19 April • yesterday
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• tomorrow

Saint Alphege of Winchester

Also known as

• Alphege the Martyr
• Alphege of Canterbury
• Alfege, Alphage, Alphege, Alphegus, Elphege, Godwine, Ælfheah, Aelfheah, Elfego, Elfege

Additional Memorial

8 June (translation of his relics)

Profile

Born to the nobility but gave it up to become a young monk at Deerhurst Abbey in Gloucestershire, England. Monk, anchorite, and then abbot at Bath Abbey; known for his personal piety and austerity. Bishop of Winchester, England in 984. Built several churches, installed a cathedral organ so large that it could be heard a mile away, and his charity was so great that there were reported to be no beggars in his diocese. May have helped negotiate a peace treaty in 994 which ended some Viking raids.

Archbishop of Canterbury, England in 1006. Encouraged devotion to Saint Dunstan of Canterbury. Translated the relics of Saint Swithun to Canterbury. In 1011 Danes began raiding again, laid seige to Canterbury, sacked the town, and captured Alphege along with several other Church officials, all of whom were held for ransom. Reported to have healed many of sick Danes by praying over them and feeding them blessed bread. Alphege refused to approve the payment of ransom for himself, and after several months was murdered by angry drunken Vikings, the first archbishop of Canterbury to die violently. Saint Thomas Becket was praying for Saint Alphege's intercession just before he was murdered.

Born

• 954 in Weston, Somerset, England
• Anglo-Saxon

Died

• beaten with stones and ox bones, then struck on the head with the blunt edge of an axe on 19 April 1012 in Greenwich, Kent (part of modern London), England
• interred in Saint Paul's Cathedral
• re-interred in Canterbury by King Canute in 1023
• his shrine was re-built and expanded in the early 12th century by Saint Anselm of Canterbury
• remains found incorrupt in 1105
• after a fire in the cathedral in 1174, Alphege's relics were re-interred by the high altar

Canonized

1078 by Pope Saint Gregory VII

Patronage

• Greenwich, England
• kidnap victims
• Solihull, England

Representation

• bishop holding an axe
• bishop with an axe in his head
• carrying stones in his chasuble

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-alphege-of-winchester/


Pope Saint Leo IX

Also known as

• Apostolic Pilgrim
• Bruno of Egisheim
• Bruno of Eguisheim-Dagsburg
• Pilgrim Pope

Profile

Son of Count Hugh of Egisheim. Cousin of Emperor Conrad II. Chapter canon of Saint Stephen's, Toul, France. Deacon. Soldier and officer in the imperial army. In 1021, while still in the military, he was chosen bishop of Toul, France, a position he held for 20 years. Commanded troops under emperor Conrad II in the invasion of Italy in 1026. Very disciplined himself, he brought order to the monasteries in his diocese, discipline to the clergy, and the Cluniac reform to many of his houses. Mediator between France and the Holy Roman Empire. Chosen 151st pope with the support of the Roman citizens and Henry III of Germany.

Leo brought his reforming, disciplinary ways to the Church as a whole, reforming houses and parishes, fighting simony, enforcing clerical celibacy, encouraging liturgical development and the use of chant. He brought Hildebrand, later Pope Saint Gregory VII, to Rome as his spiritual advisor. Fought the coming Great Schism between the Eastern and Western churches. He received the nickname of Pilgrim Pope due to his travels through Europe, enforcing his reforms, insisting that his bishops, clergy, and councils follow suit. Held synods at Pavia, Italy, in Rheims, France, in Mainz, Germany, and in Vercelli, Italy where he condemned the heresy of Berengarius of Tours. Authorized the consecration of the first native bishop of Iceland. Peacemaker in Hungary. Proposed that Popes be elected only by cardinals.

Leo's papacy was marred by his military action. He added new Italian regions to the papal states, and when Normans invaded these areas in 1053, he personally led an army to throw them out. This resulted in wide-spread criticism, defeat in the field, his capture at Civitella, and several months imprisonment at Benevento, Italy. He spent his time there well, learning Greek to better understand the writings of the Eastern Church, but his health suffered badly, and he died soon after his release.

Born

21 June 1002 at Eguisheim, Alsace, France as Bruno of Eguisheim-Dagsburg

Papal Ascension

12 February 1049

Died

19 April 1054 in Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy of natural causes

Canonized

• 1082 by Pope Saint Gregory VII
• 1887 by Pope Blessed Victor III

http://catholicsaints.info/pope-saint-leo-ix/


Saint Expeditus of Melitene

Also known as

Elpidius, Expedite

Profile

Possibly legendary. Unclear whether his name led to his association with expeditious matters, or the other way around. This association led to his becoming the patron of people who had to deliver things on time.

Patronage

• against procrastination
• for expeditious solutions
• merchants
• navigators
• prompt solutions

Representation

• young Roman soldier holding aloft a cross
• young Roman soldier holding aloft a banner with the word "hodie" (latin for 'today')

Storefront

medals and pendants

Video

YouTube PlayList

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-expeditus-of-melitene/


Blessed Bernard of Sithiu

Also known as

• Bernard of Maguellone
• Bernard the Penitent

Profile

To atone for the sins of his early life, including a murder, Bernard lived in complete poverty, wearing rags, eating whatever came to hand, if anything, travelling barefoot from one holy place to another, and living as a hermit between pilgrimages. In 1178 he settled near the abbey of Sithiu and spent his remaining four years in private penance and prayer.

Died

19 April 1182 in the monastery of Saint-Bertin, Thérouanne region, France of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-bernard-of-sithiu/


Saint Gerold of Saxony

Also known as

• Gerold of Großwalsertal
• Gerold of Grosswalsertal
• Gerold of Vorarlberg
• Adam of...

Profile

Born to the Saxon nobility. Donated land to the monastery of Einsiedeln, Switzerland where his sons, Cuno and Ulric became monks. Retired to live as a hermit near Mitternach, Germany.

Born

Saxony (part of modern Germany)

Died

16 April 978 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-gerold-of-saxony/


Blessed James Duckett

Profile

London bookseller. Convert to Catholicism. Married and father of one son. Arrested several times for printing and selling Catholic books before finally being executed for the crime. Martyr.

Born

at Gilfortrigs, Skelsmergh, Westmorland, England

Died

hanged on 19 April 1602 at Tyburn, London, England

Beatified

15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI

Patronage

• book sellers
• publishers

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-james-duckett/


Blessed Ramon Llach-Candell

Profile

Priest. Member of the Sons of the Holy Family. Treasurer. Teacher. Director of several centers run by the Sons. Writer and poet. One of the Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War.

Born

24 May 1875 in Torelló, Barcelona, Spain

Died

• 19 April 1937 in Montcada, Barcelona, Spain
• his remains were never found

Beatified

13 October 2013 by Pope Francis

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-ramon-llach-candell/


Blessed Jaume Llach-Candell

Profile

Priest. Member of the Sons of the Holy Family. One of the Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War.

Born

1 October 1878 in Torelló, Barcelona, Spain

Died

• 19 April 1937 in Montcada, Barcelona, Spain
• remains were never located

Beatified

13 October 2013 by Pope Francis

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-jaume-llach-candell/


Saint Apollonius the Priest

Profile

Fourth-century priest. Martyred with five unnamed Christians in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Died

drowned in Alexandria, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-apollonius-the-priest/


Saint George of Antioch

Profile

Monk. Bishop of Antioch, Pisidia. Attended the Second Council of Nicea in 787. Opposed the iconoclasts, for which he was exiled by Emperor Leo V, the Armenian.

Died

815 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-george-of-antioch/


Saint Martha of Persia

Profile

Daughter of Saint Pusicio. Nun. Martyred in the persecutions of Shapur II.

Died

Easter, 341 in Persia

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-martha-of-persia-19-april/


Saint Crescentius of Florence

Profile

Sub-deacon in Florence, Italy. Spiritual student of Saint Zenobius and Saint Ambrose.

Died

c.396

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-crescentius-of-florence/


Saint Vincent of Collioure

Profile

Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian.

Died

c.304 in Collioure, Languedoc (in modern France)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-vincent-of-collioure/


Saint Aristonicus of Melitene

Profile

Martyr.

Born

4th century Armenian

Died

at Melitene, Armenian

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-aristonicus-of-melitene/


Saint Galata of Melitene

Profile

Martyr.

Born

4th century Armenian

Died

at Melitene, Armenian

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-galata-of-melitene/


Saint Gaius of Melitene

Profile

Martyr.

Born

4th century Armenian

Died

at Melitene, Armenian

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-gaius-of-melitene/


Saint Rufus of Melitene

Profile

Martyr.

Born

4th century Armenian

Died

at Melitene, Armenian

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-rufus-of-melitene/


Martyrs of Carthage

Profile

A group of Christians martyred in the persecutions of Decius. We know little more than the names - Aristo, Basso, Credula, Donato, Ereda, Eremio, Fermo, Fortunata, Fortunio, Frutto, Julia, Mappalicus, Martial, Paul, Venusto, Victorinus and Victor.

Died

250 in prison in Carthage, North Africa (modern Tunis, Tunisia)

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-carthage-19-april/


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Conrad of Ascoli
• Emma of Saxony
• Killian
• Loubouer
• Paphnutius of Jerusalem
• Timon the Deacon


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