20 January • yesterday
• prayers
• tomorrow
Optional Memorial of Pope Saint Fabian, Martyr; Optional Memorial of Saint Sebastian, Martyr

Saint Eustochia Calafato

Also known as

• Eustochia Calafato de Messina
• Eustochia Montevergine
• Eustochia of Messina
• Eustochium Calafato
• Smerelda Colonna

Profile

Daughter of Count Bernardo and Countess Macaldo Romano Colonna, Sicilian nobles and wealthy merchants. Legend says she was born in a stable because her mother had received a vision directing her there. Raised and educated by her pious mother, the girl felt drawn to the religious life from an early age.

Eustochia received a her own vision, the image of Christ Crucified. The experience led her to join the Poor Clare Convent of Santa Maria di Basico against the wishes of the rest of her family. Her brothers threatened to burn down the convent, and Smerelda returned home. However, seeing the girl's true devotion and desire they relented, and she returned to the convent, taking her vows and the name Eustochia.

Noted for her self-imposed penances and austerities. Believing her convent locked sufficient discipline, she joined the reform-minded Poor Clare community at Santa Maria Acommodata in 1457, a community whose discipline was so severe that local Franciscan priests refused to say Mass there, fearing they were encouraging impious excesses. She was soon joined there by a blood sister and a niece. In 1463 the group relocated to Monte delle Vergini (Maiden's Hill).

Elected abbess in 1464. Noted for her devotion to the Blessed Sacrament and to the poor of the area. The local lay people considered her their patron and protector, the cloister a place of refuge, especially during the earthquakes that rocked the area.

Born

25 March (Good Friday) 1434 at Annunziata, Messina, Italy as Smerelda Colonna

Died

• 20 January 1491 at Messina, Sicily, Italy
• entombed in the apse of the Sanctuary of Montevergine, Messina, Sicily, Italy
• body incorrupt

Canonized

11 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II at Messina, Sicily, Italy

Patron Saints

Messina, Sicily, Italy

Representation

• Poor Clare nun holding a cross
• Poor Clare nun kneeling before the Blessed Sacrament

Readings

Learning assiduously in the school of Christ Crucified, she grew in knowledge of him and, meditating on the splendid mysteries of grace, she conceived a faithful love for him. For our saint, the cloistered life was not a mere flight from the world in order to take refuge in God. Through the severe criticism which she imposed upon herself, she certainly wanted to be united to Christ, gradually eliminating whatever in her, as in every human person, was fallen; at the same time, she felt united to all. From her cell in the monastery of Montevergine she extended her prayer and the value of her penances to the whole world. In such a way she wanted to be near to each brother and sister, alleviate every suffering, ask pardon for the sins of all. - Pope John Paul II in his homily at the canonization of Saint Eustochia

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eustochia-calafato/


Saint Sebastian

Profile

Son of a wealthy Roman family. Educated in Milan. Officer of the Imperial Roman army, and captain of the guard. Favorite of Diocletian. During Diocletian's persecution of the Christians, Sebastian visited them in prison, bringing supplies and comfort. Reported to have healed the wife of a brother soldier by making the Sign of the Cross over her. Converted soldiers and a governor to Christianity.

Charged as a Christian, Sebastian was tied to a tree, shot with arrows, and left for dead. He survived, and with the help of Saint Irene, recovered, and returned to preach to Diocletian. The emperor then had him beaten to death.

During the 14th century, the seemingly random nature of infection with the Black Death caused people to liken the plague to their villages being shot by an army of nature's archers. In desperation, they prayed for the intercession of a saint associated with archers, and Saint Sebastian became associated with the plague.

Born

at Narbonne, Gaul (part of modern France)

Died

shot with arrows c.288 at Rome, Italy

Patronage

• against cattle disease
• against plague
• diseased cattle
• dying people
• plague victims
• against enemies of religion
• archers
• armourers
• arrowsmiths
• athletes
• bookbinders
• fletchers
• gardeners
• gunsmiths
• hardware stores
• ironmongers
• lace makers
• lace workers
• lead workers
• masons
• police officers
• racquet makers
• soldiers
• stone masons
• stonecutters
• Pontifical Swiss Guards
• World Youth Day 2013
• Bacolod, Philippines, diocese of
• Tarlac, Philippines, diocese of
• 22 cities

Representation

• arrows
• crown
• naked youth tied to a tree and shot with arrows

Storefront

medals, medals and more medals

Video

YouTube PlayList

Readings

O God, who did bestow on blessed Sebastian, your martyr, such wonderful strength of valour in his sufferings for You: grant us, after his example, to condemn, for love of You, all earthly prosperity, and to dread no sort of adversity. - Gregorian Sacramentary

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-sebastian/


Saint Maria Cristina dell'Immacolata Concezione

Also known as

• Adelaide Brando
• Maria Cristina Brando
• Maria Cristina of the Immaculata
• Sister Maria Cristina of the Immaculate Conception

Profile

Born to a wealthy family, the daughter of Giovanni Giuseppe and Maria Concetta Marrazzo; her mother died with Adelaide was only a few days old. The girl was educated at home, felt an early call to religious life, and attended Mass daily. At age twelve she took a personal vow of chastity, and soon after tried to enter the monastery of the Sacramentine Nuns in Naples, Italy, but was stopped by her father. She eventually gained his approval to enter the Poor Clare monastery at Fiorentine, Italy but twice fell severely ill, and had to return home. Upon her recovery she returned to Naples, Italy, and joined the Sacramentine Nuns as she had wanted originally, making her vows in 1876, and taking the name Sister Maria Cristina of the Immaculate Conception. Her health broke again, and she was forced to return home.

Seeing the constant failure as a sign, while renting a room with the Teresiane Sisters of Torre del Greco in 1878 she founded the group that would become the Congregation of the Sisters, Expiatory Victims of Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament, which returned papal approval on 20 July 1903. Though they had money trouble, and Maria's health continued to suffer, the Congregation grew quickly, received help from Venerable Michelangelo of Marigliano and Blessed Ludovico of Casoria, and settled in Casoria where Maria served as superior general of the Congregation. Noted for her strong prayer life, devotion to the birth and Passion of Christ, and the Eucharist, she slept every night in a chair in a small grotto where she could rest near the exposed Host.

Born

1 May 1856 in Naples, Italy as Adelaide Brando

Died

20 January 1906 in Casoria, Naples, Italy of natural causes

Canonized

• on 17 September 2014 Pope Francis promulgated a decree of a miracle obtained through the intercession of Blessed Maria
• 20 October 2014 (consistory for canonization)

Readings

Love of God and of neighbour are two branches that are connected to the same trunk. The love of God gives life to the love of neighbour; and this, in turn, nourishes love towards God. - Blessed Maria Cristina

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-maria-cristina-dellimmacolata-concezione/


Blessed Basil Anthony Marie Moreau

Profile

Ninth of fourteen children born to a poor but pious family during the French Revolution. His parents were involved in the Catholic underground during the anti-religious Revolution. Basil was educated by his priest. He entered the diocesan seminary in 1814, a school run by Sulpicians, which greatly influenced his spirituality. Ordained at the Old Visitation Convent Chapel of the Sacred Heart in Le Mans, France in 1821 at age 22.

Un-doing the damage of the French Revolution became the core of his ministry. Since most priests and religious had been forced into exile, it was almost like starting over in some parts of the country. Basil became a noted preacher and catechist, and wandered from town to town teaching and administering the sacraments. Assistant superior and theology professor at the seminary in Le Mans in 1835.

He soon gathered a group of like-minded priests, known as the Society of Auxiliary Priests, which soon worked with another informal group known as the Brothers of Saint Joseph. Discussion began on forming a religious institute, and in 1837 the two groups signed Fundamental Pact of Union, establishing the Congregation of the Holy Cross with the two groups being equal societies in one community. In 1841 a society of sisters was founded within the Congregation; the societies were called the Salvatorists, Josephites and Marianites after the three people in the Holy Family; they received formal approval in 1857, and today often call their congregations the Holy Cross Family.

Born

11 February 1799 in Laigné-en-Belin, Sarthe, France

Died

20 January 1873 in Le Mans, Sarthe, France of natural causes

Beatified

• 15 September 2007 at Centre Antarès, Le Mans, France by Pope Benedict XVI
• recognition Mass celebrated by Cardinal José Saraiva Martins
• his beatification miracle was the 1948 cure of a Canadian woman suffering from pleuritis of the left lung, and was formally acknowledged on 28 April 2006

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-basil-anthony-marie-moreau/


Blessed Cyprian Michael Iwene Tansi

Also known as

Iwemmaduegbunam

Profile

Son of Tabansi of Igboezunu-Aguleri and Ejikwevi of Nteje; one of five children. Though his parents were non-Christian, they sent the boy to live with and be educated by a Christian uncle. He was baptised on 7 January 1912, and given the name Michael. Studied at Onitsha and Aguleri. Accidentally blinded in his left eye while playing with schoolmates. Taught at Holy Trinity School, Onitsha in 1920. Headmaster of Saint Joseph's School, Aguleri in 1924. Entered Saint Paul's Seminary at Igbarium in 1925. Ordained on 19 December 1937 in the archdiocese of Onitsha, Nigeria. From 1937 to 1950 he served as parish priest in Nnewi, then Dunukofia, Akpu/Ajilla, and finally Aguleri, travelling on foot for hours on end to minister to his widely-scattered parishioners. One of his notable ministries was his work with women planning to marry. Pilgrim to Rome, Italy in 1950. Travelling to England, he became an oblate at the monastery of Mount Saint Bernard. He took the name Brother Cyprian, and lived the rest of his life as a Trappist monk at the monastery.

Born

September 1903 in Igboezum, Aguleri, Nigeria as Iwemmaduegbunam

Died

• 20 January 1964 at the Royal Infirmary, Leicester, England
• buried in the cemetery of Saint Bernard's monastery
• re-interred in the priest's cemetery, Holy Trinity Cathedral, Onitsha, Nigeria on 17 October 1986

Name Meaning

let human malice not kill me (Iwemmaduegbunam)

Beatified

22 March 1998 by Pope John Paul II at Oba, Nigeria

Video

YouTube PlayList

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-cyprian-michael-iwene-tansi/


Pope Saint Fabian

Profile

Layman farmer. He came into Rome, Italy on a day when a new pope was to be elected. A dove flew into the crowd and settled on Fabian's head; the gathered clergy and laity took this as a sign that Fabian had been anointed by the Holy Spirit, and he was chosen the 20th Pope by acclamation.

He sent Saint Dionysius of Paris and other missionaries to Gaul. Condemned the heresies of Privatus. Martyred in the persecutions of Decius.

Papal Ascension

236

Died

• c.250
• his relics are long gone, but the stone that covered his grave is still in the catacombs of Saint Callistus, Rome, Italy

Representation

dove

Storefront

medals and pendants

Readings

It is said that Fabian, after the death of Anteros, came from the country along with others and stayed at Rome, where he came to the office in a most miraculous manner, thanks to the divine and heavenly grace. For when the brethren were all assembled for the purpose of appointing him who should succeed to the episcopate, and very many notable and distinguished persons were in the thoughts of many, Fabian, who was there, came into nobody's mind. But all of a sudden, they relate, a dove flew down from above and settled on his head as clear imitation of the descent of the Holy Ghost in the form of a dove upon the Savior; whereupon the whole people, as if moved by one divine inspiration, with all eagerness and with one soul cried out "worthy," and without more ado took him and placed him on the episcopal throne. - Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, 6:29

http://catholicsaints.info/pope-saint-fabian/


Saint Euthymius the Great

Profile

May have been an orphan as he was educated at the home of the Bishop Orteus of Melitine, Armenia (modern Malatya, Turkey). Saint Polyeuctus of Melitine was a friend of his family, and one of Euthymius' spiritual directors. Ordained c.396. Monk. Bishop's deputy for monasteries in the Melitine diocese.

In 406 he became a hermit for five years near the monastery of Pharan, about six miles from Jerusalem. He supported himself by making baskets, but gave most of his earnings to those even poorer than himself. Hermit near Jericho, living in a cave with a hermit named Theoctistus, and leaving his cell only on Saturday and Sunday, and then only to give spiritual direction. So many people gathered around the holy pair that they built a monastery; Theoctistus became abbot, and Euthymius withdrew to a cell near the Dead Sea.

He cured a young Arab boy, the son of Sheikh Asbepetus, by making the sign of the cross over him, and many Arab adults converted. Established a 15 cell hermitage at Khan-el-Ahmar c.426. Bishop, ordained by Juvenal, Patriarch of Jerusalem. Assisted at the Council of Ephesus in 431, but soon after returned to his solitude. Worked to bring Empress Eudoxia and her followers back to orthodox thinking, and away from the Monophysite heresy. Teacher of Saint Sabas the Great. Following his years in public, he withdrew again to his life of solitary prayer. His good example and wise counsel converted many. Foretold the date of his death.

Born

378 at Melitine, Armenia (modern Malatya, Turkey)

Died

20 January 473 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-euthymius-the-great/


Saint Henry of Uppsala

202

Also known as

• Henry of Finland
• Henry of Sweden
• Heikki, Henrik

Additional Memorial

18 June (translation of his relics)

Profile

While working in Rome, Italy, Henry was sent to evangelize Scandinavia, travelling with papal legate Cardinal Nicholas Breakspear, the future Pope Adrian IV. Bishop of Uppsala in 1148. Evangelized Sweden and Norway. Friend of King Saint Eric of Sweden, and accompanied him into battle with Finnish pirates in 1154. Eric offered friendship and Christianity to the Finns; they chose war, but lost to the Swedes. Henry then evangelized in Finland. Built a church at Nousis, Finland which became his headquarters. Martyred by a Finnish soldier named Lalli whom he had just excommunicated for murdering a Swedish soldier. Legend says that Lalli had a long life - continually tormented by mice as a penance for his attack.

Born

English

Died

• struck with an axe c.1156 at Nousis, Finland
• buried at Nousis
• miracles reported at his tomb
• relics translated to Torku on 18 June 1300
• relics stolen by Russian troops in 1720

Canonized

1158 by Pope Adrian IV

Patronage

• against storms
• Finland

Representation

• bishop being murdered at Mass with young King Saint Eric
• bishop being murdered by a man wielding an axe
• trampling on Lalli

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-henry-of-uppsala/


Blessed Francesco Paoli

Also known as

• Angelo Paoli
• Father of the Poor (nickname given him by parishioners in Rome)

Profile

The son of Angelo Paoli and Santa Morelli. As a young man he spent his spare time teaching catechism to poor children in Argigliano, Casola in Lunigiana, Italy. Calced Carmelite novice in Siena, Italy at age 18. Professed priest in the Carmelites of the Ancient Observance. Assigned to the Carmelites in Pisa, Italy, then Cupoli, Italy, then in Poggio Catino, Italy, and then Fivizzano, Italy. Noted for his charity to the poor and his personal devotion to the Passion. Erected wooden crosses on the hills around Fivizzano and then in the Coliseum in Rome, Italy in hopes of causing people to think about the Crucifixion. Assigned to the Convent of Saint Martin in Rome in 1687 where he served as novice master and ministered to the sick poor in the hospitals of Rome. Miracle worker.

Born

1 September 1642 in Argigliano, Casola in Lunigiana, Massa Carrara, Italy

Died

20 January 1720 in Rome, Italy of natural causes

Beatified

• 18 April 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI
• recognition Mass scheduled to be celebrated at the Basilica of Saint John Lateran, Rome, Italy by Cardinal Agostino Vallini

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-francesco-paoli/


Saint Wulstan of Worcester

Also known as

Vulstano, Wolstan, Wulfstan

Profile

Son of Athelstan and Wulfgeva, he was known as a pius youth. Studied at the monasteries of Evesham and Petersborough. When Wulstan was grown, but still a young man, his parents joined separate monasteries in Worcester, England. Priest who led his parish by good example. Monk in Worcester. Taught catechism to children, and served as church treasurer. Bishop of Worcester in 1062. Known for inspirational preaching, great humility, and asceticism. One of the first bishops in England to make pastoral visits to the parishes of his diocese. Influential in ending the sale of Irish prisoners as slaves in England.

Born

c.1009 at Icentum, Warwickshire, England

Died

1095 of natural causes

Canonized

14 May 1203 by Pope Innocent III

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-wulstan-of-worcester/


Saint Fechin of Fobhar

Also known as

Feichin, Vigean

Profile

Relative of Irish royalty, the son of Coelcharna and Lassair. Student of Saint Nathy at Sligo, Ireland. Priest. Hermit near Fore, Westmeath, Ireland. Founded Fobhar monastery in Westmeath and served as its first abbot; the house eventually grew to over 300 monks. Founded monasteries on High Island and Omey Island. Counselor and spiritual leader to the nobility of the day.

Born

Connacht, Ireland

Died

in 665 of plague in Ireland

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-fechin-of-fobhar/


Saint Stephen Min Kuk-ka

Also known as

• Stephanus Min Kuk-ka
• Seutepano Min Guek-ga

Additional Memorial

20 September as one of the Martyrs of Korea

Profile

Married layman in the apostolic vicariate of Korea. Widower. Catechist. Martyr.

Born

1788 in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea

Died

20 January 1840 in prison in Seoul, South Korea

Canonized

6 May 1984 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-stephen-min-kuk-ka/


Blessed Benedict Ricasoli

Also known as

Benedict of Coltiboni

Profile

Vallumbrosan monk at a mountain monastery founded by his parents. In later life he became a hermit in a cell near the monastery.

Born

at Coltiboni, Fiesole, Italy

Died

1107 of natural causes

Beatified

1907 by Pope Saint Pius X (cultus confirmed)

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-benedict-ricasoli/


Blessed Jeroni Fábregas Camí

Profile

Priest in the archdiocese of Tarragona, Spain. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

5 December 1910 in L'Espluga Calba, Lleida, Spain

Died

20 January 1939 in Santa Coloma de Queralt, Tarragona, Spain

Beatified

• 13 October 2013 by Pope Francis
• beatification celebrated in Tarragona, Spain

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-jeroni-fabregas-cami/


Saint Ascla of Antinoe

Additional Memorials

• 14 December (per Simeon Metaphrastes)
• 23 January (Bollandists)

Profile

Tortured and martyred by governor Arrian of Thebaid, Egypt in the persecutions of Diocletian for publicly proclaiming his faith.

Born

Thebes, Egypt

Died

drowned in the river Nile with a stone around his neck at Antinoe, Thebaid, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ascla-of-antinoe/


Blessed Didier of Thérouanne

Also known as

Desiderius

Profile

Bishop of Thérouanne, France. Founder of the Cistercian Sainte-Colombe Abbey in Blandecques, France. Late in life he retired and spent his last days in prayer in a Cistercian monastery.

Died

1194 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-didier-of-therouanne/


Saint Molagga of Fermoy

Also known as

• Molagga of Fulachmhin
• Laicin, Molacca

Profile

Spiritual student of Saint David of Wales. Founded Fermoy monastery in Wales, and served as its first abbot.

Born

Irish

Died

655 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-molagga-of-fermoy/


Saint Bassus the Senator

Profile

Imperial Roman senator. During the persecutions of Diocletian he was exposed as a Christian. He was removed from office, arrested, tortured and martyred.

Died

limbs hacked off and his body thrown into a pit to bleed to death

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bassus-the-senator/


Saint Eusebius the Senator

Profile

Imperial Roman senator. During the persecutions of Diocletian he was exposed as a Christian. He was removed from office, arrested, tortured and martyred.

Died

limbs hacked off and his body hung up to bleed to death

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eusebius-the-senator/


Saint Eutyches the Senator

Profile

Imperial Roman senator. During the persecutions of Diocletian he was exposed as a Christian. He was removed from office, arrested, tortured and martyred.

Died

limbs hacked off and his body hung up to bleed to death

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eutyches-the-senator/


Saint Neophytus of Nicaea

Also known as

Neofita

Profile

Martyred at age 15.

Died

Nicaea

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-neophytus-of-nicaea/


Blessed Bernardo of Poncelli

Profile

Commander of Mercedarians in Toulouse, France, making his solemn profession in 1333.

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-bernardo-of-poncelli/


Saint Basilides the Senator

Profile

Imperial Roman senator. During the persecutions of Diocletian he was exposed as a Christian. He was removed from office, arrested, tortured and martyred.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-basilides-the-senator/


Blessed Daniel of Cambron

Profile

Cistercian Benedictine monk. Abbot of the Cambron Abbey.

Died

1232 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-daniel-of-cambron/


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Manch├ín of Lemanaghan
• Ursula Haider


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