12 January • yesterday
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Saint Aelred of Rievaulx

Also known as

• Aelred of Revesby
• the English Saint Bernard
• Aethelred, Ailred, Eilred, Ethelred, Aelredus, Alfred, Alred, Ethelredus

Additional Memorials

• 3 February (Cistercians)
• 3 March (dioceses of Hexham, Liverpool and Middlesbrough in England)

Profile

Son of Eilaf, a priest during a period when English priests were allowed to marry, and keeper of the shrine of Hexham. Master of the household of the court of King David of Scotland. Known for his gentle spirituality and his personal austerity amid the court life. David wanted to make his friend a bishop, but instead Aelred left Scotland in 1134 to become a Cistercian monk at Rievaulx, Yorkshire, England. Master of novices. First abbot of a Cistercian monastery in Revensby, Lincolnshire, England in 1142. Abbot of Rievaulx in 1147, which made the superior of all Cistercians in England, and kept him much on the road, travelling from house to house, preaching throughout England and Scotland. Peacemaker among the Picts in Galway, ending disputes and revitalizing the faith in the area. He composed sermons and prayers, wrote works on the spiritual and aescetic life, wrote on the lives of King David of Scotland, Saint Ninian and Saint Edward the Confessor, and was considered a living saint by those who knew him.

Born

1110 at Hexham, England

Died

• 12 January 1167 at Rievaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, England of kidney disease
• buried in the Rievaulx Chapter House
• relics translated to the abbey church and enshrined behind the high altar in 1191

Canonized

• never formally canonized
• cultus and devotion developed immediately after his death
• cultus approved by the Cistercian general chapter in Cîteaux in 1476

Patronage

• against kidney disease
• against kidney stones

Representation

• abbot holding a book
• abbot holding a scroll

Writings

• A Certain Wonderful Miracle
• Genealogy of the Kings of the English
• Jesus as a Boy of Twelve
• Lament for the Death of King David of Scotland
• Mirror of Charity
• On Spiritual Friendship
• On the Saints of Hexham
• On the Soul
• Pastoral Prayer
• Relatio de Standardo
• Rule of Life for a Recluse
• The Life of Saint Edward, King and Confessor
• The Life of Saint Ninian

Readings

One who speaks the word of God to others ought not aim at vaunting his own knowledge but at discerning how he can build up his hearers. And with a motherly compassion for weaker minds he ought, I might say, prattle to them, descending to the use of baby talk. But the limit of my gifts make it necessary that my hearers stoop down to the poverty of my words. - Saint Aelred

How I savor it when I see the Lord of all majesty showing himself as far as bodily exertion and human emotion are concerned not like the strong but the weak. What a comfort it is to me in my weakness! Truly this weakness of my Lord without doubt brings me strength and stability in my weakness. I am entrusted with the care of my brother's body and soul (for I do not love the whole man if I neglect anything belonging to either - for it is very difficult for the mind not to be tempted when the flesh has too much to suffer). If I see him in distress, whether it be on account of the austerity of the food or because of work or the vigils - if, I say, I see that he is tormented in body and tempted in spirit, if I see him in such affliction and…do not on occasion accommodate myself to the infirmities of the weak I am not running in the fragrance of Christ's ointments but with the harshness of the pharisees. - Saint Aelred

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-aelred/


Saint Marguerite Bourgeous

Also known as

• Margaret Bourgeoys
• Marguerite Bourgeoys
• Marguerite Bourjeoys

Profile

The sixth of twelve children of devout parents. When Marguerite was 19 her mother died, and the young lady cared for her younger brothers and sisters; her father died when she was twenty-seven. The family raised, Marguerite prayed to know what to do with her life. The governor of Montreal, Canada, was in France looking for teachers for the New World. He invited Marguerite to come to Montreal to teach school and religion classes. She agreed and spent the rest of her life in North America.

Marguerite gave away her share of her parents' inheritance to other members of the family, and in 1653 sailed for Canada. She began construction of a chapel to honor Our Lady of Good Help, and opened her first school in 1658. She returned to France in 1659 to recruit more teachers, and returned with four; in 1670, she went to France again, and brought back six more. These brave women became the first sisters of the Congregation of Notre Dame.

Marguerite and her sisters helped people in the colony survive when food was scarce, opened a vocational school, taught young people how to run a home and farm. Marguerite's congregation grew to 18 sisters, seven of them Canadian. They opened missions, and two sisters taught at the Native American mission. Marguerite received the first two Native American women into the congregation.

In 1693, Mother Marguerite handed over her congregation to her successor, Marie Barbier, the first Canadian to join the order. Marguerite's religious rule was approved by the Church in 1698, and Marguerite spent her last few years praying and writing an autobiography. On the last day of 1699, a young sister lay dying. Mother Marguerite asked the Lord to take her life in exchange. By the morning of 1 January 1700, the sister was completely well, Mother Marguerite had a raging fever, suffered 12 days, and died on 12 January 1700.

Born

17 April 1620 at Troyes, Aube, France

Died

12 January 1700 at Montreal, Quebec, Canada of fever

Canonized

31 October 1982 by Pope John Paul II

Patronage

• against death of parents
• against impoverishment
• against poverty
• people rejected by religious orders
• poor people

Storefront

medals and pendants

Readings

Our Lady's love is like a stream that has its source in the Eternal Fountains, quenches the thirst of all, can never be drained, and ever flows back to its Source. - Saint Margaret Bourgeoys

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-marguerite-bourgeous/


Saint Benedict Biscop

Also known as

• Benet Biscop
• Biscop Baducing

Profile

Anglo-Saxon nobility. Grew up around the court of King Oswy of Northumbria, and held court offices. Following a pilgrimage to Rome he renouced his wealth and position, and dedicated himself to prayer and scripture study. Monk at the monastery of Saint-Honorat near Cannes, France in 666, taking the name Benedict.

In 668 Pope Saint Vitalian sent him and the monk Adrian to advise Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury until 671. Traditionally introduced the construction of stone churches and glass church windows to England, and brought in many foreign craftsman to do the work and teach the English. Tried to introduce more Roman rituals to English worship. Founded the monasteries of Wearmouth and Jarrow. Built a large library and scriptorium at Wearmouth.

In late life Benedict suffered a painful paralysis, and was confined to his bed for his last three years. He continued to work from his bed, buying books, establishing the Benedictine Rule.

Born

c.628 in Northumbria, England as Benet Biscop

Died

• 12 January 690 of natural causes at Wearmouth, England
• relics at Thorney abbey and Glastonbury, England

Patronage

• English Benedictines
• musicians
• painters
• Sunderland, England

Representation

• Benedictine abbot dressed as a bishop standing by the Tyne with two monasteries nearby
• with the Venerable Bede

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-benedict-biscop/


Blessed Pierre-François Jamet

Also known as

• Peter Francis Jamet
• Second Founder of the Institute of the Good Savior

Profile

One of eight children born to a wealthy farm family. Studied at the College of Vire, then the University of Caen. Ordained on 22 September 1787 in the diocese of Bayeaux, France. Chaplain and confessor to the Daughters of the Good Savior in Caen, France in 1790. He tried to continue his studies, but the French Revolution ended the teaching of theology. He was imprisoned for refusing to swear the oath required by the anti-Church Revolutionary authorities, who then dispersed the Daughters community. Upon his released, Father Pierre continued to minister to the sisters and other covert Catholics, conducting Mass in secret. After the Revolution execesses, he devoted himself to restoring and revitalizing the Daughters. Helped found a school devoted to and new teaching methods for the deaf. Rector of the University of Caen from 1822 to 1830. Awarded the Legion of Honour in 1827 in recognition of his good works.

Born

12 September 1762 in Fresnes, Aisne, France

Died

• 12 January 1845 in Caen, Calvados, France of natural causes
• buried in the motherhouse of the Daughters of the Good Savior in Caen

Beatified

10 May 1987 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-pierre-francois-jamet/


Blessed Nicholas Bunkerd Kitbamrung

Also known as

• Benedikto Chunkim
• Benedikto Xunkim
• Nicholas Bunker Kitbamrung
• Nikholas Buykoet Krisbamrung
• Nikola Bunkerd Kitbamrung

Profile

One of six children. His parents were converts, and he was raised as a Christian. Entered the Hang Xan Minor Seminary at age 13, and the Penang Major Seminary, Malaysia in 1920. Ordained in the archdiocese of Bangkok, Thailand in 1926. Pastor at Bang Nok Khneuk and Phitsanulok. Missionary to northern Vietnam from 1930 to 1937, working to bring back Catholics who had fallen from their practice due to poverty.

When war broke out between France and Indochina, Nicholas was accused of spying for the French. In 1941 he was arrested and sentenced to 10 years in prison. There he contracted tuberculosis which, with the hardships of prison, eventually killed him, but not before he spent two years bringing the faith to his fellow prisoners, baptizing at least 68. Thailand's first martyr priest.

Born

28 February 1895 at Sam Phran, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand

Died

12 January 1944 of tuberculosis at Bangkok, Thailand

Beatified

5 March 2000 by Pope John Paul II at Saint Peter's Square, Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-nicholas-bunkerd-kitbamrung/


Saint Antony Mary Pucci

Also known as

• Anthony Mary Pucci
• Antonio Maria Pucci
• Eustacchio Pucci
• Il Curatino

Profile

Second of seven children from a peasant family. His father was sacristan of the local church, but he opposed his son's interest in religious life. At age 18 Eustacchio joined the Servites, taking the religious name of Antony Mary. He studied the classics and theology. Ordained in 1843. Assigned at age 28 as parish priest in the seaside town of Viareggio, Italy where he spent the rest of his life, working 45 years in service to his flock. Called il curatino, "the little parish priest" by his parishioners. Had special devotion to the sick, the aged, and the poor, serving with distinction during two epidemics in the town. Founded a seaside nursing home for children, and served as Servite provincial from 1883 to 1890.

Born

16 April 1818 in Poggiole di Vernio, Italy as Eustacchio Pucci

Died

• 12 January 1892 at Viareggio, Italy
• interred in the church of Sant'Andrea in Viareggio

Canonized

9 December 1962 by Pope John XXIII

Patronage

Vernio, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-antony-mary-pucci/


Saint Arcadius of Mauretania

Profile

Wealthy and prominent citizen, and a closet Christian. During a persecution in Mauritania, he withdrew to live as a hidden hermit, prayerful and out of harm's way. The authorities wanted to use him as an example, and arrested a relative, threatening him with harm unless Arcadius turned himself in. Arcadius came in from the forests and went straight to court to trade himself for his kinsman. The judge said he would release the prisoners only if Arcadius would publicly sacrfice to a pagan god. Arcadius declined; martyr. As he was mutilated to death, he continued to preach Jesus to the watching pagans.

Died

slowly hacked to death one joint, appendage and limb at a time c.302 at Caesarea, Mauritania (near modern Algiers)

Representation

• early Christian martyr with a club in his hand
• early Christian with a lighted taper
• man on a rack
• man with his limbs chopped off

Readings

Lord, teach me thy wisdom. - Arcadius's dying words, repeated over and over as he was hacked apart

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-arcadius-of-mauretania/


Saint Martin of Leon

Also known as

Martin of the Holy Cross

Profile

Educated in the monastery of Saint Marcellus at Leon, Spain. Pilgrim to Rome, Italy, and to Constantinople. Augustinian canon regular at Saint Marcellus abbey. Priest. When his monastery was secularized, he entered the collegiate church of Saint Isidore at Leon. Wrote commentaries on the Epistles and Revelations, and discourses on varied subjects. Known during his lifetime for his holiness and ascetical writings.

Born

in León, Old Castile, Spain

Died

• 12 January 1203 at León, Spain of natural causes
• relics enshrined in the San Martin chapel in the collegiate church of León in 1513

Canonized

• the religious of Saint Isidore's dedicated a chapel to Martin very early, and celebrated his feast each year
• in 1964 the Sacred Congregation of Rites approved his feast for the diocese of León, Spain

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-martin-of-leon/


Saint Bernard of Corleone

Also known as

• Bernardo de Corleone
• Filippo Latino
• Philipi Latini

Profile

Shoemaker by trade, and considered the greatest swordsman and duelist in Sicily in his day. After mortally wounding a man named Canino in a duel, he sought sanctuary from the law in the church of the Capuchin Friars Minor in Palermo. While hiding there, he had a true conversion, and became a Capuchin lay-brother in 1632, changing his name to Brother Bernardo.

Noted for his extreme austerity and self-imposed penances in an attempt to atone for his earlier life. Had the gift of healing animals by prayer.

Born

6 February 1605 at Corleone, Palermo, Sicily as Filippo Latino

Died

12 January 1667 at Palermo, Sicily

Canonized

10 June 2001 by Pope John Paul II

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-bernard-of-corleone/


Blessed Lucia of Valcaldara

Also known as

Lucia of Norcia

Profile

Born to a wealthy family, Lucia was drawn to religious life as a child, and at age 15 she made private vows. With seven like-minded friends, she founded a religious community that set such an example that on 28 January 1386 the City Council voted to help them, and the group moved to the convent of San Girolamo. She founded a monastery and the church of Santa Maria in the Valcadara community of Norcia, Italy in 1390. In 1407 the group received approval, taking the rule of the Poor Clares.

Born

1370 in Norcia, Perugia, Italy

Died

• 12 January 1430 of natural causes
• relics enshrined in the monastery of the Poor Clares of Santa Maria della Pace in 1637

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-lucia-of-valcaldara/


Saint Martinian of Belozersk

Also known as

• Martinian of Byelozersk
• Martinian of the White Lake
• Martinian of the Black Sea
• Martinien, Martinianus

Additional Memorial

7 October (discovery of his relics)

Profile

Born to a poor family, his parents entrusted the boy Martinian to the monastery at White Lake. Spiritual student of Saint Cyril. Monk. Priest. Abbot of the Trinity Laura of Saint Sergius. Advisor to the Grand Prince of Moscow. In his old age he retired to the monastery at White Lake.

Born

1398

Died

1483 at the monastery of White Lake of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-martinian-of-belozersk/


Blessed John Gaspard Cratz

Also known as

• Johann Kaspar Kratz
• Joanes Kaspar Kratz

Profile

Spent several years as a young adult travelling around Europe. Employee of the Dutch East India Company in 1727. Joined the Jesuits at Macao in 1730. Missionary to the kingdom of Tonkin (modern Vietnam). Ordained in 1734. Arrested in March 1736. Tortured and martyred for his work.

Born

15 September 1698 at Golzheim, Düren, Germany

Died

beheaded in 1737 in Tonkin (modern Vietnam)

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-john-gaspard-cratz/


Blessed Antoine Fournier

Also known as

Antonio

Additional Memorial

2 January as one of the Martyrs of Anjou

Profile

Married lay man craftsman of the diocese of Angers, France. Martyred in the persecutions of the French Revolution.

Born

26 January 1736 in La Poitevinière, Maine-et-Loire, France

Died

shot on 12 January 1794 in Avrillé, Maine-et-Loire, France

Beatified

19 February 1984 by Pope John Paul II at Rome, Italy

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-antoine-fournier/


Saint Caesaria of Arles

Also known as

Cesarie, Cesira

Profile

Sister of Saint Caesarius of Arles. Founder of a convent in 512; the house soon grew to hundreds of nuns, many of them widows. Caesaria served as its first abbess. She was devoted to the care of the poor, the sick, and children. Saint Gregory of Tours and Saint Venantius Fortunatus wrote of her gifts.

Born

c.465

Died

c.530 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-caesaria-of-arles/


Saint Victorian of Asana

Profile

Founded monasteries and hospices in Italy. Travelled and settled briefly in France. Founded and directed a community of monks at Asana (modern Saint Victorian) in the diocese of Barbastro, in the Spanish Pyrenees. Saint Venantius Fortunatus wrote well of him.

Born

Italian

Died

• c.560 in Spain of natural causes
• relics at Montearagón Abbey, Spain

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-victorian-of-asana/


Blessed Bernardo de Plano

Profile

Mercedarian friar involved in the ransoming of Christians enslaved by Muslims. Master-General of the Order on 3 November 1417.

Born

French

Died

12 January 1419 at the monastery of San Martino, Perpignan, France of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-bernardo-de-plano/


Saint Ferréolus of Grenoble

Also known as

Fergeol, Ferréolo

Profile

Bishop of Grenoble, France. Killed while preaching to a crowd. Martyr.

Died

• beaten to death with a stick on 12 January 659 on Mount Esson
• buried at La Tronche

Beatified

1907 by Pope Saint Pius X (cultus confirmed)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-ferreolus-of-grenoble/


Saint Tatiana of Rome

Also known as

Martina, Tatienne

Profile

Daughter of a Roman consul. Tortured and martyred in the persecutions of Emperor Alexander Severus.

Died

beheaded c.226 in Rome, Italy

Patronage

students

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-tatiana-of-rome/


Blessed Emmanuel d'Abreu

Profile

Jesuits priest in 1724. Missionary, assigned to Goa, India in 1733, then in 1734 to Macao to the kingdom of Tonkin (modern Vietnam). Arrested in March 1736. Tortured and martyred for his work.

Born

1708 at Arouca, Portugal

Died

beheaded in 1737 in Tonkin (modern Vietnam)

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-emmanuel-dabreu/


Blessed Bartholomew Alvarez

Profile

Joined the Jesuits at Coimbra, Portugal. Missionary to the kingdom of Tonkin (modern Vietnam). Arrested in March 1736. Tortured and martyred for his work.

Born

near Braganza, Portugual

Died

beheaded in 1737 in Tonkin (modern Vietnam)

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-bartholomew-alvarez/


Saint John of Ravenna

Also known as

Jean

Profile

Bishop of Ravenna, Italy from 452 for over 40 years. Saved his flock from the ravages of Attila the Hun. Secured better conditions for his people when Ravenna was captured by King Theodoric of the Ostro-Goths.

Died

494 of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-john-of-ravenna/


Saint Tigrius

Also known as

Tygrius

Profile

Priest in Constantinople. Active supporter of Saint John Chrysostom during his exile. To silence him, Tigrius was arrested and exiled on trumped up charges of trying to burn down the Constantinople cathedral and senate.

Died

c.405 in Asia Minor of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-tigrius/


Saint Eutropius

Profile

Lector in Constantinople. Active supporter of Saint John Chrysostom during his exile. To silence him, Eutropius was arrested and exiled on trumped up charges of trying to burn down the Constantinople cathedral and senate.

Died

c.405 in Asia Minor of natural causes

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-eutropius/


Blessed Vincent de Cunha

Profile

Jesuit. Missionary to the kingdom of Tonkin (modern Vietnam). Arrested in March 1736. Tortured and martyred for his work.

Born

Portuguese

Died

beheaded in 1737 in Tonkin (modern Vietnam)

http://catholicsaints.info/blessed-vincent-de-cunha/


Saint Satyrus

Also known as

Satyre

Profile

Destroyed a pagan idol by making the sign of the cross at it. Martyred by the pagans who had worshipped the thing.

Born

Arab

Died

267 in Achaea (in modern Greece)

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-satyrus/


Saint Quinctus the Soldier

Profile

One of a group of 50 soldiers martyred in Africa.

Died

in Africa

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-quinctus-the-soldier/


Saint Biccianus

Profile

One of a group of 50 soldiers martyred in Africa.

Died

in Africa

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-biccianus/


Saint Caroticus

Profile

One of a group of 50 soldiers martyred in Africa.

Died

in Africa

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-caroticus/


Saint Peter of Abessala

Profile

Martyr.

Born

Greece

Died

burned to death in 309

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-peter-of-abessala/


Saint Probus of Verona

Profile

Bishop of Verona, Italy.

Died

late 6th century

http://catholicsaints.info/saint-probus-of-verona/


Martyrs of Africa

Profile

A group of 44 Christian soldiers murdered together for their faith in Africa. The only details that survive are four of their names - Castulus, Modestus, Rogatus and Zoticus.

Died

in Africa

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-africa-12-january/


Martyrs of Ephesus

Also known as

Ephesus Martyrs

Profile

Forty-two monks martyred at a monastery in Ephesus (modern Turkey) during the persecutions of the Iconoclast Byzantine Emperor Constantine V. Their names have not come down to us.

Died

martyred c.762

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-ephesus/


Martyrs of Iona

Also known as

Iona Martyrs

Profile

Thirty-eight monks martyred in Iona, Ireland. Their names have not come down to us.

Died

martyred in 750 at Iona, Ireland

http://catholicsaints.info/martyrs-of-iona/


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