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Saint John de Brebeuf

Also known as

Jean

Additional Memorial

19 October as one of the Martyrs of North America

Profile

French Jesuit. He wanted to enter the priesthood from an early age, but his health was so bad there were doubts he could make it. His posting as a missionary to frontier Canada at age 32, however, was a literal god-send. He spent the rest of his life there, and the harsh and hearty climate so agreed with him that the Natives, surprised at his endurance, called him Echon, which meant load bearer, and his massive size made them think twice about sharing a canoe with him for fear it would sink. Brebeuf had great difficulty learning the Huron language. "You may have been a famous professor or theologian in France," he wrote in a letter home, "but here you will merely be a student, and with what teachers! The Huron language will be your Aristla crosse." However, he eventually wrote a catechism in Huron, and a French-Huron dictionary for use by other missionaries.

According to histories of the game, it was John de Brebeuf who named the present day version of the Indian game lacrosse because the stick used reminded him of a bishop's crosier (la crosse).

Saint John was martyred in 1649, tortured to death by the Iroquois. By 1650 the Huron nation was exterminated, and the laboriously built mission was abandoned. But it proved to be "one of the triumphant failures that are commonplace in the Church's history." These martyrdoms created a wave of vocations and missionary fervor in France, and it gave new heart to the missionaries in New France.

Born

1593 at Normandy, France

Died

tortured to death in 1649

Canonized

29 June 1930 by Pope Pius XI

Patronage

Canada

Readings

Brebeuf's Instructions to the Missionaries: In 1637, Father Brebeuf drew up a list of instructions for Jesuit missionaries destined to work among the Huron. They reflect his own experience, and a genuine sensitivity toward the native people.

• You must love these Hurons, ransomed by the blood of the Son of God, as brothers.

• You must never keep the Indians waiting at the time of embarking.

• Carry a tinder-box or a piece of burning-glass, or both, to make fire for them during the day for smoking, and in the evening when it is necessary to camp; these little services win their hearts.

• Try to eat the little food they offer you, and eat all you can, for you may not eat again for hours.

• Eat as soon as day breaks, for Indians when on the road, eat only at the rising and the setting of the sun.

• Be prompt in embarking and disembarking and do not carry any water or sand into the canoe.

• Be the least troublesome to the Indians.

• Do not ask many questions; silence is golden.

• Bear with their imperfections, and you must try always to appear cheerful.

• Carry with you a half-gross of awls, two or three dozen little folding knives, and some plain and fancy beads with which to buy fish or other commodities from the nations you meet, in order to feast your Indian companions, and be sure to tell them from the outset that here is something with which to buy fish.

• Always carry something during the portages.

• Do not be ceremonious with the Indians.

• Do not begin to paddle unless you intend always to paddle.

• The Indians will keep later that opinion of you which they have formed during the trip.

• Always show any other Indians you meet on the way a cheerful face and show that you readily accept the fatigues of the journey.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-john-de-brebeuf/


Saint Abraham Kidunaia

Also known as

• Abraham the Great of Kidunja
• Abraham of Kidunja
• Abrhahn of Kidunaja

Profile

Born to a wealthy family near Edessa, Syria. Forced into an arranged marriage at an early age. During the wedding festivities, Abraham fled. He walled himself up in a nearby building, leaving a small hole through which his family could send in food and water, and by which he could explain his desire for a religious life. His family relented, the marriage was called off, and he spent the next ten years in his cell.

After a decade of this life, the bishop of Edessa ordered Abraham from his cell. Against Abraham's wishes, the bishop ordained him, and sent him as a missionary priest to the intransigently pagan village of Beth-Kiduna. He built a church, smashed idols, suffered abuse and violence, set a good example, and succeeded in converting the entire village. After a year, he prayed that God would send the village a better pastor than he, and he returned to his cell. It is from his success in Kiduna that he became known as Kidunaia.

He left the cell only twice more. Once a niece, Saint Mary of Edessa, was living a wild and misspent life. Abraham disguised himself as a soldier, which he knew would get her attention, and went to her home. Over supper he convinced her of the error of her ways; she converted and changed her life, and Abraham returned to his cell. His final trip out was his funeral, attended by a large, loving throng of mourners. His biography was written by his friend Saint Ephrem of Syria.

Born

c.296 at Edessa, Mesopotamia

Died

c.366 at Edessa, Mesopotamia of natural causes

Representation

• hermit wearing animal skins

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-abraham-kidunaia/


Saint Heribert of Cologne

Also known as

Eriberto, Herbert, Bert, Berti, Berto, Heri, Herko

Profile

Son of Duke Hugo of Worms, Germany. Educated at the cathedral school at Worms. Provost of the cathedral. Ordained in 994. Chancellor for Italy under King Otto III in 994. Chancellor for Germany in 997. Archbishop of Cologne, Germany on 9 July 999. Attended the death-bed of King Otto at Paterno. Initially opposed the ascension of King Henry II, and was imprisoned by him. However, when Henry was elected king on 7 June 1002, Heribert immediately acknowledged him as king, and became one of his advisors. Founded and endowed the Benedictine monastery and church of Deutz, Germany. Obtained miracles by prayer, including the end of a drought. Honoured as a saint even during his lifetime.

Born

c.970 at Worms, Germany

Died

• 16 March 1021 at Cologne, Germany of natural causes
• relics in the church at Deutz, Germany (part of modern Cologne

Canonized

1075 by Pope Saint Gregory VII

Patronage

• against drought
• for rain
• Deutz, Germany

Representation

• archbishop calling down rain by his prayers
• man kneeling before Saint Henry II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-heribert-of-cologne/


Saint Eusebia of Hamage

Also known as

• Eusebia of Hamay
• Eusebia of Hamaye

Profile

Eldest daughter of Saint Adalbald of Ostrevant and Saint Rictrudis of Marchiennes; great-granddaughter of Saint Gertrude the Elder; sister of Saint Maurontius, Saint Clotsindis, and Saint Adalsindis of Hamay. After her father's murder when she was very young, she was sent to the abbey of Hamage, Doudi, France, which her great-grandmother had founded and served as abbess. Gertrude died when Eusebia was twelve years old; the young girl was elected to replace her. Rictrudis, realizing her daughter had no hope of governing the abbey, but wanting to keep it under the protection of a noble house, merged Hamage with her own house of Marchiennes, and ordered all the sisters to move in together under her rule. Many of the uprooted sisters, including Eusebia, were unhappy with this order as it kept them from obeying Saint Gertrude's last request. After much time and debate, the dissident sisters were permitted to return to their old house, taking Gertrude's relics with them, and taking Eusebia as their abbess. The delay had allowed her to grow into the position, and she proved an excellent abbess.

Born

c.640

Died

• c.680 of natural causes
• buried at her abbey church

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eusebia-of-hamage/


Blessed John Sordi

Also known as

• John Cacciafronte
• Giovanni de Surdis Cacciafronte
• John de Surdis

Profile

Benedictine monk at the abbey of Saint Lawrence in Cremona, Italy. Abbot in 1155. Sided with the Pope against Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and so was banished from the abbey by the emperor. Hermit near Mantua, Italy.

Bishop of Mantua in 1174, replacing a bishop removed for transgressions in office. In 1177, his predecessor repented, returned, and requested the return of his see. John asked permission to resign, return the mitre to the previous bishop, and return to his life as a hermit. The request was granted, and John transferred to Vicenza, Italy.

John was murdered by a man who had embezzled Church funds, and whom John was reprimanding. As John died working for the Church, and correcting a sinner, he is considered a martyr.

Born

c.1125 at Cremona, Italy as John Sordi

Died

murdered on 16 March 1183 at Vicenza, Italy

Beatified

30 March 1824 by Pope Leo XII

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-john-sordi/


Saint Julian of Anazarbus

Also known as

• Julian of Antioch
• Julian of Tarsus
• Julian of Cilicia
• Giuliano...

Profile

Prominent citizen of senatorial rank. Arrested for his faith during the persecutions of Diocletian, he was tortured then put on display for abuse for a year in cities all over Cilicia, being led around behind a camel. Martyr. Praised by Saint John Chrysostom in a homily during the enshrinement of his relics.

Born

Anazarbus, Cilicia (in modern Turkey)

Died

• sewn into a sack full of vipers and scorpions, and thrown into the sea to drown c.302
• relics enshrined in Antioch

Representation

• man being thrown into the sea in a sack
• man in a coffin which is floating into shore and on which sits four angels
• man bound on a camel being led through the streets

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-julian-of-anazarbus/


Blessed John Amias

Also known as

John Anne

Additional Memorial

29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai

Profile

Married layman cloth merchant in Wakefield, England. Father of several children. A widower, he divided his property among his children, and studied for the priesthood in Rheims, France. Ordained in 1581. He returned to England as a home missioner to covert Catholics. Arrested at the home of a Mr Murton in Lancashire for the crime of priesthood. Martyred with Blessed Robert Dalby.

Born

at Wakefield, West Riding, England

Died

hanged, drawn, and quartered on 16 March 1589 at York, England

Beatified

15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-john-amias/


Saint Dentlin of Soignies

Also known as

Dentelin, Denain

Profile

Son of Saint Vincent Madelgarus and Saint Waldetrudis; brother of Saint Landric, Saint Madalbarta and Saint Aldetrudis. Nephew of Saint Aldegund. An extraordinarily pious child, he is considered a confessor of the faith. A church in Cleves, Germany, was named for him.

Died

• at age 7 in 7th century of natural causes
• buried in Soignies, Belgium
• relics transferred to the abbey church in Rees, Germany in the 1040's
• miracles reported at his tomb

Patronage

Rees, Germany

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-dentlin-of-soignies/


Saint Finian Lobhar

Also known as

• Finian Lobur
• Finian the Leper
• Finnian...
• Fintan...

Profile

Disciple of Saint Columba. Founded a church and monastery at Innisfallen, Ireland. Monk at Clonmore, Ireland. Abbot of Swords abbey near Dublin, Ireland. In his later years he retired to Clonmore to spend his last days as a prayerful monk. He was called Lobhar (the Leper) because he briefly contracted leprosy when he miraculously cured a young boy of the disease.

Born

at Bregia, Leinster, Ireland

Died

c.560 at Clonmore, Ireland of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-finian-lobhar/


Saint Abban of Kill-Abban

Also known as

• Abban of Magheranoidhe
• Abban of Murneave
• Abban of Murnevin
• Abbán moccu Corbmaic
• Eibbán, Moabba

Profile

Contemporary of Saint Patrick. Founded Kill-Abban abbey in Leinster, Ireland, and served as its first abbot. Founded the convent for Saint Gobnait of Ballyvourney, Ireland.

Born

Irish

Died

5th century Ireland of natural causes

Patronage

• Cell Abbáin, Ireland
• Killabban, Ireland
• Mag Arnaide, Ireland

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-abban-of-kill-abban/


Saint Megingaud of Würzburg

Also known as

Megingoz, Mengold, Megingaudus

Profile

Benedictine monk at the monastery of Fritzlar, Germany, in 738. Teacher at the abbey school. Abbot at Fritzlar. Bishop of Würzburg, Germany in February 754. In 769 he retired to Neustadt abbey to spend his last days as a prayerful monk.

Born

710 in Franconia

Died

783 at the abbey of Neustadt, Germany of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-megingaud-of-wurzburg/


Blessed Robert Dalby

Additional Memorial

29 October as one of the Martyrs of Douai

Profile

Protestant minister. Convert to Catholicism. Studied in Douai and Rheims in France. Ordained in 1588, he returned to England to minister to covert Catholics. Arrested for the crime of priesthood in 1589, he was martyred with Blessed John Amias.

Born

at Hemingborough, Yorkshire, England

Died

hanged, drawn, and quartered on 16 March 1589 at York, England

Beatified

15 December 1929 by Pope Pius XI

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-robert-dalby/


Blessed Torello of Poppi

Profile

After a wild and misspent youth, Torello lived 60 years as a hermit in a walled-up cave. Vallombrosan oblate.

Born

1201 or 1202 at Poppi, Tuscany, Italy

Died

between 1281 and 1292 at Poppi, Tuscany, Italy of natural causes

Beatified

by Pope Benedict XIV (cultus confirmed)

Patronage

Poppi, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-torello-of-poppi/


Saint Hilary of Aquileia

Also known as

Elaro, Ellaro, Hilarius, Ilario

Profile

Bishop of Aquileia, Italy. His prayers would cause the collapse of pagan temples and idols. Martyred in the persecutions of Numerian by order of the prefect Beronius.

Died

tortured to death on 16 March c.284

Patronage

Gorizia, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-hilary-of-aquileia/


Blessed Ferdinand Valdes

Profile

Mercedarian friar. Priest. Bishop of Lugo, Spain. Royal chaplain to the court of Castile.

Died

• Saint Catherine monastery, Toledo, Spain
• body found incorrupt after 300 years

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-ferdinand-valdes/


Blessed Joan Torrents Figueras

Profile

Claretian priest. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.

Born

8 December 1873 in La Secuita, Tarragona, Spain

Died

16 March 1937 in Montcada, Barcelona, Spain

Venerated

21 December 2016 by Pope Francis

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-joan-torrents-figueras/


Saint Gregory Makar

Also known as

• Gregor Makar
• Gregory of Nicopolis

Profile

Armenian monk. Bishop of Nicopolis, Armenia. Became a hermit at Pithiviers, Orleans, France.

Died

c.1000

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-gregory-makar/>


Saint Tatian of Aquileia

Also known as

Taziano

Profile

Deacon in Aquileia, Italy. Martyred in the persecutions of Numerian.

Died

beheaded c.284

Patronage

Gorizia, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-tatian-of-aquileia/


Blessed Eriberto of Namur

Profile

The details of this person's life have been lost.

Died

relics enshrined in a Marian chapel in the Saint Alban cathedral in Bois-Vlilliers, Namur, Belgium

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-eriberto-of-namur/


Saint Dionysius of Aquileia

Also known as

Denis of Aquileia

Profile

Layman in Aquileia, Italy. Martyred in the persecutions of Emperor Numerian.

Died

beheaded c.284

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-dionysius-of-aquileia/


Saint Benedicta of Assisi

Profile

Poor Clare nun. Succeeded Saint Clare of Assisi as abbess of Saint Damian's abbey at Assisi, Italy.

Died

1260 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-benedicta-of-assisi/


Saint Largus of Aquileia

Profile

Christian lay man in Aquileia, Italy. Martyred in the persecutions of Numerian.

Died

beheaded c.284

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-largus-of-aquileia/


Saint Papa of Seleucia

Also known as

Papas

Profile

Martyr.

Born

Lycaonia, Asia Minor

Died

Seleucia, Persia

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-papa-of-seleucia/


Saint Felix of Aquileia

Profile

Layman in Aquileia, Italy. Martyred in the persecutions of Numerian.

Died

beheaded c.284

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-felix-of-aquileia/


Saint Agapitus of Ravenna

Also known as

Agapetus, Agapito

Profile

Fourth century bishop of Ravenna, Italy.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-agapitus-of-ravenna/


Saint Malcoldia of Asti

Profile

Benedictine nun. Anchoress at Asti, Italy.

Died

c.1090 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-malcoldia-of-asti/


Saint Aninus of Syria

Profile

Hermit and miracle worker in Syria.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-aninus-of-syria/


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Allo of Bobbio
• Damian of Terracina


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