valentina.
309 in Caesarea, Palestine
Martyrs of Salsete
On 15 July 1583 the group met at the church of Orlim, and hiked to Cuncolim to erect a cross and choose land for a new church. Local anti-Christian pagans, seeing the unarmed Christians, gathered their weapons and marched on them. One of the parishioners, a Portuguese emigre named Gonçalo Rodrigues, carried a firearm, but Father Alphonsus Pacheco stopped him from using it. The pagans then fell upon them, and killed them all without mercy. They were -
• Alphonsus Pacheco
• Rudolph Acquaviva
• ten other native Christian converts whose names have not come down to us
Monday 25 July 1583 at the village of Cuncolim, district of Salcete, territory of Goa, India
30 April 1893 by Pope Leo XIII
Martyrs of Granada
Four priests and a brother, all members of the Augustinian Recollects, who were martyred together in the Spanish Civil War.
• Deogracias Palacios del Río
• José Rada Royo
• José Ricardo Díez Rodríguez
• Julián Benigno Moreno y Moreno
• León Inchausti Minteguía
shot on 25 July 1936 in Motril, Granada, Spain
7 March 1999 by Pope John Paul II
Four brothers and a priest, all members of the Hospitallers of Saint John of God, and all martyred together in the Spanish Civil War.
• Carlos Rubio álvarez
• Eloy Francisco Felipe Delgado Pastor
• Jerónimo Ochoa Urdangarín
• Primo Martínez De San Vicente Castillo
25 July 1936 in Talavera de la Reina, Toledo, Spain
25 October 1992 by Pope John Paul II
Three members of the Passionists who were martyred together in the Spanish Civil War.
• Benito Solana Ruiz
• Felix Ugalde Irurzun
• Pedro Largo Redondo
shot on 25 July 1936 in Urdá, Toledo, Spain
1 October 1989 by Pope John Paul II
• Martyrs of Furci
• Alfons Pacheco
• Anthony Francisco
• Boniface of Rome
• Colman of Uí Liatháin
• Cyndeyrn ap Cyngar
• Eugenia of San Callisto
• Francis Aranha
• John Agnus of Tongeren-Maastricht
• Macarius of Oujensk
• Peter Berno
• Peter de Avedano
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