|Memorial of Saint Josaphat, Bishop and Martyr|
• Jehoshaphat Kuncewycz
• John Kunsevich
• Josaphat Kuntsevych
• Josaphat of Polotsk
• Jozofat Kuncewicz
His father was a municipal counselor, and his mother known for her piety. Raised in the Orthodox Ruthenian Church which, on 23 November 1595 in the Union of Brest, united with the Church of Rome. Trained as a merchant's apprentice at Vilna, Lithuania, he was offered partnership in the business, and marriage to his partner's daughter; feeling the call to religious life, he declined both. Monk in the Ukrainian Order of Saint Basil (Basilians) in Vilna at age 20 in 1604, taking the name Brother Josaphat. Deacon. Ordained a Byzantine rite priest in 1609.
Josaphat's superior, Samuel, never accepted unity with Rome, and looked for a way to fight against Roman Catholicism and the Uniats, the name given those who brought about and accepted the union of the Churches. Learning of Samuel's work, and fearing the physical and spiritual damage it could cause, Josaphat brought it to the attention of his superiors. The archbishop of Kiev, Ukraine, removed Samuel from his post, replacing him with Josaphat.
He became a famous preacher. Worked to bring unity among the faithful, and bring strayed Christians back to the Church. Bishop of Vitebsk, Belarus. Most religious, fearing interference with the natively developed liturgy and customs, did not want union with Rome. Bishop Josaphat believed unity to be in the best interests of the Church, and by teaching, clerical reform, and personal example Josaphat won the greater part of the Orthodox in Lithuania to the union. Never completely suitable to either side, Roman authorities sometimes raised objection to Josaphat's Orthodox actions. Consecrated as Archbishop of Polotsk, Lithuania in 1617.
While Josaphat attended the Diet of Warsaw in 1620, a dissident group, supported by Cossacks, set up an anti-Uniat bishops for each Uniat one, spread the accusation that Josaphat had "gone Latin," and that his followers would be forced to do the same, and placed a usurper on the archbishop's chair. Despite warnings, John went to Vitebsk, a hotbed of trouble, to try to correct the misunderstandings, and settle disturbances. The army remained loyal to the king, who remained loyal to the Union, and so the army tried to protect Josaphat and his clergy.
Late in 1623 an anti-Uniat priest named Elias shouted insults at Josaphat from his own courtyard, and tried to force his way into the residence. When he was removed, a mob assembled and forced his release. Mob mentality took over, and they invaded the residence. Josaphat tried to insure the safety of his servants before fleeing himself, but did not get out in time, and was martyred by the mob. His death was a shock to both sides of the dispute, brought some sanity and a cooling off period to both sides of the conflict.
1580 at Volodymyr, Lithuania (modern Ukraine) as John Kunsevyc
• struck in the head with a halberd, shot and beaten with staves on 12 November 1623 at Vitebsk, Belarus
• body thrown into the Dvina River but later recovered
• buried at Biala, Poland
• body found incorrupt five years after death
16 May 1643 by Pope Urban VIII
• 29 June 1867 by Pope Blessed Pius IX
• first Eastern saint canonized by Rome
• Edmonton, Alberta, eparchy of
• Toronto, Ontario, eparchy of
• winged deacon
You people of Vitebsk want to put me to death. You make ambushes for me everywhere, in the streets, on the bridges, on the highways, and in the marketplace. I am here among you as a shepherd, and you ought to know that I would be happy to give my life for you. I am ready to die for the holy union, for the supremacy of Saint Peter, and of his successor the Supreme Pontiff. - Saint Josaphat
• Astricus of Ungarn
• Anastasius XIX
• Astericus Anastasius
• Astrik of Pannonhalma
• Ascrick, Astericus, Astrik-Anastaz, Radla
Monk in Rome, Italy, taking the name Astricus. Friend of Saint Adalbert of Prague, and assisted Adalbert on his missionary work in Bohemia. First abbot of Brevnov. Due to anti-Christian persecution in the region, he had to flee to Hungary. Worked as a missionary to the Magyars. Spiritual teacher to the wife of Duke Geza, the mother of Saint Stephen of Hungary, in 997. First abbot of Saint Martin's monastery in Pannonhalma, the first monastery in Hungary, a house founded by Duke Geza. When Saint Stephen succeeded his father Geza as duke, Anastasius renewed his evangelization work with the Magyars. First archbishop of the Hungarian Church with his see city probably at Kalocsa. He was sent as ambassador to Rome, and negotiated the recognition of the new kingdom of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II. He transported the crown that the pope gave for Stephen to be crowned as King of the Hungarians by Emperor Otto III in 1001. Advisor to Stephen on matters of spirit and state until Stephen's death. He outlived Stephen by two years, and spent those last days as a prayerful monk.
in Bohemia as Radla
c.1035 of natural causes
• Millan de la Cogolla
• Emilian the Cowled
Born to a poor farm family. Worked as a shepherd in La Rioja, Spain. Hermit. Priest. Parish priest in Berceo, Spain for some time, but eventually returned to his life as a hermit. His reputation for holiness spread, a large number of would-be spritual students gathered around him, and he agreed to lead them. With them he founded the monastery of La Cogolla, and served as its first abbot.
• abbot on horse back
• abbot with a sword
• abbot combating Moors
• Apostle of the Frisians
• Leafwine, Lebuinus, Lebwin, Liafwin, Liafwine, Livinius, Livino
Educated in a monastery. Benedictine monk at Ripon, England. Priest. Missionary to the Netherlands, following in the path of Saint Boniface, beginning in Utrecht. He worked with Saint Marchelm and Saint Gregory of Utrecht. Preached in the districts along the Yssel River. Established the first church in Deventer, Netherlands and used it as a base for missionary work to the Saxons and Frisians.
His success caused great hostility among the non-converted pagans who burned his church and spread the rumour that his success was due to witchcraft. Lebuin took his message to the Saxon national assembly, preaching the Gospel during a sacrifice to one of the pagan gods, and prophesying the destruction of their nation if they did not convert. Many of the representatives wanted to kill him, but one spoke up to say that the assembly should treat him as an ambassador from God, and give him the same diplomatic protection. The Saxons agreed, and agreed to respect the rights of Christianity.
• c.773 at Deventer, Netherlands
• relics at Deventer
• Deventer, Netherlands
• Zoeterwoude, Netherlands
with Saint Marchelm
• Apostle of Flanders
Son of a Scottish nobleman and an Irish princess, he was raised in Ireland, and studied there and in England. Ordained by Saint Augustine of Canterbury. Highly successful missionary to Flanders, Belgium with three companions. Bishop of Ghent, Belgium. Tortured by pagans, his tongue was torn out to stop his preaching; legend says tongue continued to preach on its own. Martyr.
in the British Isles
• martyred 12 November 633 near Alost, Brabant, Belgium
• relics translated to Ghent, Belgium
• bishop holding his tongue with a pair of tongs
• bishop with his tongue being torn out
• Nilus of Sinai
• Nilus of Ancyra
Byzantine imperial official; may even have been a Praetorian Prefect. Married and father of two. When the children were grown, Nilus and the wife agreed to lead separate lives devoted to God. Monk on Mount Sinai with his son Theodulus.
After a few years on the Mount, Arab raiders kidnapped Theodulus. Nilus went in search of him and found him in Eleusa in Palestine where the bishop had ransomed him out of slavery and made him the door-keeper of his church. The bishop ordained them both, and the returned to Sinai.
Noted author on theological matters, his works influenced the Eastern Church. Bishop of Ancyra. Friend, supporter and spiritual student of Saint John Chrystostom.
4th century Byzantium
c.430 of natural causes
May have been a spiritual student of Saint Ambrose of Milan; may have been a bishop of Milan, Italy; may have served in the 4th or 6th century; may have been a martyr. Nothing sure about his life has survived.
• relics known to have been in Rome, Italy in the early 8th century
• relics transferred to the Ilmmünster Abbey in 766
• relics transferred to Munich, Germany in 1495
• relics transferred to the Ilmmünster Abbey in 1846
• Cunibert of Keulen
• Cunibert of Köln
• Cunibert of Trèves
• Cunibert of Trier
• Cunipert, Honoberht, Kunibert
Born to the Frankish nobility. Archdeacon of Trier, Germany. Archbishop of Cologne, Germany in 627. Spiritual teacher and advisor to Saint Sigebert III, and co-regent of Austrasia. Known as a great builder of churches and monasteries in his diocese. Legend says that a dove led him to the lost grave of Saint Ursula.
• c.663 in Cologne, Germany of natural causes
• interred in the Saint Cunibert Church in Cologne
bishop with a bird (usually a dove or pigeon), often speaking in his ear or leading him somewhere
Bishop. Wrote in opposition to the Montanist heresy. Martyr.
Cadwalla, Ceadwalla, Cadwallador
A pious king in Wales.
Columban monk in Clonfert, Ireland. Founded a monastery at the area which became known as Kilcummin in his honour, and served as its abbot. Supported the Roman system of determining the date of Easter, a matter of great dispute at the time.
• 662 of natural causes
• relics enshrined in 1162
Bishop of Le Puy, France.
Imperial Roman quaestor. Bishop of Vienne (in modern France). Participated in councils in Orleans and Paris.
• John the Soldier
• John Stipendario
• John della Pace
• John de Porta pacis
• John Cini
Soldier. Franciscan tertiary in 1396. Founded several charitable organizations and a confraternity of flagellants.
at Pisa, Italy
1433 of natural causes
1856 by Pope Pius IX (cultus confirmed)
Married layman in the archdiocese of Valencia, Spain. Member of Catholic Action. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.
13 January 1885 in Algemesí, Valencia, Spain
12 November 1936 in Alcudia de Carlet, Valencia, Spain
11 March 2001 by Pope John Paul II
• Apostle to the Picts
• Macarius, Macharius, Mochumna
Baptized by Saint Colman. Spiritual student of Saint Columba at Iona Abbey. Bishop of Aberdeen, Scotland. Missionary to the Picts with twelve companions.
c.540 on the island of Maleo, Scotland of natural causes
21 May as one of the Martyrs of the Mexican Revolution
Priest of the diocese of Chilpancingo, Mexico. Martyr.
22 February 1899 in Taxco, Guerrero, Mexico
12 November 1927 in Tulimán, Guerrero, Mexico
22 November 1992 by Pope John Paul II
21 May 2000 by Pope John Paul II
Nauphary, Namphisius, Namphrase
After a career as a soldier, he retired from the world to become a hermit near Marcillac, France.
Monk at Cessier, France. Monk at Saint-Pierre-le-Vif near Sens, France. Martyr.
Brittany (in modern France)
Bishop. Wrote in opposition to the Montanist heresy. Martyr.
Bishop of Angers, France.
First bishop of Avignon, France.
Sister María Natividad
Cistercian nun in the Congregation of Saint Bernard of Spain. Martyred in the Spanish Civil War.
18 December 1880 in Algemesí, Valencia, Spain
12 November 1936 in Alcudia de Carlet, Valencia, Spain
• 3 October 2015 by Pope Francis
• beatification recognition celebrated at the cathedral of Santander, Spain, Cardinal Angelo Amato principal celebrant
Monk at Reculver Abbey, Kent, England. Martyr.
martyred c.830 by invading Danes
Saint Benedict and Companions
They weren't Polish, and they were related, but were instead five Italian Benedictine monks who worked with Saint Adalbert of Prague as missionaries to the Slavs, and were martyred together. They were - Benedict, Christinus, Isaac, John and Matthew.
1005 at the Benedictine monastery near Gnesen, Poland
by Pope Julius II
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