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Optional Memorial of Saint Cyril of Jerusalem, Bishop and Doctor of the Church

Saint Cyril of Jerusalem

Also known as

Cirillo, Kyrillos

Profile

Raised a Christian in Jerusalem. Well educated, especially in religion. Priest, ordained by Saint Maximus. A great teacher of catechumens, Cyril's instructions are still source documents for the Church's early teachings. Bishop of Jerusalem in 348. Exiled three times by the Arians, usually on some trumped up charge like selling church furniture, but actually on theological grounds. Attended the Council of Seleucia in 359. Attended the Council of Constantinople in 381. Greek Father of the Church. Doctor of the Church.

Born

315

Died

386 of natural causes

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Then during the Eucharistic prayer we make mention also of those who have already fallen asleep: first, the patriarchs, prophets, apostles, and martyrs, that through their prayers and supplications God would receive our petition. - Saint Cyril: Catechetical Lectures, 350AD

It is not only among us, who are marked with the name of Christ, that the dignity of faith is great; all the business of the world, even of those outside the Church, is accomplished by faith. By faith, marriage laws join in union persons who were strangers to one another. By faith, agriculture is sustained; for a man does not endure the toil involved unless he believes he will reap a harvest. By faith, seafaring men, entrusting themselves to a tiny wooden craft, exchange the solid element of the land for the unstable motion of the waves. Not only among us does this hold true but also, as I have said, among those outside the fold. For though they do not accept the Scriptures but advance certain doctrines of their own, yet even these they receive on faith. - Saint Cyril of Jerusalem (Catechesis V)

Our actions have a tongue of their own; they have an eloquence of their own, even when the tongue is silent. For deeds prove the lover more than words. - Saint Cyril of Jerusalem

Children of justice, follow John's exhortation: "Make straight the way of the Lord." Remove all obstacles and stumbling blocks so that you will be able to go straight along the road to eternal life. Through a sincere faith prepare yourselves so that you may be free to receive the Holy Spirit. My brothers, this is truly a great occasion. Approach it with caution. You are standing in front of God and in the presence of the hosts of angels. The Holy Spirit is about to impress his seal on each of your souls. You are about to be pressed into the service of a great king. And so prepare yourselves to receive the sacrament. The gleaming white garments you are about to put on are not the preparation I am speaking of, but rather the devotion of a clean conscience. - from a catechetical instruction by Saint Cyril of Jerusalem to those preparing for baptism and confirmation

Since Christ Himself has said, "This is My Body" who shall dare to doubt that It is His Body? - Saint Cyril of Jerusalem

It is not only among us, who are marked with the name of Christ, that the dignity of faith is great; all the business of the world, even of those outside the Church, is accomplished by faith. By faith, marriage laws join in union persons who were strangers to one another. By faith, agriculture is sustained; for a man does not endure the toil involved unless he believes he will reap a harvest. By faith, seafaring men, entrusting themselves to a tiny wooden craft, exchange the solid element of the land for the unstable motion of the waves. Not only among us does this hold true but also, as I have said, among those outside the fold. For though they do not accept the Scriptures but advance certain doctrines of their own, yet even these they receive on faith. - Saint Cyril of Jerusalem, from Catechesis V

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-cyril-of-jerusalem/


Saint Edward the Martyr

Also known as

Edward II

Additional Memorial

20 June (translation of relics)

Profile

Son of King Edgar the Peaceful, and ÆthelflÆd. On Edgar's death in 975, there was a disputed succession between Edward and his younger half-brother, Æthelred, Edgar's son by Ælfthryth, but Edward was chosen King of England at age 13; he reigned less than three years. Killed at the behest of his step-mother Elfrida so her son could take the throne, and popularly proclaimed a martyr.

Born

962

Died

• stabbed to death in the evening of 18 March 978 at Corfe Castle, Dorsetshire, England
• buried at Wareham, England
• relics translated to Shaftesbury Abbey on 13 February 981, and resided there for over 500 years
• relics hidden in 1539 when the abbey was seized by the state
• relics re-discovered in 1931 during an archeological dig on the site
• relics re-interred in the Brookwood Cemetery, Saint Edward the Martyr Orthodox Church, Woking, England under the care of monks in the Greek Orthodox tradition

Patronage

against glandular diseases

Representation

• king with dagger and cup
• king with dagger and falcon
• king with sceptre and sword
• king on horseback, drinking mead, while assassins move toward him

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-edward-the-martyr/


Saint Anselm of Lucca the Younger

Profile

Nephew of Pope Alexander II. Bishop of Lucca, Italy in 1073. Due to a dispute over imperial investiture, Anselm initially refused to accept the regalia of his office from Emperor Henry IV, but later gave in and accepted. He retired to lived as a Benedictine monk in a Cluniac monastery of Polirone in San Benedetto Po, Italy.

Recalled by Pope Gregory VII. Anselm's canons were slack in observance of the austere life, were placed under papal interdict and excommunicated, revolted, were supported by the emperor, and drove Anselm from his see in 1079.

Anselm retired to Canossa, Italy, as spiritual director of Countess Matilda of Tuscany, and then reformed the monasteries in her lands. Supported Pope Gregory VII's efforts to end lay investiture. Apostolic legate to Lombardy under Pope Victor III, again settling problems caused by the lay investiture conflict. Worked against the anti-pope Guibert of Ravenna. His prayers obtained the rout of the enemies of Gregory VII.

Born

1036 at Mantua, Italy

Died

• 18 March 1086 at Mantua, Italy of natural causes
• relics in the cathedral of Mantua

Patronage

Mantua, Italy

Representation

man standing in front of an army that is in confusion

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-anselm-of-lucca-the-younger/


Saint Frigidian of Lucca

Also known as

Erigdian, Finnian, Frediano, Fredianus, Fridian, Fridianus, Frigdianus, Frigianu, Frigidanus

Profile

Sometimes confused with Saint Finnian of Moville. Son of King Ultach of Ulster, Ireland. Educated in Irish monasteries. Priest. After a pilgrimage to Rome, Italy he settled as a hermit on Mount Pisano. Bishop of Lucca in 566, though he often left the city to spend days in prayer and solitude. Formed the clergy of his see into a community of canons regular. Rebuilt the cathedral in Lucca after it was burned by the Lombards.

The River Serchio frequently flooded the town of Lucca. Legend says that when the citizens called on Frigidian for aid, he asked for a rake or hoe, prayed over it, ordered the river to follow him, then dug new, safe course for the river by dragging the tool through the dirt.

Born

in Ireland

Died

18 March 588 of natural causes

Representation

• bishop hoeing a piece of ground
• bishop raking a piece of ground
• bishop with a crown at his feet
• changing the course of the River Serchio
• walking in procession as the Volto Santo crucifix is brought to Lucca on an ox cart

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-frigidian-of-lucca/


Blessed Aimée-Adèle le Bouteiller

Also known as

Amata Adele, Marta, Martha, Marthe

Profile

Third of four children of Andrea and Maria Francesca le Bouteiller Morel; the family were farmers and linen weavers, and her father died of tuberculosis when she was only 10 years old. Around age 20 she went to work as a maid. Aimee joined the Sisters of the Christian Schools of Mercy at the Abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte on 19 March 1841 and made her profession on 14 September 1842, taking the name Sister Martha; her novice mistress was Blessed Placide Viel. Martha worked in the kitchen, the fields, the wine cellar, caring for her sisters and guests at the house, serving 250 people a day during peace time, 500 a day during war, serving them drink and encouraging their faith. Legend says that her prayers insured that the cellars never ran dry.

Born

2 December 1816 in Percy, France as Aimée-Adèle

Died

Palm Sunday 18 March 1883 in Saint Sauveur-le-Vicomte Abbey in Normandy, France from a stroke

Beatified

4 November 1990 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-aimee-adele-le-bouteiller/


Saint Narcissus of Gerona

Also known as

• Narcissus of Ausburg
• Narcissus of Girona
• Narciso, Narcis

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Born to he nobility. Priest, preacher and bishop of Gerona, Spain in the early 4th century. During the persecutions of Diocletian he fled to modern Augsburg, Germany with his deacon, Saint Felix of Gerona. There they befriended Saint Afra of Augsburg. Returning to Gerona, he and Felix were arrested and martyred.

Legend associates him with the miracle of the flies which led to some of his patronage topics and iconography. In 1286 the army of Philip II of Burgundy laid siege to the city of Gerona. When the troops tried to desecrate the tomb of Saint Narcissus, it broke open, a cloud of stinging flies emerged, chased the soldiers and caused to much havoc that the French troops fled, leaving the city in peace.

Died

• c.307 at Gerona, Catalonia, Spain
• relics in an urn in the San Narciso chapel in the church of San Felix in Gerona

Patronage

• against mosquitoes
• against stinging flies
• Augsburg, Germany
• Gerona, Spain

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-narcissus-of-gerona/


Saint Braulio of Saragossa

Also known as

Braulio

Additional Memorial

18 March (Spain)

Profile

Son of Gregory of Osma, a Hispano-Roman bishop. Monk at Saint Engratia's monastery, Zaragoza, Spain. Studied in Seville, Spain under Saint Isidore. Ordained in 624 by his brother John, archbhishop of Zaragoza. Archdeacon to John. Bishop in 631, and archbishop of Zaragoza. Noted scholar, writer, correspondent, and exceptional hagiographer. Advisor to kings of Spain. Fought Arianism, and converted the Visigoths from the heresy. Attended councils in Toledo in 633, 636 and 638. Collaborated with Saint Isidore to create his encyclopedic work, the Etymologies, which partially led Isidore to be proferred as the patron of computers and the Internet. His eyesight became extremely poor as he aged; we have letters in which he complained bitterly of the loss, as it put a stop to his studies.

Born

c.590

Died

• c.651 at Zaragoza, Spain of natural causes
• buried in the church of Nuestra Senora Merced del Pilar

Patronage

• Aragon, Spain
• University of Zaragoza

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-braulio-of-saragossa/


Saint Alexander of Jerusalem

Also known as

Alexander of Cappadocia

Profile

Studied in Alexandria, Egypt. Fellow student with Origen. Bishop of Cappadocia. Imprisoned from 204 to 211 for his faith during the persecutions of Severus. Pilgrim to Jerusalem upon his release. Coadjutor bishop of Jerusalem with Saint Narcissus in 212. Censured for encouraging Origen to teach in churches while still a laymen. Developed a large theological library. Imprisoned again during the persecutions of Decius. When given a chance to save himself by denouncing Christianity, he made a public pronouncement of his faith. He was thrown to wild animals, but they refused to attack him. Re-imprisoned, Alexander died in chains from general maltreatment. Martyr.

Died

martyred in 251 at Ceasarea

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-alexander-of-jerusalem/


Blessed Celestine of the Mother of God

Also known as

• Celestina Donati
• Maria Anna Donati
• Marianna Donati

Profile

She early felt drawn to religious life. Founded the Congregation of the Daughters of the Poor of Saint Joseph Calasanzio (Calasanzian Sisters) in 1889 with a mission to teach the poor and the children of prisoners.

Born

26 October 1848 in Marradi, Florence, Italy as Maria Anna Donati

Died

18 March 1925 in Florence, Italy of natural causes

Beatified

• 30 March 2008 by Pope Benedict XVI
• recognition celebrated at the Cathedral of Florence, Italy, presided by Cardinal José Saraiva Martins

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-celestine-of-the-mother-of-god/


Saint Salvator of Horta

Also known as

Salvador, Salvatore

Additional Memorial

17 April (Friars Minor)

Profile

Shepherd. Shoemaker. Franciscan lay brother at Barcelona, Spain. Cook, beggar and porter at the friary in the Horta-Guinardó area of Barcelona. Miracle worker and healer. His cell became a destination for sick pilgrims; said to have cured as many as 2,000 in a single day.

Born

1520 at Santa Columba, Gerona, Spain

Died

18 March 1567 at friary at Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy of natural causes

Canonized

17 April 1938 by Pope Pius XI

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-salvator-of-horta/


Blessed Christian O'Conarchy

Also known as

• Christianus
• Giolla Criost Ua Condoirche

Profile

Spritual student and archdeacon of Saint Malachy O'More at Armagh, Ireland. Received the Cistercian habit at Clairvaux, France in 1139 from Saint Bernard of Clairvaux. Abbot of the first Cistercian monastery in Ireland in 1142. Bishop of Lismore, Ireland in 1150. Papal legate for Ireland. In old age he retired to live as a prayerful monk at Odorney Abbey.

Born

c.1100 at Bangor, County Down, Ireland

Died

1186 at Odorney Abbey, Abbeydorney, Ireland of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-christian-oconarchy/


Blessed John Thules

Additional Memorials

• 22 November as one of the Martyrs of England, Scotland, and Wales
• 29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai

Profile

Priest of the apostolic vicariate of England, ministering to covert Catholics during the persecutions of James I. Martyr.

Born

c.1568 in Upholland, Lancashire, England

Died

18 March 1616 in Lancaster, Lancashire, England

Beatified

22 November 1987 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-john-thules/


Blessed Roger Wrenno

Also known as

Ruggero

Additional Memorial

22 November as one of the Martyrs of England, Scotland, and Wales

Profile

Layman of the apostolic vicariate of England, ministering to covert Catholics during the persecutions of James I. Martyr.

Born

c.1576 in Chorley, Lancashire, England

Died

18 March 1616 in Lancaster, Lancashire, England

Beatified

22 November 1987 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-roger-wrenno/


Saint Eucarpius of Nicomedia

Profile

Pagan soldier in the imperial Roman army and stationed in Nicomedia (in modern Turkey). Assigned to hunt Christians during the persecutions of Diocletian, he came to know them and the faith so well that he converted. Martyr.

Died

burned alive in 304 at Nicomedia

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eucarpius-of-nicomedia/


Saint Trophimus of Nicomedia

Profile

Pagan soldier in the imperial Roman army and stationed in Nicomedia (in modern Turkey). Assigned to hunt Christians during the persecutions of Diocletian, he came to know them and the faith so well that he converted. Martyr.

Died

burned alive in 304 at Nicomedia

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-trophimus-of-nicomedia/


Martyrs of Nicomedia

Profile

Commemorates the Christians who were martyred anonymously, either singly and in small groups, by local pagans in the area of Nicomedia prior to the year 300, and who may have been over-looked in the waves of Diocletian persecutions that resulted in the deaths of thousands.

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-nicomedia-18-march/


Saint Leobard of Tours

Also known as

Leopardo, Leobardo, Leobardus, Liberd

Profile

Spiritual student of Saint Gregory of Tours. Hermit for over 20 years near Marmoutier, France.

Died

593 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-leobard-of-tours/


Saint Egbert of Ripon

Profile

Monk at Ripon, England.

Died

• c.720
• relics in Ripon, England

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-egbert-of-ripon/


Saint Felix of Gerona

Profile

Deacon. Martyr.

Died

c.307 in Gerona, Catalonia, Spain

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-felix-of-gerona/


Saint Finan of Aberdeen

Profile

Spritiual student of Saint Kentigern.

Died

595

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-finan-of-aberdeen/


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Our Lady of Mercy
• Commaneth of Kilcomenty


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