12 September • yesterday
• prayers
• tomorrow
Optional Memorial of the Most Holy Name of Mary

Saint Franciscus Ch'oe Kyong-Hwan

Also known as

• Choe Gyeong-Hwan
• Peuranchiseuko

Additional Memorial

20 September as one of the Martyrs of Korea

Profile

Raised in a prosperous Christian family; his grandfather was an early convert, and brought his family into the faith. When the priests were all executed or kicked out of the country, the family began to be harassed by locals who were returning to paganism, and they moved to the capital city of Seoul, Korea. There they became involved in some legal entanglements, lost most of their wealth, moved to a village on Mount Suri, and became tobacco farmers. Other Christian families, seeking support in numbers, moved near them, and a faithful Catholic community developed. Franciscus, by this time married and a father, served as catechist, teaching the faith to people in his home at night; he did not have a theological education, but had access to several spiritual texts, and was a man who loved God. In 1836, his son, Thomas Yang-eop was chosen by Saint Pierre Maubant of the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris to study for the priesthood in Macao. Francicus and Maria were overjoyed, and considered the entire family to be blessed.

In 1839, state-sponsored persecution of Christians began again in earnest. Franciscus collected money to support those in prison, who were left by the state to fend for themselves, and gave Christian burial to those who died for their faith. Back home, he gathered all the religious objects in the village and buried them so that they would not be defiled, and could possibly be used later; he kept his catechism texts, and continued studying and teaching. Franciscus, his family and about 40 of his fellow villagers were arrested on the night of 31 July 1839 for the crime of being Christian, and forced to march to Seoul. There he was ordered to renounce Christianity; when he refused, he was imprisoned; he was in the same prison as Saint Lawrence Mary Joseph Imbert. Between torture and beating sessions over the next several weeks, he spent his time in prayer and catechesis to other prisoners. Martyr.

His wife Maria, who watched him die, renounced Christianity; she later reverted to the faith, and was eventually beheaded herself. Their son Thomas was ordained in 1849 and returned to Korea to serve as missionary in remote villages.

Born

1805 in Taraekkol, Hongjugun, Ch'ungch'ong, South Korea

Died

in the early morning of 12 September 1839 in prison in Seoul, South Korea from injuries received during a series of beatings

Canonized

6 May 1984 by Pope John Paul II in Youido Square, Seoul, South Korea

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-franciscus-choe-kyong-hwan/


Saint Guy of Anderlecht

Also known as

• Guido of Anderlecht
• Guidon of Anderlecht
• Poor Man of Anderlecht
• Wye of Láken

Profile

Born in poverty, he was trained in religion by pious parents. For many years he embraced poverty as God's will for him, and spent his time caring for the poor and sick. When he worked the fields, an angel would sometimes man the plow so that Guy could pray without distraction. He hung around the local church so much the priest made him the parish sacristan; Guy then lived in the church, and often spent all night in prayer.

A merchant from Brussels, Belgium either decided to give the boy a leg up in the world, or figured that Guy was a bumpkin who could be defrauded; versions vary. Either way, he offered Guy a part share in a new project that could make him rich. In the first ocean-going expedition in the project, the ship involved sank; Guy took it as a sign that he was right to begin with, and returned to his old life of poverty.

As penance for his bout of greed, Guy made a pilgrimage on foot to Rome, Italy then to Jerusalem where he worked for a while as a guide to pilgrims, then back to Brussels. Though he never joined any order or house, he vowed chastity, and devoted most of his time to prayer, and work as a sacristan.

Many post-mortem miracles attributed to him. An annual festival grew up in the area around his grave, with most of the activities involving horses and the people who work with them because his grave, which was lost for years, was uncovered by a horse.

Born

c.950 at Anderlecht, Belgium

Died

• 1012 at Anderlecht, Belgium of exhaustion and related natural causes
• his grave was forgotten for years until uncovered by a horse
• relics translated to a nearby church in 1076
• due to wars, his relics were moved and hidden in several places over the years
• relics destroyed by Protestants in the 18th century

Patronage

• Anderlecht, Belgium
• epileptics; against epilepsy
• rabies; rabid animals; against hydrophobia or rabies
• animals with horns
• bachelors
• convulsive children
• farmers
• laborers, workers
• protection of outbuildings, sheds and stables
• sacristans; sextons
• work horses

Representation

• peasant praying while an angel plows a nearby field
• peasant with a book
• pilgrim with a book
• pilgrim with hat, staff, rosary, and an ox at his feet

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-guy-of-anderlecht/


Saint Ailbe of Emly

Also known as

• Ailbhe, Albert, Albeo, Albeus, Elvis
• The Patrick of Munster

Profile

Disciple of Saint Patrick. Effective evangelist throughout Ireland with the support of King Aengus of Munster. Noted for his charity and his excellent preaching. Little else is known for sure, but many stories and much speculation have attached to Ailbhe. He may have been the first bishop of Emly, Ireland. He may have founded a monastery at Killeaney, Inishmore, Ireland. One old story stays that he was born to parents so poor that they were unable to feed him, and abandoned him in the deep woods; a she-wolf, running from hunters, settled beside the baby and suckled him as one of her cubs; the hunters found them, saved the baby and spared the wolf.

Born

Irish

Died

c.541 of natural causes

Patronage

• Cashel, Ireland, diocese of
• Cashel and Emly, Ireland, archdiocese of
• Emly, Ireland, diocese of
• Munster, Ireland
• wolves

Representation

• bishop holding the cathedral of Cashel, Ireland
• with a wolf or pack of wolves

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ailbe/


Feast of the Holy Name of Mary

Article

Feast of the entire Latin Church. It was first observed at Cuenca, Spain in 1513, then extended to the universal Church and assigned to its present place and rank by Pope Innocent XI in 1683 in thanksgiving to God and the Blessed Virgin for the liberation of Vienna, France and the signal victory over the Turks on 12 September 1683. It is the titular feast of the Society of Mary (Marianists) and of the Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate.

Video

YouTube PlayList

http://catholicsaints.info/feast-of-the-holy-name-of-mary/


Blessed Apolinar Franco

Also known as

Apollinaris

Additional Memorials

• 10 September as one of the 205 Martyrs of Japan
• 22 May as one of the Franciscan Martyrs of Japan

Profile

Franciscan Friars Minor (Observants) priest. Missionary to Japan during the 17th century when Christianity was a capital offense. Imprisoned soon after his arrival, Apollinar spent over five years on death row during which he converted his jailers, ministered to other prisoners, and spread the Word of God.

Born

1575 in Aguilar del Campo, Palencia, Spain

Died

burned alive on 12 September 1622 at Omura, Nagasaki, Japan

Beatified

7 May 1867 by Pope Pius IX

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-apolinar-franco/


Blessed Pierre-Sulpice-Christophe Faverge

Also known as

Brother Roger

Profile

Salesian brother, joining in 1767. Teacher. Imprisoned on a ship in the harbor of Rochefort, France and left to die during the anti-Catholic persecutions of the French Revolution. One of the Martyrs of the Hulks of Rochefort.

Born

25 July 1745 in Orléans, Loiret, France

Died

12 September 1794 aboard the prison ship Deux-Associés, in Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, France

Beatified

1 October 1995 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-pierre-sulpice-christophe-faverge/


Blessed Ebontius of Babastro

Also known as

Ebon, Eboncio, Ponce, Poncio, Pontius

Profile

Benedictine monk in Sainte-Foi, Tomieres, France. Abbot of San Victorian, Ainsa, Aragon, Spain. Bishop of Roda de Isábena, Aragon, Spain. The see was moved to Babastro, Spain after it was re-captured from the Moors.

Born

Sarrancolin, Comminges, Haute-Garrone, France

Died

1104

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-ebontius-of-babastro/


Saint Eanswith

Also known as

Eanswida

Profile

Born to the nobility, grand-daughter of King Ethelbert of Kent. On the coast near Folkestone, she founded the first convent in England; it was later destroyed by invading Danes.

Died

• c.640
• relics in the church of Saint Eanswith, Folkestone, England

Representation

nun wearing a crown and holding a church or fish

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eanswith/


Saint Autonomus

Also known as

Autonomo

Profile

Bishop. Fled to Bithynia, Asia Minor to escape the persecution of Diocletian. The people there accepted him as one of their own, and he became a great evangelist. Martyr.

Born

Italian

Died

martyred c.300 in Asia Minor

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-autonomus/


Saint Juventius of Pavia

Profile

First century evangelist. First bishop of Pavia, Italy. Worked with Saint Hermagoras of Aquileia and Saint Syrus of Pavia.

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-juventius-of-pavia/


Saint Curonotus

Also known as

Curomotus

Profile

Bishop of Iconium, Asia Minor. Martyred in the persecutions of Valerian.

Died

c.258 in Asia Minor

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-curonotus/


Saint Silvinus of Verona

Also known as

Silvino

Profile

Bishop of Verona, Italy.

Died

c.550

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-silvinus-of-verona/


Martyrs of Alexandria

Profile

A group of Christians martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian. We know little more than their names - Hieronides, Leontius, Sarapion, Seleusius, Straton and Valerian.

Died

drowned c.300 at Alexandria, Egypt

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-alexandria-12-september/


Martyrs of Phrygia

Profile

Three Christians who were martyred for destroying pagan idols. We know little more than their names - Macedonius, Tatian and Theodolus.

Died

burned to death in 362 in Phrygia (modern Turkey)

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-phrygia/


205 Martyrs of Japan

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of Japan. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Blessed Dominic Magoshichi
Blessed Francis of Saint Bonaventure
Blessed Mancius of Saint Thomas
Blessed Paul of Saint Clare
Blessed Tomás de Zumárraga Lazcano


Martyred in the Spanish Civil War

Thousands of people were murdered in the anti-Catholic persecutions of the Spanish Civil War from 1934 to 1939. I have pages on each of them, but in most cases I have only found very minimal information. They are available on the CatholicSaints.Info site through these links:

Blessed Fortunato Arias Sánchez
Blessed Francisco Maqueda López
Blessed Jaume Puigferrer Mora
Blessed Josep Plana Rebugent
Blessed Julián Delgado Díez


Also celebrated but no entry yet

• Our Lady of Lipa
• Gold Ring Mass
• Christopher Outers
• Daniel of Thasos
• Degenhard of Bischofsmais
• Molaise of Devenish
• Tesaurus Beccheria


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