22 October • yesterday
• prayers
• tomorrow
Optional Memorial of Saint John Paul II, Pope

Freedom consists not in doing what we like, but in having the right to do what we ought. - Pope Saint John Paul II


When freedom does not have a purpose, when it does not wish to know anything about the rule of law engraved in the hearts of men and women, when it does not listen to the voice of conscience, it turns against humanity and society. - Pope Saint John Paul II


The historical experience of socialist countries has sadly demonstrated that collectivism does not do away with alienation but rather increases it, adding to it a lack of basic necessities and economic inefficiency. - Pope Saint John Paul II


Pervading nationalism imposes its dominion on man today in many different forms and with an aggressiveness that spares no one. The challenge that is already with us is the temptation to accept as true freedom what in reality is only a new form of slavery. - Pope Saint John Paul II


Pope Saint John Paul II

Also known as

• Karol Wojtyla
• Juan Pablo II
• John Paul the Great

Profile

For many years Karol believed God was calling him to the priesthood, and after surviving two nearly fatal accidents, he responded to the call. He studied secretly during the German occupation of Poland, and was ordained on 1 November 1946. In these years he came to know and practice the teachings of Saint Louis Marie Montfort and Saint John of the Cross. Earned his Doctorate in theology in 1948 at the Angelicum in Rome, Italy.

Parish priest in the Krakow diocese from 1948 to 1951. Studied philosophy at the Jagiellonian University at Krakow. Taught social ethics at the Krakow Seminary from 1952 to 1958. In 1956 he became a professor at the University of Lublin. Venerable Pope Pius XII appointed Wojtyla an auxiliary bishop in Krakow on 4 July 1958. Servant of God, Pope Paul VI appointed him Archbishop of Krakow on 30 December 1963.

Wojtyla proved himself a noble and trustworthy pastor in the face of Communist persecution. A member of the prepatory commission, he attended all four sessions of Vatican II; is said to have written Gaudium et spes, the document on the Church in the Modern World. He also played a prominent role in the formulation of the Declaration on Religious Freedom. Following the Council, Pope Paul VI, appointed Karol Wojtyla cardinal on 26 June 1967.

In 1960 he published Love and Responsibility. Pope Paul VI, delighted with its apologetical defense of the traditional Catholic teaching of marriage, relied extensively on Archbishop Wojytla's counsel in writing Humanae Vitae. In 1976 he was invited by Pope Paul VI to preach the lenten sermons to the members of the Papal Household.

In 1978, Archbishop Wojtyla became the first non-Italian pope since Adrian VI. He took the name of his predecessors (John, Paul, John Paul) to emphasize his desire to continue the reforms of Vatican II.

John Paul II is the most traveled pope in history, having visited nearly every country in the world which would receive him. As the Vicar of Christ he has consecrated each place that he has visited to the Blessed Virgin Mary. On 13 May 1983 he went to Fatima to consecrate the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. He later repeated the consecration of the world to Mary in union with all the Bishops of the Catholic Church, in fulfillment of Our Lady's promises at Fatima.

In 1995, Pope John Paul II began a lengthy catechisis on the Blessed Virgin Mary during his weekly Angelus addresses, culminating with his instruction on Our Lady's active participation in the Sacrifice of Calvary. This active participation of Our Lady at Calvary is called the co-redemption. Already in 1982 and 1985 he had used the term "corredemptrix" in reference to Our Lady in public addresses. This is significant, for he is the first Pope to do so since Pope Benedict XV at whose prayer Our Lady came to Fatima to reveal Her Immaculate Heart. Since the time of Pope Benedict XV, this terminology was under review by the Holy See; the present Pope's usage is a confirmation of this traditional view of Mary's role in salvation history.

Born

18 May 1920 as Karol Wojtyla at Wadowice, Poland

Papal Ascension

16 October 1978

Died

2 April 2005 at Rome, Italy of natural causes

Beatified

• 1 May 2011 by Pope Benedict XVI at Rome, Italy
• the beatification miracle involved the cure from Parkinson's disease of a man in France

Canonized

• 27 April 2014 by Pope Francis
• the canonization miracle involved the healing of a Costa Rican woman who suffered from a brain aneurysm

Patronage

• World Meeting of Families 2015
• World Youth Days

Storefront

medals and pendants

Video

YouTube PlayList

Readings

O Blessed Trinity, we thank you for having graced the church with Pope John Paul II and for allowing the tenderness of your fatherly care, the glory of the cross of Christ, and the splendor of the Holy Spirit, to shine through him. Trusting fully in your infinite mercy and in the maternal intercession of Mary, he has given us a living image of Jesus the Good Shepherd, and has shown us that holiness is the necessary measure of ordinary Christian life and is the way of achieving eternal communion with you. Grant us, by his intercession, and according to your will, the graces we implore, hoping that he will soon be numbered among your saints. Amen. - official prayer to ask favors through the intercession Pope John Paul II

God is always on the side of the suffering. His omnipotence is manifested precisely in the fact that he freely accepted suffering. He could have chosen not to do so. He could have chosen to demonstrate his omnipotence even at the moment of the Crucifixion. In fact, it was proposed to him:

"Let the Messiah, the King of Israel come down now from the cross that we may see and believe." (Mark 15.32)

But he did not accept that challenge. The fact that he stayed on the Cross until the end, the fact that on the Cross he could say, as do all who suffer,

"My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" (Mark 15.34)

If the agony on the Cross had not happened, the truth that God is Love would have been unfounded. Yes! God is Love and precisely for this he gave his Son, to reveal himself completely as Love. Christ is the One who "loved...to the end." (John 13.1) "To the end" means to the last breath. - Pope John Paul II from Crossing The Threshold of Hope

To save means to liberate from evil. This does not refer only to social evils, such as injustice, coercion, exploitation. Nor does it refer only to disease, catasrophes, natural cataclysms, and everything that has been considered disaster in the history of humanity. To save means to liberate from radical, ultimate evil. Death itself is no longer that kind of evil, if followed by the Resurrection. And the Resurrection comes about through the work of Christ. Through the work of the Reddemer death ceases to be an ultimate evil; it becomes subject to the power of life. The world does no have such power. The world, which is capable of perfecting therapeutic techniques in various fields, does not have the power to liberate man from death. And therefore the world cannot be a source of salvation for man. Only God saves, and He saves the whole of humanity in Christ. - Pope John Paul II, from Crossing the Threshold of Hope

The essential usefulness of faith consists in the fact that, through faith, man achieves the good of his rational nature. And he achieves it by giving his response to God, as is his duty - a duty not only to God, but to himself. Christ did everything in order to convince us of the importance of this response. Man is called upon to give this response with inner freedom so that it will radiate that veritatis splendor (splendor of truth) so essential to human dignity. Christ wants to awaken faith in human hearts. He wants them to respond to the word of the Father, but he wants this in full respect for human dignity. In the very search for faith an implicit faith is already present, and therefore the necessary condition for salvation is already satisfied. - Pope John Paul II, from Crossing the Threshold of Hope

What emanates from the figure of Saint Joseph is faith...Joseph of Nazareth is a "just man" because he totally "lives by faith." He is holy because his faith is truly heroic. Sacred Scripture says little of him. It does not record even one word spoken by Joseph, the carpenter of Nazareth. And yet, even without words, he shows the depth of his faith, his greatness. Saint Joseph is a man of great spirit. He is great in faith, not because he speaks his own words, but above all because he listens to the words of the Living God. He listens in silence. And his heart ceaselessly perseveres in the readiness to accept the Truth contained in the word of the Living God. We see how the word of the Living God penetrates deeply into the sould of that man, that just man. And we, do we know how to listen to the word of God? Do we know how to absorb it into the depths of our human personalities? Do we open our conscience in the presend of this word? - Pope John Paul II from Daily Meditations

On my pastoral journeys around the world I always try to meet representatives of the Jewish community. But a truly exceptional experience for me was cartainly my visit to the synagogue of Rome. The history of the Jews in Rome is a unique chapter in the history of the Jewish people, a chapter closely linked for that matter to The Acts of the Apostles. During that memorable visit, I spoke of the Jews as our elder brothers in the faith. These words were an expression both of the Vatican Council's teaching and a profound conviction of the part of the Church.... The New Convent has its roots in the old. The time when the people of the Old Covenant will be able to see themselves as part of the New is a question to be left to the Holy Spirit. We, as human beings, try only not to put obstacles in the way. Forgive us, Lord, when we fail to foster genuine understanding between Christians and Jews. - Pope John Paul II, from Crossing the Threshold of Hope

Many people today are disoriented and lost in search of genuine fellowship. Often their lives are either too superficial or shattered by brokenness. Their work often is dehumanizing. They long for an experience of genuine encounter with others, for true fellowship. Well, is this not precisely the vocation of a parish? Are we not called to be a warm, brotherly family together? Are we not people united together in the household of God through our common life? Your parish is not mainly a structure, a geographical area or a building. The parish is first and foremost a community of the faithful. This is the task of a parish today: to be a community, to rediscover its identity as a community. You are not a Christian all by yourself. To be a Christian means to believe and to live one's faith together with others. For we are all members of the body of Christ.... For fellowship to grow, the priest's role is not enough, even though he plays an essential role. The commitment of all parishioners is needed. Each of their contributions is vital. - Pope John Paul II from Draw Near to God

http://catholicsaints.info/pope-saint-john-paul-ii/


Saint Abercius Marcellus

Also known as

• Abercius of Geropoli
• Abercius of Hieropolis

Profile

Resident of Phrygia Salutaris. Bishop of Hierapolis (an area of modern southwestern Turkey). Active missionary in his region. He was imprisoned for a period as a threat to civil order for opposing paganism. At age 72 he was summoned to Rome, Italy to exorcise a demon from Lucilla, daughter of Emperor Marcus Aurelius; he succeeded, and then returned to his see. He composed his own epitaph, making references of traditions still practised today.

A Greek hagiographer used the exorcism incident as a jumping off point to write a biography of Abercius. Lacking material and details, the writer included incidents from the lives of other saints, and when that ran out, he added plain fiction. Some have considered Abercius to be fictional, and much scholarship has been required to prove his existence and extract the few facts about him that we know.

Died

c.200 of natural causes

Canonized

• Pre-Congregation
• venerated by the Greek Church since the 10th century

Representation

• Apollo
• bishop destroying a statue of Apollo
• crozier
• performing an excorcism on a girl or young woman
• with his crozier brought to him by an angel

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-abercius-marcellus/


Saint Mellon

Also known as

Mallone, Mallonous, Melanius, Mello, Mellonin, Mellouns, Mellonius

Profile

A pagan, Mellon travelled to Rome, Italy to bring tribute to the emperor from the British Isles. While making a sacrifice to the god Mars, he heard Pope Saint Stephen I preaching nearby. He soon after converted to Christianity, and was baptized by Stephen. He sold his property, gave it to the poor, studied further, and was ordained. He and Pope Stephen received a vision of an angel telling Mellon to evangelize the area of Rouen in modern France. First bishop of Rouen. Healer and miracle worker.

Born

• near Cardiff, Wales
• the district is now called Saint Mellon's

Died

11 November 314 of natural causes

Readings

Mellonin take this staff, under the which thou shalt rule and govern the city of Rouen, for all the people there is of God, and all ready to thy service and commandment, and, notwithstanding that it is far from hence, and that the way is to thee right grievable, because thou knowest not the country, nevertheless thou oughtest not to doubt no thing, for Jesu Christ shall ever keep thee under the shadow of his wings. - an unnamed angel to Saint Mellon, as described in The Golden Legend

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-mellon/


Blessed Álvaro Ibáñez Lázaro

Also known as

Brother Florencio Martín

Profile

Baptized at the age of one day. Member of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, joining at Cambrils, Spain on 10 November 1927, taking the habit on 14 August 1929, and taking the name Brother Florencio Martín. Began teaching in Barceloneta, Spain in February 1932. A popular teacher noted for his skill in art and singing. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

12 June 1913 in Godos, Teruel, Spain

Died

22 October 1936 in Benimaclet, Valencia, Spain

Beatified

11 March 2001 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-alvaro-ibanez-lazaro/


Blessed Pedro Lorente Vicente

Also known as

Brother Ambrosio León

Profile

Baptized at the age of four days. Member of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, joining on 7 November 1925 at Monreal del Campo, Spain and making his vows on 1 February 1930, taking the name Brother Ambrosio León. Taught in Bonanova, Spain in 1932. Dragged of his school militia during the Spanish Civil War, he was exiled and eventually martyred.

Born

7 January 1914 in Ojos Negros, Teruel, Spain

Died

22 October 1936 in Benimaclet, Valencia, Spain

Beatified

11 March 2001 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-pedro-lorente-vicente/


Blessed Andrés Zarraquino Herrero

Also known as

Brother Honorato Andrés

Profile

Member of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, joining in Cambrils on 27 July 1924 and taking the habit on 15 August 1925, taking the name Brother Honorato Andrés. Teacher in Tortosa, Gracia, and then the College of Our Lady of Bonanova in Barcelona, Spain. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

18 April 1908 in Bañón, Teruel, Spain

Died

22 October 1936 in Benimaclet, Valencia, Spain

Beatified

11 March 2001 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-andres-zarraquino-herrero/


Saint Alodia of Huesca

Profile

Sister of Saint Nunilo of Huesca, she was born to a Muslim father and Christian mother, and was raised Christian. When her father died, her mother married another Muslim man who persecuted the girls, imprisoned them, and turned them over to die during the persecution of Abdur Rahman II. Martyr.

Born

Huesca, Spain

Died

beheaded at Huesca, Spain in 851

Patronage

• child abuse victims
• martyrs
• people ridiculed for their piety
• runaways
• unmarried lay-women

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-alodia-of-huesca/


Saint Nunilo of Huesca

Profile

Sister of Saint Alodia of Huesca, she was born to a Muslim father and Christian mother, and was raised Christian. When her father died, her mother married another Muslim man who persecuted the girls, imprisoned them, and turned them over to die during the persecution of Abdur Rahman II. Martyr.

Born

Huesca, Spain

Died

beheaded at Huesca, Spain in 851

Patronage

• child abuse victims
• martyrs
• people ridiculed for their piety
• runaways
• unmarried lay-women

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-nunilo-of-huesca/


Blessed Esclaramunda of Majorca

Also known as

• Esclaramunda of Foix
• Esclarmonde, Esclarmonda

Profile

Daughter of Count Roger IV of Foix and Brunisenda Cardona. Queen of Majorca, married to King James II of Majorca (in modern Spain) on 1 September 1275. Joined the Mercedarians at San Pedro de Amer in 1291, and became a great protector and benefactor of the Order.

Born

1255

Died

1315 in Perpignan, Spain of natural causes

Representation

crown, scepter

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-esclaramunda-of-majorca/


Saint Lupenzius

Profile

Monk. Abbot of the Basilica of Saint-Privat-de-Javols, Chalons, Neustria (in modern France). Tortured and murdered when falsely accused of criticizing Queen Brunechilde.

Died

• beheaded c.584 at Ponthion sur Vitry-le-Francois, Marne, France
• head and body thrown into the river Marne
• body secretly recovered and given proper burial
• his grave became known for miraculous healing
• re-interred in the cathedral of Soissons, France, date unknown
• relics destroyed with the cathedral caught fire in 1667

Patronage

children

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-lupenzius/


Saint Moderan of Rennes

Also known as

• Moderan of Berceto
• Moderamnus, Moderanno, Moderano, Modran, Moran

Profile

Benedictine, monk. Bishop of Rennes, France in 703. Pilgrim to Rome, Italy in 720. In his later years he resigned his see to become a hermit monk at the abbey of Berceto, Italy.

Born

Rennes, France

Died

• c.730 at Parma, Italy of natural causes
• relics enshrined in Rennes, France

Patronage

Berceto, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-moderan-of-rennes/


Saint Philip of Adrianople

Also known as

Filippo

Profile

Deacon to Saint Hermes of Adrianople. During the persecutions of Diocletian, Saint Hermes and Saint Philip were ordered by governor Basso to close their church and turn over all scriptures and other documents, and all altar furnishings. When Hermes explained that he had no authority to do so, the two were imprisoned, flogged and executed. Martyr.

Died

burned to death in Adrianople, Thrace

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-philip-of-adrianople/


Saint Benedict of Macerac

Also known as

• Benedict of Massérac
• Benito...

Profile

Monk. Abbot at Petras. Hermit at Macerac, diocese of Nantes, France. His holiness and wisdom attacted so many spiritual students that he founded a Columban monastery for them.

Born

Greece

Died

• 845 in the diocese of Nantes, Brittany (in modern France)
• relics enshrined at the abbey of Redon

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-benedict-of-macerac/


Saint Symmachus of Capua

Also known as

Símaco, Simbrico, Simmaco, Simmio, Simo

Profile

Born to a distinguished imperial Roman senatorial family. Bishop of Capua, Italy in 430. Founded the basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore which survived the Saracens invasion and became the core of the rebuilt city.

Born

late 4th century

Died

c.449 of natural causes

Patronage

Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-symmachus-of-capua/


Saint Bertharius of Monte Cassino

Profile

Born to the royal house of France. Monk at Monte Cassino Abbey. Abbot there in 856. Murdered by invading Saracens while at prayer. Martyr.

Born

c.810

Died

22 October 823 at Monte Cassino Abbey in Italy

Canonized

26 August 1727 by Pope Benedict XIII (cultus confirmation)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bertharius-of-monte-cassino/


Saint Hermes of Adrianople

Also known as

Ermete

Profile

Bishop of Heraclea. During the persecutions of Diocletian, Saint Hermes and Saint Philip were ordered by governor Basso to close their church and turn over all scriptures and other documents, and all altar furnishings. When Hermes explained that he had no authority to do so, the two were imprisoned, flogged and executed. Martyr.

Died

burned to death in Adrianople, Thrace

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-hermes-of-adrianople/


Saint Leothadius of Auch

Also known as

Leotaldo, Léothade

Profile

Born to the Frankish nobility. Monk. Abbot of Moissac Abbey in France in 670. Bishop of Auch, France in 691. KDied while travelling as part of a delegation to Charles Martel.

Born

7th century Gaul (in modern France)

Died

• 718 in Burgundy (in modern France of natural causes
• relics enshrined in the cathedral of Auch, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-leothadius-of-auch/


Saint Cordula

Also known as

Kordula

Profile

One of the companions of Saint Ursula. When she saw the tortures being inflicted on her friends, she hid, but the next day, ashamed of her cowardice, she came out of hiding and proclaimed her Christianity. Martyr, the last of the group.

Died

453 in Cologne, Germany

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-cordula/


Saint Apollo of Bawit

Profile

Hermit in Thebes in Egypt for 40 years. Monk. Abbot of Bawit in Hermopolis, a house of 500 monks. Left the monastic life to oppose the decrees of Julian the Apostate.

Born

316 in Egypt

Died

395 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-apollo-of-bawit/


Saint Donatus of Fiesoli

Also known as

Donat, Donagh

Profile

Pious and well-educated poet and scholar. While on pilgrimage to Rome, Italy in 816 with Andrew the Scot he was stopped in Tuscany and was compelled to become bishop of Fiesoli, Italy. Known his solicitous hospitality to pilgrims.

Born

Irish

Died

874

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-donatus-of-fiesoli/


Saint Valerius of Langres

Profile

Deacon in the early Church in the area of Langres, France. Worked with Saint Desiderius of Langres. Martyred by area pagans.

Died

beheaded on 22 October 411 near Besancon, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-valerius-of-langres/


Saint Ingbert

Also known as

Ingebert, Ingobert, Ingobertus

Profile

Hermit near modern Saint Ingbert, Saarland, Germany, a town named for him.

Died

c.650 of natural causes

Representation

hermit with a cross in front of a cave

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ingbert/


Saint Heraclius the Martyr

Profile

Soldier who witnessed the martyrdom of Saint Alexander and companions, and was so moved, he converted and died with them. Martyr.

Died

beheaded

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-heraclius-the-martyr-22-october/


Saint Nunctus of Mérida

Also known as

Nancto, Noint, Nuncto

Profile

Monk. Abbot of a monastery near Mérida, Spain. Murdered by robbers of his house. Martyr.

Died

668

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-nunctus-of-merida/


Saint Philip of Fermo

Profile

Bishop of Fermo, Italy. Martyred in the persecutions of Aurelian.

Died

• c.270 in Fermo, Italy
• relics enshrine in the cathedral of Fermo, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-philip-of-fermo/


Saint Alexander the Martyr

Profile

Missionary bishop in imperial Rome. Ordered to sacrifice to pagan idols, he refused. Martyr.

Died

beheaded

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-alexander-the-martyr-22-october/


Saint Maroveus of Precipiano

Profile

Monk at Bobbio, Italy. Founded Precipiano Abbey near Tortona, Italy.

Died

c.650

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-maroveus-of-precipiano/


Saint Mark of Jerusalem

Profile

First Gentile bishop of Jerusalem c.135, serving for over 20 years. Martyr.

Died

156

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-mark-of-jerusalem/


Saint Nepotian of Clermont

Profile

Bishop of Clermont, France in 386.

Died

c.388

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-nepotian-of-clermont/


Saint Verecundus of Verona

Profile

Bishop of Verona, Italy.

Died

522

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-verecundus-of-verona/


Saint Rufus of Egypt

Profile

An ascetic hermit in the desert of 5th century Egypt.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-rufus-of-egypt/


Martyrs of Heraclea

Profile

A group of four clerics in Heraclea (modern Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) who were arrested in the persecutions of Diocletian. They were imprisoned, abused and ordered to turn over all the scriptures that they had hidden from authorities; they refused, and were executed together. Martyrs. - Eusebius, Hermes, Philip and Severus.

Died

burned at the stake in 304 in Adrianople (modern Edirne, Turkey)

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-heraclea/


Martyred in the Spanish Civil War

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Blessed Estanislao García Obeso
Blessed Germán Caballero Atienza
Blessed José Menéndez García
Blessed Josep Casas Lluch
Blessed Luis Minguel Ferrer
Blessed Victoriano Ibañez Alonso


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Lucia Bartolini Rucellai


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