|Optional Memorial of Our Lady of Fatima
Lady of the Rosary (she called herself that when Lucia asked her name)
Commemorates the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary to three children in Fatima, Portugal on the 13th of each month from May to October in 1917. Our Lady appeared to Lucia, age 9, Blessed Francisco Marto, age 8, and Blessed Jacinta Marto, age 6, while they were tending sheep; they described her as "a woman all in white, more brilliant than the sun", and her message was to do reparation for sins that offend God, and to pray constantly for the conversion of sinners. She asked for devotion to the Holy Trinity, and for praying the Rosary daily for world peace. Word spread, and by the final apparition on 13 October, 70,000 people showed up to witness the Lady and the sign that she had promised; they witnessed the sun make three circles and zigzag around in the sky.
13 October 1930
Our Lady of Succor
Devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary under this title began in Palermo, Sicily in the 14th century, and has since spread throughout the Augustinians. It began when Father Nicola Bruno, who suffered from severe and long-term pains in his side, prayed to Our Lady for healing while meditating on a painting of Mary in which she used a stick or club to chase away the dragon and protect the infant Jesus; the artist was making refence to passages in Genesis and Revelations that referred to the eternal enmity between The Woman and the serpent. That night, Father Nicola received a vision of Mary and was healed. The painting received the title "Our Lady of Help", and the devotion began. Since 1804 the celebration has had its own liturgy.
Now the snake was the most cunning of all the wild animals that the LORD God had made. He asked the woman, "Did God really say, ‘You shall not eat from any of the trees in the garden'?"
The woman answered the snake: "We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden; it is only about the fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden that God said, ‘You shall not eat it or even touch it, or else you will die.'"
But the snake said to the woman: "You certainly will not die! God knows well that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened and you will be like gods, who know good and evil."
The woman saw that the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eyes, and the tree was desirable for gaining wisdom. So she took some of its fruit and ate it; and she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.
The LORD God then asked the woman: What is this you have done?
The woman answered, "The snake tricked me, so I ate it."
Then the LORD God said to the snake: Because you have done this, cursed are you among all the animals, tame or wild; On your belly you shall crawl, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life. I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; They will strike at your head, while you strike at their heel.
- Genesis 1-6,13-15
A great sign appeared in the sky, a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars. She was with child and wailed aloud in pain as she labored to give birth.
Then another sign appeared in the sky; it was a huge red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns, and on its heads were seven diadems. Its tail swept away a third of the stars in the sky and hurled them down to the earth. Then the dragon stood before the woman about to give birth, to devour her child when she gave birth.
She gave birth to a son, a male child, destined to rule all the nations with an iron rod. Her child was caught up to God and his throne. The woman herself fled into the desert where she had a place prepared by God, that there she might be taken care of for twelve hundred and sixty days.
Then war broke out in heaven; Michael and his angels battled against the dragon. The dragon and its angels fought back, but they did not prevail and there was no longer any place for them in heaven. The huge dragon, the ancient serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, who deceived the whole world, was thrown down to earth, and its angels were thrown down with it.
Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say: "Now have salvation and power come, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Anointed. For the accuser* of our brothers is cast out, who accuses them before our God day and night. They conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony; love for life did not deter them from death. Therefore, rejoice, you heavens, and you who dwell in them. But woe to you, earth and sea, for the Devil has come down to you in great fury, for he knows he has but a short time."
When the dragon saw that it had been thrown down to the earth, it pursued the woman who had given birth to the male child. But the woman was given the two wings of the great eagle, so that she could fly to her place in the desert, where, far from the serpent, she was taken care of for a year, two years, and a half-year. The serpent, however, spewed a torrent of water out of his mouth after the woman to sweep her away with the current. But the earth helped the woman and opened its mouth and swallowed the flood that the dragon spewed out of its mouth. Then the dragon became angry with the woman and went off to wage war against the rest of her offspring, those who keep God's commandments and bear witness to Jesus.
- Revelation 12:1-17
• Christian of Anzio
First person in the area of Ascoli Piceno, Italy to convert and be baptized by Saint Emidius who gave him the name Cristanziano. Emidius saw to Cristanziano’s education, and ordained him as a deacon; Cristanziano served as assistant to Saint Emidius until the bishop‘s martyrdom. Imprisoned, tortured and executed in the persecutions of Maxentius. Martyr.
280 in Ascoli, Italy
• beheaded on 13 May 310 in Ascoli, Italy
• most relics enshrined in the cathedral of Sant'Emidio in Ascoli Piceno
• some relics enshrined in a silver reliquary in Maltignano, Italy
• an Apostolic Brief of Pope Pius VI in 1776 enriched the feast of Saint Christian with major indulgences for eight days (13-20 May)
• against discord
• against hail (tradition says that he was about to be martyred, a hail storm began; it would have stopped the execution, but destroyed the crops and condemned the town to famine; Cristanziano waved his hand, the storm moved away, the town was saved, and the execution completed)
• against influenza
• against lightning
• against storms
• against war
• Agnone, Italy
• Casalciprano, Italy (possibly due to his association with Emidius as this town is prone to earthquakes)
• Maltignano, Italy
• keys to the city of Agnone; on old custom, no longer in use, had the mayor of the town present the symbolic keys to the city before the relics of Saint Cristanziano on the eve of his feast day, showing a request that the saint protect the town; on the feast day, the relics would be processed to the mayor‘s office and returned to the government, showing that the saint had accepted
• silver cross (only on his feast day)
• small reed crosses; these were blessed on his feast day and distributed to the faithful who then took them home and planted them in their fields as a way of asking for protection of their crops against destructive weather
• Gemma of Gordianum
• Emma of...
• The Virgin of Goriano Sicoli
11 – 13 May (pilgrimage from San Sebastiano dei Marsi to Goriano Sicoli, Italy)
Born to a poor but pious farm family, they all moved into the village of Goriano Sicoli, diocese of Sulmona, Italy to try to improve their finances. Gemma was orphaned while still a young girl when both parents died in an epidemic; she lived with relatives and worked as a shepherdess, using her time in the fields to pray. She was such a beautiful young woman that Count Ruggero of Celano courted her, but Gemma was drawn to religious life and turned him down. He was so impressed with her dedication to her vocation that he built her a cell next to the church of San Giovanni in Goriano Sicoli positioned so that she could see the altar during Mass, and could give spiritual guidance to any who asked. She lived as an anchoress for her remaining 42 years.
c.1375 in San Sebastiano dei Marsi, Bisegna, Abruzzo, Italy
• 13 May 1439 in Goriano Sicoli, Italy of natural causes
• miracles reported at her grave
• body found incorrupt when exhumed
• re-interred under the high altar of the church of San Giovanni in Goriano Sicoli
• re-interred in a new church dedicated to her in 1613
• re-interred in a new church dedicated to her in 1818
• during World War II, a soldier began storing ammunition in the church; a young woman appeared and told him "Go away, this is my house."; he went away
• later in the war the front line, and all the fighting that went with it, was about to run through Goriano Sicoli; the villagers prayed for the intervention of Sante Gemma; six foot of snow fell, and the armies avoided the town
1890 by Pope Leo XIII (cultus confirmed)
Goriano Sicoli, Italy
Servaas, Servatius, Servais
Bishop of Tongres (in the modern Belgium) for 37 years. Welcomed Saint Athanasius of Alexandria during his exile by the Arians. Worked to remove heretical bishop of Cologne, Germany in 346. Active at the Council of Rimini in 359. Prophesied the mid-5th century invasion of Gaul by the Huns.
• 13 March 384 at Tongres, Belgium of fever
• initially interred at Tongres
• miracles reported at his tomb including that snow would not accumulate on it no matter how deep it was all around it
• relics translated to the Saint Servaas Basilica, Maastricht, province of Limburg, Netherlands when Tongres was sacked
• against foot problems, leg problems or lameness
• against mice or rats
• against rheumatism
• for success
• bishop holding a key and accompanied by an angel meeting burghers at a city gate
• bishop holding a key in one hand while placing his crozier on a dragon
• bishop reading desk where nearby sits a shield with three wooden shoes
• bishop with three wooden shoes
• man striking water with a staff
• pilgrim sleeping in the sun while an eagle fans him
Born a princess, the daughter of King Didier of the Lombards who was in exile after being defeated in battle by Blessed Charlemagne. Feeling a call to a life for God, she fled from an arranged marriage to Prince Oger of Scotland, and planned to enter the Sainte-Ursule convent in Cologne, Germany. However, she fell ill while en route, and died at Villers-Poterie. She was in the village long enough that the people learned her story and recognized her as a holy woman.
8th century in northern Gaul (in modern France)
• 774 in Villers-Poterie (in modern Belgium) of natural causes
• buried at the parish church in Gerpinnes, Belgium
• healing miracles were reported at her grave site, which soon became a place of pilgrimage
• relics disinterred and enshrined in the church crypt in May 1103 by Otbert, prince–bishop of Liège, Belgium
• for centuries there has been a procession of her relics through all the local hamlets that used to comprise the territory of the parish church in which they were enshrined
• Andrew Hubert Fournet
• Andrea Uberto Fournet
Andrew had a strong religious upbringing, nagged by his mother to become a priest. Andrew resisted, and tried to study at Poitiers, but began leading a wild life. Out of school, his mother convinced him to stay with his uncle, a priest. The uncle's good example so moved Andrew that he turned his life around, returned to his studies, and felt the call to a vocation. Parish priest, assigned to Maille, France.
During the French Revolution, Andrew refused to take an oath that renounced the Church. He fled to Spain 1792 for five years, then returned to his parish, and was protected by his flock, celebrating the sacraments in secret. Andrew and Saint Jeanne Elizabeth Bichier des Ages, a local holy woman, founded the Sisters of the Cross (Sisters of Saint Andrew).
6 December 1752 at Maille, France
13 May 1834 at La Puye, Vienne, France of natural causes
4 June 1933 by Pope Pius XI
Sisters of the Cross (Sisters of Saint Andrew)
Juliana of Norwich
Almost nothing is known of her early life; we don't even know if she was from Norwich or chose to move there. Recluse under the direction of Benedictines in Norwich, England. Mystic, visionary, and writer. Her book, Revelations of Divine Love, which contains sixteen revelations she received while in an ecstatic trance, is still in print. She meditated on, spoke on, and wrote on the power of love of evil, Christ's Passion, and the nature of the Trinity. In her early 60s she shut herself in complete seclusion at Conisford, Norwich, and never left again.
c.1423 of natural causes
never formally beatified, but considered a "blessed" due to popular devotion
All shall be well, and all shall be well, and all manner of things shall be well. - Julian of Norwich
Gerard of Monza
Esquire to a knight. As a Crusader he was captured, later ransomed, and then returned to Italy. Franciscan tertiary. Lived the rest of his life as a hermit noted for his piety.
1174 at Tuscany, Italy
1242 of natural causes
1833 by Pope Gregory XVI (cultus confirmed)
• against bodily ills, illness or sickness
• sick people
• old Franciscan tertiary distributing bread from a mule
• old Franciscan tertiary holding cherry blossoms
• old Franciscan tertiary praying near a tree
• old Franciscan tertiary with a bowl and spoon at his feet
• old Franciscan tertiary with a branch of cherries
• old Franciscan tertiary with a staff and rosary
• with a missioner's cross
• with Saint Philip Ciardella
• Euthymius Opplyseren
• Euthymius the Atonite
• Euthymius of Mount Athos
• Euthymius the Georgian
• Euthymius dell'Abasgian
Son of Saint John the Iberian. Held hostage for a while in Constantinople by the emperor. Helped his father build the Iviron Monastery on Mount Athos for Iberian monks. Abbot of the monastery c.1002 after his father's death. After serving 14 years, he resigned to concentrate on translation work. Translated the Bible, sixty writings of the Church Fathers, Bible commentaries, lives of the saints, liturigal books and other material into Iberian.
in Iberia, Georgia
13 May 1028 from injuries sustained when he fell from a mule while travelling
Glyceria of Heraclea
Roman maiden at Trajanopolis, Greece, and may have been the daughter of a Roman senator. Arrested for her faith during the persecutions of emperor Antoninus and the governor Sabinus, she managed to destroy a statue of Jupiter before being imprisoned, tortured and martyred.
thrown to wild animals but died from the effects of torture before they got to her, c.177 at Heraclea, Propontis (near modern Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey)
Born to the Italian nobility. On the death of her parents, she became a nun at Brunate, Italy. As abbess she affiliated her house with the Augustinian hermits. Built a hospice in Como, Italy, and encouraged frequent Communion for everyone. She was known as a miracle worker, and for her gifts of healing and prophecy.
c.1415 at Como, Italy
13 May 1465 in Como, Italy of natural causes
1907 by Pope Saint Pius X (cultus confirmed)
Priest. Bishop of Milan, Italy for 14 months from 746 to 747. Governed during the difficult period when the Arian Lombards were converting to orthodox Christianity.
• 13 May 747 of natural causes
• buried in the church of San Giorgio al Palazzo, a church he had built
bishop near a child who holds a book
Daughter of Omar ben Hafsun, Christian leader of anti-Ummayad forces in southern Iberia during the Moorish occupation. Following her mother's death, she devoted herself to prayer and a desire for religious life. She fled the Muslim forces to a monastery in Cordoba where she was caught, kept prisoner, and finally executed. Martyr.
13 May 931 in Cordoba, Spain
23 October (translation of relics)
Benedictine nun. First abbess of Rumsey convent in Hampshire after its restoration of King Edward the Peaceful in 967. Spiritual teacher of Saint Elfleda.
• c.970 of natural causes
• interred in the convent church, Rumsey convent, Hampshire, England
Commemorates and celebrates the dedication of the church of Saint Mary of the Martyrs, formerly a temple of all the pagan Roman gods called the Pantheon, in Rome, Italy by Pope Boniface IV in 609.
Late 6th century bishop of Chalon-sur-Saône, France. We know little about him, but he founded the Benedictine abbey of Saint Pierre di Chalon, and attended the councils of Mâcon in 581, Lyons in 583, Valence in 585, and Mâcon 585.
Nun. Abbess of Holy Cross convent, a house of 200 sisters, Poitiers, France, assigned there by Saint Radegund. Introduced a rule given to her by Saint Caesarus of Arles. Friend of the poet Saint Venantius Fortunatus.
588 of natural causes
Vulfura had a dream in which he was told that in Cordoba, Spain he would meet a young woman with whom he would be martyred for his faith. Arriving in Cordoba, he met, was imprisoned with, and executed with Saint Argentea. Martyr.
Gaul (modern France)
937 in Cordoba, Spain
Hermit at Abingdon (formely Abbendun), Berkshire, England, which is named for him. Noted preacher. Founded a monastery in Berkshire. May be the earliest Irish saint.
4th century Ireland
c.520 of natural causes
• Annon of Verona
• Hanno of Verona
Bishop of Verona, Italy. Connected with the translation of the relics of Saint Firmus and Saint Rusticus.
in Verona, Italy
780 of natural causes
Born to a family of imperial Roman senatorial rank, Palladius became bishop of Bourges (in modern France) in the latter 6th century.
Priest. Imprisoned and tortured at Amphipolis and then Constantinople during the persecutions of Diocletian and Laudicius. Martyr.
15th century Franciscan friar who is remembered by the Order for his holiness, but no details of his life have survived.
1467 in Brescia, Italy of natural causes
Travelled with Saint Cadfan to Wales in the 6th century. Spent the rest of his life as a hermit on the isle of Bardsey, noted for his holiness and wisdom.
Third bishop of Auxerre, France. Fought Arianism.
late 4th century
Priest. Martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian for overturning a pagan altar.
6th–7th century monk and then abbot of the abbey of Mucnam, Castleblayney, County Monaghan, Ireland.
Fifth bishop of Soissons, France.
A group of Catholic Christians martyred in the church of Theonas, Alexandria, Egypt by order of the Arian Emperor Valens. Their names have not come down to us.
in 372 in Alexandria, Egypt
• Our Lady of the Most Blessed Sacrament
• Tighernach of Boirche
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