20 July • yesterday
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Optional Memorial of Saint Apollinaris, Bishop and Martyr

Saint Margaret of Antioch

Also known as

Margherita, Marina, Margaritha, Marine, Margaretha

Profile

Virgin and martyr whose story is know to us from a collection of legends, but no contemporary history. Her father was a pagan priest in Pisidian Antioch, Asia Minor (modern Turkey). Her mother died when Margaret was an infant, and the girl was raised by a Christian woman. Margaret's father disowned her, her nurse adopted her, and Margaret converted, consecrating herself and her virginity to God.

One day a Roman prefect saw the beautiful young Margaret as she was tending sheep, and tried to get her into his bed. When she refused, the official denounced her as a outlaw Christian, and she was brought to trial. When she refused to sacrifice to the pagan gods, the authorities tried to burn her, then boil her in a large cauldron; each time her prayers kept her unharmed. She was finally martyred by beheading.

Part of her story involves her meeting the devil in the form of a dragon, being swallowed by the dragon, and then escaping safely when the cross she carried irritated the dragon's innards; this accounts for this virgin's association with pregnancy, labour, and childbirth. She was one of the saints who appeared to Saint Joan of Arc. One of the Fourteen Holy Helpers.

Born

Antioch

Died

• beheaded, date unknown
• relics claimed by several locations

Patronage

• against kidney disease
• against loss of milk by nursing mothers
• against sterility
• dying people
• for escape from devils
• expectant mothers, pregnant women
• falsely accused people
• for safe childbirth
• Lowestoft, Suffolk, England
• martyrs
• Montefiascone, Italy
• nurses
• peasants
• people in exile
• Queens College Cambridge
• Rixtel, Netherlands
• Sannat, Gozo, Malta
• women
• women in labour

Representation

• dragon
• shepherdess
• woman carrying a small cross in her hand
• woman carrying a small girdle in her hand
• woman leading a chained dragon
• woman standing next to a cauldron or large vessel
• woman standing with, on, or beside a dead dragon
• women with a holy water font or vessel

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-margaret-of-antioch/


Elijah the Prophet

Also known as

Elias the Prophet

Profile

Old Testament prophet. He announced to Achad, King of Israel, who under the influence of his Tyrian wife Jezabel had erected a temple to Baal, that Jehovah had determined to avenge the apostasy of Israel by bringing a long drought on the land. During the drought which lasted three years, Elias withdrew to the vicinity of the brook Carith, where he was fed by the ravens. After the brook had dried up he crossed over to Sarepta, where he was hospitably received by a poor widow, whose charity he rewarded by increasing her store of meal and oil and by raising her child to life. At length he once more confronted the king and challenged the prophets of Baal to a contest on Mount Carmel, when Elias's oblation was consumed by fire from heaven, and the false prophets were slain by the people at his command. He was obliged to flee from the wrath of Jezabel and while on Mount Horeb was commissioned by Jehovah to anoint Hazael to be King of Syria, Jehu to be King of Israel, and Eliseus to be his own successor. Subsequently he denounced Achab for the murder of Naboth and reprimanded Ochozias and Joram, King of Juda. While conversing with Eliseus on the hills of Moab he was translated to heaven in a fiery chariot. The Carmelite Order traces its origin to him. An apocryphal Apocalypse of Elias was partly recovered in a Coptic translation.

Patronage

• Air Forces
• Carmelites
• civil aeronautics
• Romanian Air Force

Video

YouTube PlayList

http://catholicsaints.info/elijah-the-prophet/


Blessed Rita Josefa Pujalte y Sánchez

Also known as

Sister Rita of Our Lady of Sorrows

Profile

Nun, a member of the Sisters of Charity of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, as was her sister Luisa. On the recommendation of the Order's fonder, Rita was chosen superior of the Sisters in 1900; she served in that position for 28 years. Started schools for girls, especially in the poorest areas, and was know for her care for the sick, especially fellow Sisters. Retiring to the Saint Susanna convent in Madrid, Spain, she worked the convent's college. In the persecutions of the Spanish Civil War, many fled, but Rita, 83 years old and nearly blind, stayed to care for orphans and those in hospital. Grabbed by a anti–Christian revolutionaries while she was in prayer in chapel, she was taken out of Madrid and executed. Martyr.

Born

18 February 1853 in Aspe, Alicante, Spain

Died

• shot at 3.30pm on 20 July 1936 in Canillejas, Madrid, Spain
• exhumed and found incorrupt in 1940
• re-interred in the cemetery of Almudena, Madrid, Spain
• body found incorrupt in 1954
• re-interred in the chapel in Madrid Villaverde, Spain

Beatified

10 May 1998 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-rita-josefa-pujalte-y-sanchez/


Saint Bernward of Hildesheim

Also known as

Berward, Bernward

Profile

Member of a noble Saxon family. Grandson of Athelbero, Count Palatine of Saxony. Orphaned at an early age. Raised by his uncle Volkmar, bishop of Utrecht, and educated at the cathedral school at Heidelberg, where he was a schoolmate of Blessed Meinwerk of Paderborn and at Mainz. Ordained at Mainz. Imperial chaplain and tutor to the future Emperor Otto III beginning in 987. Bishop of Hildesheim, Germany from 993 till 1020. Encouraged the arts; commissioned religious paintings and sculpture, refurbished existing buildings, built new ones (thus his patronage of the builder's arts), and made altar vessels of gold and silver by hand, and dabbled in architecture and ornamental ironwork. His rule was marked with peace, and around 1020 he retired to a Benedictine monastary to spend his remaining days in prayer.

Born

c.960 at Utrecht, Netherlands

Died

20 November 1022 of natural causes

Canonized

1193 by Pope Celestine III

Patronage

• architects
• goldsmiths
• painters
• sculptors

Representation

• bishop making a chalice with a goldsmith's hammer
• holding a short cross in his hand and surrounded by tools

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bernward-of-hildesheim/


Saint Frumentius of Ethiopia

Also known as

• Apostle to Ethiopia
• Abuna of Ethiopia
• Father of Ethiopia
• Fremonat, Fulgence

Additional Memorials

• 1 August (Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church)
• 30 November (Eastern Orthodox Churches)
• 18 December (Coptic Orthodox Church)

Profile

Brother of Saint Aedeius. Student of the philosopher Meropius. While on a voyage on the Red Sea, their ship wrecked on the Ethiopian shore, and only Frumentius and Aedeius survived. They were taken to the king at Axum as a curiosity, and became members of the court, Frumentius serving as secretary. When the king died they stayed as part of the queen's court. She permitted them to introduce Christianity to the country, and open trade between Ethiopia and the west. Frumentius convinced Saint Athanasius of Alexandria to send missionaries from Alexandria, Egypt, and was himself consecrated as bishop of Ethiopia. Converted many, including the princes Ezana and Sheazana, and established a firm foothold in Ethiopia for the faith.

Born

early 4th century, Tyre (modern Sur, Lebanon)

Died

c.383 in Ethiopia of natural causes

Patronage

• Abyssinia
• Ethiopia

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-frumentius-of-ethiopia/


Saint Joseph Barsabas

Also known as

• Joseph Basassas
• Joseph Justus
• Joseph of Barsabas
• Joseph the Just
• Barsabbas, Justus

Profile

A disciple of Jesus. Mentioned in Acts as the other candidate for the 12th Apostle's position, the one vacated by Judas Iscariot. The lot fell to Saint Matthias.

Died

1st century

Representation

• child holding stones
• child holding loaves of bread
• child blowing bubbles

Readings

"It is necessary that one of the men who accompanied us the whole time the Lord Jesus came and went among us, beginning from the baptism of John until the day on which he was taken up from us, become with us a witness to his resurrection." So they proposed two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was also known as Justus, and Matthias. Then they prayed, "You, Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which one of these two you have chosen to take the place in this apostolic ministry from which Judas turned away to go to his own place." Then they gave lots to them, and the lot fell upon Matthias, and he was counted with the eleven apostles. - Acts 1:21-26

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-joseph-barsabas/


Blessed Luigi Novarese

Profile

One of six children born to a farming family; his father died of pneumonia when the boy was very young. Due to a childhood illness, one of his legs was several inches shorter than the other, requiring him to wear special shoes all his life. Priest in the Diocese of Frascati, Italy, ordained on 17 December 1938. Had degrees in theology and canon law, but always found time for what he considered his primary work, ministering to the sick. Founded the Priestly Marian League in 1943. With Sister Elvira Myriam Psorulla, he founded the Volunteers of Suffering in 1947. Founded the Silent Workers of the Cross in 1950. Founded the Brothers and Sisters of the Sick in 1952.

Born

29 July 1914 in Casale Monferrato, Alessandria, Italy

Died

20 July 1984 in Rocca Priora, Rome, Italy

Beatified

• 11 May 2013 by Pope Francis
• beatification recognition celebrated at the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside-the-Walls, Rome, Italy by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-luigi-novarese/


Saint Apollinaris of Ravenna

Also known as

Apollinare of Ravenna

Profile

Mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles. Spiritual student of Saint Peter the Apostle. First bishop of Ravenna, Italy; as such he faced nearly constant persecution. He and his flock were exiled from Ravenna during the persecutions of Emperor Vespasian. On his way out of the city he was identified, arrested as being the leader, tortured, and martryed. Noted miracle worker. Centuries after his death he appeared in a vision to Saint Romuald.

Born

Antioch, Turkey

Died

• run through with a sword c.79 at Ravenna, Italy
• relics at the Benedictine abbey of Classe, Ravenna and in Saint Lambert's church, Düsseldorf, Germany

Patronage

• against epilepsy
• against gout
• archdiocese of Ravenna-Cervia, Italy
• 6 cities

Representation

• bishop healing a boy's eyes
• sword

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-apollinaris-of-ravenna/


Blessed Gregorio López

Profile

Court page to King Philip II, Gregorio was well educated, especially in the sciences of his day. He lived six years as a hermit in the Navarre region of Spain before moving to Mexico in 1562 where he lived as a hermit among the natives near Zacatecas and the area of modern Mexico City. Because he was being sought out for spritiual guidance by local people, the archbishop of Mexico City had him examined for fidelity to the faith; the bishop and his priests were impressed with the man’s knowledge, piety and wisdom. This only increased the number of people who sought him out, so Gregorio withdrew to the small village of Santa Fe where he lived his remaining days in solitude. Devotion to him is widespread throughout Mexico, and his canonization cause has been pursued since 1620.

Born

4 July 1542 at Madrid, Spain

Died

20 July 1596 near Mexico City, Mexico of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-gregorio-lopez/


Saint Chi Zhuze

Also known as

Xi Guizi

Additional Memorial

28 September as one of the Martyrs of China

Profile

Teenaged layman convert in the apostolic vicariate of Southeastern Zhili, China who was still a catechumen when, during an anti-Western riot, he was dragged into the town square and murdered for being a Christian during the Boxer Rebellion. Martyr.

Born

c.1882 in Dezhaoin, Shenzhou, Hebei, China

Died

torn to pieces during June-July 1900 (records unclear) in Dechao, Shenzhou, Hebei, China

Canonized

1 October 2000 by Pope John Paul II

Video

YouTube PlayList

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-chi-zhuze/


Blessed Matías Cardona-Meseguer

Also known as

Matías of Saint Augustine

Profile

Son of Narciso Cardona and Domenica Meseguer. Soldier. Joined the Piarists on 25 June 1929, and made his solemn profession on 15 August 1934. Priest, ordained on 11 April 1935. Served in Barcelona, Spain. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

23 December 1902 in Vallibona, Castellón, Spain

Died

shot on 20 July 1936 in Pigro de Coll, Vallibona, Castellón, Spain

Beatified

1 October 1995 by Popes John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-matias-cardona-meseguer/


Saint Maria Fu Guilin

Also known as

Mali

Additional Memorial

28 September as one of the Martyrs of China

Profile

Lay woman in the apostolic vicariate of Southeastern Zhili, China. Teacher. Turned over to the pagan persecutors in the Boxer Rebellion, she publicly prayed to Christ, and was immediately murdered. Martyr.

Born

c.1863 in Luopo, Shenzhou, Hebei, China

Died

beheaded on 20 July 1900 in Dailucun, Shenzhou, Hebei, China

Canonized

1 October 2000 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-maria-fu-guilin/


Saint José María Díaz Sanjurjo

Also known as

Joseph Diaz Sanjurjo

Additional Memorial

24 November as one of the Martyrs of Viet Nam

Profile

Dominican priest, ordained on 23 March 1844. Missionary to Manila, Philippines, and then to Viet Nam. Coadjutor vicar apostolic of Central Tonking, Viet Nam and titular bishop of Plataea on 5 September 1848. Martyr.

Born

26 October 1818 at Santa Eulalia, Spain

Died

martyred on 20 July 1857 in Vietnam

Canonized

19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-jose-maria-diaz-sanjurjo/


Saint Ansegisus

Also known as

Ansegis

Profile

Benedictine monk at Fontenelle Abbey, France at age 18. Entrusted by Charlemagne and Louis le Débonnaire with the reform and restoration of the monasteries of Saint Sixtus, Saint Memius, Flay, and Luxeuil. He codified the laws of Charlemagne and Louis in the Capitulars. Abbot of Fontenelle; the monastery became famous for learning, discipline, and its library. He divided the riches he obtained from his diplomatic missions among various monasteries.

Born

c.770

Died

c.833 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ansegisus/


Blessed Francisca Aldea y Araujo

Also known as

Sister Francisca of the Heart of Jesus

Profile

Nun, a member of the Sisters of Charity of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

17 December 1881 in Somolinos, Guadalajara, Spain

Died

20 July 1936 in Canillejas, Madrid, Spain

Beatified

10 May 1998 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-francisca-aldea-y-araujo/


Blessed Anne Cartier

Also known as

Sister Saint Basil

Additional Memorial

9 July as one of the Martyrs of Orange

Profile

Ursuline nun. Martyred in the French Revolution.

Born

19 November 1733 in Livron, Drôme, France

Died

guillotined on 20 July 1794 in Orange, Vaucluse, France

Beatified

10 May 1925 by Pope Pius XI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-anne-cartier/


Blessed Vicente López y López

Also known as

Virginio Pedro

Profile

Professed religious in the Brothers of the Christian Schools (De La Salle Brothers). Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

27 October 1884 in Miraveche, Burgos, Spain

Died

20 July 1936 in Almudena, Madrid, Spain

Beatified

13 October 2013 by Pope Francis

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-vicente-lopez-y-lopez/


Saint Wulmar

Also known as

Ulmar, Ulmer, Vilmarus, Volmar, Vulmaro, Vulmarus

Profile

Uncle of Saint Eremberta of Wierre. Priest. Monk. Founded a convent at Wierre-aux-Bois, France and the monastery of Samer near Boulogne, France that was later renamed Saint-Vulmaire in his honour.

Born

near Boulogne, France

Died

689

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-wulmar/


Saint Paul of Saint Zoilus

Also known as

Paul of Cordoba

Profile

Deacon in Moorish-occupied Cordoba, Spain. Monk at the Saint Zoilus monastery in Cordoba. Had a special ministry caring for Christians imprisoned for their faith by the Muslims. Martyr.

Died

• beheaded in 851
• relics in the church of Saint Zoilus, Cordoba, Spain

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-paul-of-saint-zoilus/


Blessed Abraham Furones y Furones

Also known as

Arenas, Luis

Profile

Dominican priest. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

8 October 1892 in Abraveses de Tera, Zamora, Spain

Died

20 July 1936 in Madrid, Spain

Beatified

28 October 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-abraham-furones-y-furones/


Saint Elswith

Also known as

Etheldwitha, Ethelwitha, Ealsitha, Ealhswith

Profile

Born a princess in Mercia (in modern England). A queen, married to King Alfred the Great of West Saxons. Widowed in 899, she became a nun and later abbess at a convent she had founded in Winchester, England.

Died

903

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-elswith/


Saint Aurelius of Carthage

Profile

Bishop of Carthage in North Africa. Worked with Saint Augustine of Hippo. One of the first to denounce the heresy of Pelagianism.

Died

c.426

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-aurelius-of-carthage/


Blessed Jacinto García Riesco

Profile

Dominican cleric. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

28 August 1894 in Calvillas, Somiedo, Asturias, Spain

Died

20 July 1936 in Madrid, Spain

Beatified

28 October 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-jacinto-garcia-riesco/


Saint Rorice of Limoges

Profile

Married, he was known in his community as an honourable and upright man. Rorice one day had a conversion experience that led him to complete devotion to God and a more religious life. Bishop of Limoges, France in 484.

Died

507 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-rorice-of-limoges/


Saint Cassian of Saint Saba

Also known as

Cassiano

Profile

Educated at the monastery of Saint Saba where he became a monk and then abbot.

Born

Scythopolis

Died

20 July 547 or 548 (records vary)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-cassian-of-saint-saba/


Saint Severa of Saint Gemma

Profile

Sister of Saint Modoald of Trier. Nun. First Abbess of Saint Gemma convent in Villeneuve, France; it was later renamed Sainte-Sevère in her honour.

Died

c.680

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-severa-of-saint-gemma/


Saint Mère

Profile

The memorial has long been celebrating in the diocese of Auch, France, and the town of Sainte-Mère, France appears to have been named for this person, but no information about them has survived.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-mere/


Saint Severa of Oehren

Profile

Abbess of the convent of Oehren in Trier, Germany.

Died

c.750

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-severa-of-oehren/


Martyrs of Corinth

Profile

22 Christians who were martyred together. We know nothing else about them but the names –

AppiaCalorusCassiusCelsusCyriacusDonatusEmilisFelixFructusMagnusMaximusNestitaPartinusPasterusPaulRomanusSpretusTertiusTheodolusUeratiaValerianVictor

Died

Corinth, Greece

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-corinth-20-july/


Martyrs of Damascus

Profile

16 Christians who were martyred together. We know the names of six of then, but no details about any of them – Cassia, Julian, Macrobius, Maximus, Paul and Sabinus.

Born

Syria

Died

Damascus, Syria, date unknown

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-damascus-20-july/


Martyrs of Seoul

Additional Memorial

20 September as one of the Martyrs of Korea

Profile

Eight lay native Koreans in various states of life who were murdered together for their faith.

Anna Kim Chang-gum
Ioannes Baptista Yi Kwang-nyol
Lucia Kim Nusia
Magdalena Yi Yong-hui
Maria Won Kwi-im
Martha Kim Song-im
Rosa Kim No-sa
Theresia Yi Mae-im

Died

20 July 1839 at the Small West Gate, Seoul, South Korea

Canonized

6 May 1984 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-seoul-20-july/


Martyrs of Zhaojia

Additional Memorial

28 September as one of the Martyrs of China

Profile

Married lay woman and her two daughters in the apostolic vicariate of Southeastern Zhili, China. During the persecutions of the Boxer Rebellion, the three of them hid in a well to avoid being raped. They were found, dragged out, and killed for being Christian. Martyrs. They were - Maria Zhao Guoshi (mother), Maria Zhao and Rosa Zhao (sisters).

Died

late July 1900 in Zhaojia, Wuqiao, Hebei, China

Canonized

1 October 2000 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-zhaojia/


Martyrs of Zhujiahe

Additional Memorial

28 September as one of the Martyrs of China

Profile

Two Jesuit missionary priests and two local lay people who supported their work who were martyred together in the Boxer Rebellion during and immediately after Mass.

Léon-Ignace Mangin
Maria Zhu Wushi
Paul Denn
Petrus Zhu Rixin

Died

20 July 1900 in church in Zhujiahe, Jingxian, Hebei, China

Canonized

1 October 2000 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-zhujiahe/


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Akhtyrskaya Icon of the Mother of God
• Our Lady of Zocueca
• Arnold Vessem
• Elias of Jerusalem
• Elias Tsjavtsjavadse
• Flavian II of Antioch
• Folmer of Alslev
• Gepa of Füssenich
• Maria Zhou Wuzhi
• Paphnutius of Skete


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