|Optional Memorial of Saint Anthony of Padua, Priest and Doctor of the Church|
• Antonio da Padova
• Evangelical Doctor
Anthony's wealthy family wanted him to be a great nobleman, but for the sake of Christ he became a poor Franciscan. Priest.
When the remains of Saint Berard and his companions, the first Franciscan martyrs, were brought to be buried in his church, Anthony was moved to leave his order, enter the Friars Minor, and go to Morocco to evangelize. Shipwrecked at Sicily, he joined some other brothers who were going to the church in Portiuncula. Lived in a cave at San Paolo leaving only to attend Mass and sweep the nearby monastery. One day when a scheduled speaker failed to appear, the brothers pressed him into speaking. He impressed them so that he was thereafter constantly travelling, evangelizing, preaching, and teaching theology through Italy and France.
A gifted speaker, he attracted crowds everywhere he went, speaking in multiple tongues; legend says that even the fish loved to listen. Miracle worker. One of the most beloved of saints, his images and statues are found everywhere - though none of them portray him as a heavy-set man, which some reports claim he was. Proclaimed a Doctor of the Church on 16 January 1946.
One source of the well-known patronage for the recovery of lost objects comes from a legend that, long after Anthony's death, his old prayer book was kept as a treasured relic, and one day it disappeared. People prayed for help in finding the lost item, a novice found it and returned it; he later admitted that he had "borrowed" the book and returned it after receiving a vision of an angry Anthony.
1195 at Lisbon, Portugal
• 13 June 1231 of natural causes
• buried on the Tuesday following his death in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, Padua, Italy
• legend says that all the sick who visited his new grave were healed
30 May 1232 by Pope Gregory IX at Spoleto, Italy
• against barrenness or sterility
• against shipwreck
• against starvation; starving people
• American Indians
• animals, both wild and domestic
• boatmen, mariners, sailors, watermen
• elderly people
• expectant mothers, pregnant women
• for faith in the Blessed Sacrament
• for harvests
• lost articles, seekers of lost articles
• oppressed people
• paupers, poor people
• travel hostesses
• Tigua Indians
• 4 dioceses, 17 cities
• Infant Jesus (referring to his vision)
• Christ-child in his arms
• Christ-child on a book
• fire in his hand
• fire on his breast
• Franciscan habit
• kneeling mule
The saints are like the stars. In his providence Christ conceals them in a hidden place that they may not shine before others when they might wish to do so. Yet they are always ready to exchange the quiet of contemplation for the works of mercy as soon as they perceive intheir heart the invitation of Christ. - Saint Anthony of Padua
Actions speak louder than words; let your words teach and your actions speak. We are full of words but empty of actions, and therefore are cursed by the Lord, since he himself cursed the fig tree when he found no fruit but only leaves. It is useless for a man to flaunt his knowledge of the law if he undermines its teaching by his actions.
But the apostles "spoke as the Spirit gave them the gift of speech." Happy the man whose words issue from the Holy Spirit and not from himself!
We should speak, then, as the Holy Spirit gives us the gift of speech. Our humble and sincere request to the Spirit for ourselves should be that we may bring the day of Pentecost to fulfillment, insofar as he infuses us with his grace, by using our bodily senses in a perfect manner by keeping the commandments. Likewise we shall request that we may be filled with a keen sense of sorrow and with fiery tongues for confessing the faith so our deserved reward may be to stand in the blazing splendor of the saints and to look upon the triune God. - from a sermon by Saint Anthony of Padua
Not without a long procession does the devil wish the sinner to be carried to his grave, and therefore he arranges the file after the usual maimer: Ambition carries the cross, Detraction the incense, Oppression the holy - or rather the cursed - water, Hypocrisy bears the lights. There are two chanters: one is the Fallacious Confidence of living a long time, and he sings, Requiem aeternam - you still have abundant time; the other is Presumption as to the Divine Mercy, and he sings, In Paradisnm le ducant angeli. Pride celebrates the office. Then follow Vain-Glory on the right, Envy on the left, and, walking after, Anger, Impatience, Insolence, Blasphemy, Contumely, Arrogance, Lasciviousness, Gluttony, Idle Talk, Boasting, Injury, Curiosity, and Uneasiness. Lo! what a crowd in the conscience following him who is dead in trespasses and sin. - from a sermon by Saint Anthony of Padua
12 June as one of the 108 Martyrs of World War II
Lifelong lay woman in the diocese of Lomza, Poland. She had little education; she may have been able to read a little, but she could not write. Raised in the Orthodox church, she converted to Catholicism at age 17. Married to Ludwik Biernacki, a farmer, at age 20. Mother of six, only two of whom survived infancy, her daughter Leokadia, and her son Stanislaw. Widowed, she moved in with Stanislaw and helped raise her grandchildren, in part by setting an example of personal piety.
When the Nazis and Soviets divided Poland between them in World War II, Marianne's town came under German control. When local resistance groups did anything to fight back against occupying forces, the Nazis would have reprisal executions, rounding up random citizens and killing them as a warning to the resistence. On 1 June 1943 the Nazis arrested Marianna's son Stanislaw and his wife Anna, who was pregnant, and put them in the group to be murdered. Marianna pleaded to take the girl's place, and Anna was freed; Marianna asked to take one thing with her - a rosary. The mother and son were briefly imprisoned and then executed. Martyr.
1888 in Lipsk, Podlaskie, Poland as Marianna Czokala
shot by firing squad on 13 June 1943 in Naumovichi (a.k.a. Naumowicze), Hrodzyenskaya voblasts', Belarus
13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II
Triphyllius, Trifilio, Trifillo
Educated in Constantinople. Worked as a lawyer. Convert to Christianity. Spritiual student of Saint Spyridon of Cyprus. Bishop of Leucosia (modern Nicosia), Cyprus. Supported Saint Athanasius of Alexandria in his opposition to Arianism; Saint Athanasius praised Tryphillius for his adherence to orthodox Christianity, so the Arians turned their attacks against him. He lived with no pomp or splendor, and preached every day. Saint Jerome considered him one of the most eloquent Church figures of his day, and he was particularly noted for his commentary on the Song of Songs.
370 of natural causes
Chosen bishop of Assisi, Italy by Pope Fabian in the mid-3rd-century. Martyred with several companions outside of Assisi during the persecutions of emperor Gordian III.
• beheaded in the 3rd century beside a bridge over the River Tescio outside Assisi, Italy; the bridge is now known as the Ponte San Vittorino in his honour
• the Monastero di San Vittorino was built over the site of the execution, and his relics were enshrined in it
• relics later enshrined under the high altar in the Abbazia di San Pietro
• relics, consisting of bones and blood-soaked linen, enshrined in a side altar in 1642
• relics enshrined behind a grating at the high altar in 1954
• Aventino of Larboust
• Aventine of...
Hermit in the Arbusto Valley of the Pyrenees region of France. He spent most of his time in prayer, but would sometimes come down to the villages to preach. Martyred by Moors for preaching Christianity.
• early 9th century in the Arbusto Valley of the Pyrenees region of France
• body hidden by his killers
• relics miraculously discovered in the 12th century and in enshrined in a local church
against birth complications (his own birth involved great difficulties)
• Augustine Huy Viet Phan
• Augustine of Huy
24 November as one of the Martyrs of Vietnam
Lifelong layman in the apostolic vicariate of East Tonkin. Soldier. Worked to help the foreign missionaries. Worked, tortured and died with Saint Nicolas The. Martyr.
c.1795 in Ha Linh, Nam Ðinh, Vietnam
sawn in half on 12 June 1839 in Thua Thiên, Vietnam
19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II
Anthony heard Saint Norbert of Xanten preach in Nivelles, Belgium c.1120, and was so impressed that he gave away everything to become Saint Norbert‘s 3rd spiritual student. Studied with Blessed Hugh of Fosse and Blessed Evermod of Ratzeburg. One of the first Premonstratensian monks. Canon of the motherhouse in Premontres, Laon, France. Prior of the Ilbenstadt monastery in Wetterau, diocese of Mainz, Germany.
c.1100 in Nivelles, Brabant (in modern Belgium)
15 January c.1149 of natural causes
Monk as a young man. Well educated in the literature and science of his day, was a Biblical scholar, and studied the writings of the great pastors. Opposed the Eutychian and Monophysite heresies. Patriarch of Alexandria, Egypt in 579, serving for 28 years. His correspondence with Saint Gregory the Great has survived.
c.607 of natural causes
24 November as one of the Martyrs of Vietnam
Lifelong layman in the apostolic vicariate of East Tonkin (in modern Vietnam). During the persecutions of emperor Minh Mang, Nicolas was ordered to stomp on a cross to show his contempt for Christianity; he refused. Martyr.
c.1792 in Kiên Trung, Nam Ðinh, Vietnam
12 June 1839 in Thua Thiên, Vietnam
19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II
Joined the Mercedarians in Valladolis, Spain. Studied at the University of Salamanca, Spain. Priest. Vicar of the Mercedarian College in Salamanca in 1600. Travelled to Mexico in 1609 to serve as a preacher, missionary and secretary to Venerable Antonio de Mendoza. Missionary on the isle of Puma, Ecuador. Captured and murdered by heretic Dutch pirates. Martyr.
1565 in Cuellar, Segovia, Spain
gutted 13 June 1624 on Puma Island, Ecuador
Joined the Premonstratensians at age 20. Canon of the Premonstratensian Steingadan monastery in Weilheim-Schongau, Bavaria, Germany. Priest. Had a great devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary. When Protestant Swedes invaded Bavaria during the Thirty Years War, Servatius took to the road, preaching in town after town, celebrating the Sacraments, and exhorting people not to abandon Catholicism.
13 June 1603 in Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany
13 June 1670 of natural causes
Brother of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux. Soldier. When wounded in combat at the siege of Grancy, Gerard resolved to become a monk. Benedictine Cistercian monk at Citeaux. Worked with Saint Bernard at Clairvaux, and became his closest confidant. Cellarer.
1138 of natural causes
Cistercian monk with a wound in his side
Arrested at age 12 for her faith during the persecutions of Diocletian. When she clung to her faith, the magistrate Volusian ordered the child beaten and beheaded. Martyr. Saint Joseph the Hymnographer composed an Office in her honour.
3rd century Biblus, Phoenicia
Priest, ordained in the late 3rd century. Director of the famous school in Alexandria, Egypt. Bishop of Alexandria in 311. Though he only led his see for a few months, he was known for preaching and writing against Arianism.
13 June 312 of natural causes
Ceteo, Ceteus, Cetheus, Cetteo, Cetteus, Pellegrino, Pelligrinus
Bishop of Amiterno (modern San Vittorino, Italy). Murdered by Arian Lombards for asking for mercy for a condemned prisoner. Martyr.
drowned in the River Aterno in the Abruzzo region of Italy c.597
A sanctified virgin who was imprisoned and martyred in the persecution of Domitian.
• left for a fortnight in prison without food or drink, then thrown into a ditch to die, late 1st century in Rome, Italy
• her body was recovered for burial by Saint Nicomedes
• Fandilas of Cordova
Monk at Cordova, Spain. Priest. Abbot of the monastery of Peñamelaria near Cordova. Martyred by order of the Moorish emir.
in Andalusia, Spain
beheaded in 853 at Cordova, Spain
Bishop of Vienne, France. Went into exile to Rome, Italy, c.752 due to Frankish persecution. Retired from his see to spend his remaining years as a prayerful monk in the monastery of Saint Mauritius.
765 of natural causes
Ragnebert, Ragneberto, Ragnebertus, Ragnobert, Ramberto, Rembert, Regnobert
Member of the royal court in Austrasia. Murdered by the tyrant Ebroin; he has always been honoured as a martyr.
ambushed c.680 in the Jura Mountains (along the border of modern France and Switzerland
• interred in the catacombs of Ciriaca
• relics enshrined in the sacristy of the parish church of Cravagliana, Italy in 1825
Mac Nesi, Mac Nessi, Macnessius
Monk. Abbot of Clonmacnoise monastery, County Offaly, Ireland c.574 to c.590.
590 of natural causes
Emesa, Phoenicia (modern Homs, Syria)
crucified in Emesa, Phoenicia (modern Homs, Syria), date unknown
Psalmodio, Psalmet, Salmodius, Saumon, Saumay
Spiritual student of Saint Brendan. Hermit at Limoges, Aquintaine (in modern France).
North Africa, date unknown
North Africa, date unknown
Virgin venerated in Ireland.
• Our Lady of Tears
• Our Lady of the Cave
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