17 January • yesterday
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Saint Anthony the Abbot

Also known as

• Abba Antonius
• Anthony of Egypt
• Anthony of the Desert
• Anthony the Anchorite
• Anthony the Great
• Anthony the Hermit
• Antonio Abate
• Father of Cenobites
• Father of All Monks
• Father of Western Monasticism

Profile

Following the death of his parents when he was about 20, Anthony insured that his sister completed her education, then he sold his house, furniture, and the land he owned, gave the proceeds to the poor, joined the anchorites who lived nearby, and moved into an empty sepulchre. At age 35 he moved to the desert to live alone; he lived 20 years in an abandoned fort.

Anthony barricaded the place for solitude, but admirers and would-be students broke in. He miraculously healed people, and agreed to be the spiritual counselor of others. His recommendation was to base life on the Gospel. Word spread, and so many disciples arrived that Anthony founded two monasteries on the Nile, one at Pispir, one at Arsinoe. Many of those who lived near him supported themselves by making baskets and brushes, and from that came his patronage of those trades.

Anthony briefly left his seclusion in 311, going to Alexandria, Egypt to fight Arianism, and to comfort the victims of the persecutions of Maximinus. At some point in his life, he met with his sister again. She, too, had withdrawn from the world, and directed a community of nuns. Anthony retired to the desert, living in a cave on Mount Colzim.

Descriptions paint him as uniformly modest and courteous. His example led many to take up the monastic life, and to follow his way. Late in life Anthony became a close friend of Saint Paul the Hermit, and he buried the aged anchorite, leading to his patronage of gravediggers. His biography was written by his friend Saint Athanasius of Alexandria.

His relationship with pigs and patronage of swineherds is a little complicated. Skin diseases were sometimes treated with applications of pork fat, which reduced inflammation and itching. As Anthony's intervention aided in the same conditions, he was shown in art accompanied by a pig. People who saw the art work, but did not have it explained, thought there was a direct connection between Anthony and pigs - and people who worked with swine took him as their patron.

Born

251 at Heracleus, Egypt

Died

• 356 at Mount Colzim of natural causes
• relics near Vienne, France

Patronage

• against eczema
• epileptics; against epilepsy
• against ergotism
• against erysipelas or Saint Anthony's Fire
• against pestilence
• against skin diseases
• against skin rashes
• amputees
• anchorites
• animals
• basket makers
• basket weavers
• brushmakers
• butchers
• cemetery workers
• domestic animals
• farmers
• gravediggers
• graveyards
• hermits
• hogs, pigs, swine
• monks
• relief from pestilence
• swineherds
• Hospitallers
• Tempio-Ampurias, Italy, diocese of
• 9 cities

Representation

• asperges (exorcises evil spirits)
• baskets
• bell (exorcises evil spirits)
• blue T on his shoulder
• book (devotion to scripture and study)
• centaur
• crutch with a bell hanging from it
• crutch
• fire under his feet
• fire (represents Saint Anthony's Fire)
• flames (represents Saint Anthony's Fire)
• hog
• old man
• hermit
• pig
• rod
• satyr
• tau cross with a bell on the end
• young man distributing his wealth
• carried by demons (his defeat of worldly things and temptation)
• making baskets (the traditional source of income for early monks)
• man with a pig at his side
• Saint Anthony's cross (T or tau-shaped)
• very old monk (indicates that he was a monk from the beginning)
• with Saint Paul the Hermit
• with a devil nearby (the temptations of the world)
• with two lions, who dig Paul's grave

Storefront

medals and pendants

Video

YouTube PlayList
The Temptation of Saint Anthony (audio book)

Readings

When Anthony was about eighteen or twenty years old, his parents died. Not six months after his parents' death, as he was on his way to church for his usual visit, he began to think of how the apostles had left everything and followed the Savior, and also of those mentioned in the book of Acts who had sold their possessions and brought the apostles money for distribution to the needy. This was all in his mind when, entering the church just as the Gospel was being read, he head the Lord's words to the rich man: "If you want to be perfect, go and sell all you have and give the money to the poor - you will have riches in heaven. Then come and follow me." It seemed to Anthony that it was God who had brought the saints to his mind, and that the words of the Gospel had been spoken directly to him. Immediately he left the church, and gave away to the villagers all the property he inherited, about 200 acres of very beautiful and fertile land. He sold all his other possessions, as well, giving to the poor the considerable sum of money he collected. However, to care for his sister he retained a few things. He gave himself up to the ascetic life, not far from his own home. He did manual work because he had heard the words: "If anyone will not work, do not let him eat." He spent some of his earnings on bread and the rest he gave to the poor. Seeing the kind of life he lived, the villagers and all the good men he knew called him the friend of God, and they loved him as a son and brother. - from the Life of Saint Anthony by Saint Athanasius

Saint Anthony told his monks: When, therefore, they demons come by night to you and wish to tell the future, or say 'We are the angels,' give no heed, for they lie…. But if they shamelessly stand their ground, capering and change their forms of appearance, fear them not, nor shrink, nor heed them as though they were good spirits. For the presence either of the good or evil by the help of God can easily be distinguished. The vision of the holy ones is not fraught with distraction: 'For they will not strive, nor cry, nor shall anyone hear their voice' (Matthew 12:19; Isaiah 42:2). But it comes quietly and gently that an immediate joy, gladness, and courage arise in the soul. For the Lord who is our joy is with them, and the power of God the Father. - Ambrose: Life of Saint Anthony

The days are coming when men will go mad; and, when they meet a man who has kept his senses, they will rise up against him, saying, "You are mad, because you are not like us." - Saint Anthony

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-anthony-the-abbot/


Blessed Rosalina of Villeneuve

Also known as

Roseline, Roselyne, Rosalinde

Profile

Born to an ancient and noble family; daughter of Count Arnaud. As a child, Rosalina was noted for her charity to the poor, often slipping away to give food to beggars outside the family castle. Her father, seeing that she was giving away expensive meals, ordered her to stop. Saddened, she obeyed for about a week, but the sight of the beggars at the castle door was too much for her. Late one night, she filled her apron with food, and started toward the doors. Her father caught her, and demanded to know what she carried; when she opened the apron, it was filled with roses. He immediately ordered the cooks to feed everyone at the door.

She became a Carthusian nun, entering the monastery of Bertrand in the diocese of Gap, France. Prioress of Celle-Roubaud in Provence, France. Her mother joined the order with her, and her brother built a church for their house.

Rosalina had frequent visions, the gift of reading hearts, and other mystical phenomena. Her brother Hélian fought and was captured in the Crusades. Legend says he was freed from his chains and led safely home across the seas by a vision of Rosalina who appeared to him in a cloud of roses.

Born

1267 in a castle at Villeneuve, France

Died

• tomb of Blessed Rosalina of Villeneuve
• 17 January 1329
• buried at Celle-Roubaud, Provence, France
• body incorrupt
• relics translated in 1607 to a chapel devoted to her
• tomb became a scene for miracles

Beatified

1851 by Pope Blessed Pius IX (cultus confirmed)

Patronage

Draguignan, France

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-rosalina-of-villeneuve/


Saint Jenaro Sánchez DelGadillo

Additional Memorial

21 May as one of the Martyrs of the Mexican Revolution

Profile

Seminarian at Guadalajara, Mexico. Ordained in 1911. Priest at several parishes, including Tecolotlan, Jalisco. Noted for his combination of pastoral work with his parishioners and the sick, and for his organzational and administrative skills. When anti-religious laws were promulgated, he celebrated Mass in private homes. Arrested on 17 January 1927 while preparing to celebrate Mass on a farm. Martyr.

Born

19 September 1886 at Zapopán, diocese of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

Died

• hanged from a mesquite tree on 17 January 1927 at Tecolotlan, Jalisco, Mexico
• corpse mutilated and left hanging as a warning
• relics translated to Cocula, Jalisco in 1934

Canonized

21 May 2000 by Pope John Paul II during the Jubilee of Mexico

Readings

I pardon you, and my Father God pardons you, and long live Christ the King! - Saint Jenaro's dying words

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-jenaro-sanchez-delgadillo/


Saint Sulpicius of Bourges

Also known as

• Pius of Bourges
• Sulpice of Bourges
• Sulpicius the Pious

Profile

Born wealthy. Decided young to live celibately, and devoted himself to charity. Bishop of Bourges, France in 624. Spiritual teacher of Saint Remaclus. He became known for his personal piety and austerity, and such a good example that he is reported to have converted his entire diocese. Fought for the rights of his people against King Dagobert's minister, Lullo. Attended the Council of Clichy in 627. Late in life he resigned his see to devote himself to prayer and service to the poor.

Died

647 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-sulpicius-of-bourges/


Saint Julian Sabas the Elder

Also known as

Julian the Ascetic

Additional Memorials

• 24 January (Greek Church)
• 18 October (Greek Menaea)

Profile

Hermit in a cave in Mesopotamia on the banks of the Euphrates near Edessa, and then on Mount Sinai. Legend says he ate only once a week. Ministered to and encourged Christians persecuted by Julian the Apostate. Enemies proclaimed that Julian was a follower of Arianism. He travelled to Antioch in 372, made several public speeches against the heresy - then returned to his cave where he lived the rest of his life. A brief biography of Julian was written by Saint John Chrystostom.

Born

Mesopotamian

Died

377 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-julian-sabas-the-elder/


Our Lady of Pontmain

Date of Occurrence

17 January 1871

Status

approval of diocesan bishop

Description

During the Franco-Prussian War, German troops approached the town of Pontmain, France and the villagers there prayed for protection. On the evening of 17 January 1871, Mary appeared in the sky for several minutes over the town. She wore a dark blue dress covered in stars, carried a crucifix, and below her were the words Pray please. God will hear you soon. My son lets Himself be touched. That night the German army was ordered to withdraw, and an armistice ending the war was signed eleven days later on 28 January.

http://catholicsaints.info/our-lady-of-pontmain/


Blessed Gamelbert of Michaelsbuch

Profile

Born to a wealthy family, and may have been a member of the nobility. Pilgrim to Rome, Italy. Parish priest in Michaelsbuch, Germany for over 50 years. Founded the Benedictine Metten Abbey in Bavaria, Germany. Uncle of its first abbot, Blessed Utto of Metten.

Born

720 in Bavaria (in modern Germany)

Died

c.802 of natural causes

Beatified

25 August 1909 by Pope Saint Pius X (cultus confirmed)

Representation

• priest surrounded by birds
• pilgrim surrounded by birds

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-gamelbert-of-michaelsbuch/


Saint Nennius

Also known as

Nennidhius, Ninnidh, Ninnaid

Additional Memorial

6 January as one of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland

Profile

Born to the Irish nobility, Ninnian was early drawn to religious life. Spiritual student of Saint Fiechus of Leinster and of Saint Finnian of Clonard. Hermit on Inis-muighe-samb in Lake Erne. His reputation for learning and personal piety attracted many spiritual students to the island.

Born

Irish

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-nennius/


Saint Sabinus of Piacenza

Profile

Bishop of Piacenza, Italy. Friend of Saint Ambrose of Milan, he regularly read and commented on the first draft of Ambrose's writings. Dispatched by Pope Saint Damasus I to Antioch to suppress the Meletian Schism. Attended the Council of Aquileia in 381.

Died

420 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-sabinus-of-piacenza/


Saint Neosnadia

Profile

Fifth-century woman. Several ancient chapels and churches in the area of Poitiers, France are dedicated to her, and some art-work associates her with sheep, wool and spinning, but no certain information about her has survived.

Born

near Loudon, diocese of Poitiers, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-neosnadia/


Saint Mildgytha

Also known as

Mildgith, Milgitha, Milgithe, Mildgyth

Profile

Born a princess, the daughter of Merewalh, King of Mercia, and Saint Ebbe in Thanet. Sister of Saint Milburga and Saint Mildred of Thanet. Benedictine nun, receiving the veil from her mother at Minster on the Isle of Thanet. Abbess of a Northumbrian convent.

Died

c.676 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-mildgytha/


Saint Richimir

Also known as

Richimirus, Rigomer

Profile

Benedictine monk. With a group of disciple brother monks, and with the support of the bishop of Le Mans, France, he founded the Benedictine monastery now known as Saint-Rigomer-des-Bois in the Loire Valley of France, and served as its first abbot.

Died

c.715 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-richimir/


Blessed Euphemia Domitilla

Profile

Born to the nobility, daughter of Duke Przemislao of Racibórz, Silesia (in modern Poland). Dominican nun. Prioress of her house.

Died

• 17 January 1359 of natural causes
• re-interred in the parish church of Liebfrauen in 1821

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-euphemia-domitilla/


Blessed Joseph of Freising

Profile

Benedictine monk. Founded the monastery of Saint Zeno at Isen, Bavaria, Germany in 752. Bishop of Freising (near Munich), Germany in 764.

Died

• 764 of natural causes
• relics at the monastery at Isen, Germany

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-joseph-of-freising/


Saint Marcellus of Die

Also known as

Marcelo

Profile

Bishop of Die, province of Lugdunense, Gaul (in modern France). Exiled by Arian king Eurico for defending orthodox Christianity.

Died

510 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-marcellus-of-die-17-january/


Saint Meleusippus

Profile

Triplet brother of Saint Speusippus and Saint Eleusippus; grandson of Saint Leonilla. Martyred by Marcus Aurelius. An extraordinary series of legends grew up around the family over the years.

Died

Langres, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-meleusippus/


Saint Eleusippus

Profile

Triplet brother of Saint Speusippus and Saint Meleusippus; grandson of Saint Leonilla. Martyred by Marcus Aurelius. An extraordinary series of legends grew up around the family over the years.

Died

Langres, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eleusippus/


Saint Speusippus

Profile

Triplet brother of Saint Eleusippus and Saint Meleusippus; grandson of Saint Leonilla. Martyred by Marcus Aurelius. An extraordinary series of legends grew up around the family over the years.

Died

Langres, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-speusippus/


Saint Anthony of Rome

Profile

Benedictine monk at Saint Andrew's monastery on the Coelian Hill, Rome, Italy under abbot Saint Gregory the Great who later wrote about him. Miracle worker.

Died

c.590 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-anthony-of-rome/


Saint John of Rome

Profile

Benedictine monk at Saint Andrew's monastery on the Coelian Hill, Rome, Italy under abbot Saint Gregory the Great who later wrote about him. Miracle worker.

Died

c.590 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-john-of-rome/


Saint Achillas of Sketis

Also known as

• Achilleus
• one of the Flowers of the Desert

Profile

Fourth century desert hermit in Egypt for decades. Friend of Saint Amoes of Sketis.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-achillas-of-sketis/


Saint Leonilla

Profile

Grandmother of Saint Speusippus, Saint Eleusippus and Saint Meleusippus. Martyred by Marcus Aurelius. An extraordinary series of legends grew up around the family over the years.

Died

Langres, France

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-leonilla/


Saint Merulus of Rome

Profile

Benedictine monk at Saint Andrew's monastery on the Coelian Hill, Rome, Italy under abbot Saint Gregory the Great who later wrote about him. Miracle worker.

Died

c.590 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-merulus/


Saint Amoes of Sketis

Also known as

one of the Flowers of the Desert

Profile

Fourth century desert hermit in Egypt for decades. Friend of Saint Achillas of Sketis.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-amoes-of-sketis/


Saint Pior

Profile

Hermit in a cave in the Baid desert on the Nile in Egypt. Spiritual student of Saint Anthony the Abbot.

Died

395 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-pior/


Saint Genulfus

Also known as

Genou

Profile

Third century monk at Celle-sur-Naton, France.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-genulfus/


Saint Genitus

Profile

Third century monk at Celle-sur-Naton, France.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-genitus/


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