20 May • yesterday
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• tomorrow
Optional Memorial of Saint Bernardine of Siena, Priest

Saint Bernadine of Siena

Also known as

Bernadino, Bernardine, Bernardino

Profile

Franciscan Friar Minor. Priest. Itinerant preacher. Theological writer. His preaching skills were so great, and the conversions so numerous, that he has become associated with all areas of speaking, advertising, public relations, etc.

Bernardino's charismatic preaching filled the piazze of Italian cities. Thousands of listeners flocked to hear him and to participate in dramatic rituals, which included collective weeping, bonfires of vanities, and exorcisms. He was a renowned peacemaker, in the Franciscan tradition, who tried to calm feuding clans and factions in the turbulent political world of the Renaissance. His preaching visits would often culminate in mass reconciliations, as listeners were persuaded to exchange the bacio di pace, or kiss of peace.

Bernardino was sensitive to the demands of secular life, and tried to negotiate between Christian ethics and a conflicting code of honour that stressed retaining face in a public world. He argued that the catalyst of civil discord in the urban setting was malicious gossip, which led to insults, and, too often, vendetta by aggressive males. His surprising allies in his peacekeeping mission were the women who comprised the majority of his audience.

Born

1380 at Massa di Carrara, Italy

Died

1444 at Aquila, Italy of natural causes

Patronage

• against hoarseness
• against chest problems
• against respiratory problems
• lung problems, lungs
• advertisers, advertising
• communications personnel
• gambling addicts; against compulsive gambling
• public relations personnel (proclaimed on 20 May 1960 by Pope John XXIII)
• Italy
• diocese of San Bernardino, California
• 4 cities in Italy

Representation

• short, elderly Franciscan holding a tablet inscribed IHS
• short, elderly Franciscan with three mitres at his feet representing the bishoprics he rejected
• sun inscribed IHS
• tablet inscribed IHS

Video

Video PlayList

Readings

When a fire is lit to clear a field, it burns off all the dry and useless weeds and thorns. When the sun rises and darkness is dispelled, robbers, night-prowlers and burglars hide away. So when Paul's voice was raised to preach the Gospel to the nations, like a great clap of thunder in the sky, his preaching was a blazing fire carrying all before it. It was the sun rising in full glory. Infidelity was consumed by it, false beliefs fled away, and the truth appeared like a great candle lighting the whole world with its brilliant flame.

By word of mouth, by letters, by miracles, and by the example of his own life, Saint Paul bore the name of Jesus wherever he went. He praised the name of Jesus "at all times," but never more than when "bearing witness to his faith."

Moreover, the Apostle did indeed carry this name "before the Gentiles and kings and the sons of Israel" as a light to enlighten all nations. And this was his cry wherever he journeyed: "The night is passing away, the day is at hand. Let us then cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light; let us conduct ourselves honorably as in the day." Paul himself showed forth the burning and shining-light set upon a candlestick, everywhere proclaiming "Jesus, and him crucified."

And so the Church, the bride of Christ strengthened by his testimony, rejoices with the psalmist, singing: "O God from my youth you have taught me, and I still proclaim your wondrous deeds." The psalmist exhorts her to do this, as he says: "Sing to the Lord, and bless his name, proclaim his salvation day after day." And this salvation is Jesus, her savior.

- from a sermon by Saint Bernadine of Siena

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bernadine-of-siena/


Blessed Columba of Rieti

Also known as

• Angelella Guardagnoli
• Colomba of Rieti

Profile

Legend says that at her birth, angels gathered around Columba's house to sing. During her Baptism, a dove suddenly flew down to the font. From that point on, no one used her by her given name (Angelella = little angel), but called her Columba (= dove). She was raised in a poor but pious family; her parents gave away nearly everything thing they had to people even poorer than themselves. As a small girl Columba learned to spin and sew; she and her mother repaired the clothes of the local Dominicans. Educated by Dominican nuns.

Columba quickly developed a strong devotion to Saint Catherine of Siena and to the Blessed Virgin Mary. While still in her teens she prayed about her vocation in life, and received a vision of Christ on a throne surrounded by saints. She took this as instruction to dedicate herself to God, and so she cut herself off from the world, made a private vow of chastity, and spent her time in prayer. Unbeknownst to Columba, her parents had arranged a marriage for her, but she cut off her hair and sent it to her would-be suitor, an accepted way at that time of telling him that she was devoting her life to God, not marriage.

She had the gifts of prophecy, healing, exorcism, raising the dead, and miracles. Given to ecstacies during one of which her spirit toured the Holy Lands. Dominican tertiary at age 19. Her reputation for wisdom and holiness spread throughout the region, and she was a much sought after counsellor. Some people from the city of Narni, Italy tried to kidnap her so she could be their miracle worker, but she escaped.

Following a revelation that she should leave Rieti, Italy, she walked away with no destination in mind. Along the way she was arrested in Foligno, Italy as a vagrant, but she eventually stopped and stayed in Perugia, Italy. On 1 January 1490 she and several other women took vows as a community of Dominican teritary nuns. Noted spiritual counselor to any who sought her advice. During an epidemic she worked among the sick, healing many by praying for them. She offered her own health in exchange for the city; when the general epidemic ended, she became ill, eventually recovering through the intercession of Saint Catherine of Siena. Her sanctity caused her to be persecuted by Lucrezia Borgia for years; at one point Borgia had a decree issued accusing Columba of practicing magic.

Born

2 February 1467 at Rieti, Umbria, Italy as Angelella Guardagnoli

Died

• 20 May 1501 at Perguia, Italy of natural causes
• at the moment of her death, her friend, Blessed Osanna Andreasi, saw Columba's soul as a radiance rising to heaven
• the whole city turned out for her funeral, which was paid for by the city fathers

Beatified

25 February 1625 by Pope Urban VIII

Patronage

• against magic or sorcery
• against temptation
• Perugia, Italy

Representation

• Dominican tertiary receiving the Eucharist from a hand reaching down from heaven
• Dominican tertiary receiving the Eucharist from an angel
• Dominican tertiary with a dove, lily, and book
• Dominican tertiary with a wreath of roses, cross, lily, and rosary

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-columba-of-rieti/


Saint Lydia Purpuraria

Also known as

• Lydia of Thyatira
• Lydia of Philippi
• Lydia Philippisia

Additional Memorials

• 20 May (Roman Martyrology; Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America; Eastern Orthodox)
• 27 March (Russian Orthodox Church)
• 25 June (Russian Orthodox Church)
• 27 January (Evangelical Lutheran)
• 25 October (Episcopal Church; Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod)

Profile

Lay business woman in Thyatira, dealing in purple cloth, the most expensive type in the 1st century Middle East. Paul's first known convert.

Born

Greek

Patronage

cloth dyers

Storefront

medals and pendants

Readings

On the sabbath we went outside the city gate along the river where we thought there would be a place of prayer. We sat and spoke with the women who had gathered there. One of them, a woman named Lydia, a dealer in purple cloth, from the city of Thyatira, a worshiper of God, listened, and the Lord opened her heart to pay attention to what Paul was saying. After she and her household had been baptized, she offered us an invitation, "If you consider me a believer in the Lord, come and stay at my home," and she prevailed on us. -Acts 16:13-15

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-lydia-purpuraria/


Blessed María Angélica Pérez

Also known as

• María Crescencia
• Sister Dulzura
• Sister Sweetness

Profile

Born to immigrants from Spain, raised in a farm family, and known as a pious girl. Entered the Daughters of Our Lady of the Garden on 31 December 1915, taking her vows on 7 September 1918. Teacher and catechist to children. In 1924 to 1928 she was assigned to a tuberculosis hospital where she worked closely with sick children. When her own health began to suffer, she was assigned to a hospital in Vallenar, Chile where she was a source of joy, comfort and the teachings of God to many patients.

Born

17 August 1897 in San Martín, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Died

• 20 May 1932 in Vallenar, Atacama, Argentina of natural causes
• found incorrupt in 1966
• re-interred in the College Chapel in Huerto de Pergamino, Argentina

Beatified

• 17 November 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI
• the recognition was celebrated by Cardinal Angelo Amato, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, at Pergamino, Argentina
• her beatification miracle involved a cure from type A hepatitis

Readings

Heart of Jesus I ask you for a special blessing for Chile, given that it is God's will that I die here. Gladly I offer you the sacrifice for the peace and tranquility of this nation. - Blessed Maria's last words

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-maria-angelica-perez/


Saint Ethelbert of East Anglia

Also known as

Aethelbert, Albert, Albright

Profile

Son of Ethelred, King of the East Angles, and Leofrana. A pious youth, he would have preferred religious life, but was in line for the throne. King of East Anglia for 44 years. He would have preferred to remain celibate, but agreed to seek the hand of Althryda (Alfrida) daughter of Offa, King of the Mercians in order to continue a stable line to the crown. There were a number of supernatural indications that it was a bad choice, but Ethelbert went anyway. Due to court intrigues, Ethelbert was murdered by a man named Grimbert at the instigation of his father-in-law, Offa of Mercia. Often listed as a martyr.

Died

• murdered in 793 at Villa Australis, Mercia, England
• his body was buried like trash, but a heavenly light identified it, and it was eventually relocated
• buried at Maurdine near the Lugg River in Mercia
• remains relocated to Stratus-way
• remains relocated to Fernley (modern Hereford, England)
• remains relocated to Hereford Cathedral
• during one of the moves the head fell off the body, fell of the cart it was being carried in, touched a pedestrian who had been blind for eleven years, and cured him
• head enshrined at Westminster Abbey

Patronage

• Hereford, England
• Hereford Cathedral

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ethelbert-of-east-anglia/


Saint Arcangelo Tadini

Profile

As a young adult, Arcangelo had an accident that left him with a lifelong limp. He entered the seminary in Brescia, Italy at age 18. Ordained in 1870, but illness forced him to spend his first year of priesthood with his family. Curate in the mountain village of Lodrino from 1871 to 1873. Curate at the Shrine of Santa Maria della Noce near Brescia. Noted for his attention to his parishioners, and his care for refugees. Curate at Botticino Sera in 1885; parish priest there in 1887, a post he held the rest of his life. He revitalized his parish, involved the parishioners, and made the church the center of the community. He founded the Workers' Mutual Aid Association, a form of social insurance for the sick, injured and aged. He used his own inheritance to build a modern spinning factory, employing local women, and using the profits to build a residence for them. He founded the Congregation of Worker Sisters of the Holy House of Nazareth who worked in factories with other women, teaching them when they could, and leading them by example. Father Arcangelo's strength came from prayer, much of it spent in front of the Blessed Sacrament.

Born

12 October 1846 at Verolanuova, Brescia, Italy

Died

20 May 1912 at Botticino Sera, Brescia, Italy of natural causes

Canonized

26 April 2009 by Pope Benedict XVI

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-arcangelo-tadini/


Saint Baudelius of Nimes

Also known as

Baldiri, Basile, Baudelio, Baudile, Baudilio, Baudilus, Bausile, Boal, Boi

Profile

Married lay evangelist who worked tirelessly to spread the faith in Gaul. He arrived Nîmes, France during a sacrifice to the Roman god Veiovis; he knocked over the statue, interrupted the sacrifice, preached against false gods, and was immediately seized, whipped and murdered. Martyr. Over 400 churches have been dedicated to him throughout France and Spain.

Born

Orleans, France

Died

• beheaded in late 3rd century Nîmes, France
• on the three places where his severed head touched the ground, there sprang up healing springs of water; the street of Trois Fontaines in modern Nîmes goes through the traditional execution area
• his wife took the body to a place called Valsainte for proper burial; a church was built over the tomb, it became a place of pilgrimage, and a monastery was built nearby that lasted over 1,000 years

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-baudelius-of-nimes/


Saint Austregisilus of Bourges

Also known as

Aoustrille, Outril, Outrille

Profile

Educated and trained as a courtier but felt a call to religious life. Monk in the abbey of Saint-Nizier at Lyons, France. Abbot of his house. Priest. Bishop of Bourges, France in 612.

Born

551 in Bourges, France

Died

624 of natural causes

Patronage

Bourges, France

Representation

armoured knight on horseback with a religious habit over his armour and another man falling off a horse in front of him

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-austregisilus-of-bourges/


Saint Protasius Chong Kuk-bo

Also known as

• Jeong Guk-Bo
• Peurotasio
• Protasio Chong Kuk-bo

Profile

Married layman in the apostolic vicariate of Korea. At one point he abandoned Christianity, but recovered his faith, was imprisoned, tortured and eventually executed for refusing to renounce it again. Martyr.

Born

1799 in Songdo, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea

Died

20 May 1839 in Seoul Prison, South Korea

Canonized

6 May 1984 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-protasius-chong-kuk-bo/


Saint Talaleo of Egea

Also known as

Taleleo, Thalelaeus, Thallelaeus

Profile

Physician. Imprisoned, tortured and martyred in the persecutions of Numerian.

Born

c.265 near Mount Lebanon, Phoenicia

Died

• 284 in Egea, Macedonia (modern Edessa, Greece)
• relics enshrined in the church of San Agatónico, Constantinople
• relics destroyed by Muslims

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-talaleo-of-egea/


Saint Aurea of Ostia

Also known as

Aura, Chryse

Profile

Killed for visiting Christian prisoners and giving them a decent burial after their execution. Martyr.

Died

• drowned c.270 in Ostia, Italy
• her body later washed ashore and was given a proper burial

Representation

woman thrown into the sea with a millstone around her neck

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-aurea-of-ostia/


Saint Basilla of Rome

Also known as

Babilla

Profile

Niece of the Emperor Gallienus. Adult convert to Christianity, baptised by Pope Saint Cornelius. She refused to marry a pagan patrician to whom she had arranged marriage and who required her to denouce her faith. Martyr.

Died

• beheaded in 304 in Rome, Italy
• buried in the catacombs on the Via Salaria outside Rome

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-basilla-of-rome/


Blessed Arnaldo Serra

Profile

Mercedarian. While on a mission to Tunis, Tunisia to ransom Christian slaves from Muslim captors, he was imprisoned, tortured and left to die in prison with 30 fellow Christians. Martyr.

Died

of hunger and thirst in 1492 in prison in Tunis, Tunisia

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-arnaldo-serra/


Saint Theodore of Pavia

Profile

Little known of his early life. Bishop of Pavia from 743 to 778. Outspoken critic of Arianism, which caused his repeated exile by Lombard Arian kings.

Died

778 of natural causes

Patronage

Pavia, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-theodore-of-pavia/


Blessed Guy de Gherardesca

Also known as

Guido

Profile

Hermit at Campo, Italy.

Born

at Pisa, Italy

Died

1099 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-guy-de-gherardesca/


Saint Plautilla of Rome

Profile

Married to a former imperial proconsul. Mother of Flavia Domitilla of Terracina. An adult convert, tradition says she was baptised by Saint Peter the Apostle, and witnessed the martyrdom of Saint Paul the Apostle.

Died

c.67

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-plautilla-of-rome/


Blessed Albert of Bologna

Profile

Member of the Parisi family. Monk. Abbot of the Vallombrosan abbey near Bologna, Italy, which after his death was renamed San Alberto.

Born

in Bologna, Italy

Died

1245 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-albert-of-bologna/


Saint Althryda

Also known as

Alfrida, Altrida, Etheldrytha

Profile

Born a princess, the daughter of King Offa of Mercia. Betrothed to Saint Ethelbert after whose death she retired to Croyland Abbey to live as a hermitess.

Died

834 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-althryda/


Saint Asterius of Edessa

Profile

Executioner who killed Christians until his exposure to them converted him to the faith. Martyred in the persecutions of Numerian.

Born

Syrian

Died

284 at Edessa, Mesopotamia

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-asterius-of-edessa/


Saint Anastasius of Brescia

Profile

Bishop of Brescia, Lombardy, Italy. Converted the Lombards from Arianism.

Died

• 610 of natural causes
• relics translated in 1581 by Saint Charles Borromeo

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-anastasius-of-brescia/


Saint Lucifer of Cagliari

Profile

Priest. Bishop of Cagliari, Italy. Fierce defender of the faith as expressed in the Nicene Creed for which he was exiled by emperor Constantius.

Died

370 in Cagliari, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-lucifer-of-cagliari/


Saint Aquila of Egypt

Also known as

Aquila of Nîmes

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Maximinus Daza.

Born

Egyptian

Died

torn to pieces with iron combs in 311 in Thebais, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-aquila-of-egypt/


Saint Abercius

Profile

One tradition makes him the son of Alphaeus the Apostle. Martyr.

Died

exposed naked to a swarm of angry bees in the 1st century

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-abercius-20-may/


Saint Alexander of Edessa

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Numerian.

Died

Edessa, Syria

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-alexander-of-edessa-20-may/


Saint Helena

Profile

One tradition makes her the daughter of Alphaeus the Apostle. Martyr.

Died

stoned to death in the 1st century

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-helena-20-may/


Saint Thalalaeus of Edessa

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Numerian.

Died

Edessa, Syria

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-thalalaeus-of-edessa/


Saint Codrato

Also known as

Codro

Profile

Martyr.

Died

tied to and torn apart by horses

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-codrato/


Saint Hilary of Toulouse

Profile

Fourth century bishop of Toulouse, France.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-hilary-of-toulouse/


Saint Marcello

Profile

Martyr.

Died

molten lead poured down his throat

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-marcello/


Martyred in the Spanish Civil War

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Blessed José Pérez Fernández
Blessed Rafaél García Torres
Blessed Tomás Valera González


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Josepha Endrina Stenmanns
• Luigi Talamoni


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