20 November • yesterday
• prayers
• tomorrow

Blessed Ambrose of Camaldoli

Also known as

• Ambrose Traversari
• Ambrogio...

Profile

Born to the Tuscan nobility. Studied assorted arts, sciences and languages in Venice, Italy, and would be considered a classic Renaissance man. Joined the Camaldolese in 1400 at the Santa Maria del Angelis monastery in Florence, Italy. A noted scholar and theologian, he read widely, wrote extensively, including lives of the saints, collected a large library, and translated much of it. Teacher of both religious and lay people. Superior-general of the Camaldolese in 1431. Negotiator between the pope and emperor Sigismond. Worked for re-unification with the Greek bishops at the Council of Florence in 1439, drawing up the final statement of the Council.

Born

16 September 1386 in Portico di Romagna, Florence, Tuscany, Italy as Ambrose Traversari

Died

21 October 1439 in Rome, Italy of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-ambrose-of-camaldoli/


Saint Edmund of East Anglia

Also known as

• Edmund the Martyr
• King of the East Angles

Additional Memorial

29 April (translation of relics)

Profile

King of East Anglia at age 14, crowned on Christmas Day 855 by Bishop Saint Humbert of Elmham. Edmund was a model ruler, concerned with justice for his people and his own spirituality; he spent a year sequestered at Hunstanton learning the Psalter by heart. Following one of a series of armed engagement with invading Danes, he was captured. He was ordered to give his Christian people to the pagan invaders; he refused. Martyr.

Born

c.841 probably at Nuremburg, Germany

Died

• beaten, whipped, shot with arrows "until he bristled with them like a hedgehog", and beheaded at Hoxne, Suffolk, England 20 November 870
• buried at Hoxne
• relics moved to Beodricsworth, England (modern Bury Saint Edmunds (Borough of Saint Edmunds)) in the 915
• relics moved to the Cathedral of Saint Paul in London, England in 1010 ahead of an invading Viking force
• relics returned to Bury Saint Edmunds in 1113
• relics re-enshrined in a new church in a Benedictine monastery built by King Canute in 1020
• relics re-enshrined in a new Norman church in Bury Saint Edmunds in 1095
• following a fire, the relics re-enshrined in a new church in 1198
• following a battle in Lincoln, England in 1217, French troops claim to have taken the relics, but modern testing has disproved this; the real relics may have been hidden, destroyed, looted - we just don't know, and no authentic relics exist today

Patronage

• against plague
• diocese of East Anglia, England
• kings
• torture victims
• wolves

Representation

• arrow
• king tied to a tree and shot with arrows
• wolf
• bearded king with a sword and arrow
• man with his severed head between the paws of a wolf
• sword

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-edmund-of-east-anglia/


Saint Felix of Valois

Also known as

Hugh of Valois

Profile

Son of Count Raoul de Vermandois et de Valois and Alienor de Champagne. As a child, Felix received the blessings of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux and Pope Innocent II. Educated at the abbey of Clairvaux. As a young man, following his parents' extremely disruptive divorce, he renounced his wealth and took the name Felix. Cistercian monk at Clairvaux. Hermit in the Italian Alps. Priest. Hermit in the forest of Galeresse, diocese of Meaux, France. Friend and spiritual teacher of Saint John of Matha. The two of the founded the Order of the Holy Trinity for the Redemption of Captives (Trinitarians; Redemptionists) in order to ransom Christians held as slaves by Moors in Spain and Northern Africa. The Order received papal approval on 17 December 1198, and within 40 years there were over 600 houses worldwide. Today there are around 600 members of the Order working in prison ministries in over twenty countries continuing over 800 years of ministry.

Born

April 1127 in the province of Valois, France as Hugh

Died

• 4 November 1212 at the Cerfroi monastery, Picardy, France of natural causes
• buried in the church in Cerfroi, which became a pilgrimage destination

Canonized

• 1 May 1262 by Pope Urban IV
• confirmed on 21 October 1666 by Pope Alexander VII
• feast day fixed in 1679 by Pope Innocent XI

Representation

• banner
• flag
• old man in Trinitarian habit with a coronet at his feet
• purse
• slave
• Trinitarian with a stag nearby
• Trinitarian with chains or captives nearby
• with Saint John of Matha
• with the Holy Trinity
• cannon ball and sword (referring to prisoners of war he ransomed)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-felix-of-valois/


Blessed Maria Fortunata Viti

Also known as

Anna Felicia Viti

Profile

Daughter of Luigi Viti, a gambler and heavy drinker, and Anna Bono, who died when Anna was fourteen. Raised her eight siblings after her mother's death, often working as a domestic servant to support them. Joined the Benedictines at the San Maria de'Franconi monastery in Veroli, Italy on 21 March 1851 at age 24, taking the name Sister Maria Fortunata. She was over 70 years in the Order, her days spent spinning, sewing, washing, mending - and praying the whole time. Sister Maria never learned to read or write, and never held any position in her house, but she had a great devotion to the Blessed Sacrament, and whole generations of nuns and local lay people learned from her quiet, humble, happy, prayerful example.

Born

10 February 1827 in Veroli, Frosinone, Italy as Anna Felicia Viti

Died

• 20 November 1922 in Veroli, Frosinone, Italy of natural causes
• interred in a mass grave at her house
• miracles reported at her grave site

Beatified

8 October 1967 by Pope Paul VI

Patronage

• against poverty; poor people
• against temptations
• loss of parents
• against mental illness; mentally ill people

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-maria-fortunata-viti/


Martyred Sisters of the Christian Doctrine

Profile

A group of 17 religious sisters, members all of the Sisters of the Christian Doctrine, who were martyred in two different incidents in 1936 during the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War.

Beatified

1 October 1995 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/martyred-sisters-of-the-christian-doctrine/


Saint Agapius of Caesarea

Also known as

Agapio

Profile

Arrested three times during the persecutions of Diocletian, but released each time. On his fourth arrest he was imprisoned for two years, then offered his freedom if he would renounce Christianity; he declined. Martyr.

Born

Caesarea, Palestine

Died

• c.306
• chained to a convicted murdered and mauled by animals in the public amphitheatre
• still refusing to deny his faith, he was mauled by a bear
• still refusing to deny his faith, he was weighted with stones and drowned

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-agapius-of-caesarea-19-august/


Saint Ampelus of Messina

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Died

c.302 in Messina, Sicily

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ampelus-of-messina/


Saint Anatolius of Nicea

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Emperor Maximinius the Thracian.

Died

235 in Nicea, Asia Minor

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-anatolius-of-nicea/


Saint Apothemius of Angers

Also known as

Apotemius, Apothème, Hypotheme

Profile

Hermit. Spritual student of Saint Martin of Tours. Priest. Bishop of Angers, France c.380.

Born

Greece

Died

c.389

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-apothemius-of-angers/


Saint Autbodus of Valcourt

Profile

Missionary and evangelist in the areas of Artois, Hainault and Picardy, regions today in modern France and Belgium. He finally retired to end his days as a hermit near Laon, France.

Born

Ireland

Died

690

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-autbodus-of-valcourt/


Saint Basil of Antioch

Profile

Martyr.

Died

Antioch (Antakya, Turkey)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-basil-of-antioch/


Saint Bernerio of Eboli

Also known as

Berniero

Profile

Pilgrim to all the major shrines in Spain and then in Rome, Italy. Cave hermit in Eboli, Salerno, Italy.

Born

c.1100 in Spain

Died

• late 12th century of natural causes
• buried at the church of the Benedictine monastery of San Pietro in Eboli, Italy
• relics re-discovered on 16 October 1554
• relics enshrined under the altar of the crypt of the church of San Pietro in Eboli on 25 July 1930

Canonized

Congregation of Rites approved an Office for the clergy of Eboli, Italy on 18 May 1602

Patronage

Eboli, Italy

Representation

• pilgrim's staff
• defeating, standing or chastising a dragon, referring to his personal fight with sin

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bernerio-of-eboli/


Saint Crispin of Ecija

Profile

Fourth century bishop of Ecija, Andalusia, Spain. Martyred in the persecutions of Maximian Herculeus. Has a special office in the old Mozarabic Breviary and Missal.

Died

beheaded in the early 4th century in Ecija, Andalusia, Spain

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-crispin-of-ecija/


Saint Dasius of Dorostorum

Also known as

• Dasius of Silistria
• Dasio of...

Profile

Bishop at Dorostorum (modern Silistra, Bulgaria). Fought against the immorality involved in the Saturnalia and other pagan festivals. Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Died

c.303

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-dasius-of-dorostorum/


Saint Dorus of Benevento

Profile

Fifth century bishop of Benevento, Italy.

Died

Benevento, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-dorus-of-benevento/


Saint Eudo of Carméry

Also known as

Eudon, Eudes, Odo, Odon

Profile

Monk at Lerins Abbey in France. Founded the monastery of Corméry-en-Velay.

Died

c.760

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eudo-of-carmery/


Saint Eustachius of Nicea

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Emperor Maximinius the Thracian.

Died

235 in Nicea, Asia Minor

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eustachius-of-nicea/


Saint Eval of Cornwall

Also known as

Urval, Uvol, Urfol

Profile

Sixth century bishop in Cornwall, England. The village of St Eval, Cornwall was named in his honour.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eval-of-cornwall/


Saint Francis Xavier Can Nguyen

Also known as

Phanxicô Xaviê Can

Additional Memorial

24 November as one of the Martyrs of Vietnam

Profile

Layman. Catechist. Worked to help the Paris Foreign Mission Society. Arrested for his faith, he was offered the chance for freedom if he would renounce his faith; he declined. Martyr.

Born

c.1803 in Son Miêng, Hà Ðông, Vietnam

Died

strangled to death on 20 November 1837 in prison in Ô Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam

Canonized

19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-francis-xavier-can-nguyen/


Saint Gaius of Messina

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Died

c.302 in Messina, Sicily

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-gaius-of-messina/


Saint Gregory Decapolites

Profile

Ninth century monk. Hermit. Pilgrim. An opponent of the iconoclasts, at whose hands he suffered.

Born

at the Decapolis, Asia Minor

Died

842 in Constantinople

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-gregory-decapolites/


Saint Hippolytus of Belley

Also known as

• Hippolytus of Condat
• Hippolytus of Saint-Oyend
• Ippolito of...

Profile

Monk. Abbot of Saint-Oyend abbey. Bishop of Belley, France.

Died

c.772 in Jura, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-hippolytus-of-belley/


Saint Humbert of Elmham

Profile

Ninth-century bishop. Crowned Saint Edmund as king of East Anglia in 855. Martyred by pagan Danish raiders.

Died

870 in East Anglia (in modern England

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-humbert-of-elmham/


Saint Leo of Nonantula

Profile

Monk and later abbot of Nonantula Abbey near Modena, Italy.

Died

1000

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-leo-of-nonantula/


Saint Maxentia of Beauvais

Profile

Anchoress near Senlis, France. Martyr.

Born

Ireland

Died

martyred in Pont-Sainte-Maxence, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-maxentia-of-beauvais/


Saint Nerses of Sahgerd

Profile

Bishop of Sahgerd in Persia. Arrested with 10 or 12 parishioners during the persecutions of Shapur II. They were offered their freedom if they would worship the sun; they declined. Martyr.

Died

Persia

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-nerses-of-sahgerd/


Saint Simplicius of Verona

Profile

Bishop of Verona, Italy.

Died

c.535

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-simplicius-of-verona/


Saint Sylvester of Châlons-sur-Saône

Profile

Priest for 40 years. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saône, France from c.484 to c.525. Saint Gregory of Tours describes him as "the glory of confessors".

Died

c.525 in Châlons-sur-Saône, France of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-sylvester-of-chalons-sur-saone/


Saint Thespesius of Nicea

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Emperor Maximinius the Thracian.

Died

235 in Nicea, Asia Minor

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-thespesius-of-nicea/


Saint Teonesto of Vercelli

Also known as

Theoneste, Theonestus

Profile

Martyr.

Died

c.313 in Vercelli, Piedmont, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-teonesto-of-vercelli/


Martyrs of Antioch

Profile

Group of three Christians executed together for their faith. No details have survived except their names - Basil, Dionysius and Rusticus.

Died

Antioch (Antakya, Turkey)

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-antioch-20-november/


Martyrs of Heraclea

Profile

A group of 43 Christians martyred together. The only details about them to survive are three of their names - Agapitus, Bassus and Dionysius.

Died

Heraclea, Thrace

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-heraclea-20-november/


Martyrs of Turin

Additional Memorial

20 January (translation of relics)

Profile

Three Christian martyrs whose original stories were lost, and somehow came to be associated with the Theban Legion. They are - Adventor, Octavius and Solutor.

Died

beheaded in 297 in Turin, Italy

Patronage

Turin, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-turin/


Martyred in the Spanish Civil War

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Blessed Ascensión Duart Roig
Blessed Aurea Navarro
Blessed Catalina Calpe Ibáñez
Blessed Emilia Martí Lacal
Blessed Francisca Desamparados Honorata Lloret Martí
Blessed Gertrudis Rita Florència Surís Brusola
Blessed Isabel Ferrer Sabrià
Blessed Josefa Pascual Pallardó
Blessed Josefa Romero Clariana
Blessed Josepa Mongoche Homs
Blessed María Antonia del Sufragio Orts Baldó
Blessed Maria Dolors Llimona Planas
Blessed María Isabel López García
Blessed María Purificación Gómez Vives
Blessed Milagros Ortells Gimeno
Blessed Paula de San Antonio
Blessed Teresa Jiménez Baldoví
Blessed Teresa Rosat Balasch


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Cyprian of Calamizzi


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